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Table 5  Educational institutions, by level and control of institution: 1980-81 to 1997-98

_____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                        |           |           |        |       |       |        |       |       |        |       |        |       |
   Level and control    | 1980-81   | 1986-87   |1987-88 |1988-89|1989-90|1990-91 |1991-92|1992-93|1993-94 |1994-95|1995-96 |1996-97|1997-98
     of institution     |           |           |        |       |       |        |       |       |        |       |        |       |
________________________|___________|___________|________|_______|_______|________|_______|_______|________|_______|________|_______|________
           1            |      2    |      3    |   4    |   5   |   6   |   7    |   8   |   9   |   10   |  11   |   12   |  13   |   14
________________________|___________|___________|________|_______|_______|________|_______|_______|________|_______|________|_______|________
    All institutions ...|   117,707 |   121,433 |122,111 |   --- |   --- |119,242 |   --- |   --- |121,855 |   --- |124,773 |   --- |126,542
                        |___________|___________|________|_______|_______|________|_______|_______|________|_______|________|_______|________
Elementary and          |           |           |        |       |       |        |       |       |        |       |        |       |
 secondary schools .....|   106,746 |   109,071 |110,055 |   --- |   --- |109,228 |   --- |   --- |111,486 |   --- |114,811 |   --- |116,910
  Elementary ...........|    72,659 |    74,104 | 74,511 |   --- |   --- | 74,716 |   --- |   --- | 75,591 |   --- | 77,909 |   --- | 79,362
  Secondary ............|    24,856 |    23,844 | 24,057 |   --- |   --- | 23,602 |   --- |   --- | 23,256 |   --- | 23,530 |   --- | 24,169
  Combined .............|     5,202 |     6,932 |  8,202 |   --- |   --- |  8,847 |   --- |   --- | 10,678 |   --- | 11,205 |   --- | 11,412
  Other\1\ .............|     4,029 |     4,191 |  3,285 |   --- |   --- |  2,063 |   --- |   --- |  1,962 |   --- |  2,167 |   --- |  1,967
                        |           |           |        |       |       |        |       |       |        |       |        |       |
  Public schools .......|    85,982 |    83,455 | 83,248 |83,165 |83,425 | 84,538 |84,578 |84,497 | 85,393 |86,221 | 87,125 |88,223 | 89,508
    Elementary .........|    59,326 |    58,801 | 57,575 |57,941 |58,419 | 59,015 |59,258 |59,676 | 60,052 |60,808 | 61,165 |61,805 | 62,739
    Secondary ..........|    22,619 |    21,406 | 21,662 |21,403 |21,181 | 21,135 |20,767 |20,671 | 20,705 |20,904 | 20,997 |21,307 | 21,682
    Combined ...........|     1,743 |     1,983 |  2,179 | 2,235 | 2,280 |  2,325 | 2,481 | 2,549 |  2,674 | 2,764 |  2,796 | 2,980 |  3,120
    Other\1\ ...........|     2,294 |     1,265 |  1,832 | 1,586 | 1,545 |  2,063 | 2,072 | 1,601 |  1,962 | 1,745 |  2,167 | 2,131 |  1,967
                        |           |           |        |       |       |        |       |       |        |       |        |       |
  Private schools ......|    20,764 |\2\ 25,616 | 26,807 |   --- |   --- | 24,690 |25,998 |   --- | 26,093 |   --- | 27,686 |   --- | 27,402
    Elementary .........|    13,333 |\2\ 15,303 | 16,936 |   --- |   --- | 15,701 |15,716 |   --- | 15,539 |   --- | 16,744 |   --- | 16,623
    Secondary ..........|     2,237 |\2\  2,438 |  2,395 |   --- |   --- |  2,467 | 2,475 |   --- |  2,551 |   --- |  2,533 |   --- |  2,487
    Combined ...........|     3,459 |\2\  4,949 |  6,023 |   --- |   --- |  6,522 | 7,807 |   --- |  8,004 |   --- |  8,409 |   --- |  8,292
    Other\1\ ...........|     1,735 |\2\  2,926 |  1,453 |   --- |   --- |  (\3\) | (\3\) |   --- |  (\3\) |   --- |  (\3\) |   --- |  (\3\)
                        |           |           |        |       |       |        |       |       |        |       |        |       |
Postsecondary insti-    |           |           |        |       |       |        |       |       |        |       |        |       |
  tutions ..............|\4\ 10,961 |    12,362 | 12,056 |11,389 |10,606 | 10,014 | 9,983 |10,601 | 10,369 |10,246 |  9,962 | 9,837 |  9,632
    Public .............|\4\  2,393 |     2,363 |  2,250 | 2,169 | 2,120 |  2,096 | 2,129 | 2,146 |  2,152 | 2,179 |  2,189 | 2,169 |  2,252
    Private nonprofit ..|\4\  2,359 |     3,432 |  3,254 | 3,092 | 2,942 |  2,808 | 2,810 | 2,926 |  2,890 | 2,916 |  2,877 | 2,855 |  2,808
