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Table 230.80. Percentage of students ages 12-18 who reported avoiding one or more places in school or avoiding school activities or classes because of fear of attack or harm, by selected student and school characteristics: Selected years, 1995 through 2011
[Standard errors appear in parentheses]
Type of avoidance and student or school characteristic 1995 1999 2001 2003 2005 20071 20091 20111
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
Total, any avoidance (†) 6.9 (0.34) 6.1   (0.32) 5.0   (0.30) 5.5   (0.32) 7.2   (0.36) 5.0   (0.35) 5.5   (0.34)
                                             
Avoided one or more places in school                                            
Total 8.7 (0.29) 4.6 (0.29) 4.7   (0.27) 4.0   (0.27) 4.5   (0.28) 5.8   (0.31) 4.0   (0.32) 4.7   (0.30)
Entrance to the school 2.1 (0.15) 1.1 (0.14) 1.2   (0.11) 1.2   (0.11) 1.0   (0.14) 1.5   (0.15) 0.9   (0.15) 0.9   (0.13)
Hallways or stairs in school 4.2 (0.21) 2.1 (0.17) 2.1   (0.18) 1.7   (0.17) 2.1   (0.21) 2.6   (0.21) 2.2   (0.23) 2.5   (0.21)
Parts of the school cafeteria 2.5 (0.18) 1.3 (0.15) 1.4   (0.16) 1.2   (0.13) 1.8   (0.16) 1.9   (0.19) 1.1   (0.17) 1.8   (0.18)
Any school restrooms 4.4 (0.22) 2.1 (0.19) 2.2   (0.19) 2.0   (0.16) 2.1   (0.20) 2.6   (0.24) 1.4   (0.19) 1.7   (0.19)
Other places inside the school building 2.5 (0.18) 1.4 (0.17) 1.4   (0.14) 1.2   (0.14) 1.4   (0.18) 1.5   (0.17) 1.0   (0.16) 1.1   (0.15)
                                             
Sex                                            
Male 8.8 (0.43) 4.6 (0.35) 4.7   (0.40) 3.9   (0.34) 4.9   (0.46) 6.1   (0.47) 3.9   (0.45) 3.9   (0.42)
Female 8.5 (0.46) 4.6 (0.39) 4.6   (0.35) 4.1   (0.37) 4.1   (0.40) 5.5   (0.41) 4.0   (0.42) 5.5   (0.40)
                                             
Race/ethnicity2                                            
White 7.1 (0.32) 3.8 (0.27) 3.9   (0.30) 3.0   (0.27) 3.6   (0.30) 5.3   (0.36) 3.3   (0.38) 4.4   (0.38)
Black 12.1 (1.01) 6.7 (0.90) 6.6   (0.75) 5.1   (0.79) 7.2   (0.98) 8.3   (1.02) 6.1   (1.04) 4.5   (0.80)
Hispanic 12.9 (0.97) 6.2 (0.73) 5.5   (0.71) 6.3   (0.70) 6.0   (0.80) 6.8   (0.82) 4.8   (0.86) 6.0   (0.68)
Asian (†) (†)   (†)   (†) 2.5 ! (0.87)   (†) 3.7 ! (1.53) 2.7 ! (1.06)
Other 11.1 (1.61) 5.4 (0.99) 6.2   (1.16) 4.4   (1.02) 4.3 ! (1.86) 3.5 ! (1.22)   (†) 3.3 ! (1.04)
                                             
Grade                                            
6th 11.6 (0.99) 5.9 (0.92) 6.8   (0.93) 5.6   (0.94) 7.9   (1.27) 7.8   (1.20) 7.1   (1.13) 6.9   (0.99)
7th 11.8 (0.89) 6.1 (0.72) 6.2   (0.79) 5.7   (0.73) 5.8   (0.93) 7.5   (0.86) 5.5   (0.86) 5.1   (0.76)
8th 8.8 (0.77) 5.5 (0.70) 5.2   (0.62) 4.7   (0.63) 4.5   (0.67) 5.9   (0.84) 4.8   (0.93) 5.2   (0.75)
9th 9.5 (0.71) 5.3 (0.63) 5.0   (0.61) 5.1   (0.62) 5.2   (0.78) 6.7   (0.81) 4.5   (0.89) 3.7   (0.67)
10th 7.8 (0.75) 4.7 (0.61) 4.2   (0.64) 3.1   (0.54) 4.2   (0.65) 5.5   (0.80) 4.2   (0.88) 5.4   (0.72)
11th 6.9 (0.64) 2.5 (0.46) 2.8   (0.43) 2.5   (0.53) 3.3   (0.58) 4.2   (0.70) 1.2 ! (0.44) 3.6   (0.65)
12th 4.1 (0.74) 2.4 (0.51) 3.0   (0.64) 1.2 ! (0.41) 1.3 ! (0.41) 3.2   (0.71) 1.6 ! (0.50) 3.7   (0.71)
                                             
