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Table 233.60. Percentage of public and private schools with various safety and security measures, by school control and selected characteristics: 2011-12
[Standard errors appear in parentheses]
School control and selected characteristic Total schools Percent of schools with safety and security measures
Controlled access Student dress, IDs, and school supplies Metal detectors, dogs, sweeps, and cameras Daily presence of police or security
Number Percentage ditribution School buildings1 School grounds2 School uniforms required Strict dress code enforced Badges or picture IDs required Bookbags must be clear or are banned Random metal detector checks Daily metal detector checks3 Random dog sniffs for drugs Random sweeps for contraband4 Security cameras
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15
Public total 89,800 (410) 100.0 (†) 88.2 (0.56) 44.1 (0.72) 19.3 (0.54) 49.1 (0.68) 7.4   (0.33) 5.7   (0.28) 5.0   (0.32) 2.7   (0.33) 24.0   (0.40) 12.1   (0.44) 64.3 (0.75) 28.1   (0.51)
                                                                       
School enrollment                                                                      
Under 100 6,600 (400) 7.3 (0.44) 80.8 (1.98) 43.2 (3.20) 21.8 (2.54) 44.3 (3.15) 4.8   (1.38) 15.2   (2.11) 14.5   (2.22) 14.1   (2.22) 22.6   (2.46) 28.6   (2.45) 52.5 (3.13) 29.0   (2.92)
100 to 299 16,600 (560) 18.5 (0.60) 85.5 (1.57) 32.7 (1.92) 18.5 (1.66) 43.6 (2.21) 6.0   (1.00) 4.7   (0.68) 4.3   (0.77) 2.8   (0.57) 25.0   (1.36) 12.8   (1.06) 55.6 (2.56) 17.8   (1.54)
300 to 499 27,000 (630) 30.1 (0.68) 89.1 (0.98) 42.5 (1.49) 19.8 (1.08) 43.8 (1.45) 5.4   (0.64) 4.2   (0.43) 3.8   (0.58) 1.6 ! (0.56) 16.7   (0.73) 8.4   (0.66) 64.6 (1.59) 15.1   (0.99)
500 to 999 30,500 (600) 34.0 (0.69) 91.1 (0.81) 48.9 (1.41) 20.0 (1.04) 54.3 (1.15) 7.0   (0.59) 5.0   (0.54) 3.7   (0.45) 1.4 ! (0.43) 22.2   (0.80) 9.5   (0.56) 65.5 (1.19) 30.0   (1.05)
1,000 to 1,499 5,300 (240) 5.9 (0.27) 87.1 (1.63) 52.5 (2.35) 19.0 (2.47) 62.1 (2.24) 15.8   (1.72) 7.6   (1.18) 5.4   (0.94) 1.4 ! (0.49) 48.4   (2.64) 16.2   (1.60) 81.8 (2.40) 70.5   (2.37)
1,500 or more 3,700 (220) 4.2 (0.25) 85.4 (1.87) 57.9 (2.40) 9.9 (1.64) 60.0 (2.67) 24.9   (2.18) 7.8   (1.53) 11.4   (1.50) 2.6 ! (0.81) 55.1   (2.62) 22.4   (2.58) 87.2 (1.90) 90.4   (1.61)
                                                                       
Percent of students approved
     for free or reduced-price
     school lunch
                                                                     
School does not participate 3,100 (260) 3.4 (0.29) 76.1 (4.70) 40.6 (5.40) 27.6 (4.48) 47.9 (5.64) 11.0   (2.19) 12.5   (3.41) 12.2   (3.48) 10.6 ! (3.56) 21.8   (2.92) 29.3   (5.28) 56.2 (5.44) 30.3   (4.42)
0 to 25 percent 18,600 (560) 20.7 (0.62) 89.0 (1.18) 38.3 (1.61) 6.5 (0.98) 37.8 (1.54) 4.0   (0.55) 3.6   (0.46) 1.9   (0.45) 1.1 ! (0.36) 25.2   (1.19) 9.6   (0.92) 65.2 (1.66) 26.3   (1.39)
26 to 50 percent 23,600 (710) 26.3 (0.77) 86.8 (1.04) 38.2 (1.71) 6.5 (0.68) 42.9 (1.50) 4.9   (0.66) 4.7   (0.57) 2.2   (0.40) 0.6 ! (0.24) 29.3   (1.02) 9.7   (0.66) 64.6 (1.63) 24.1   (0.99)
51 to 75 percent 22,700 (540) 25.2 (0.62) 90.4 (0.93) 43.4 (1.67) 15.8 (1.33) 50.4 (1.37) 8.5   (0.74) 5.4   (0.52) 5.3   (0.65) 2.4   (0.42) 24.8   (1.05) 11.5   (0.81) 66.4 (1.52) 25.8   (1.21)
76 to 100 percent 21,800 (640) 24.3 (0.70) 88.7 (1.10) 56.8 (1.75) 46.6 (1.63) 64.3 (1.61) 11.4   (0.96) 7.9   (0.62) 9.5   (0.88) 5.4   (1.16) 16.9   (1.00) 15.1   (1.10) 62.3 (1.86) 36.2   (1.52)
                                                                       
