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Public and Private School Principle in the United States: A Statistical Profile, 1987-88 to 1993-94
Table A10.Percentage of public and private school principals by benefits received, by community type, 
           school level, sex, and race-ethnicity:  1987-88, 1990-91, and 1993-94
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                     1987-88                                               1990-91
 			           ----------------------------------------------	 -----------------------------------------------
                                                     Benefits                                              Benefits
			      	   -----------------------------------------------       -----------------------------------------------
                                    Medical    Dental   Life     Retirement In-kind       Medical    Dental   Life    Retirement  In-kind
Principal/school characteristics    insurance insurance insurance    plan   benefits1     insurance insurance insurance   plan    benefits\1
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
PUBLIC
  Total                                86.0      60.9      67.0      58.4      41.1          86.1      63.7      67.9      60.9      44.5
Sex
     Male                              86.6      60.3      67.1      59.0      41.9          86.1      62.3      67.5      61.8      45.5
     Female                            83.8      62.5      66.8      56.5      38.5          86.2      66.9      68.8      58.7      42.2
Race-ethnicity
     American Indian/Alaska Native     85.1      64.8      65.4      65.0      41.5          63.6      55.7      62.3      53.7      38.9
     Asian/Pacific Islander            77.0      62.6      56.7      62.9      41.2          93.6      88.5      80.2      73.1      32.4
     Black non-Hispanic                76.7      57.9      67.2      55.6      26.8          78.1      66.8      71.2      59.3      29.6
     White non-Hispanic                86.9      61.2      67.6      59.2      42.7          87.1      63.0      67.6      61.2      46.4
     Hispanic                          85.4      58.7      53.5      42.0      35.0          87.2      69.8      66.2      57.9      39.7
Total minority                         79.5      58.9      63.3      53.4      30.5          80.5      68.0      69.7      59.2      33.1
Community type
     Central city                      89.5      69.9      75.6      64.3      37.0          87.3      71.7      75.6      66.8      38.0
     Urban fringe/large town           89.3      72.1      75.0      63.3      45.3          91.0      77.4      78.4      67.7      50.0
     Rural/small town                  81.9      48.8      57.2      52.0      41.0          83.0      52.7      58.8      54.6      44.7
School level
     Elementary                        86.1      61.6      68.3      58.0      40.2          86.8      64.8      69.2      61.8      43.6
    Secondary                          86.4      60.9      65.6      60.0      42.6          85.3      62.0      65.9      58.8      47.0
    Combined                           82.5      51.5      57.5      56.6      45.7          78.3      52.5      58.4      56.3      46.3
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnotes at end of table.
Table A10.Percentage of public and private school principals by benefits received,
           by community type, school level, sex, and race-ethnicity:  1987-88,
           1990-91, and 1993-94 (continued)
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                     1993-94
		    	          -----------------------------------------------
                                                      Benefits
			         -----------------------------------------------
                                   Medical    Dental   Life    Retirement  In-kind
Principal/school characteristics  insurance insurance insurance      plan benefits\1
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
PUBLIC
  Total                                91.8      66.1      70.7      70.4      46.2
Sex
     Male                              92.3      64.6      70.6      71.1      47.7
     Female                            90.7      69.1      70.7      69.2      43.6
Race-ethnicity
     American Indian/Alaska Native     79.3      51.9      60.7      57.1      49.0
     Asian/Pacific Islander            97.7      90.8      84.7      73.6      39.0
     Black non-Hispanic                88.6      71.6      71.3      74.8      34.7
     White non-Hispanic                92.1      65.1      70.5      70.0      48.4
     Hispanic                          94.6      71.6      71.1      69.8      31.8
Total minority                         90.1      71.5      71.4      72.5      34.9
Community type
     Central city                      94.2      73.2      76.0      75.9      37.8
     Urban fringe/large town           95.4      81.2      80.3      76.6      48.8
     Rural/small town                  88.7      54.3      62.6      64.3      49.1
School level
     Elementary                        92.3      67.0      72.0      70.9      44.7
    Secondary                          90.6      63.3      68.3      68.5      49.1
     Combined                          87.0      56.7      62.6      66.8      48.5
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnotes at end of table.