Urbanicity3                                            
Urban 11.7 (0.73) 5.8 (0.48) 6.0   (0.52) 5.7   (0.59) 6.3   (0.67) 6.1   (0.65) 5.5   (0.69) 5.3   (0.61)
Suburban 7.9 (0.40) 4.7 (0.38) 4.3   (0.38) 3.5   (0.30) 3.8   (0.36) 5.2   (0.38) 3.1   (0.38) 4.6   (0.36)
Rural 7.0 (0.65) 3.0 (0.56) 3.9   (0.70) 2.8   (0.53) 4.2   (0.74) 6.9   (0.69) 4.3   (0.80) 3.5   (0.54)
                                             
School control                                            
Public 9.3 (0.33) 5.0 (0.31) 4.9   (0.29) 4.2   (0.29) 4.8   (0.30) 6.2   (0.35) 4.2   (0.34) 4.9   (0.32)
Private 2.2 (0.47) 1.6 (0.45) 2.0 ! (0.69) 1.5 ! (0.49) 1.4 ! (0.55) 1.4 ! (0.54) 1.8 ! (0.73) 2.1 ! (0.70)
                                             
Avoided school activities or classes                                            
Total (†) 3.2 (0.22) 2.3   (0.18) 1.9   (0.18) 2.1   (0.23) 2.6   (0.23) 2.1   (0.25) 2.0   (0.20)
Any activities4  1.7 (0.15) 0.8 (0.10) 1.1   (0.12) 1.0   (0.11) 1.0   (0.16) 1.8   (0.20) 1.3   (0.20) 1.2   (0.16)
Any classes (†) 0.6 (0.09) 0.6   (0.09) 0.6   (0.10) 0.7   (0.13) 0.7   (0.12) 0.6   (0.13) 0.7   (0.10)
Stayed home from school (†) 2.3 (0.19) 1.1   (0.13) 0.8   (0.11) 0.7   (0.11) 0.8   (0.13) 0.6   (0.14) 0.8   (0.12)
—Not available.
†Not applicable.
!Interpret data with caution. The coefficient of variation (CV) for this estimate is between 30 and 50 percent.
‡Reporting standards not met. Either there are too few cases for a reliable estimate or the coefficient of variation (CV) is 50 percent or greater.
1 Starting in 2007, the reference period was the school year, whereas in prior survey years the reference period was the previous 6 months. Cognitive testing showed that estimates from 2007 onward are comparable to previous years.
2 Race categories exclude persons of Hispanic ethnicity. "Other" includes American Indians/Alaska Natives, Asians (prior to 2005), Pacific Islanders, and, from 2003 onward, persons reporting that they are of two or more races. Due to changes in racial/ethnic categories, comparisons of race/ethnicity across years should be made with caution.
3 Refers to the Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA) status of the respondent's household as defined in 2000 by the U.S. Census Bureau. Categories include "central city of an MSA (Urban)," "in MSA but not in central city (Suburban)," and "not MSA (Rural)."
4 Before 2007, students were asked whether they avoided "any extracurricular activities." Starting in 2007, the survey wording was changed to "any activities."
NOTE: Students were asked whether they avoided places or activities because they thought that someone might attack or harm them. For the 2001 survey only, the wording was changed from "attack or harm" to "attack or threaten to attack." Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding and because a student who reported more than one type of avoidance was counted only once in the totals.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics, School Crime Supplement (SCS) to the National Crime Victimization Survey, selected years, 1995 through 2011. (This table was prepared September 2013.)
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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education