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Table 4.3. Charter school legislation and number of charter schools operating, by state: 200809, 201112, and 201314

State Year charter law passed (201314) Number of charter schools operating (201112) State allows virtual charter schools (201314)1   State allows extended learning time in charter schools (200809)2  
United States 5,696 35 3 29 3
             
Alabama    
Alaska 1995 27 Yes   No  
Arizona 1994 531 Yes   Yes  
Arkansas 1995 41 Yes   Yes  
California 1992 985 Yes   Yes  
             
Colorado 1993 178 Yes   Yes  
Connecticut 1997 17 Yes   Yes  
Delaware 1995 22 No   Yes  
District of Columbia 1996 100 Yes   Yes  
Florida 1996 519 Yes   Yes  
             
Georgia 1994 128 Yes   Yes  
Hawaii 1994 31 Yes   No  
Idaho 1996 45 Yes   Yes  
Illinois 1996 52 Yes   Yes  
Indiana 2001 65 Yes   Yes  
             
Iowa 2002 7 Yes   No  
Kansas 1994 17 Yes   No  
Kentucky    
Louisiana 1995 99 Yes   Yes  
Maine 2011 Yes    
             
Maryland 2003 50 No   Yes  
Massachusetts 1993 72 No   Yes  
Michigan 1993 306 Yes   Yes  
Minnesota 1991 174 Yes   Yes  
Mississippi 2010 0 Yes   No  
             
Missouri 1998 61 Yes   Yes  
Montana    
Nebraska    
Nevada 1997 39 Yes   Yes  
New Hampshire 1996 15 Yes   No  
             
New Jersey 1995 86 No   Yes  
New Mexico 1993 84 Yes   No  
New York 1998 183 No   Yes  
North Carolina 1996 100 Yes   Yes  
North Dakota    
             
Ohio 1997 355 Yes   Yes  
Oklahoma 1999 21 Yes   Yes  
Oregon 1999 115 Yes   Yes  
Pennsylvania 1997 162 Yes   Yes  
Rhode Island 1995 18 No   No  
             
South Carolina 1996 47 Yes   Yes  
South Dakota    
Tennessee 2002 40 No   Yes  
Texas 1995 581 Yes   Yes  
Utah 1998 81 Yes   No  
             
Vermont    
Virginia 1998 4 No   No  
Washington 2012 Yes    
West Virginia    
Wisconsin 1993 234 Yes   No  
Wyoming 1995 4 Yes   No  
— Not available.
† Not applicable.
1 A virtual school, or cyber school, is a school that delivers academic instruction via the Internet or computer network to students in locations other than a classroom supervised by a teacher who is physically present.
2 Extended learning time refers to public elementary and secondary schools (charter and non-charter) operating longer than six hours per day, and/or with a calendar year exceeding 180 days.
3 The total reflects the number of "Yes" responses in the column.
SOURCE: National Alliance for Public Charter Schools, Measuring Up to the Model: A Ranking of State Charter School Laws, retrieved April 2, 2014 from http://www.publiccharters.org/publications/state-ranking-2014/; National Alliance for Public Charter Schools, Public Charter School Dashboard, retrieved April 2, 2014 from http://www.publiccharters.org/dashboard/home; and National Center for Education Statistics, Selected Statistics from the Common Core of Data: School Year 201112-First Look, retrieved April 1, 2014 from http://nces.ed.gov/pubs2013/2013441/tables/table_03.asp. Data Source.

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