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Projections of Education Statistics to 2018

NCES 2009-062
September 2009

Section 5. Elementary and Secondary Teachers: Pupil/Teacher Ratios


Figure K. Actual and middle alternative projected numbers for the pupil/teacher ratio in elementary and secondary schools: Selected years, 1993 through 2018

Figure K. Actual and middle alternative projected numbers for the pupil/teacher ratio in elementary and secondary schools: Selected years, 1993 through 2018

NOTE: The private school number for 2006 is estimated using data from the Private School Universe Survey.
SOURCE: U.S. Dept. of Education, NCES, Common Core of Data surveys, various years; Private School Universe Survey, various years; and Elementary and Secondary Teacher Model. (See reference table 33.)

Pupil/Teacher Ratios

The pupil/teacher ratio in elementary and secondary schools (figure K; figure 31 and table 33)

  • decreased from 17.2 to 15.2 between 1993 and 2006; and
  • is projected to decrease further to 14.2 in 2018 in the middle alternative projections.


About pupil/teacher ratios

The overall elementary and secondary pupil/teacher ratio and pupil/teacher ratios for public and private schools were computed based on elementary and secondary enrollment and the number of classroom teachers by control of school.

Figure L. Actual and middle alternative projected numbers for the pupil/teacher ratio in elementary and secondary schools, by control of school: Selected years, 1993 through 2018

Figure L. Actual and middle alternative projected numbers for the pupil/teacher ratio in elementary and secondary schools, by control of school: Selected years, 1993 through 2018

NOTE: The private school number for 2006 is estimated using data from the Private School Universe Survey.
SOURCE: U.S. Dept. of Education, NCES, Common Core of Data surveys, various years; Private School Universe Survey, various years; and Elementary and Secondary Teacher Model. (See reference table 33.)

Public school teachers

The pupil/teacher ratio in public elementary and secondary schools (figure L; reference figure 30 and table 33)

  • decreased from 17.4 to 15.5 between 1993 and 2006; and
  • is projected to decrease further to 14.5 in 2018 in the middle alternative projections.

Private school teachers

The pupil/teacher ratio in private elementary and secondary schools.

  • decreased from 16.7 to 13.5 between 1993 and 2006; and
  • is projected to decrease further to 12.2 in 2018 in the middle alternative projections.

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