Table A10.Percentage of public and private school principals by benefits received, by community type, 
           school level, sex, and race-ethnicity:  1987-88, 1990-91, and 1993-94 (continued)
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                     1987-88                                               1990-91
 			           ----------------------------------------------	 -----------------------------------------------
                                                     Benefits                                              Benefits
			      	   -----------------------------------------------       -----------------------------------------------
                                    Medical    Dental   Life     Retirement In-kind       Medical    Dental   Life    Retirement  In-kind
Principal/school characteristics    insurance insurance insurance    plan   benefits1     insurance insurance insurance   plan    benefits\1
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
PRIVATE
  Total                                68.5      32.5      33.6      41.8      64.3          65.3      32.3      34.5      43.8      60.2
Sex
     Male                              72.1      35.9      40.7      45.1      62.3          67.5      33.6      37.0      46.7      63.2
     Female                            65.2      29.3      27.0      38.8      62.5          63.2      31.0      32.1      41.1      57.3
Race-ethnicity
     American Indian/Alaska Native                                                                                            
     Asian/Pacific Islander                                                                                                   
     Black non-Hispanic                50.8      37.4      28.1      25.0      47.8          39.6      29.5      24.3      33.8      49.4
     White non-Hispanic                69.0      32.5      34.1      42.9      65.6          65.7      31.9      35.0      44.3      60.4
     Hispanic                          76.1      28.9      29.1      33.9      45.4          80.5      45.9      37.7      40.5      61.4
Total minority                         63.4      33.2      27.0      28.1      48.9          59.1      37.7      27.4      36.1      56.2
Community type
     Central city                      70.3      34.7      37.5      43.4      59.6          72.1      37.4      39.2      49.6      59.7
     Urban fringe/large town           71.8      36.6      34.6      45.0      67.6          69.1      35.9      38.6      46.9      63.4
     Rural/small town                  61.6      24.0      25.9      35.5      68.5          52.2      21.7      24.2      33.0      57.3
School level
     Elementary                        69.4      33.8      31.1      45.9      63.6          66.4      33.4      32.4      47.3      57.6
     Secondary                         82.2      42.7      44.4      50.0      66.9          86.3      49.2      50.8      62.4      70.1
     Combined                          61.8      26.1      35.6      29.8      65.2          56.6      23.9      34.2      29.9      64.3
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnotes at end of table.
Table A10.Percentage of public and private school principals by benefits received,
           by community type, school level, sex, and race-ethnicity:  1987-88,
           1990-91, and 1993-94 (continued)
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                     1993-94
		    	          -----------------------------------------------
                                                      Benefits
			         -----------------------------------------------
                                   Medical    Dental   Life    Retirement  In-kind
Principal/school characteristics  insurance insurance insurance      plan benefits\1
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total                                64.0      35.0      35.2      46.3      55.1
Sex
     Male                              65.0      35.4      37.4      46.4      58.8
     Female                            63.2      34.5      33.3      46.3      52.0
Race-ethnicity
     American Indian/Alaska Native     60.4      21.4      57.2      32.7      36.9
     Asian/Pacific Islander            54.9      42.2      25.4      34.1      54.9
     Black non-Hispanic                51.6      38.9      23.7      32.9      43.6
     White non-Hispanic                64.3      34.3      35.3      47.1      55.4
     Hispanic                          81.3      55.6      52.7      46.8      70.1
Total minority                         60.7      42.6      34.3      36.9      51.5
Community type
     Central city                      67.5      36.1      37.3      49.1      53.4
     Urban fringe/large town           71.7      42.1      39.9      48.6      56.1
     Rural/small town                  49.6      24.4      26.6      39.6      56.4
School level
     Elementary                        66.9      36.6      34.3      52.0      51.4
     Secondary                         85.2      58.0      55.2      68.3      65.3
     Combined                          50.8      24.0      30.5      28.7      58.5
 -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 1/In-kind benefits include housing, meals, tuition, and transportation.
  Too few cases for a reliable estimate.
SOURCE:  U.S. Department of Education, , Schools and
Staffing Survey:  1987-88  (School Administrator and Public  and Private School Questionnaires),
1990-91 (Public and Private School Administrator and School Questionnaires), and 1993-94  
(Public and Private School Principal and School Questionnaires).


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