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Youth Indicators, 2005: Trends in the Well-Being of American Youth

Indicator 10: Race/Ethnicity of Students

Figure 10. Percentage of students 3 to 34 years old who are Black or Hispanic, by level of school enrollment: Various years, October 1975 to October 2003

Percentage of students 3 to 34 years old who are Black or Hispanic, by level of school enrollment: Various years, October 1975 to October 2003
1Includes prekindergarten through grade 12.
2Includes both 2- and 4-year institutions.
NOTE: Enrollment includes students in any type of graded public or private school in regular school systems. Includes elementary schools, secondary schools, colleges, universities, and professional schools. Attendance may be on either a fulltime or part-time basis and during the day or night. Enrollments in 'special' schools, such as trade schools, business colleges, or correspondence schools, are not included.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Commerce, Census Bureau, October Current Population Surveys (CPS), October, various years, unpublished data.

The proportion of students who were White declined between 1975 and 2003 at the elementary, high school, and college levels. In 1975, 77 percent of all elementary and high school students were White; however, the percent declined steadily to 60 percent by 2003. There was no difference detected in the proportion of elementary and high school students who were Black in 1975 and 2003, 14 and 15 percent respectively. However, the proportion of students in college who were Black increased from 10 percent to 12 percent during that time period. The proportion of students in elementary and high school who were Hispanic increased from 6 percent in 1975 to 18 percent in 2003. The proportion of students who were Hispanic also increased at the college level. In 1975, approximately 4 percent of college students were Hispanic; this proportion more than doubled to 11 percent by 2003.


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