    Proprietary ........|\4\  6,209 |     6,567 |  6,552 | 6,128 | 5,544 |  5,110 | 5,044 | 5,529 |  5,327 | 5,151 |  4,896 | 4,813 |  4,572
                        |           |           |        |       |       |        |       |       |        |       |        |       |
  Noncollegiate insti-  |           |           |        |       |       |        |       |       |        |       |        |       |
    tutions\5\ .........|\4\  7,730 |     8,956 |  8,469 | 7,824 | 7,071 |  6,455 | 6,382 | 6,963 |  6,737 | 6,558 |  6,256 | 5,828 |  5,568
    Public .............|\4\    896 |       830 |    659 |   587 |   557 |    529 |   531 |   522 |    527 |   538 |    534 |   467 |    545
    Private nonprofit ..|\4\    790 |     1,797 |  1,581 | 1,434 | 1,286 |  1,159 | 1,148 | 1,254 |  1,203 | 1,214 |  1,171 | 1,162 |  1,101
    Proprietary ........|\4\  6,044 |     6,329 |  6,229 | 5,803 | 5,228 |  4,767 | 4,703 | 5,187 |  5,007 | 4,806 |  4,551 | 4,199 |  3,922
                        |           |           |        |       |       |        |       |       |        |       |        |       |
  Institutions of higher|           |           |        |       |       |        |       |       |        |       |        |       |
   education\5\ ........|     3,231 |     3,406 |  3,587 | 3,565 | 3,535 |  3,559 | 3,601 | 3,638 |  3,632 | 3,688 |  3,706 | 4,009 |  4,064
    2-year colleges ....|     1,274 |     1,336 |  1,452 | 1,436 | 1,408 |  1,418 | 1,444 | 1,469 |  1,442 | 1,473 |  1,462 | 1,742 |  1,755
      Public ...........|       945 |       960 |    992 |   984 |   968 |    972 |   999 | 1,024 |  1,021 | 1,036 |  1,047 | 1,088 |  1,092
      Private nonprofit |       182 |       173 |    186 |   180 |   177 |    167 |   176 |   179 |    181 |   192 |    187 |   184 |    179
      Proprietary ......|       147 |       203 |    274 |   272 |   263 |    279 |   269 |   266 |    240 |   245 |    228 |   470 |    484
                        |           |           |        |       |       |        |       |       |        |       |        |       |
    4-year colleges ....|     1,957 |     2,070 |  2,135 | 2,129 | 2,127 |  2,141 | 2,157 | 2,169 |  2,190 | 2,215 |  2,244 | 2,267 |  2,309
      Public ...........|       552 |       573 |    599 |   598 |   595 |    595 |   599 |   600 |    604 |   605 |    608 |   614 |    615
      Private nonprofit |     1,387 |     1,462 |  1,487 | 1,478 | 1,479 |  1,482 | 1,486 | 1,493 |  1,506 | 1,510 |  1,519 | 1,509 |  1,528
      Proprietary ......|        18 |        35 |     49 |    53 |    53 |     64 |    72 |    76 |     80 |   100 |    117 |   144 |    166
________________________|___________|___________|________|_______|_______|________|_______|_______|________|_______|________|_______|________

\1\Includes special education, alternative, and other schools not classified by grade span. Because of changes in survey definitions, figures for "other" schools are not comparable from year to year.
\2\Data are for 1985-86. Data were collected from a sample survey that differed significantly from earlier surveys. The sample survey was designed to correct an undercount of about 10 percent that was known to have occurred in earlier surveys.
\3\Included in other categories.
\4\Because of changes in survey procedures, figures are not directly comparable with data for later years.
\5\Includes those colleges designated as institutions of higher education by the Higher Education General Information Survey system, even if all other programs are less than 2-years. Includes branch campuses. Beginning in 1980, total includes some schools accredited by the Accrediting Commission of Career Schools and Colleges of Technology. Beginning in 1996-97, data for institutions of higher education are for degree-granting institutions. Degree-granting institutions include those institutions which award degrees at the associate level or higher and were eligible to participate in Title IV federal financial aid programs. Institutions not meeting these criteria were classified as noncollegiate institutions.
---Data not available.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Common Core of Data and Private School surveys; Higher Education General Information Survey, "Institutional Characteristics of Colleges and Universities;" and Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System, "Institutional Characteristics" surveys. (This table was prepared September 1999.)

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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education