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Table 230.20. Percentage of students ages 12–18 who reported that gangs were present at school during the school year, by selected student and school characteristics and urbanicity: Selected years, 2001 through 2011
Year and urbanicity Total Sex Race/ethnicity1 Grade Control of school
Male Female White Black Hispanic Asian Other 6th grade 7th grade 8th grade 9th grade 10th grade 11th grade 12th Public Private
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18
2001                                                                                                      
Total 20.1   (0.71) 21.4   (0.86) 18.8   (0.90) 15.5   (0.72) 28.6   (1.90) 32.0   (1.82)   (†) 21.4   (2.18) 11.2   (1.28) 15.7   (1.09) 17.3   (1.22) 24.3   (1.27) 23.6   (1.48) 24.2   (1.56) 21.1   (1.54) 21.6   (0.77) 4.9   (1.05)
Urban 28.9   (1.23) 31.9   (1.62) 25.9   (1.52) 20.5   (1.28) 32.4   (2.79) 40.3   (2.45)   (†) 27.0   (4.41) 14.9   (2.45) 23.7   (2.54) 24.0   (2.66) 35.3   (2.77) 33.1   (3.08) 34.2   (3.18) 34.1   (3.21) 31.9   (1.35) 5.0   (1.38)
Suburban 18.3   (0.72) 18.9   (0.92) 17.5   (1.08) 15.4   (0.75) 25.4   (2.79) 27.1   (2.25)   (†) 20.0   (2.95) 9.0   (1.52) 13.7   (1.16) 16.6   (1.50) 20.8   (1.48) 22.3   (1.58) 22.7   (1.71) 18.6   (1.81) 19.5   (0.80) 4.3 ! (1.45)
Rural 13.3   (1.71) 14.0   (2.08) 12.5   (1.84) 12.1   (1.70) 22.5   (5.78) 16.8 ! (7.49)   (†)   (†) 11.0   (2.78) 8.9   (1.87) 10.1   (2.24) 18.9   (3.03) 14.4   (3.05) 15.8   (3.85) 11.5 ! (4.51) 13.7   (1.80)   (†)
                                                                                                       
2003                                                                                                      
Total 20.9   (0.70) 22.3   (0.95) 19.5   (0.79) 14.2   (0.59) 29.5   (2.14) 37.2   (1.76)   (†) 22.0   (2.54) 10.9   (1.28) 16.3   (1.14) 17.9   (1.29) 26.1   (1.44) 26.3   (1.37) 23.4   (1.64) 22.2   (1.50) 22.5   (0.78) 3.9   (0.82)
Urban 30.9   (1.33) 32.1   (1.71) 29.7   (1.84) 19.8   (1.71) 32.8   (2.43) 42.6   (2.17)   (†) 30.6   (4.09) 21.6   (3.42) 25.5   (2.32) 25.2   (2.63) 38.2   (3.25) 35.3   (2.82) 34.6   (2.81) 34.8   (2.75) 33.7   (1.50) 6.0   (1.62)
Suburban 18.4   (0.84) 20.5   (1.07) 16.3   (0.92) 13.8   (0.67) 28.3   (3.93) 34.6   (2.14)   (†) 18.2   (2.96) 7.5   (1.25) 13.2   (1.28) 16.2   (1.65) 24.3   (1.58) 24.1   (1.72) 20.4   (2.34) 19.3   (1.91) 19.9   (0.91) 2.4 ! (0.78)
Rural 12.3   (1.81) 12.2   (2.00) 12.4   (2.34) 10.7   (1.42) 21.8 ! (7.17) 12.7 ! (4.11)   (†)   (†)   (†) 9.4   (2.56) 10.9 ! (3.26) 13.8   (3.00) 18.0   (3.50) 15.0   (3.30) 13.3   (3.60) 12.8   (2.02)   (†)
                                                                                                       
