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Table 3.13. State standards and requirements for arts education licensure, certification and professional development, by state: 2012 and 2016
 
State State specifies an alternative route to endorsements, certification or licensure of arts teachers or arts specialists (2012) State requires continuing education or recertification of arts teachers (2012) State specifies arts requirements for initial licensure or certification of non-arts (generalist) teachers (2016) State specifies requirements for endorsement, licensure, or certification of arts teachers in one or more arts disciplines (2016)
United States1 41 41 35 43
         
Alabama Yes Yes Yes Yes
Alaska No No No No
Arizona Yes Yes Yes Yes
Arkansas Yes Yes No No
California Yes Yes Yes Yes
         
Colorado Yes No Yes Yes
Connecticut Yes Yes Yes Yes
Delaware Yes Yes No Yes
District of Columbia Yes No Yes Yes
Florida Yes Yes Yes Yes
         
Georgia Yes No No Yes
Hawaii No No No No
Idaho No Yes Yes Yes
Illinois Yes No Yes Yes
Indiana Yes Yes Yes Yes
         
Iowa Yes Yes Yes Yes
Kansas Yes Yes No Yes
Kentucky Yes Yes No Yes
Louisiana Yes Yes Yes Yes
Maine No Yes Yes Yes
         
Maryland Yes Yes No Yes
Massachusetts Yes Yes Yes Yes
Michigan Yes Yes Yes No
Minnesota Yes Yes Yes Yes
Mississippi Yes Yes No No
         
Missouri Yes No No Yes
Montana Yes No Yes Yes
Nebraska Yes Yes Yes Yes
Nevada Yes No No Yes
New Hampshire Yes Yes Yes Yes
         
New Jersey Yes Yes Yes Yes
New Mexico Yes Yes Yes Yes
New York No Yes Yes Yes
North Carolina No Yes Yes Yes
North Dakota No Yes Yes Yes
         
Ohio No Yes Yes Yes
Oklahoma Yes No Yes Yes
Oregon Yes Yes Yes Yes
Pennsylvania Yes Yes Yes No
Rhode Island No Yes No Yes
         
South Carolina Yes Yes Yes Yes
South Dakota Yes Yes No Yes
Tennessee Yes Yes Yes Yes
Texas Yes Yes No Yes
Utah Yes Yes Yes Yes
         
Vermont Yes Yes Yes Yes
Virginia Yes Yes Yes Yes
Washington Yes Yes No Yes
West Virginia No Yes Yes No
Wisconsin Yes Yes Yes Yes
Wyoming Yes Yes No No
1 National total reflects the number of "Yes" responses for the column.
SOURCE: Education Commission of the States and Arts Education Partnership, State of the States 2016: Arts Education State Policy Summary, retrieved March 3, 2016 from http://www.ecs.org/ec-content/uploads/2016-State-of-the-States-of-Art.pdf and Arts Education Partnership, State of the States 2012: Arts Education State Policy Summary, retrieved March 3, 2016 from http://www.aep-arts.org/wp-content/uploads/2012/07/State-of-the-states-2012-FINAL.pdf. Data Source.