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Projections of Education Statistics to 2019

NCES 2011-017
March 2011

Section 3. Elementary and Secondary Teachers: Teachers in Elementary and Secondary Schools


Figure 10. Actual and projected numbers for elementary and secondary teachers, by control of school: Fall 1994 through fall 2019

Figure 10. Actual and projected numbers for elementary and secondary teachers, by control of school: Fall 1994 through fall 2019


NOTE: Since the biennial Private School Universe Survey (PSS) is collected in the fall of odd numbered years, private school numbers for alternate years are estimated based on data from the PSS. Teachers reported in full-time equivalents. Some data have been revised from previously published figures. Mean absolute percentage errors of selected education statistics can be found in table A-2, appendix A.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Common Core of Data (CCD), “State Nonfiscal Survey of Public Elementary/Secondary Education,” 1994–95 through 2007–08; Private School Universe Survey (PSS), selected years, 1995–96 through 2007–08; Elementary and Secondary Teacher Model, 1973–2006. (This figure was prepared April 2010.)

Number of teachers

The total number of elementary and secondary teachers

  • increased 24 percent between 1994 and 2007, a period of 13 years; and
  • is projected to increase an additional 13 percent between 2007 and 2019, a period of 12 years.

The number of teachers in public elementary and secondary schools

  • increased 25 percent between 1994 and 2007; and
  • is projected to increase an additional 13 percent between 2007 and 2019.

The number of teachers in private elementary and secondary schools

  • increased 22 percent between 1994 and 2007; and
  • is projected to increase an additional 14 percent between 2007 and 2019.

For more information:
Table 16

Figure 11. Actual and projected numbers for the pupil/teacher ratios in elementary and secondary schools, by control of school: Fall 1994 through fall 2019

Figure 11. Actual and projected numbers for the pupil/teacher ratios in elementary and secondary schools, by control of school: Fall 1994 through fall 2019


NOTE: Since the biennial Private School Universe Survey (PSS) is collected in the fall of odd numbered years, private school numbers for alternate years are estimated based on data from the PSS. The pupil/teacher ratios were derived from tables 1 and 16. Teachers are reported in full-time equivalents. Some data have been revised from previously published figures. Mean absolute percentage errors of selected education statistics can be found in table A-2, appendix A.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Common Core of Data (CCD), “State Nonfiscal Survey of Public Elementary/Secondary Education,” 1994–95 through 2007–08; Private School Universe Survey (PSS), selected years, 1995–96 through 2007–08; National Elementary and Secondary Enrollment Model, 1972–2007; and Elementary and Secondary Teacher Model, 1973–2006. (This figure was prepared April 2010.)

Pupil/teacher ratios

The pupil/teacher ratio in elementary and secondary schools

  • decreased from 17.1 to 15.2 between 1994 and 2007; and
  • is projected to decrease further to 14.3 in 2019.

The pupil/teacher ratio in public elementary and secondary schools

  • decreased from 17.3 to 15.5 between 1994 and 2007; and
  • is projected to decrease further to 14.6 in 2019.

The pupil/teacher ratio in private elementary and secondary schools

  • decreased from 16.1 to 13.0 between 1994 and 2007; and
  • is projected to decrease further to 12.4 in 2019.

For more information:
Table 17

Figure 12. Actual and alternative projected numbers for elementary and secondary new teacher hires, by control of school: Fall 1999, 2007, and 2019

Figure 12. Actual and alternative projected numbers for elementary and secondary new teacher hires, by control of school: Fall 1999, 2007, and 2019


NOTE: Public and private new teacher hire numbers for 2007 are estimated using the New Teacher Hires Model.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Common Core of Data (CCD), “State Nonfiscal Survey of Public Elementary/Secondary Education,” 1999–2000 and 2007–08; Private School Universe Survey (PSS), 1999–2000 and 2007–08; Elementary and Secondary Teacher Model, 1973–2006; and New Teacher Hires Model, 1988–2007. (This figure was prepared June 2010.)

New teacher hires

Between 2007 and 2019, increases are expected in the annual numbers of new public school teacher hires and new private school teacher hires.

The number of new teacher hires in public schools

  • was approximately 246,000 in 2007; and
  • is projected to increase 40 percent to 344,000 in 2019.

The number of new teacher hires in private schools

  • was approximately 80,000 in 2007; and
  • is projected to increase 19 percent to 96,000 in 2017.

For more information:
Table 16


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