Table 3.13. State standards and requirements for arts education licensure, certification and professional development, by state: 2012 and 2015
 
State State specifies arts requirements for initial licensure or certification of non-arts (generalist) teachers (2015) State specifies requirements for endorsement, licensure, or certification of arts teachers in one or more arts disciplines (2015) State specifies an alternative route to endorsements, certification or licensure of arts teachers or arts specialists (2012) State requires continuing education or recertification of arts teachers (2012)
United States1 35 43 41 41
         
Alabama Yes Yes Yes Yes
Alaska No No No No
Arizona Yes Yes Yes Yes
Arkansas No No Yes Yes
California Yes Yes Yes Yes
         
Colorado Yes Yes Yes No
Connecticut Yes Yes Yes Yes
Delaware No Yes Yes Yes
District of Columbia Yes Yes Yes No
Florida Yes Yes Yes Yes
         
Georgia No Yes Yes No
Hawaii No No No No
Idaho Yes Yes No Yes
Illinois Yes Yes Yes No
Indiana Yes Yes Yes Yes
         
Iowa Yes Yes Yes Yes
Kansas No Yes Yes Yes
Kentucky No Yes Yes Yes
Louisiana Yes Yes Yes Yes
Maine Yes Yes No Yes
         
Maryland No Yes Yes Yes
Massachusetts Yes Yes Yes Yes
Michigan Yes No Yes Yes
Minnesota Yes Yes Yes Yes
Mississippi No No Yes Yes
         
Missouri No Yes Yes No
Montana Yes Yes Yes No
Nebraska Yes Yes Yes Yes
Nevada No Yes Yes No
New Hampshire Yes Yes Yes Yes
         
New Jersey Yes Yes Yes Yes
New Mexico Yes Yes Yes Yes
New York Yes Yes No Yes
North Carolina Yes Yes No Yes
North Dakota Yes Yes No Yes
         
Ohio Yes Yes No Yes
Oklahoma Yes Yes Yes No
Oregon Yes Yes Yes Yes
Pennsylvania Yes No Yes Yes
Rhode Island No Yes No Yes
         
South Carolina Yes Yes Yes Yes
South Dakota No Yes Yes Yes
Tennessee Yes Yes Yes Yes
Texas No Yes Yes Yes
Utah Yes Yes Yes Yes
         
Vermont Yes Yes Yes Yes
Virginia Yes Yes Yes Yes
Washington No Yes Yes Yes
West Virginia Yes No No Yes
Wisconsin Yes Yes Yes Yes
Wyoming No No Yes Yes
1 National total reflects the number of "Yes" responses for the column.
SOURCE: Arts Education Partnership, State of the States 2015: Arts Education State Policy Summary, retrieved March 25, 2015 from http://www.aep-arts.org/research-policy/artscan/state-of-the-states-2015/; Arts Education Partnership, State of the States 2012: Arts Education State Policy Summary, retrieved March 25, 2015 from http://www.aep-arts.org/wp-content/uploads/2012/07/State-of-the-states-2012-FINAL.pdf. Data Source.