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Table 3.2. State initial licensure requirements for teacher education in subject area taught, written teacher assessments, and clinical training experiences, by state: 2011–12
 
State State requires
substantial formal
coursework in
subject area(s) taught1
Written teachers assessments State requires clinical experience during teacher training
Basic
skills
Subject-
specific
knowledge
Subject-
specific
pedagogy
Student
teaching (weeks)
Other
experiences
(hours)
United States2 28 39   43   4   41   15 3
                         
Alabama Yes 3 Yes   Yes   No   15 3 150 3
Alaska No Yes   No   No      
Arizona No No   Yes 3 No      
Arkansas No Yes   Yes   No   12 3  
California No Yes   Yes   Yes   9 3  
                         
Colorado No No   Yes   No   13 3 400 3
Connecticut No Yes   Yes   No   10 3  
Delaware No Yes   Yes   No      
District of Columbia Yes 3 Yes   Yes   No      
Florida No Yes   Yes   Yes   10 3  
                         
Georgia Yes 3 Yes   Yes 3 No      
Hawaii No Yes   Yes   No   10 3  
Idaho Yes 3 No   Yes   No   6 semester hours 3  
Illinois Yes Yes   Yes   No      
Indiana No Yes   Yes   No   9    
                         
Iowa Yes Yes   No   No   14 3 80 3
Kansas Yes No   Yes   No   12 3  
Kentucky Yes 3 No   Yes   No   12 3  
Louisiana Yes Yes 3 Yes 3 No   9 3 180 3
Maine No Yes   Yes   No      
                         
Maryland Yes 3 Yes   Yes   No   20 3  
Massachusetts No Yes   Yes   No   150-300 hours 3  
Michigan Yes Yes   Yes   No   12    
Minnesota No Yes   Yes   No   10 3  
Mississippi Yes 3 Yes   Yes   No   12 3  
                         
Missouri No Yes   Yes   No   8 semester hours 3 2 semester hours 3
Montana Yes No   No   No   --   --  
Nebraska Yes 3 Yes   No   No   14 3 100 3
Nevada No Yes   Yes   No   8 semester hours 3  
New Hampshire Yes 3 Yes   Yes   No   15 3  
                         
New Jersey Yes No   Yes   No   15 3  
New Mexico Yes Yes   Yes   No   14 3  
New York Yes Yes   Yes   Yes 3 8 3 100 3
North Carolina No Yes 3 No   No   10 3  
North Dakota Yes Yes   Yes   No   10 3  
                         
Ohio Yes 3 No   Yes   No   12 3 100 3
Oklahoma Yes Yes   Yes   No   12 3 45 3
Oregon No Yes   No   No   15 3  
Pennsylvania Yes 3 Yes 3 Yes   No   12 3 190 3
Rhode Island No No   No   No      
                         
South Carolina No Yes 3 Yes   No   12 3 100 3
South Dakota Yes 3 No   Yes   No   10 3  
Tennessee Yes 3 Yes   Yes   No   15 3  
Texas No Yes   Yes   Yes   12 3 30 3
Utah No No   Yes   No      
                         
Vermont Yes Yes   Yes   No   12 3 60 3
Virginia Yes 3 Yes   Yes   No   5 3 150 3
Washington No Yes   Yes   No   15    
West Virginia Yes Yes   Yes   No   12 3 125 3
Wisconsin Yes Yes   Yes   No   18    
Wyoming No No   No   No   8 3  
— Not available.
1 To earn an initial license, prospective teachers must have taken substantial formal coursework in subject area(s) taught, corresponding to a major or equivalent.
2 National total reflects the number of "Yes" responses.
3 This requirement does not apply to individuals who enter the teaching profession through an alternative route.
SOURCE: Quality Counts 2012: The Global Challenge, Editorial Projects in Education Research Center, Education Week, 2012. Data Source

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