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Table 236.60. Total and current expenditures per pupil in fall enrollment in public elementary and secondary schools, by function and subfunction: Selected years, 1990-91 through 2010-11
Function and subfunction Expenditures per pupil in current dollars Expenditures per pupil in constant 2012-13 dollars1
1990-91 1995-96 1999-2000 2000-01 2005-06 2007-08 2008-09 2009-102 2010-11 1990-91 1995-96 1999-2000 2000-01 2005-06 2007-08 2008-09 2009-102 2010-11
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19
Total expenditures $5,484   $6,441 $8,030 $8,572 $10,603 $11,965 $12,222 $12,133 $12,048 $9,473   $9,645 $10,973 $11,326 $12,328 $13,075 $13,173 $12,951 $12,608
Current expenditures for
     public schools
4,902   5,689 6,912 7,380 9,145 10,298 10,540 10,636 10,658 8,468   8,519 9,446 9,751 10,632 11,254 11,359 11,353 11,153
                                         
Salaries 3,220 3 3,698 4,485 4,752 5,561 6,177 6,348 6,366 6,295 5,563 3 5,537 6,129 6,279 6,466 6,750 6,842 6,795 6,587
Employee benefits 824 3 999 1,138 1,228 1,790 2,093 2,146 2,199 2,256 1,423 3 1,496 1,555 1,623 2,081 2,287 2,313 2,347 2,361
Purchased services 397 3 481 620 673 880 1,000 1,030 1,053 1,083 687 3 721 847 890 1,023 1,093 1,110 1,124 1,133
Tuition 29 3 35 48 52 78 93 91 96 101 50 3 53 65 69 91 102 98 103 106
Supplies 359 3 418 553 599 746 840 825 818 820 621 3 626 755 791 867 918 889 873 858
Other 72 3 58 69 76 90 96 99 104 103 125 3 86 94 100 105 105 107 111 108
                                         
Instruction 2,965   3,512 4,268 4,541 5,574 6,262 6,420 6,511 6,520 5,123   5,259 5,832 6,000 6,481 6,844 6,919 6,950 6,823
Salaries 2,202   2,555 3,096 3,273 3,806 4,199 4,325 4,347 4,303 3,803   3,826 4,231 4,325 4,424 4,589 4,662 4,640 4,503
Employee benefits 542   676 773 837 1,202 1,407 1,443 1,481 1,521 937   1,012 1,056 1,106 1,397 1,538 1,555 1,581 1,591
Purchased services 66   85 125 136 205 249 260 281 297 114   128 170 180 239 272 280 300 311
Tuition 29   35 48 52 78 93 91 96 101 50   53 65 69 91 102 98 103 106
Supplies 111   145 208 220 259 287 273 277 268 192   218 284 290 301 314 294 296 281
Textbooks   52 55 60 52 47   60 60 64 55 49
Other 15   15 19 22 24 27 28 29 30 27   22 26 29 28 29 30 31 31
                                         
Student support4 217   274 342 366 475 559 580 591 593 374   410 468 484 552 610 625 630 621
Salaries 159   198 245 262 322 372 388 393 391 275   297 335 346 375 407 418 420 409
Employee benefits 40   51 61 64 99 120 125 128 132 70   77 83 85 115 131 135 137 138
Purchased services 11   15 25 28 40 48 49 50 52 19   23 34 37 46 53 53 54 55
Supplies 5   6 8 9 10 11 11 11 11 8   8 11 12 12 12 12 12 11
Other 1   3 3 3 4 7 7 7 7 2   5 4 4 4 7 7 8 8
                                         
Instructional staff                                        
services5 205   225 312 337 446 515 508 509 503 355   336 427 446 519 563 548 543 526
Salaries 135   143 191 207 265 309 304 301 293 233   214 262 274 308 338 328 321 306
Employee benefits 34   38 46 50 79 95 96 98 100 59   57 63 66 92 104 104 105 104
Purchased services 15   21 38 42 60 67 66 69 70 26   31 52 56 70 73 71 73 73
Supplies 19   20 32 33 38 40 37 37 37 33   31 43 44 44 43 40 40 38
Other 2   2 5 4 4 4 4 5 4 4   3 7 6 5 5 5 5 5
                                         
General administration 141   131 143 151 182 200 207 211 212 243   196 195 199 211 219 223 225 222
Salaries 63   65 68 71 79 87 90 90 89 109   97 93 94 91 95 97 96 93
Employee benefits 19   18 20 21 30 34 35 37 38 33   28 27 28 35 37 38 39 39
Purchased services 36   36 41 44 56 60 64 64 65 62   54 57 59 65 66 69 68 68
Supplies 4   4 4 4 5 5 5 5 5 7   6 6 6 5 5 5 5 5
Other 18   8 9 10 13 14 13 16 16 32   11 13 13 15 15 14 17 16
                                         
