Youth Indicators, 2005: Trends in the Well-Being of American Youth

Indicator 13: Reading Proficiency

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Table 13. National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) reading scores, by age and selected student characteristics: Various years, 1971 to 2004
Student characteristic19711975198419901994199920041971197519841990199419992004
 White, non-Hispanic261262263262265267266291293295297296295293
 Black, non-Hispanic222226236241234238244239241264267266264264
 Hispanic 232240238235244242 252268275263271264
Highest level of parental education2
 Less than high school 238239240241237238240261263269270268265259
 Graduated high school256255253251251251251283281281283276274274
 Some education after high school 266267266269264 298295294295286
 Graduated from college 268267269270270 302302300298298
Number of hours spent on homework
 Did not have homework 254252250251248 276274273275270
 Did not do homework 247244243249245 287288285282279
 Less than 1 hour 261258261262261 290291288291287
 1-2 hours 266265268269268 296300297296295
 More than 2 hours 265262270269272 303307306300304
Not available.
1All participants of this age were in school.
2As reported by students.
NOTE: The NAEP scores range from 0 to 500, but have been evaluated at certain performance levels. A score of 150 implies an ability to follow written directions and select phrases to describe pictures. A score of 200 implies an ability to understand, combine ideas, and make inferences based on short uncomplicated passages about specific or sequentially related information. A score of 250 implies an ability to search for specific information, interrelate ideas, and make generalizations about rather lengthy literature, science, and social studies materials. A score of 300 implies an ability to find, understand, summarize, and explain relatively complicated literary and informational material. A score of 350 implies an ability to extend, restructure, and synthesize ideas presented in specialized and complex scientific materials, literary essays, and historical documents. Excludes persons not enrolled in school and those who were unable to be tested due to limited proficiency in English or due to a disability. Includes students in public and private schools.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP), NAEP 1999 Long-Term Trend Reading Summary Data Tables for Age 13 Student Data, 1999 Long-Term Trend Reading Summary Data Tables for Age 17 Student Data, and 2004 Trends in Academic Progress, Three Decades of Student Performance in Reading and Mathematics, 2005.

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