Skip Navigation
small NCES header image
Table 233.70. Percentage of public schools with one or more full-time or part-time security staff present at least once a week, and percentage of schools with security staff routinely carrying a firearm, by selected school characteristics: 2005–06, 2007–08, and 2009–10
[Standard errors appear in parentheses]
School characteristic Percent with one or more security guards, security personnel, School Resource Officers (SROs),
or sworn law enforcement officers who are not SROs1
Percent with security guards, security personnel, or sworn law enforcement officers routinely carrying a firearm2
Total Full-time Part-time only
2005–06 2007–08 2009–10 2005–06 2007–08 2009–10 2005–06 2007–08 2009–10 2005–06 2007–08 2009–10
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13
All public schools 41.7 (1.28) 46.3 (1.29) 42.8 (1.07) 27.0 (0.88) 30.4 (0.98) 28.7 (0.97) 14.6 (1.06) 15.9   (0.89) 14.1 (0.66) 30.7 (1.10) 34.1 (1.11) 28.0 (0.97)
                                                   
School level3                                                  
Primary school 26.2 (1.87) 33.1 (2.04) 27.7 (1.50) 12.5 (1.32) 17.8 (1.37) 15.7 (1.43) 13.7 (1.59) 15.3   (1.31) 12.1 (0.89) 15.7 (1.55) 20.1 (1.68) 12.5 (1.25)
Middle school 63.7 (1.30) 65.5 (1.59) 66.4 (1.45) 44.5 (1.17) 44.9 (1.55) 45.8 (1.39) 19.2 (1.18) 20.7   (1.17) 20.6 (1.32) 51.8 (1.32) 54.2 (1.92) 51.0 (1.84)
High school 75.2 (1.66) 79.6 (1.47) 76.4 (1.45) 64.0 (1.53) 66.1 (1.48) 62.0 (1.56) 11.2 (1.14) 13.5   (1.42) 14.5 (1.50) 64.0 (1.71) 67.5 (1.51) 63.3 (1.75)
Combined school 43.5 (5.25) 39.9 (5.59) 36.6 (4.89) 26.8 (4.44) 26.2 (4.79) 24.0 (4.49) 16.7 (4.13) 13.6 ! (4.15) 12.7 (3.56) 32.4 (4.50) 32.1 (4.89) 24.6 (4.26)
                                                   
Enrollment size                                                  
Less than 300 22.7 (2.65) 27.6 (2.55) 25.6 (2.91) 10.8 (1.58) 15.1 (2.09) 15.1 (2.29) 11.9 (2.07) 12.5   (2.07) 10.5 (2.20) 16.2 (2.17) 16.1 (2.39) 13.5 (2.16)
300–499 29.8 (2.29) 36.1 (2.66) 33.5 (2.26) 16.7 (1.93) 19.4 (1.84) 18.0 (1.96) 13.0 (1.64) 16.8   (2.05) 15.5 (1.76) 20.5 (1.83) 26.7 (2.37) 19.8 (1.84)
500–999 50.5 (1.90) 52.7 (1.99) 47.3 (1.60) 31.0 (1.27) 34.0 (1.52) 31.2 (1.34) 19.5 (1.62) 18.8   (1.53) 16.1 (1.08) 36.9 (1.67) 39.5 (1.98) 30.3 (1.42)
1,000 or more 86.9 (1.39) 90.6 (1.59) 90.0 (1.37) 77.3 (1.61) 79.5 (1.65) 79.3 (1.82) 9.7 (1.40) 11.1   (1.83) 10.7 (1.50) 70.3 (1.67) 73.5 (1.62) 74.6 (1.75)
                                                   
Locale                                                  
City 49.1 (2.57) 57.3 (3.05) 50.9 (2.51) 37.7 (2.04) 45.3 (2.24) 39.7 (2.19) 11.4 (1.59) 12.0   (1.97) 11.2 (1.69) 30.5 (1.73) 33.1 (2.32) 27.6 (1.98)
Suburb 42.7 (1.67) 45.4 (2.08) 45.4 (1.90) 27.1 (1.41) 30.0 (1.64) 31.3 (1.58) 15.6 (1.44) 15.4   (1.59) 14.1 (1.50) 32.2 (1.51) 33.7 (1.94) 29.6 (1.45)
Town 44.4 (3.86) 51.1 (3.50) 39.0 (3.11) 26.3 (2.88) 26.9 (2.32) 21.2 (2.15) 18.1 (2.90) 24.2   (2.75) 17.8 (2.39) 38.1 (3.62) 45.0 (3.54) 31.6 (2.81)
Rural 33.8 (1.87) 36.0 (1.98) 35.2 (2.20) 18.6 (1.39) 20.2 (1.67) 20.5 (1.83) 15.2 (1.87) 15.7   (1.70) 14.7 (1.51) 27.1 (1.84) 30.5 (2.05) 25.3 (1.78)
                                                   