School locale                                                                      
City 23,400 (270) 26.1 (0.28) 88.5 (1.22) 54.9 (1.79) 39.9 (1.67) 56.5 (1.81) 11.8   (0.87) 6.0   (0.55) 8.3   (0.90) 5.2   (1.12) 13.4   (0.65) 11.0   (0.93) 59.2 (1.74) 38.8   (1.53)
Suburban 24,500 (360) 27.3 (0.36) 90.5 (0.90) 46.4 (1.33) 16.1 (0.95) 48.0 (1.57) 7.7   (0.75) 4.3   (0.55) 3.8   (0.55) 1.8   (0.31) 17.8   (0.79) 8.6   (0.62) 66.7 (1.34) 29.3   (1.17)
Town 12,300 (340) 13.7 (0.40) 87.4 (1.32) 36.9 (1.88) 12.1 (1.41) 45.9 (1.83) 4.6   (0.59) 6.5   (0.70) 5.1   (1.01) 1.6   (0.38) 32.4   (1.32) 14.3   (1.13) 67.0 (1.86) 22.5   (1.33)
Rural 29,500 (430) 32.9 (0.43) 86.6 (0.80) 36.8 (1.32) 8.6 (0.66) 45.6 (1.26) 4.9   (0.55) 6.3   (0.54) 3.4   (0.45) 1.8   (0.43) 34.1   (0.83) 15.0   (0.71) 65.3 (1.14) 21.0   (0.79)
                                                                       
School level5                                                                      
Elementary 61,200 (440) 68.2 (0.38) 90.4 (0.67) 45.4 (0.94) 20.3 (0.76) 44.6 (0.94) 4.6   (0.32) 3.2   (0.28) 2.6   (0.28) 0.8   (0.16) 10.6   (0.39) 5.0   (0.39) 57.7 (0.97) 17.1   (0.57)
Secondary 20,500 (540) 22.8 (0.56) 83.9 (1.04) 39.6 (1.13) 12.2 (0.69) 58.3 (1.02) 14.3   (1.02) 9.3   (0.72) 7.9   (0.63) 4.6   (0.65) 57.3   (1.28) 26.1   (1.16) 81.2 (1.07) 57.6   (1.44)
Combined 8,100 (660) 9.0 (0.74) 83.1 (2.43) 46.1 (2.62) 30.0 (2.51) 60.5 (2.35) 11.2   (1.55) 15.3   (1.96) 16.4   (1.68) 12.3   (2.32) 41.5   (2.58) 30.8   (2.90) 71.9 (2.53) 37.1   (2.25)
                                                                       
Private total 25,700 (610) 100.0 (†) 80.1 (1.50) 42.1 (1.43) 56.9 (1.77) 71.3 (1.49) 2.7   (0.48) 1.7   (0.33) 1.2 ! (0.42) 0.4 ! (0.16) 4.1   (0.45) 7.5   (0.93) 40.6 (1.51) 7.2   (0.77)
                                                                       
