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Public and Private School Principle in the United States: A Statistical Profile, 1987-88 to 1993-94
Table B10.-Standard errors for Table A10: Percentage of public and private school principals 
           by benefits received, by community type, school level, sex, and race-ethnicity:  
           1987-88, 1990-91, and 1993-94
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                                                              1987-88                                                         1990-91                                                         1993-94
                                   --------------------------------------------------------------  --------------------------------------------------------------  --------------------------------------------------------------
                                                              Benefits                                                        Benefits                                                        Benefits
                                   --------------------------------------------------------------  --------------------------------------------------------------  --------------------------------------------------------------
                                     Medical      Dental        Life     Retirement     In-kind      Medical      Dental        Life     Retirement     In-kind      Medical      Dental        Life     Retirement     In-kind
Principal/school characteristics    insurance   insurance   insurance         plan    benefits/1    insurance   insurance   insurance         plan    benefits/1    insurance   insurance   insurance         plan    benefits/1
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
PUBLIC
   Total                                0.45        0.45        0.55          0.67        0.55          0.32        0.58        0.62          0.56        0.58          0.28        0.49        0.66          0.60        0.60
Sex
 Male                                   0.48        0.55        0.58          0.78        0.59          0.46        0.73        0.64          0.79        0.66          0.30        0.58        0.72          0.68        0.76
 Female                                 0.97        1.47        1.33          1.30        1.26          0.79        1.17        1.30          1.12        1.31          0.63        1.09        1.28          1.20        1.06
Race-ethnicity
 American Indian/Alaska Native          4.83        5.57        4.51          4.72        6.25          7.33        7.17        7.46          8.68        8.40          4.81        5.06        5.28          6.25        5.77
 Asian/Pacific Islander                 5.41        5.92        5.74          6.41        6.59          1.95        3.49        5.70          8.49        7.64          0.74        3.38        4.36          6.73        9.86
 Black non-Hispanic                     1.66        2.23        2.50          2.00        1.63          1.78        1.84        1.83          2.10        1.98          0.95        1.47        2.05          1.65        1.62
 White non-Hispanic                     0.51        0.52        0.59          0.70        0.64          0.38        0.64        0.69          0.62        0.64          0.31        0.58        0.65          0.71        0.61
 Hispanic                               3.61        3.35        3.69          3.71        3.59          3.02        3.38        4.05          2.99        4.03          1.66        4.19        3.56          3.93        4.29
Total minority                          1.35        1.67        1.38          1.55        1.38          1.23        1.53        1.63          1.72        1.77          0.86        1.38        1.73          1.53        1.52
Community type
 Central city                           0.75        0.86        0.93          1.18        1.20          0.84        0.92        1.23          1.01        1.50          0.62        0.97        1.40          1.39        1.45
 Urban fringe/large town                0.83        1.02        1.17          1.39        1.16          0.72        0.96        1.20          1.34        1.46          0.46        0.78        0.93          1.18        1.15
 Rural/small town                       0.60        0.83        0.81          1.09        0.96          0.54        0.78        0.90          0.88        0.88          0.50        0.68        0.91          0.90        0.95
School level
 Elementary                             0.58        0.62        0.68          0.93        0.76          0.42        0.75        0.90          0.76        0.78          0.41        0.67        0.85          0.77        0.78
 Secondary                              0.64        0.76        0.84          1.12        0.82          0.57        0.68        0.87          0.76        1.02          0.36        0.59        0.65          0.81        0.81
 Combined                               1.28        1.78        1.71          1.88        1.61          1.84        2.15        2.28          2.34        2.00          1.62        2.96        3.08          2.33        2.55
PRIVATE
   Total                                1.66        1.27        1.21          1.28        1.12          1.35        1.14        1.17          1.08        1.53          1.41        1.17        1.02          0.96        1.34
Sex
 Male                                   2.02        1.87        2.02          2.17        2.02          2.41        1.85        1.67          2.05        2.49          2.12        1.41        1.33          1.55        2.02
 Female                                 2.39        1.73        1.47          1.89        1.63          1.50        1.40        1.79          1.27        1.53          1.88        1.74        1.52          1.37        2.02
Race-ethnicity
 American Indian/Alaska Native            -           -           -             -           -             -           -           -             -           -          20.01       10.41       18.35         13.19       14.88
 Asian/Pacific Islander                   -           -           -             -           -             -           -           -             -           -           18.4       14.95       12.79         15.02       18.40
 Black non-Hispanic                     6.40        5.99        5.77          5.55        8.45          8.14        6.65        6.29          6.66        9.71          4.88        4.52        4.26          4.63        4.82
 White non-Hispanic                     1.77        1.34        1.30          1.39        1.25          1.39        1.14        1.22          1.15        1.60          1.55        1.25        1.07          1.15        1.40
 Hispanic                               9.37        7.28       10.71         12.34        8.90          5.29        8.75        8.63          7.14        6.98          6.97        7.78        7.85          7.16        7.15
Total minority                          5.14        4.40        4.70          4.21        4.78          5.60        5.61        4.75          4.64        5.23          3.79        3.78        3.90          3.22        4.38
Community type
 Central city                           1.97        2.21        1.92          2.24        1.99          2.09        1.89        1.77          1.97        1.73          1.81        1.67        1.64          1.58        1.40
 Urban fringe/large town                2.86        1.75        2.24          2.51        1.90          2.01        1.98        1.89          2.24        2.51          2.49        2.40        2.02          1.99        2.47
 Rural/small town                       3.98        2.67        2.30          3.32        2.69          2.84        2.14        2.61          3.40        3.41          2.60        1.92        1.84          2.27        2.80
School level
 Elementary                             1.92        1.57        1.47          1.53        1.62          1.72        1.34        1.48          1.48        1.81          1.92        1.63        1.38          1.43        1.66
 Secondary                              2.80        3.85        4.45          4.43        3.91          2.37        2.74        2.88          2.93        3.14          3.37        3.58        3.21          2.65        2.75
 Combined                               3.06        2.28        2.59          2.59        2.89          2.82        2.34        2.13          2.25        2.77          2.76        1.99        2.27          2.26        2.78
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/1 In-kind benefits include housing, meals, tuition, and transportation.
-Too few cases for a reliable estimate.
SOURCE:  U.S. Department of Education, , Schools and Staffing Survey:  1987-88 (School 
Administrator and Public and Private School Questionnaires), 1990-91 (Public and Private School Administrator and School Questionnaires), 
and 1993-94 (Public and Private School Principal and School Questionnaires).

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