School administration 284   331 392 415 515 576 581 579 578 490   495 536 548 598 629 626 618 605
Salaries 217   249 297 314 370 410 417 413 408 375   373 406 415 430 448 449 440 427
Employee benefits 55   66 74 78 114 133 134 136 140 95   99 101 103 133 146 144 145 147
Purchased services 6   9 12 13 18 20 19 19 19 10   13 17 17 20 22 20 20 20
Supplies 5   6 7 8 10 10 9 9 9 8   9 10 10 11 11 9 9 9
Other 2   2 2 2 3 3 2 3 3 3   2 3 3 3 3 3 3 3
                                         
Operation and maintenance 517   574 666 721 902 1,003 1,027 1,014 1,015 892   859 910 953 1,049 1,096 1,107 1,082 1,062
Salaries 215   233 272 285 326 359 367 364 356 371   349 372 377 379 392 395 389 372
Employee benefits 64   70 75 80 119 136 140 143 145 110   105 103 106 138 149 151 152 152
Purchased services 139   172 189 204 243 265 267 265 270 240   257 259 270 282 290 288 283 282
Supplies 91   94 124 146 207 234 245 233 235 158   141 169 192 240 256 264 248 246
Other 8   5 5 6 8 9 9 9 9 14   8 7 8 9 10 10 10 10
                                         
Student transportation 211   232 278 298 384 438 440 442 452 364   347 379 393 446 478 475 472 473
Salaries 80   88 108 115 136 153 154 155 153 138   131 148 151 159 167 166 165 160
Employee benefits 22   27 31 34 52 58 60 62 63 37   40 43 45 60 64 64 66 66
Purchased services 81   95 114 122 154 174 183 182 185 140   142 155 161 179 190 197 194 194
Supplies 23   19 22 25 38 49 40 40 47 40   28 30 32 44 54 43 43 49
Other 5   4 2 3 4 4 3 4 4 8   5 3 4 5 4 4 4 4
                                         
Other support services6 136   157 217 242 294 331 349 348 347 234   235 297 320 342 362 376 372 363
Salaries 70   77 105 117 134 153 164 165 164 122   115 144 155 156 167 177 177 172
Employee benefits 24   26 31 34 51 61 64 64 65 41   39 42 45 59 66 69 68 68
Purchased services 19   30 53 59 70 77 80 79 78 33   46 72 78 82 84 86 85 82
Supplies 7   9 12 13 16 20 18 17 18 12   13 17 18 19 22 19 18 19
Other 15   14 17 19 23 21 23 23 21 26   22 23 26 27 23 25 24 22
                                         
Food services 205   237 276 293 352 390 402 405 412 353   356 378 387 409 426 433 433 431
Salaries   86 98 105 119 129 132 131 131   128 134 139 138 141 142 140 137
Employee benefits   25 27 29 42 46 48 49 50   37 37 39 49 50 51 52 53
Purchased services   14 19 20 30 35 37 39 42   21 26 26 35 38 40 42 44
Supplies   110 129 136 157 177 181 181 184   164 176 180 183 194 195 194 193
Other   3 3 3 3 3 4 5 5   5 4 4 4 4 5 5 5
                                         
Enterprise operations7 23   17 17 16 21 24 26 25 25 40   26 24 22 24 26 28 27 27
Salaries   4 4 3 4 6 7 7 7   6 5 3 5 7 7 7 7
Employee benefits   1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2   1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2
Purchased services   4 4 4 5 5 5 5 5   6 5 5 5 5 6 6 5
Supplies   6 6 5 6 7 7 7 7   9 8 7 7 8 8 8 8
Other   2 3 4 4 4 4 4 4   3 4 5 5 5 5 5 4
                                         
Capital outlay8 477   612 923 976 1,166 1,348 1,336 1,148 1,028 824   917 1,261 1,290 1,356 1,473 1,440 1,225 1,076
                                         
Interest on school debt 105   140 195 215 292 319 346 349 363 181   209 266 285 340 348 373 373 379
—Not available.
1 Constant dollars based on the Consumer Price Index, prepared by the Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, adjusted to a school-year basis.
2 Data have been revised from previously published figures.
3 Includes estimated data for subfunctions of food services and enterprise operations.
4 Includes expenditures for guidance, health, attendance, and speech pathology services.
5 Includes expenditures for curriculum development, staff training, libraries, and media and computer centers.
6 Includes business support services concerned with paying, transporting, exchanging, and maintaining goods and services for local education agencies; central support services, including planning, research, evaluation, information, staff, and data processing services; and other support services.
7 Includes expenditures for operations funded by sales of products or services (e.g., school bookstore or computer time). Includes very small amounts for direct program support made by state education agencies for local school districts.
8 Includes expenditures for property and for buildings and alterations completed by school district staff or contractors.
NOTE: Excludes expenditures for state education agencies. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Common Core of Data (CCD), "National Public Education Financial Survey," 1990-91 through 2010-11. (This table was prepared July 2013.)
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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education