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Public and Private School Principle in the United States: A Statistical Profile, 1987-88 to 1993-94
Table A11. Percentage of public and private school principals by highest degree earned, by school
            level,school size,minority enrollment, free-lunch recipients, district size, and community
            type:  1987-88, 1990-91, and 1993-94
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                        Highest degree
                           ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                              Public                                                   Private
                           ----------------------------------------------- ------------------------------------------------------------
                          Less than                                         Less than
School characteristics   Bachelor's  Bachelor's Master's Ed. Sp./ Doctorate Bachelor's Bachelor's Master's Ed. Sp./ Doctorate
                                                         prof.dipl.                                        prof.dipl.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1987-1988
 School level
  Elementary                     0.1       2.6    54.3     34.4      8.6         3.4      26.3     52.2    13.2      4.9
  Secondary                      0.1       1.2    51.0     37.8      9.9         0.4      12.3     62.6    15.9      8.7
  Combined                       0.0       5.5    51.3     35.3      8.0        10.0      28.1     44.0     9.1      8.8
 School size
  Less than 150                          12.5    54.5     24.8      7.8         8.7      38.0     41.0     6.6      5.7
  150-499                                 1.7    55.1     36.2      7.0         1.3      14.8     60.7    17.1      6.2
  500-749                                 0.9    52.8     36.6      9.6                  2.6     63.3    23.0     10.8
  750 or more                    0.2       0.4    48.2     37.3     13.9                  5.4     58.3    21.8     13.9
 Minority enrollment
  Less than 20%                  0.1       2.8    53.6     35.6      7.8         6.1      26.3     50.3    11.0      6.3
  20-50%                         0.0       2.3    53.5     35.1      9.1         2.7      25.0     49.8    14.6      7.8
  More than 50%                           1.3    52.3     34.6     11.7         1.2      21.5     55.4    16.6      5.3
 Free-lunch recipients
  Less than 20%                  0.1       2.1    52.7     35.1      9.9         5.6      26.1     50.0    11.8      6.5
  20-49%                                  2.5    54.5     35.1      9.8         0.5      18.4     63.2    15.9      2.0
  50% or more                    0.2       2.8    52.5     35.8      8.6         3.0      18.7     55.1    15.1      8.1
 District size
  Less than 1,000                         6.9    55.0     32.5      5.4        (*)       (*)      (*)     (*)      (*)
  1,000-4,999                             2.4    52.6     37.0      7.9        (*)       (*)      (*)     (*)      (*)
  5,000-9,999                             1.5    54.5     35.8      8.1        (*)       (*)      (*)     (*)      (*)
  10,000 or more                          0.8    54.0     32.9     12.2        (*)       (*)      (*)     (*)      (*)
 Community type
  Central city                            1.1    55.7     32.1     11.2         3.5      22.9     52.2    13.6      7.9
  Urban fringe/large town                 0.7    53.0     34.1     12.1         3.3      21.4     54.6    14.1      6.5
  Rural/small town               0.2       4.2    52.1     37.9      5.6         9.3      34.6     44.5     7.9      3.7
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnotes at end of tables.
Table A11. Percentage of public and private school principals by highest degree earned, by school
            level,school size,minority enrollment, free-lunch recipients, district size, and community
            type:  1987-88, 1990-91, and 1993-94(continue)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                        Highest degree
                           -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                              Public                                                   Private
                           ----------------------------------------------- -----------------------------------------------------------
                          Less than                                         Less than
School characteristics   Bachelor's  Bachelor's Master's Ed. Sp./ Doctorate Bachelor's Bachelor's Master's Ed. Sp./ Doctorate
                                                         prof.dipl.                                        prof.dipl.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1990-1991
     School level
          Elementary             0.0       1.8    60.7     28.6      8.9         7.2      27.2     50.6     11.5      3.6
          Secondary                       1.5    61.2     26.9     10.3                  8.9     57.9     17.9     14.9
          Combined                        2.9    56.6     29.5     10.4        10.3      35.8     35.7      7.7     10.5
     School size
          Less than 150                   8.4    63.9     20.1      7.4        13.9      40.4     32.3      7.9      5.5
          150-499                         1.2    61.5     29.6      7.8         0.5      16.1     62.8     13.9      6.7
          500-749                0.0       0.7    58.8     30.6      9.8                  4.7     64.3     20.0     10.6
          750 or more            0.0       0.7    58.3     26.5     14.5         0.0       2.5     62.7     13.9     20.8
     Minority enrollment
          Less than 20%                   2.4    60.2     28.8      8.6         9.0      27.5     47.7     10.5      5.4
          20-50%                          0.9    61.5     28.1      9.4         4.2      28.0     45.8     14.0      8.0
          More than 50%          0.0       1.3    60.8     26.7     11.2         3.2      27.5     47.8     10.5     11.0
     Free-lunch recipients
          Less than 20%                   1.4    59.8     26.7     12.1        (a)       (a)      (a)     (a)       (a)
          20-49%                         22.0    61.6     29.5      6.7        (a)       (a)      (a)     (a)       (a)
          50% or more                     1.6    60.6     28.5      9.3        (a)       (a)      (a)     (a)       (a)
     District size
          Less than 1,000                 5.9    61.9     25.5      6.6        (*)       (*)      (*)     (*)       (*)
          1,000-4,999                     1.4    59.9     31.6      7.1        (*)       (*)      (*)     (*)       (*)
          5,000-9,999            0.0             59.7     29.5     10.7        (*)       (*)      (*)     (*)       (*)
          10,000 or more         0.0       0.8    60.7     26.1     12.4        (*)       (*)      (*)     (*)       (*)
     Community type
          Central city                    0.5    60.3     26.0     13.1         3.4      22.7     53.4     12.6      7.9
          Urban fringe/largetown 0.0       1.1    60.6     27.1     11.1         4.8      25.1     49.0     13.3      7.9
          Rural/small town                2.7    60.7     29.8      6.7        15.1      36.6     38.0      6.8      3.5
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnotes at the end of table.
