Education in States and Nations: 1991

(ESN) Figure 20a: Average hours per day in formal instruction, by country (1991) and state (1990-91)

*Figure represents the unweighted average of two cities, São Paoulo and Fortaleza

SOURCE: Educational Testing Service, International Assessment of Education Progress, Learning Mathematics, Figure 5.2. For West Germany: International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement (IEA) Study of Reading Literacy, 1992. For Japan: Ministry of Education, Science, and Culture, National Institute of Educational Research, Government of Japan, 1992. U.S. Department of Education, , Schools and Staffing Survey, 1990-91 (based on Table 49-3 in the Condition of Education, 1993).

Indicator 20 Processes and Institutions Indicators Figure 20b