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Youth Indicators, 2005: Trends in the Well-Being of American Youth

Indicator 48: Tobacco, Alcohol, and Drug Use

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Table 48. Percentage of high school seniors reporting substance use at least once during the past 30 days: Various years, 1975 to 2004
YearAlcohol1CigarettesAny illicit drugMarijuana onlyAny Illicit drug other than marijuana2
197568.236.730.715.315.4
198072.030.537.218.818.4
198565.930.129.714.814.9
199057.129.417.29.28.0
199154.028.316.49.37.1
199251.327.814.48.16.3
199348.629.918.310.47.9
199450.131.221.913.18.8
199551.333.523.813.810.0
199650.834.024.615.19.5
199752.736.526.215.510.7
199852.035.125.614.910.7
199951.034.625.915.510.4
200050.031.424.914.510.4
200149.829.525.714.911.0
200248.626.725.414.111.3
200347.524.424.113.710.4
200448.025.023.412.610.8
1Survey question changed in 1993; data are not directly comparable to figures for earlier years.
2Other illicit drugs include any use of LSD, other hallucinogens, crack, other cocaine, or heroin, or any use of narcotics, amphetamines, barbiturates, or tranquilizers not under a doctor's orders.
NOTE: The response rate for this survey does not meet NCES statistical standards.
SOURCE: University of Michigan, Institute for Social Research, Monitoring the Future Study, various years.

Table 48. Percentage of high school seniors reporting substance use at least once during the past 30 days: Various years, 1975 to 2004Table 48.2. Percentage of high school seniors who currently use alcohol, cigarettes, or illicit drugs, by sex and race/ethnicity: 2004
CharacteristicCurrent alcohol use1Daily cigarette use2Current illicit drug use3
  Total29.215.623.4
Sex
 Male34.315.426.1
 Female24.215.020.3
Race/ethnicity
 White, non-Hispanic32.518.325.7
 Black, non-Hispanic11.45.216.8
 Hispanic26.08.219.9
1Had 5 or more drinks in a row in the 2 weeks preceding the survey.
2Smoked cigarettes daily in the 30 days preceding the survey.
3Used illicit drugs on one or more of the 30 days preceding the survey. Illicit drugs include marijuana, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens (including LSD, PCP, and ecstasy (MDMA)), amphetamines (including methamphetamine), and nonmedical use of psychotherapeutics.
NOTE: Respondents self-selected race/ethnicity as White (Caucasian), Black (African American), or one of several Hispanic categories. Race/ethnicity data are a combination of data from 2003 and 2004. The response rate for this survey does not meet NCES statistical standards.
SOURCE: University of Michigan, Institute for Social Research, Monitoring the Future Study, 2004.

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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education