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Public and Private School Principle in the United States: A Statistical Profile, 1987-88 to 1993-94
Table B11.-Standard errors for Table A11:  Percentage of public and private school principals 
           by highest degree earned, by school level, school size, minority enrollment, 
           free-lunch recipients, district size, and community type:  1987-88, 1990-91, 
           and 1993-94
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                     Highest degree
                            --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                     Public                                                       Private
                            -------------------------------------------------------------   ----------------------------------------------------------------
                              Less than                             Ed. Sp./                  Less than                           Ed. Sp./
School characteristics       Bachelor's   Bachelor's   Master's   prof. dipl.  Doctorate     Bachelor's  Bachelor's   Master's  prof. dipl.   Doctorate
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1987-1988
  School level
    Elementary                    0.06        0.34        0.77        0.68        0.47          1.25        1.69        1.88        1.13        0.63
    Secondary                     0.08        0.22        1.00        0.93        0.49          0.27        3.71        3.65        2.61        1.53
    Combined                      0.00        0.75        2.05        1.63        1.31          2.05        3.21        3.05        1.32        1.39
  School size
    Less than 150                   -         1.98        2.19        1.86        1.36          1.82        2.23        2.42        1.14        0.67
    150-499                         -         0.21        0.68         0.7        0.52          0.60        1.88        1.91        1.48        0.73
    500-749                         -         0.22        1.27        1.15        0.76            -         1.32        4.94        4.21         2.7
    750 or more                   0.11        0.18        1.26        1.31        0.67            -         2.29        5.23        4.21        3.67
  Minority enrollment
    Less than 20%                 0.05        0.33         0.8        0.66        0.45          1.26        1.93        2.01        0.82        0.67
    20-50%                        0.00        0.65         1.6        1.28        0.97          1.36        3.20        3.66        2.73        1.55
    More than 50%                   -         0.25        1.48        1.41        0.81          0.78        3.58        3.83        2.70        1.53
  Free-lunch recipients
    Less than 20%                 0.06        0.42        0.94        0.82        0.55          1.14        1.76        1.73        0.93        0.64
    20-49%                          -         0.38        1.09        1.02        0.54          0.40        3.43        4.99        4.40        1.06
    50% or more                   0.18        0.40        1.37        1.49        0.80          2.06        4.32        5.23        3.91        2.98
  District size
    Less than 1,000                 -         0.95        1.26        1.33         0.7          (*)         (*)         (*)         (*)         (*)
    1,000-4,999                     -         0.42        0.92        0.93        0.62          (*)         (*)         (*)         (*)         (*)
    5,000-9,999                     -         0.55        1.68        1.62        0.95          (*)         (*)         (*)         (*)         (*)
    10,000 or more                  -         0.24        0.99        0.95        0.73          (*)         (*)         (*)         (*)         (*)
  Community type
    Central city                    -         0.38        1.36        1.26        0.75          1.16        1.69        2.18        1.18        0.79
    Urban fringe/large town         -         0.23        1.08        0.99         0.6          1.10        2.47        2.49        1.79        0.64
    Rural/small town              0.09        0.45        0.71        0.73        1.00          2.60        3.70        3.55        1.45        0.53
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------   
See footnotes at end of tables.
Table B11.-Standard errors for Table A11:  Percentage of public and private school principals 
           by highest degree earned, by school level, school size, minority enrollment, 
           free-lunch recipients, district size, and community type:  1987-88, 1990-91, 
           and 1993-94(continued)
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                     Highest degree
                            --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                     Public                                                       Private
                            -------------------------------------------------------------   ----------------------------------------------------------------
                              Less than                             Ed. Sp./                  Less than                           Ed. Sp./
School characteristics       Bachelor's   Bachelor's   Master's   prof. dipl.  Doctorate     Bachelor's  Bachelor's   Master's  prof. dipl.   Doctorate
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1990-1991
  School level
    Elementary                    0.00        0.28        0.95        0.78        0.58          1.65        1.48        1.58        1.09        0.58
    Secondary                       -         0.31        0.98        0.85        0.68            -         2.21        3.15        2.14        2.33
    Combined                        -         0.82        2.42        1.96        1.94          2.18        2.72        2.30        1.16        1.57
  School size
    Less than 150                   -         1.17        2.19        1.52        1.21          2.49        2.08        1.76        1.11        0.76
    150-499                         -         0.29        1.08        0.96        0.63          0.12        1.40        1.83        1.15        0.87
    500-749                       0.00        0.30        1.52        1.24        0.88            -         1.98        3.61        3.50        1.86
    750 or more                   0.00        0.33        1.25        1.10        0.81          0.00        1.63        5.13        3.65        3.02
  Minority enrollment
    Less than 20%                   -         0.34        1.03        0.81        0.56          1.87        1.67        1.65        0.90        0.54
    20-50%                          -         0.28        1.50        1.21        0.72          1.36        2.48        2.69        1.95        1.45
    More than 50%                 0.00        0.44        1.65        1.64        1.10          1.46        3.13        3.33        2.18        2.44
  Free-lunch recipients
    Less than 20%                   -         0.29        1.11        0.95        0.83          (a)         (a)         (a)         (a)         (a)
    20-49%                          -         0.40        1.18        0.95        0.62          (a)         (a)         (a)         (a)         (a)
    50% or more                     -         0.31        1.33        1.45        0.84          (a)         (a)         (a)         (a)         (a)
  District size
    Less than 1,000                 -         0.75        1.64        1.67        0.77          (*)         (*)         (*)         (*)         (*)
    1,000-4,999                     -         0.46        1.24        1.20        0.62          (*)         (*)         (*)         (*)         (*)
    5,000-9,999                   0.00          -         2.14        2.07        1.36          (*)         (*)         (*)         (*)         (*)
    10,000 or more                0.00        0.22        1.14        1.06        0.81          (*)         (*)         (*)         (*)         (*)
  Community type
    Central city                    -         0.22        1.44        1.32        0.84          0.94        1.81        2.12        1.15        1.05
    Urban fringe/large town       0.00        0.41        1.58        1.26        1.03          1.19        2.13        2.33        1.40        1.29
    Rural/small town                -         0.35        0.88        0.81        0.46          3.57        2.77        2.61        1.32        1.03
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------   
See footnotes at end of tables.
