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Public and Private School Principle in the United States: A Statistical Profile, 1987-88 to 1993-94
Table A14.Percentage of public and private school principals by sex, by field of study for
           bachelor's and higher degrees earned:  1987-88, 1990-91, and 1993-94
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                                                                                                       Sex
                                                                          -----------------------------------------------------------------
                                                All                                Male                                Female
                                       ---------------------------------- ----------------------------------- -----------------------------
Field of study                            1987-88   1990-91   1993-94        1987-88   1990-91   1993-94         1987-88   1990-91   1993-94
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
PUBLIC
     Education areas
          Early childhood                    0.9       1.3       1.8            0.3       0.3       0.6             2.8       3.6       3.9
          Elementary                        40.8      39.6      39.3           33.6      30.4      29.3            62.8      61.2      58.1
          Secondary                          9.4       7.3       7.4           11.3       8.9       9.2             3.5       3.6       4.0
          Subject area education
               English                       2.6       3.6       3.1            2.1       2.9       2.5             4.0       5.0       4.2
               Industrial arts               2.3       1.8       1.7            3.0       2.6       2.6             0.2       0.1       0.1
               Mathematics                   1.7       2.6       2.3            2.0       3.3       3.0             0.5       0.9       0.8
               Physical education            9.2      10.3      10.2           11.3      13.4      14.1             2.8       2.9       2.8
               Science                       1.8       2.1       2.0            2.1       2.8       2.6             0.8       0.5       0.8
               Social studies                4.9       9.0       7.8            5.9      11.5      10.5             1.8       3.0       2.8
               Home economics                0.3       0.5       0.6                              0.0             1.2       1.8       1.8
               Other                        10.7      13.0      13.0            8.8      10.6      11.1            16.6      18.6      16.7
          Special education                  4.4       5.4       6.2            2.9       3.3       3.8             8.9      10.2      11.0
          Curriculum and instruction         5.9       5.4       5.7            4.7       4.7       4.2             9.6       7.2       8.5
          Educational administration        67.1      68.4      66.3           69.3      71.1      70.8            60.6      62.1      57.8
          Educational psychology             1.0       0.6       0.7            0.9       0.3       0.7             1.0       1.1       0.7
          Counseling and guidance            6.2       7.4       6.8            6.3       7.3       6.7             6.1       7.6       7.0
     Noneducation areas
          General
               English                       3.1       3.1       3.4            2.8       2.3       2.7             4.1       5.1       4.8
               Mathematics                   0.5       1.8       1.3            0.7       2.2       1.7             0.0       0.7       0.7
               Agriculture                   3.0                              3.7                               1.0                 
               Military science              2.0                              1.9                               2.1                 
               Psychology                             1.8       2.5                     1.8       2.7                      1.9       2.1
               Home economics                1.0                              1.1                               0.6                 
               Religion, theology            0.4                                                               1.6                 
               Other                         7.8       5.8       6.9            8.3       5.8       6.7             6.2       5.8       7.2
          Foreign language                   1.1       1.1       1.4            0.8       0.7       0.8             2.1       1.9       2.5
          Natural science                    5.7       4.1       3.7            7.0       5.0       4.7             1.5       2.0       1.8
          Social science                    14.0      10.0      10.0           16.2      12.1      12.0             7.3       5.1       6.3
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See footnote at end of table.
Table A14.Percentage of public and private school principals by sex, by field of study for
            bachelor's and higher degrees earned:  1987-88, 1990-91, and 1993-94(continue)
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                                       Sex
                                                                          -----------------------------------------------------------------
                                                All                                Male                                Female
                                       ---------------------------------- ----------------------------------- -----------------------------
Field of study                            1987-88   1990-91   1993-94        1987-88   1990-91   1993-94         1987-88   1990-91   1993-94
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
PRIVATE
     Education areas
          Early childhood                    2.5       2.9       2.4            0.8       0.3       0.2             4.1       5.5       4.2
          Elementary                        36.8      35.0      32.3           22.6      20.8      17.4            49.9      48.6      45.2
          Secondary                          5.8       4.3       6.5            6.5       5.6       9.0             5.2       2.9       4.3
          Subject area education
               English                       3.2       3.2       3.4            2.5       1.5       2.3             3.9       4.8       4.3
               Industrial arts                                                                                                   
               Mathematics                   1.4       1.7       1.6            1.6       1.6       2.2             1.2       1.9       1.1
               Physical education            2.2       1.9       3.4            3.3       3.0       5.6             1.2       0.9       1.5
               Science                                1.4       1.2                     1.4       1.7                      1.4       0.8
               Social studies                2.1       4.9       4.7            3.0       5.8       6.3             1.3       4.1       3.3
               Home economics                                                                                                   
               Other                        10.4      14.1      12.6            9.0      15.4      11.7            11.6      12.8      13.4
          Special education                  6.4       5.7       5.8            4.1       3.3       3.3             8.5       8.0       7.9
          Curriculum and instruction         2.6       3.5       2.9            2.9       3.2       3.2             2.2       3.8       2.7
          Educational administration        27.8      28.6      28.5           29.6      28.3      30.7            26.2      28.8      26.6
          Educational psychology                      0.8       1.0                     1.0       0.7                      0.7       1.3
          Counseling and guidance            2.3       3.1       2.5            2.6       3.4       2.8             2.1       2.7       2.2
     Noneducation areas
          General
               English                       6.3       4.4       5.0            5.6       3.9       5.0             7.0       4.9       5.0
               Mathematics                            2.0       1.8                     2.4       1.7                      1.8       1.8
               Agriculture                   2.8                              3.0                               2.6                
               Military science              3.7       0.0       0.0            3.4       0.0       0.0             4.0       0.0       0.0
               Psychology                             2.7       3.4                     2.6       2.5                      2.7       4.2
               Home economics               12.1                             19.0                               5.9                 
               Religion, theology                     7.2       5.2                    12.2       8.2                      2.5       2.5
               Other                        10.2       8.3      11.8           13.0      11.2      15.7             7.6       5.4       8.5
          Foreign language                   2.0       2.0       1.6            1.3       1.2       1.2             2.6       2.8       1.8
          Natural science                    2.6       3.6       3.2            3.3       4.5       4.8             2.0       2.7       1.8
          Social science                    13.7      10.9       9.1           17.6      13.5      10.8            10.1       8.3       7.7
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 Too few cases for a reliable estimate.
NOTE:  Multiple responses are possible because most principals have more than one degree. 
Response options for fields of study varied slightly between 1987-88 and 1990-91 instruments.
SOURCE:  U.S. Department of Education, , Schools and
Staffing Survey:  1987-88 (School Administrator Questionnaire), 1990-91 (Public and Private School
Administrator Questionnaires), and 1993-94 (Public and Private School Principal Questionnaires).


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