2005                                                                                                      
Total 24.2   (0.93) 25.3   (1.07) 22.9   (1.09) 16.8   (0.83) 37.6   (2.41) 38.9   (2.69) 20.2   (2.59) 27.7   (4.62) 12.1   (1.41) 17.3   (1.21) 19.1   (1.79) 28.3   (1.59) 32.6   (1.89) 28.0   (1.89) 27.9   (2.16) 25.8   (1.01) 4.2   (0.94)
Urban 36.2   (2.00) 37.4   (2.31) 35.0   (2.42) 23.7   (1.87) 41.8   (2.93) 48.9   (4.44) 25.0   (5.16) 33.9   (8.68) 19.9   (3.11) 24.2   (2.64) 30.5   (3.81) 40.3   (3.70) 50.6   (3.79) 44.3   (3.89) 39.5   (3.73) 39.1   (2.12) 7.7   (2.26)
Suburban 20.8   (0.93) 22.4   (1.14) 19.1   (1.15) 16.0   (0.87) 36.2   (4.41) 32.1   (2.52) 18.1   (2.87) 29.0   (6.12) 8.9   (1.52) 14.9   (1.46) 14.6   (2.01) 24.8   (1.92) 27.9   (2.37) 25.5   (2.21) 25.1   (2.60) 22.3   (1.01) 3.0 ! (1.02)
Rural 16.4   (2.53) 16.1   (3.20) 16.7   (2.79) 14.1   (2.46) 24.4   (6.75) 26.2   (6.51) 19.0 ! (9.22)   (†) 8.3   (3.29) 15.2   (3.46) 14.7   (4.22) 21.0   (4.00) 22.0   (3.61) 13.3 ! (4.36) 15.8 ! (5.82) 17.2   (2.67)   (†)
                                                                                                       
20072                                                                                                       
Total 23.2   (0.80) 25.1   (1.07) 21.3   (0.87) 16.0   (0.70) 37.6   (2.26) 36.1   (2.04) 17.4   (2.72) 26.4   (3.63) 15.3   (1.99) 17.4   (1.28) 20.6   (1.68) 28.0   (1.51) 28.1   (1.73) 25.9   (1.61) 24.4   (1.69) 24.9   (0.87) 5.2   (1.14)
Urban 32.3   (1.49) 35.3   (2.01) 29.2   (1.62) 23.4   (1.98) 39.7   (3.07) 40.4   (2.90) 18.4   (4.30) 31.9   (6.10) 17.8   (3.45) 24.1   (2.96) 25.9   (2.90) 41.1   (3.40) 38.6   (3.36) 34.7   (3.05) 38.4   (4.01) 35.6   (1.61) 7.3   (2.07)
Suburban 21.0   (0.97) 23.1   (1.36) 18.9   (1.19) 15.9   (0.92) 35.5   (3.16) 33.3   (2.66) 16.3   (3.63) 29.0   (5.14) 14.0   (2.40) 15.4   (1.67) 19.6   (2.23) 23.1   (1.78) 26.6   (2.01) 23.6   (2.22) 22.4   (2.26) 22.7   (1.05) 2.8 ! (1.09)
Rural 15.5   (2.78) 14.9   (2.69) 16.1   (3.18) 10.9   (1.59) 36.8   (10.42) 27.5 ! (10.34)   (†) 14.3 ! (6.01) 15.6 ! (6.21) 13.1   (2.79) 14.7   (4.26) 21.7   (4.43) 15.2   (3.39) 18.7   (3.98) 7.6 ! (2.90) 15.6   (2.91) 11.8 ! (5.84)
                                                                                                       
