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Public and Private School Principle in the United States: A Statistical Profile, 1987-88 to 1993-94
Table A13.Percentage of public and private school principals participating in training or
           development programs, by region, community type, school level, sex, and race-ethnicity: 
           1987-88, 1990-91, and 1993-94
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                                                                                              Training or development program
                                      ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                             Program for              Training in evaluation      Training in                 Administrative
                                             aspiring principals      and supervision             management techniques       internship
                                      ---------------------------- --------------------------- --------------------------- ---------------------------
Principal/school characteristics        1987-88 1990-91 1993-94      1987-88 1990-91 1993-94     1987-88 1990-91 1993-94     1987-88 1990-91 1993-94
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PUBLIC
          Total                          (a)     35.7    38.9         89.2    87.4    86.5        73.2    74.3    74.7        36.6    37.6    41.2
     Sex
          Male                           (a)     33.2    35.6         89.4    88.0    86.8        73.3    74.5    75.6        34.7    34.2    38.9
          Female                         (a)     41.8    45.1         88.9    86.0    85.8        72.9    73.8    73.0        42.3    45.4    45.6
     Race-ethnicity
          American Indian/Alaska Native  (a)     44.8    41.2         90.8    93.6    83.8        70.4    78.7    83.1        48.7    35.6    49.4
          Asian/Pacific Islander         (a)     50.7    67.6         91.3    95.4    92.7        83.1    90.1    80.5        67.7    52.3    49.0
          Black non-Hispanic             (a)     56.8    58.0         89.8    89.0    88.2        80.2    81.1    79.4        42.3    44.0    45.1
          White non-Hispanic             (a)     33.0    35.4         89.0    86.9    86.0        72.0    73.1    73.8        35.0    36.2    40.0
          Hispanic                       (a)     45.0    57.6         93.4    92.0    90.3        84.9    83.2    78.8        54.0    50.2    52.1
 Total minority                          (a)     52.4    57.5         90.8    90.4    88.7        80.6    82.0    79.5        46.6    45.6    47.3
     Community type
          Central city                   (a)     44.2    51.7         89.0    89.2    89.2        77.4    80.0    78.9        40.5    39.1    43.2
          Urban fringe/large town        (a)     41.6    43.0         91.2    86.4    86.2        76.6    75.0    76.1        34.9    40.5    42.8
          Rural/small town               (a)     28.8    30.3         88.2    87.1    85.2        68.6    71.4    71.9        35.2    35.3    39.3
     School level
          Elementary                     (a)     36.8    39.4         89.3    87.1    86.7        73.0    73.9    74.3        36.1    37.0    41.3
          Secondary                      (a)     33.5    36.5         89.3    88.3    86.6        74.9    75.0    75.0        37.2    38.6    40.8
          Combined                       (a)     31.3    40.0         88.2    87.9    85.7        67.9    76.5    74.7        39.6    39.2    47.0
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See footnote at end of table.
Table A13.Percentage of public and private school principals participating in training or
           development programs, by region, community type, school level, sex, and race-ethnicity: 
           1987-88, 1990-91, and 1993-94(continue)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                              Training or development program
                                      ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                             Program for              Training in evaluation      Training in                 Administrative
                                             aspiring principals      and supervision             management techniques       internship
                                      ---------------------------- --------------------------- --------------------------- ------------------------
Principal/school characteristics        1987-88 1990-91 1993-94      1987-88 1990-91 1993-94     1987-88 1990-91 1993-94     1987-88 1990-91 1993-94
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
PRIVATE
          Total                          (a)     40.0    38.5         68.6    64.7    64.7        56.3    53.7    57.6        23.6    20.7    22.0
     Sex
          Male                           (a)     37.8    35.3         64.8    62.0    62.8        56.2    51.8    56.3        19.9    16.6    18.4
          Female                         (a)     41.9    41.3         72.2    67.4    66.2        56.5    55.6    58.8        27.1    24.5    25.1
     Race-ethnicity
          American Indian/Alaska Native  (a)     31.5    70.7         73.6    75.4    78.6        36.7    71.3    78.6        12.1    24.8    53.7
          Asian/Pacific Islander         (a)     18.4    53.7         72.3    57.3    65.3        73.1    71.2    79.0        35.1     0.0    35.0
          Black non-Hispanic             (a)     59.7    49.3         71.0    52.1    76.3        66.5    46.5    73.7        24.8    32.1    33.5
          White non-Hispanic             (a)     39.6    37.4         68.9    64.6    64.0        55.9    53.5    56.1        23.4    20.1    20.8
          Hispanic                       (a)     37.6    57.7         53.0    82.8    67.2        55.7    63.0    79.4        28.6    34.2    40.2
 Total minority                          (a)     45.1    51.9         64.7    66.4    73.0        61.4    57.2    76.1        26.8    29.4    36.9
     Community type
          Central city                   (a)     41.4    39.6         68.2    68.4    68.6        55.5    58.0    62.5        24.5    23.9    25.1
          Urban fringe/large town        (a)     39.9    40.5         73.0    65.3    65.7        57.3    51.9    59.0        26.2    21.7    22.8
          Rural/small town               (a)     38.0    34.6         64.0    59.4    57.9        56.5    50.3    49.1        19.0    15.4    16.6
     School level
          Elementary                     (a)     37.8    41.6         69.6    64.5    66.2        53.3    52.8    57.7        25.6    21.4    24.1
          Secondary                      (a)     43.8    33.4         67.6    62.6    68.3        54.9    57.2    62.1        25.4    22.3    20.6
          Combined                       (a)     43.4    33.5         66.7    66.1    60.0        63.6    54.6    53.6        18.4    18.3    16.0
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(a) Item not included on SASS instrument that year.
SOURCE:  U.S. Department of Education, , Schools and
Staffing Survey: 1987-88(School Administrator and Public and Private School Questionnaires), 
1990-91(Public and Private School Administrator and School Questionnaires), and 1993-94 (Public
and Private School Principal and School Questionnaires).


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