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Table 3.5. Use of technology and capacity to use technology, by state: 2008-09
 
State Use of technology   Capacity to use technology
State standards for students include technology State tests students on technology State has established a virtual school State offers computer-based assessments   State standards include technology   Requirements for an initial licensure include technology coursework or a test   State requires technology training or testing for recertification, or requires participation in technology-related professional development
Teachers Administrators Teachers Administrators Teachers Administrators
United States1 50 13 29 26 46 37 21 10 10 7  
                             
Alabama Yes No Yes No   Yes Yes   No No   No No  
Alaska Yes No Yes No   Yes Yes   No No   Yes No  
Arizona Yes Yes Yes Yes   Yes Yes   No No   No No  
Arkansas Yes No Yes Yes   Yes Yes   No No   Yes Yes  
California Yes No No No   Yes No   Yes No   No Yes 2
                             
Colorado Yes No No No   Yes Yes   No No   No No  
Connecticut Yes No No No   Yes Yes   Yes No   Yes No  
Delaware Yes No Yes No   Yes Yes   No No   No No  
District of Columbia No No No No   No No   No No   No No  
Florida Yes No Yes No   Yes Yes   Yes Yes   No No  
                             
Georgia Yes Yes Yes Yes   Yes Yes   Yes Yes   Yes Yes  
Hawaii Yes No Yes No   Yes No   No No   No No  
Idaho Yes No Yes Yes   No No   No No   No No  
Illinois Yes No Yes No   Yes Yes   Yes No   No No  
Indiana Yes No No Yes   Yes Yes   No No   No No  
                             
Iowa Yes No Yes No   Yes Yes   Yes Yes   No No  
Kansas Yes No No Yes   Yes Yes   No No   No No  
Kentucky Yes No Yes Yes   Yes Yes   Yes Yes 3 Yes No  
Louisiana Yes Yes Yes Yes   Yes Yes   Yes No   No Yes  
Maine Yes No No Yes   Yes No   No No   No No  
                             
Maryland Yes Yes Yes Yes   Yes Yes   Yes No   No No  
Massachusetts Yes No No Yes   Yes Yes   No No   No No  
Michigan Yes No Yes No   Yes No   No No   No No  
Minnesota Yes No No Yes   Yes No   No No   No No  
Mississippi Yes No Yes Yes   Yes Yes   No No   No No  
                             
Missouri Yes No Yes Yes   Yes Yes   No No   No No  
Montana Yes No No No   No No   No No   No No  
Nebraska Yes No No No   Yes Yes   No No   No No  
Nevada Yes No No No   No No   No No   No No  
New Hampshire Yes Yes Yes No   Yes Yes   No No   Yes Yes  
                             
New Jersey Yes Yes No Yes   Yes Yes   No No   No No  
New Mexico Yes No Yes No   Yes Yes   Yes No   Yes No  
New York Yes No No No   Yes Yes   Yes Yes   No No  
North Carolina Yes Yes Yes Yes   Yes No   No No   No No  
North Dakota Yes No Yes No   Yes Yes   Yes Yes 3 No No  
                             
Ohio Yes No No No   Yes Yes   Yes No   No No  
Oklahoma Yes No Yes Yes   Yes Yes   Yes No   No No  
Oregon Yes No Yes Yes   Yes Yes   No No   No No  
Pennsylvania Yes Yes No No   Yes Yes   Yes No   No Yes  
Rhode Island Yes Yes No Yes   Yes No   No No   No No  
                             
South Carolina Yes Yes Yes Yes   Yes No   No No   Yes No  
South Dakota Yes Yes Yes Yes   Yes Yes   Yes Yes   No No  
Tennessee Yes No No No   Yes Yes   No No   No No  
Texas Yes No No Yes   Yes Yes   Yes Yes   No No  
Utah Yes Yes Yes Yes   No No   No No   No No  
                             
Vermont Yes No No No   Yes Yes   Yes No   No No  
Virginia Yes No Yes Yes   Yes Yes   Yes Yes   No No  
Washington Yes No No No   Yes Yes   No No   Yes No  
West Virginia Yes Yes Yes Yes   Yes Yes   Yes Yes   Yes Yes  
Wisconsin Yes No Yes No   Yes Yes   Yes No   No No  
Wyoming Yes No No Yes   Yes No   No No   No No  
1 National total reflects the number of "Yes" responses for the column.
2 California requires technology-related professional development for principals of low-performing schools only.
3 Kentucky and North Dakota require technology coursework or a test for principals only.
SOURCE: Technology Counts 2009: Breaking Away from Tradition, Editorial Projects in Education Research Center, Education Week, 2009. Data Source
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