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Youth Indicators, 2005: Trends in the Well-Being of American Youth

Indicator 7: Timing of Parenthood

Figure 7. Percentage of 1988 male and female eighth-graders, by educational level and timing of parenthood: 2000

Percentage of 1988 male and female eighth-graders, by educational level and timing of parenthood: 2000
1Also includes eighth-grade students.
2Child born between June 1992 (graduation date for most students) and 2000.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, National Education Longitudinal Study of 1988 (NELS:88/2000), 'Fourth Follow-up, 2000,' unpublished data.

The level of educational attainment of 1988 eighth-graders was related to whether they became parents before 2000. Twenty-nine percent of females and 35 percent of males who became parents in high school did not complete their high school education. Females who did not have a child before 2000 were more likely to have received a bachelor's degree or higher compared to those who had a child during or after high school (44 percent vs. 2 percent and 15 percent, respectively). Likewise, males who did not father a child before 2000 were more likely to have received a bachelor's degree or higher compared to those who had a child during or after high school (36 percent vs. 4 percent and 9 percent, respectively). A higher percentage of 1988 female eighth-graders earned a bachelor's degree or higher by 2000 compared to their male peers (32 percent vs. 27 percent). Similarly, females who had a child after high school were more likely than males who had a child after high school to have received a bachelor's degree or higher (15 percent vs. 9 percent).


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