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Table 230.30. Percentage of students ages 12–18 who reported being the target of hate-related words and seeing hate-related graffiti at school during the school year, by selected student and school characteristics: Selected years, 1999 through 2011
[Standard errors appear in parentheses]
Student or school characteristic 1999 2001 2003 2005 20071 20091 20111
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
Hate-related words                            
Total (†) 12.3 (0.46) 11.7 (0.47) 11.2 (0.50) 9.7 (0.43) 8.7 (0.52) 9.1 (0.48)
                             
Sex                            
Male (†) 12.8 (0.65) 12.0 (0.61) 11.7 (0.68) 9.9 (0.61) 8.5 (0.62) 9.0 (0.60)
Female (†) 11.7 (0.52) 11.3 (0.64) 10.7 (0.64) 9.6 (0.57) 8.9 (0.72) 9.1 (0.68)
                             
Race/ethnicity2                            
White (†) 12.1 (0.58) 10.9 (0.56) 10.3 (0.60) 8.9 (0.50) 7.2 (0.59) 8.3 (0.59)
Black (†) 13.9 (1.08) 14.2 (1.35) 15.1 (1.48) 11.4 (1.35) 11.1 (1.35) 10.7 (1.30)
Hispanic (†) 11.0 (1.15) 11.4 (0.96) 10.5 (1.15) 10.6 (1.18) 11.2 (1.13) 9.8 (0.98)
Asian (†) (†) (†) 10.9 (2.56) 11.1 (1.97) 10.7 (2.81) 9.0 (2.00)
Other (†) 13.6 (2.05) 14.1 (2.03) 14.2 (3.27) 10.6 (2.71) 10.0 (2.37) 10.4 (2.61)
                             
Grade                            
6th (†) 12.1 (1.26) 11.9 (1.31) 11.1 (1.58) 12.1 (1.54) 8.3 (1.39) 9.0 (1.43)
7th (†) 14.1 (1.13) 12.5 (1.04) 13.1 (1.16) 10.7 (1.02) 9.6 (1.22) 9.9 (1.02)
8th (†) 13.0 (1.07) 12.8 (0.92) 11.2 (1.04) 11.0 (1.19) 10.9 (1.22) 8.4 (0.94)
9th (†) 12.1 (1.00) 13.5 (1.23) 12.8 (1.12) 10.9 (1.08) 8.0 (1.09) 10.2 (1.10)
10th (†) 13.1 (0.95) 11.6 (1.12) 10.9 (1.04) 9.0 (0.99) 9.7 (1.18) 9.6 (1.14)
11th (†) 12.7 (1.13) 8.3 (0.97) 9.0 (1.17) 8.6 (1.01) 8.4 (1.14) 8.7 (1.01)
12th (†) 7.9 (0.87) 10.8 (1.25) 9.7 (1.35) 6.0 (0.98) 5.8 (0.96) 7.5 (1.01)
                             
Urbanicity3                            
Urban (†) 11.9 (0.73) 13.2 (0.83) 12.2 (0.86) 9.7 (0.83) 9.9 (0.93) 8.0 (0.77)
Suburban (†) 12.4 (0.63) 10.7 (0.58) 9.4 (0.52) 9.3 (0.62) 8.3 (0.64) 9.8 (0.71)
Rural (†) 12.4 (1.11) 12.2 (1.35) 15.5 (1.74) 11.0 (1.07) 8.1 (1.37) 8.5 (1.00)
                             
Control of school                            
Public (†) 12.7 (0.51) 11.9 (0.49) 11.6 (0.53) 10.1 (0.46) 8.9 (0.54) 9.3 (0.50)
Private (†) 8.2 (1.13) 9.7 (1.11) 6.8 (1.18) 6.1 (1.25) 6.6 (1.62) 6.9 (1.29)
                             
Hate-related graffiti                            
Total 36.3 (0.94) 35.5 (0.75) 36.3 (0.84) 38.4 (0.83) 34.9 (0.89) 29.2 (0.96) 28.4 (0.88)
                             
Sex                            
Male 33.8 (1.06) 34.9 (0.89) 35.0 (0.97) 37.7 (1.10) 34.4 (1.12) 29.0 (1.26) 28.6 (1.11)
Female 38.9 (1.14) 36.1 (0.92) 37.6 (1.06) 39.1 (0.93) 35.4 (1.12) 29.3 (1.09) 28.1 (1.07)
                             
