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Public and Private School Principle in the United States: A Statistical Profile, 1987-88 to 1993-94
Table B14.-Standard errors for Table A14:  Percentage of public and private school principals 
           by sex, by field of study for bachelor's and higher degrees earned:  1987-88, 
           1990-91, and 1993-94
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                                                                                            Sex
                                --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                              All                           Male                          Female
                                -----------------------------  -----------------------------  ------------------------------  
Field of study                   1987-88   1990-91   1993-94    1987-88   1990-91   1993-94    1987-88   1990-91   1993-94
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
PUBLIC
 Education areas
  Early childhood                  0.11      0.18      0.18       0.08      0.10      0.14       0.41      0.57      0.43
  Elementary                       0.50      0.61      0.64       0.63      0.85      0.77       1.02      1.47      1.43
  Secondary                        0.33      0.34      0.40       0.41      0.39      0.52       0.33      0.42      0.46
  Subject area education
    English                        0.18      0.29      0.20       0.18      0.32      0.17       0.47      0.57      0.52
    Industrial arts                0.17      0.16      0.12       0.22      0.22      0.19       0.11      0.08      0.08
    Mathematics                    0.12      0.16      0.14       0.16      0.22      0.20       0.13      0.22      0.22
    Physical education             0.36      0.38      0.40       0.48      0.48      0.54       0.37      0.41      0.31
    Science                        0.15      0.17      0.22       0.19      0.25      0.29       0.20      0.15      0.20
    Social studies                 0.24      0.31      0.35       0.30      0.45      0.51       0.25      0.48      0.32
    Home economics                 0.07      0.11      0.13        -         -        0.00       0.28      0.38      0.36
    Other                          0.39      0.51      0.50       0.41      0.48      0.55       0.98      1.16      1.03
  Special education                0.22      0.34      0.30       0.24      0.32      0.22       0.65      0.82      0.72
  Curriculum and instruction       0.35      0.41      0.32       0.31      0.42      0.36       0.87      0.89      0.80
  Educational administration       0.64      0.76      0.74       0.65      0.99      0.70       1.22      1.39      1.55
  Educational psychology           0.13      0.10      0.15       0.14      0.08      0.20       0.24      0.27      0.23
  Counseling and guidance          0.29      0.28      0.36       0.39      0.30      0.46       0.65      0.63      0.59
Noneducation areas
  General
    English                        0.18      0.32      0.26       0.19      0.24      0.23       0.43      0.85      0.57
    Mathematics                    0.06      0.18      0.15       0.01      0.25      0.17       0.00      0.20      0.22
    Agriculture                    0.17       -         -         0.21       -         -         0.19       -         -
    Military science               0.19       -         -         0.20       -         -         0.36       -         -
    Psychology                      -        0.18      0.32        -        0.18      0.42        -        0.40      0.40
    Home economics                 0.14       -         -         0.17       -         -         0.23       -         -
    Religion, theology             0.09       -         -          -         -         -         0.35       -         -
    Other                          0.32      0.36      0.35       0.38      0.43      0.44       0.57      0.73      0.65
  Foreign language                 0.12      0.17      0.16       0.12      0.16      0.17       0.33      0.43      0.42
  Natural science                  0.31      0.24      0.24       0.39      0.31      0.30       0.30      0.43      0.40
  Social science                   0.48      0.46      0.46       0.56      0.58      0.59       0.70      0.68      0.77
PRIVATE
 Education areas
  Early childhood                  0.47      0.43      0.31       0.36      0.11      0.12       0.78      0.84      0.59
  Elementary                       1.23      1.20      1.09       1.27      1.52      1.01       1.98      1.81      1.84
  Secondary                        0.64      0.48      0.47       0.92      0.75      0.82       0.73      0.74      0.52
  Subject area education
    English                        0.42      0.41      0.28       0.54      0.30      0.32       0.70      0.75      0.50
    Industrial arts                 -         -         -          -         -         -          -         -         -
    Mathematics                    0.30      0.32      0.26       0.46      0.50      0.48       0.38      0.46      0.21
    Physical education             0.40      0.30      0.42       0.69      0.57      0.83       0.39      0.31      0.37
    Science                         -        0.30      0.22        -        0.35      0.38        -        0.48      0.24
    Social studies                 0.35      0.45      0.42       0.54      0.58      0.71       0.44      0.74      0.58
    Home economics                  -         -         -          -         -         -          -         -         -
    Other                          0.78      0.98      0.50       1.05      1.69      0.55       1.22      1.09      1.03
  Special education                0.68      0.48      0.42       0.89      0.64      0.68       1.01      0.80      0.83
  Curriculum and instruction       0.36      0.53      0.28       0.49      0.66      0.46       0.44      0.74      0.37
  Educational administration       1.06      1.15      0.78       1.42      1.73      1.49       1.62      1.34      1.12
  Educational psychology            -        0.16      0.22        -        0.32      0.23        -        0.20      0.32
  Counseling and guidance          0.30      0.40      0.29       0.47      0.65      0.36       0.40      0.53      0.41
Noneducation areas
  General
    English                        0.64      0.54      0.38       0.80      0.52      0.63       0.86      0.82      0.49
    Mathematics                     -        0.38      0.26        -        0.49      0.34        -        0.54      0.34
    Agriculture                    0.44       -         -         0.63       -         -         0.55       -         -
    Military science               0.55      0.00      0.00       0.65      0.00      0.00       0.77      0.00      0.00
    Psychology                      -        0.37      0.58        -        0.51      0.40        -        0.60      0.93
    Home economics                 0.83       -         -         1.56       -         -         0.97       -         -
    Religion, theology              -        0.86      0.49        -        1.52      0.85        -        0.60      0.42
    Other                          0.96      0.66      0.85       1.69      1.03      1.24       1.01      0.81      1.03
  Foreign language                 0.29      0.28      0.18       0.35      0.22      0.29       0.52      0.54      0.32
  Natural science                  0.33      0.52      0.37       0.52      0.88      0.66       0.37      0.51      0.34
  Social science                   1.03      0.70      0.53       1.60      0.96      0.88       1.29      0.99      0.92
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-Too few cases for a reliable estimate.
NOTE:  Multiple responses are possible because most principals have more than one degree.  
Response options for fields of study varied slightly between 1987-88 and 1990-91 instruments.
SOURCE:  U.S. Department of Education, , Schools 
and Staffing Survey:  1987-88 (School Administrator Questionnaire), 1990-91 (Public and 
Private School Administrator Questionnaires), and 1993-94 (Public and Private School 
Principal Questionnaires).

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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education