20092                                                                                                       
Total 20.4   (0.85) 20.9   (1.12) 19.9   (1.03) 14.1   (0.79) 31.4   (2.62) 33.0   (2.20) 17.2   (3.21) 15.3   (4.07) 11.0   (1.76) 14.8   (1.70) 15.9   (1.60) 24.9   (2.01) 27.7   (1.75) 22.6   (1.53) 21.9   (2.02) 22.0   (0.89) 2.3 ! (0.82)
Urban 30.7   (1.86) 32.8   (2.35) 28.6   (2.29) 19.4   (1.99) 40.0   (3.76) 38.9   (3.31) 18.9   (4.63) 23.2 ! (9.05) 14.5   (4.13) 21.0   (3.37) 24.4   (3.24) 34.2   (4.01) 44.8   (3.41) 34.9   (4.08) 36.0   (4.32) 33.7   (1.94) 4.1 ! (1.83)
Suburban 16.6   (0.80) 17.2   (1.10) 16.0   (1.17) 13.5   (0.91) 20.2   (2.75) 28.3   (2.64) 14.5   (3.95) 14.8 ! (6.41) 9.7   (1.90) 11.2   (1.89) 11.8   (1.73) 22.4   (2.10) 21.0   (2.07) 19.4   (1.88) 17.6   (2.29) 18.1   (0.85)   (†)
Rural 16.0   (3.08) 13.7   (3.37) 18.1   (3.18) 11.8   (2.09) 35.4   (9.77) 27.3 ! (10.84)   (†)   (†) 8.3 ! (3.11) 16.5   (4.19) 14.2 ! (4.41) 18.8   (5.04) 19.6   (5.02) 13.4   (3.50) 17.3 ! (5.37) 16.2   (3.18)   (†)
                                                                                                       
20112                                                                                                       
Total 17.5   (0.71) 17.5   (0.95) 17.5   (0.88) 11.1   (0.67) 32.7   (2.23) 26.4   (1.55) 9.9   (2.24) 9.9   (2.12) 8.2   (1.20) 10.2   (1.08) 11.3   (1.02) 21.7   (1.47) 23.0   (1.63) 23.2   (1.74) 21.3   (1.82) 18.9   (0.77) 1.9 ! (0.69)
Urban 22.8   (1.34) 23.0   (1.90) 22.6   (1.53) 13.9   (1.60) 31.6   (2.75) 31.0   (2.34) 7.6 ! (2.29) 12.3   (3.41) 5.4 ! (1.98) 11.7   (2.02) 16.2   (2.29) 27.5   (3.12) 31.1   (3.13) 28.1   (3.17) 32.9   (3.88) 25.7   (1.47)   (†)
Suburban 16.1   (0.97) 16.5   (1.24) 15.6   (1.18) 11.3   (0.89) 33.5   (4.08) 23.2   (1.95) 12.0 ! (3.69) 10.4 ! (3.54) 8.6   (1.79) 9.3   (1.37) 9.0   (1.22) 18.9   (1.79) 21.5   (2.10) 23.7   (2.46) 18.5   (2.27) 17.1   (1.01) 2.9 ! (1.20)
Rural 12.1   (2.42) 10.2   (2.23) 14.1   (3.18) 7.7   (1.31) 34.5   (6.62) 22.1 ! (10.47)   (†)   (†) 11.1   (2.97) 10.1   (2.64) 9.6 ! (2.89) 19.3   (4.99) 13.9   (4.02) 10.6   (3.69) 9.2 ! (3.04) 12.5   (2.49)   (†)
—Not available.
†Not applicable.
!Interpret data with caution. The coefficient of variation (CV) for this estimate is between 30 and 50 percent.
‡Reporting standards not met. Either there are too few cases for a reliable estimate or the coefficient of variation (CV) is 50 percent or greater.
1 Race categories exclude persons of Hispanic ethnicity. "Other" includes American Indians/Alaska Natives, Asians (prior to 2005), Pacific Islanders, and, from 2003 onward, persons reporting that they are of two or more races. Due to changes in racial/ethnic categories, comparisons of race/ethnicity across years should be made with caution.
2 Starting in 2007, the reference period was the school year, whereas in prior survey years the reference period was the previous 6 months. Cognitive testing showed that estimates from 2007 onward are comparable to previous years.
NOTE: Urbanicity refers to the Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA) status of the respondent's household as defined in 2000 by the U.S. Census Bureau. Categories include "central city of an MSA (Urban)," "in MSA but not in central city (Suburban)," and "not MSA (Rural)." All gangs, whether or not they are involved in violent or illegal activity, are included. "At school" includes in the school building, on school property, on a school bus, and going to and from school.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics, School Crime Supplement (SCS) to the National Crime Victimization Survey, selected years, 2001 through 2011. (This table was prepared September 2013.)
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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
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