Percent combined enrollment of Black,
     Hispanic, Asian/Pacific Islander, and
     American Indian/Alaska Native students
                                                 
Less than 5 percent 28.3 (1.96) 35.6 (3.23) 30.4 (2.69) 12.4 (1.60) 16.9 (2.70) 13.6 (2.41) 16.0 (1.81) 18.7   (2.56) 16.8 (2.51) 22.9 (2.07) 27.1 (2.95) 21.9 (2.25)
5 percent to less than 20 percent 38.9 (2.54) 42.9 (2.19) 36.5 (2.91) 23.9 (1.73) 23.1 (1.63) 19.9 (2.26) 15.0 (1.98) 19.9   (1.93) 16.6 (1.71) 30.2 (2.07) 37.7 (2.29) 27.6 (2.08)
20 percent to less than 50 percent 41.6 (2.32) 44.7 (2.76) 41.9 (1.93) 28.3 (1.94) 29.1 (2.21) 27.8 (1.69) 13.3 (1.75) 15.5   (1.93) 14.1 (1.50) 35.3 (1.97) 38.4 (2.65) 30.5 (1.89)
50 percent or more 51.3 (2.46) 55.4 (2.71) 52.5 (2.04) 37.3 (1.91) 43.8 (2.16) 41.3 (2.09) 14.0 (1.81) 11.6   (1.68) 11.2 (1.33) 31.3 (1.84) 31.8 (2.07) 29.1 (1.53)
                                                   
Percent of students eligible for free or
     reduced-price lunch
                                                 
0–25 percent 37.9 (2.14) 46.5 (2.33) 39.2 (2.44) 24.9 (1.70) 29.7 (2.01) 27.9 (2.17) 13.0 (1.33) 16.8   (1.52) 11.3 (1.21) 30.3 (1.95) 34.8 (2.12) 27.2 (1.93)
26–50 percent 42.1 (2.08) 40.8 (2.52) 40.0 (1.68) 26.4 (1.63) 24.2 (2.01) 21.5 (1.52) 15.7 (2.01) 16.6   (1.65) 18.5 (1.37) 33.8 (1.78) 35.2 (2.02) 30.3 (1.59)
51–75 percent 39.3 (2.21) 46.1 (2.83) 42.3 (2.60) 25.7 (1.85) 29.7 (2.34) 29.0 (2.04) 13.7 (1.90) 16.4   (2.34) 13.3 (1.45) 31.8 (2.05) 35.8 (2.77) 27.4 (2.07)
76–100 percent 49.8 (2.73) 55.0 (3.68) 49.8 (2.76) 33.0 (2.49) 42.1 (3.17) 37.6 (2.66) 16.8 (2.07) 12.9   (2.17) 12.2 (1.84) 25.6 (2.17) 29.7 (2.68) 26.8 (2.32)
!Interpret data with caution. The coefficient of variation (CV) for this estimate is between 30 and 50 percent.
1 "Security guards" and "security personnel" do not include law enforcement. School Resource Officers include all career law enforcement officers with arrest authority who have specialized training and are assigned to work in collaboration with school organizations.
2 The survey item about carrying firearms did not include the term "School Resource Officer" in the question text.
3 Primary schools are defined as schools in which the lowest grade is not higher than grade 3 and the highest grade is not higher than grade 8. Middle schools are defined as schools in which the lowest grade is not lower than grade 4 and the highest grade is not higher than grade 9. High schools are defined as schools in which the lowest grade is not lower than grade 9 and the highest grade is not higher than grade 12. Combined schools include all other combinations of grades, including K–12 schools.
NOTE: Responses were provided by the principal or the person most knowledgeable about crime and safety issues at the school.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, 2005–06, 2007–08, and 2009–10 School Survey on Crime and Safety (SSOCS), 2006, 2008, and 2010. (This table was prepared September 2013.)
Would you like to help us improve our products and website by taking a short survey?

YES, I would like to take the survey

or

No Thanks

The survey consists of a few short questions and takes less than one minute to complete.
National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education