School enrollment                                                                      
Under 100 12,700 (580) 49.5 (1.32) 72.7 (2.57) 38.2 (2.45) 43.8 (2.66) 59.3 (2.67) 2.2   (0.64) 2.4   (0.61) 1.8 ! (0.83)   (†) 1.6 ! (0.58) 10.2   (1.50) 24.7 (2.23) 3.7   (0.85)
100 to 299 8,400 (300) 32.8 (1.13) 89.2 (1.43) 46.1 (2.15) 69.0 (2.21) 81.2 (1.74) 1.7 ! (0.68) 1.0 ! (0.46)   (†)   (†) 2.7   (0.58) 3.1   (0.75) 50.4 (2.34) 4.7 ! (1.63)
300 to 499 2,800 (190) 10.8 (0.83) 84.2 (2.56) 48.1 (3.84) 71.6 (3.77) 88.7 (2.35) 3.8 ! (1.20)   (†)   (†)   (†) 11.1   (2.49) 10.4   (2.33) 56.7 (3.98) 15.1   (2.74)
500 to 999 1,500 (120) 5.7 (0.51) 83.6 (2.87) 39.4 (3.84) 72.6 (4.36) 86.3 (3.17) 9.0   (2.41)   (†)   (†)   (†) 18.9   (3.26) 5.0 ! (1.92) 80.8 (3.86) 24.2   (3.56)
1,000 or more 300 (60) 1.2 (0.24) 81.6 (7.85) 52.8 (11.06) 55.0 (10.35) 70.6 (9.34) 12.1 ! (4.88)   (†)   (†)   (†) 13.5 ! (6.51)   (†) 92.2 (4.54) 66.4   (9.60)
                                                                       
Percent of students approved
     for free or reduced-price
     school lunch
                                                                     
School does not participate 18,900 (590) 73.6 (1.15) 76.6 (1.81) 41.3 (1.76) 52.3 (2.23) 69.5 (1.94) 2.3   (0.53) 1.1   (0.25)   (†)   (†) 4.4   (0.58) 7.5   (1.01) 36.4 (1.73) 7.7   (0.94)
0 to 25 percent 3,400 (240) 13.2 (0.89) 91.2 (2.67) 36.5 (4.08) 75.1 (3.38) 80.2 (2.71) 2.6 ! (0.83)   (†)   (†)   (†) 3.9   (0.87) 1.5 ! (0.63) 56.1 (3.33) 2.7 ! (0.99)
26 to 100 percent 3,400 (230) 13.2 (0.94) 88.5 (3.55) 51.7 (3.79) 64.4 (3.67) 72.9 (3.69) 5.2 ! (1.91) 4.9 ! (1.52) 6.1 ! (2.85) 2.5 ! (1.13) 2.5 ! (0.80) 13.4   (3.59) 48.8 (3.71) 9.1   (2.32)
                                                                       
School level5                                                                      
Elementary 14,500 (500) 56.4 (0.90) 82.0 (2.22) 44.0 (1.99) 60.0 (2.21) 71.2 (2.12) 1.4   (0.40) 0.9 ! (0.30)   (†)   (†)   (†) 1.5 ! (0.68) 39.8 (2.18) 3.9   (0.80)
Secondary 2,700 (140) 10.3 (0.57) 71.5 (3.50) 34.0 (4.67) 49.2 (4.55) 70.8 (3.13) 8.2   (1.91) 5.2   (1.47)   (†)   (†) 16.3   (2.36) 20.4   (2.95) 52.0 (5.46) 19.2   (4.77)
Combined 8,600 (210) 33.3 (0.71) 79.6 (2.19) 41.3 (2.49) 53.9 (2.73) 71.7 (2.22) 3.3   (0.97) 2.1 ! (0.70) 3.0 ! (1.20)   (†) 7.1   (1.16) 13.7   (2.14) 38.4 (2.61) 9.1   (1.41)
†Not applicable.
!Interpret data with caution. The coefficient of variation (CV) for this estimate is between 30 and 50 percent.
‡Reporting standards not met. Either there are too few cases for a reliable estimate or the coefficient of variation (CV) is 50 percent or greater.
1 Access to buildings is controlled during school hours (e.g., by locked or monitored doors).
2 Access to grounds is controlled during school hours (e.g., by locked or monitored gates).
3 All students must pass through a metal detector each day.
4 Examples of contraband include drugs and weapons. The "sweeps" category does not include dog sniffs.
5 Elementary schools have grade 6 or below, with no grade higher than 8; secondary schools have no grade lower than 7; and combined schools have grades lower than 7 and higher than 8.
NOTE: Responses were provided by the principal. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Schools and Staffing Survey (SASS), "Public School Principal Data File" and "Private School Principal Data File," 2011-12. (This table was prepared October 2013.)
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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education