Table A11. Percentage of public and private school principals by highest degree earned, by school
            level,school size,minority enrollment, free-lunch recipients, district size, and community
            type:  1987-88, 1990-91, and 1993-94(continue)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                        Highest degree
                           -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                              Public                                                   Private
                           ----------------------------------------------- -----------------------------------------------------------
                          Less than                                         Less than
School characteristics   Bachelor's  Bachelor's Master's Ed. Sp./ Doctorate Bachelor's Bachelor's Master's Ed. Sp./ Doctorate
                                                         prof.dipl.                                        prof.dipl.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1993-1994
     School level
          Elementary                      1.5    64.1     25.7      8.6         7.0      26.1     54.2       8.0      4.7
          Secondary              0.0       1.2    63.0     25.4     10.3                  6.0     67.4      14.0     12.4
          Combined               0.0       2.6    60.2     27.8      9.4        14.3      29.4     44.2       6.6      5.4
     School size
          Less than 150          0.0       7.9    67.5     18.9      5.7        14.9      34.8     37.9       7.2      5.2
          150-499                         0.8    64.7     26.4      8.0         1.4      15.1     68.4       9.4      5.7
          500-749                0.0       0.4    61.8     29.0      8.9         0.7      11.4     71.0       8.1      8.8
          750 or more            0.0       0.6    61.6     23.7     14.0                  4.2     71.1       9.5     13.3
     Minority enrollment
          Less than 20%          0.0       1.7    63.2     26.9      8.2         9.8      26.3     50.8       7.4      5.7
          20-50%                 0.0       1.3    63.0     25.5     10.2         7.8      21.5     56.8       8.2      5.7
          More than 50%                   1.0    65.8     23.2     10.0         3.9      23.1     55.6      11.6      5.7
     Free-lunch recipients
          Less than 20%          0.0       0.6    62.1     25.4     11.9         0.0      13.6     73.3       7.6      5.5
          20-49%                 0.0       1.8    64.2     26.4      7.5         4.0      19.1     67.6       8.0      1.3
          50% or more                     1.4    64.9     26.0      7.7         1.5      31.6     51.8       9.0      6.0
     District size
          Less than 1,000                 4.2    68.1     22.6      5.2        (*)       (*)      (*)       (*)      (*)
          1,000-4,999            0.0       1.1    64.1     27.1      7.7        (*)       (*)      (*)       (*)      (*)
          5,000-9,999            0.0       2.0    62.7     25.9      9.4        (*)       (*)      (*)       (*)      (*)
          10,000 or more         0.0       0.2    61.7     26.2     11.8        (*)       (*)      (*)       (*)      (*)
     Community type
          Central city           0.0       0.5    64.8     23.1     11.5         5.4      19.3     59.2      10.1      6.0
          Urban fringe/largetown 0.0       1.1    62.1     24.0     12.7         8.4      25.0     50.0       8.8      7.8
          Rural/small town                2.1    64.1     27.9      5.9        12.9      32.9     46.5       4.8      2.9
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(a) Item not included on SASS instrument that year.
(*) Item not applicable to private school principals.
Too few cases for a reliable estimate.
NOTE: Details may not add to 100 percent due to rounding or cell suppression.
SOURCE:  U.S. Department of Education, , Schools and 
Staffing Survey:  1987-88 (School Administrator, Public School, and Teacher Demand and Shortage
Questionnaires), 1990-91 (Public and Private School Administrator,  Public and Private School,
and  Teacher Demand and Shortage Questionnaires), and 1993-94 (Public and Private School 
Principal, Public and Private School, and Teacher Demand and Shortage Questionnaires).


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