Table B11.-Standard errors for Table A11:  Percentage of public and private school principals 
           by highest degree earned, by school level, school size, minority enrollment, 
           free-lunch recipients, district size, and community type:  1987-88, 1990-91, 
           and 1993-94(continued)
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                     Highest degree
                            --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                     Public                                                       Private
                            -------------------------------------------------------------   ----------------------------------------------------------------
                              Less than                             Ed. Sp./                  Less than                           Ed. Sp./
School characteristics       Bachelor's   Bachelor's   Master's   prof. dipl.  Doctorate     Bachelor's  Bachelor's   Master's  prof. dipl.   Doctorate
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1993-94
  School level
    Elementary                      -         0.28        0.89        0.75        0.43          1.45        1.46        1.73        0.59        0.60
    Secondary                     0.00        0.23        0.70        0.59        0.48            -         1.28        2.87        2.52        1.87
    Combined                      0.00        0.44        2.80        2.23        1.53          2.28        2.74        2.41        0.97        1.16
  School size
    Less than 150                 0.00        1.07        1.77        1.55        1.43          1.89        2.29        1.91        0.74        0.89
    150-499                         -         0.30        1.10        1.05        0.40          0.46        1.07        1.30        0.78        0.63
    500-749                       0.00        0.28        1.43        1.31        0.76          0.30        2.61        2.77        1.66        1.26
    750 or more                   0.00        0.18        1.30        1.11        0.97            -         1.39        2.92        1.52        1.74
  Minority enrollment
    Less than 20%                 0.00        0.30        0.92        0.83        0.51          1.45        1.70        1.58        0.48        0.73
    20-50%                        0.00        0.62        1.62        1.17        0.87          1.93        2.90        3.62        1.53        0.96
    More than 50%                   -         0.38        1.44        1.14        1.02          1.39        2.81        3.39        1.97        1.10
  Free-lunch recipients
    Less than 20%                 0.00        0.24        1.01        1.01        0.73          0.00        1.33        1.91        1.30        1.24
    20-49%                        0.00        0.40        1.09        1.11        0.51          2.24        4.30        5.77        2.24        0.85
    50% or more                     -         0.43        1.37        1.19         0.9          0.69        7.29        6.65        2.05        2.20
  District size
    Less than 1,000                 -         0.57        1.90        1.46        1.18          (*)         (*)         (*)         (*)         (*)
    1,000-4,999                   0.00        0.36        1.13        1.19        0.67          (*)         (*)         (*)         (*)         (*)
    5,000-9,999                   0.00        1.08        1.70        1.35        0.86          (*)         (*)         (*)         (*)         (*)
    10,000 or more                0.00        0.05        1.26        0.98        0.76          (*)         (*)         (*)         (*)         (*)
  Community type
    Central city                  0.00        0.29        1.33        1.17        0.81          0.71        1.60        1.52        0.80        0.72
    Urban fringe/large town       0.00        0.48        1.51        1.27        1.00          2.70        2.07        2.80        1.02        1.14
    Rural/small town                -         0.33        1.04        0.83        0.43          2.92        3.11        2.56        0.90        0.86
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------          
(a) Item not included on SASS instrument that year.
(*) Item not applicable to private school principals.
-Too few cases for a reliable estimate.
SOURCE:  U.S. Department of Education, , Schools and Staffing Survey:  1987-88 (School Administrator, Public 
School, and Teacher Demand and Shortage Questionnaires), 1990-91 (Public and Private School Administrator, Public and Private School, and Teacher Demand 
and Shortage Questionnaires), and 1993-94 (Public and Private School Principal, Public and Private School, and Teacher Demand and Shortage Questionnaires).

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