Race/ethnicity2                            
White 36.4 (1.20) 36.2 (0.95) 35.2 (0.86) 38.5 (0.96) 35.5 (1.05) 28.3 (1.10) 28.2 (1.19)
Black 37.6 (1.71) 33.6 (1.52) 38.1 (1.95) 38.0 (2.29) 33.7 (2.37) 29.0 (2.44) 28.1 (1.90)
Hispanic 35.6 (1.46) 35.1 (1.87) 40.3 (2.24) 38.0 (1.78) 34.8 (1.76) 32.2 (1.61) 29.1 (1.33)
Asian (†) (†) (†) 34.5 (3.76) 28.2 (3.01) 31.2 (3.59) 29.9 (4.56)
Other 32.2 (2.53) 32.1 (2.82) 31.4 (2.83) 46.9 (4.68) 38.7 (3.44) 25.8 (4.20) 25.9 (3.79)
                             
Grade                            
6th 30.3 (1.82) 34.9 (1.88) 35.7 (1.83) 34.0 (2.24) 35.5 (2.30) 28.1 (2.26) 25.9 (2.13)
7th 34.9 (1.43) 34.9 (1.36) 37.2 (1.41) 37.0 (1.63) 32.3 (1.52) 27.9 (1.88) 26.0 (1.70)
8th 35.6 (1.51) 36.7 (1.40) 34.2 (1.53) 35.7 (1.61) 33.5 (1.81) 30.8 (1.80) 25.9 (1.55)
9th 39.2 (1.55) 35.7 (1.55) 37.0 (1.48) 41.6 (1.64) 34.5 (1.77) 28.1 (1.83) 28.7 (1.69)
10th 38.9 (1.77) 36.2 (1.49) 40.7 (1.67) 40.7 (1.83) 36.4 (1.69) 31.0 (2.03) 33.3 (1.78)
11th 37.0 (1.74) 36.1 (1.76) 36.6 (1.74) 40.2 (1.70) 35.3 (1.81) 27.4 (2.01) 32.1 (1.70)
12th 35.6 (2.04) 33.0 (1.79) 32.2 (1.78) 37.8 (2.34) 37.7 (2.03) 30.4 (2.00) 25.7 (1.51)
                             
Urbanicity3                            
Urban 37.0 (1.18) 35.7 (1.21) 38.6 (1.27) 40.9 (1.43) 34.4 (1.36) 31.1 (1.56) 27.5 (1.49)
Suburban 37.3 (1.12) 36.0 (0.87) 35.9 (1.16) 38.0 (1.02) 34.2 (1.03) 28.6 (1.15) 29.9 (1.08)
Rural 32.7 (2.60) 33.8 (2.56) 33.9 (1.97) 35.8 (2.40) 37.8 (3.06) 27.7 (2.43) 24.9 (2.25)
                             
Control of school                            
Public 38.0 (0.97) 37.3 (0.80) 37.9 (0.90) 40.0 (0.87) 36.4 (0.93) 30.7 (1.01) 29.7 (0.95)
Private 20.7 (1.85) 16.8 (1.34) 19.5 (1.75) 18.6 (1.97) 18.5 (2.07) 11.8 (1.93) 13.4 (1.56)
—Not available.
†Not applicable.
1 Starting in 2007, the reference period was the school year, whereas in prior survey years the reference period was the previous 6 months. Cognitive testing showed that estimates from 2007 onward are comparable to previous years.
2 Race categories exclude persons of Hispanic ethnicity. "Other" includes American Indians/Alaska Natives, Asians (prior to 2005), Pacific Islanders, and, from 2003 onward, persons reporting that they are of two or more races. Due to changes in racial/ethnic categories, comparisons of race/ethnicity across years should be made with caution.
3 Refers to the Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA) status of the respondent's household as defined in 2000 by the U.S. Census Bureau. Categories include "central city of an MSA (Urban)," "in MSA but not in central city (Suburban)," and "not MSA (Rural)."
NOTE: "At school" includes in the school building, on school property, on a school bus, and, from 2001 onward, going to and from school. "Hate-related" refers to derogatory terms used by others in reference to students' personal characteristics.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics, School Crime Supplement (SCS) to the National Crime Victimization Survey, selected years, 1999 through 2011. (This table was prepared September 2013.)
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