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Education in States and Nations: 1991

(ESN) Table 20a: Time in formal instruction in lower secondary schools measured per school day and per year, by measure and country: School year 1990-91

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                            Average      Average      Days of        Average
                          minutes of     hours of  instruction       hours of
                         instruction  instruction     per year    instruction
Country               per school day      per day                    per year
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Sao Paulo and Fortaleza, Brazil  247           4.1         182           749
Canada                           304           5.1         188           953
China                            305           5.1         251         1,276
England                          300           5.0         192           960
France                           370           6.2         174         1,073
Germany (West)                   276           4.6         219         1,007
Hungary                          223           3.7         177           658
Ireland                          323           5.4         173           931
Israel                           278           4.6         215           996
Emilia Romagna, Italy            289           4.8         204           983
Japan                            240           4.0         220           880
Jordan                           260           4.3         191           828
Korea                            264           4.4         222           977
Portugal                         334           5.6         172           957
Scotland                         324           5.4         191         1,031
Slovenia                         248           4.1         190           785
Soviet Union                     258           4.1         198           812
Spain                            243           4.1         188           761
Switzerland                      305           5.1         207          1,052
Taiwan                           318           5.3         222          1,177
United States                    338           5.6         178          1,003
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NOTE: See supplemental note to Indicator 20 for details on data and sample sizes from Canada, Emilia Romagna (Italy), England, Israel, Portugal, Scotland, the Soviet Union, Spain, Switzerland, and the United States; and for discussions of the calculation of instructional hours per day for the U.S. states and the International Assessment of Educational Progress (IAEP).

SOURCE: Educational Testing Service, International Assessment of Education Progress, Learning Mathematics, Figure 5.2. For West Germany: International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement (IEA) Study of Reading Literacy, 1992. For Japan: Ministry of Education, Science, and Culture, National Institute of Educational Research, Government of Japan, 1992.



Figure 20c Processes and Institutions Indicators Table 20b
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