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Projections of Education Statistics to 2021

NCES 2013-008
January 2013

Section 3. Elementary and Secondary Teachers: Teachers in Elementary and Secondary Schools


Figure 10. Actual and projected numbers for elementary and secondary teachers, by control of school: Fall 1996 through fall 2021

Figure 10.	Actual and projected numbers for elementary and secondary teachers, by control of school: Fall 1996 through fall 2021


NOTE: Since the biennial Private School Universe Survey (PSS) is collected in the fall of odd-numbered years, private school numbers for alternate years are estimated based on data from the PSS. The number of teachers reported in full-time equivalents. Some data have been revised from previously published figures. Mean absolute percentage errors of selected education statistics can be found in table A-2, appendix A.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Common Core of Data (CCD), "State Nonfiscal Survey of Public Elementary/Secondary Education," 1996-97 through 2010-11; Private School Universe Survey (PSS), selected years, 1997-98 through 2009-10; Elementary and Secondary Teacher Model, 1973-2010. (This figure was prepared March 2012.)

Number of teachers

The total number of elementary and secondary teachers

  • increased 20 percent between 1996 and 2010, a period of 14 years; and
  • is projected to increase 14 percent between 2010 and 2021, a period of 11 years.

The number of teachers in public elementary and secondary schools

  • increased 20 percent between 1996 and 2010; and
  • is projected to increase 15 percent between 2010 and 2021.

The number of teachers in private elementary and secondary schools

  • increased 15 percent between 1996 and 2010; and
  • is projected to increase 3 percent between 2010 and 2021.

For more information: Table 16

Figure 11. Actual and projected numbers for the pupil/teacher ratios in elementary and secondary schools, by control of school: Fall 1996 through fall 2021

Figure 11.	Actual and projected numbers for the pupil/teacher ratios in elementary and secondary schools, by control of school: Fall 1996 through fall 2021


NOTE: Since the biennial Private School Universe Survey (PSS) is collected in the fall of odd-numbered years, private school numbers for alternate years are estimated based on data from the PSS. The pupil/ teacher ratios were derived from tables 1 and 16. Teachers are reported in full-time equivalents. Some data have been revised from previously published figures. Mean absolute percentage errors of selected education statistics can be found in table A-2, appendix A.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Common Core of Data (CCD), "State Nonfiscal Survey of Public Elementary/Secondary Education," 1996-97 through 2010-11; Private School Universe Survey (PSS), selected years, 1997-98 through 2009-10; National Elementary and Secondary Enrollment Model, 1972-2010; and Elementary and Secondary Teacher Model, 1973-2010. (This figure was prepared March 2012.)

Pupil/teacher ratios

The pupil/teacher ratio in elementary and secondary schools

  • decreased from 16.9 to 15.0 between 1996 and 2010; and
  • is projected to decrease to 14.1 in 2021.

The pupil/teacher ratio in public elementary and secondary schools

  • decreased from 17.1 to 15.2 between 1996 and 2010; and
  • is projected to decrease to 14.4 in 2021.

The pupil/teacher ratio in private elementary and secondary schools

  • decreased from 15.5 to 12.4 between 1996 and 2010; and
  • is projected to decrease to 11.7 in 2021.

For more information: Table 17

Figure 12. Actual and projected numbers for elementary and secondary new teacher hires, by control of school: Fall 1999, fall 2010, and fall 2021

Figure 12.	Actual and projected numbers for elementary and secondary new teacher hires, by control of school: Fall 1999, fall 2010, and fall 2021


NOTE: Public and private new teacher hire numbers for 2010 are estimated using the New Teacher Hires Model. For more information about the New Teacher Hires Model, see appendix A.3. Calculations are based on unrounded numbers. Some data have been revised from previously published figures.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Common Core of Data (CCD), "State Nonfiscal Survey of Public Elementary/Secondary Education," 1999-2000; Private School Universe Survey (PSS), 1999-2000; Schools and Staffing Survey (SASS), "Public School Teacher Questionnaire," 1999-2000 and "Private School Teacher Questionnaire," 1999-2000; Elementary and Secondary Teacher Model, 1973-2010; and New Teacher Hires Model, 1988-2007. (This figure was prepared March 2012.)

New teacher hires

The number of new teacher hires in public schools

  • was 36 percent higher in 2010 than in 1999 (301,000 versus 222,000); and
  • s is projected to increase 28 percent between 2010 and 2021, to 384,000.

The number of new teacher hires in private schools

  • was 1 percent higher in 2010 than in 1999 (84,000 versus 83,000); and
  • s is projected to increase 4 percent between 2010 and 2021, to 87,000.

For more information: Table 16


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