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Table 222.85. Average National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) mathematics scale score, by age and selected student characteristics: Selected years, 1973 through 2012
[Standard errors appear in parentheses]
Selected student characteristic 1973 1978 1982 1986 1990 1992 1994 1996 1999 20041 2008    
Previous format Revised format 2012
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14
9-year-olds                                                    
All students 219 (0.8) 219 (0.8) 219 (1.1) 222 (1.0) 230 (0.8) 230 (0.8) 231 (0.8) 231 (0.8) 232 (0.8) 241 (0.9) 239 (0.9) 243 (0.8) 244 (1.0)
Sex                                                    
Male 218 (0.7) 217 (0.7) 217 (1.2) 222 (1.1) 229 (0.9) 231 (1.0) 232 (1.0) 233 (1.2) 233 (1.0) 243 (1.1) 239 (1.0) 242 (0.9) 244 (1.2)
Female 220 (1.1) 220 (1.0) 221 (1.2) 222 (1.2) 230 (1.1) 228 (1.0) 230 (0.9) 229 (0.7) 231 (0.9) 240 (1.1) 240 (1.0) 243 (1.0) 244 (1.0)
Gap between female and male score 2 (1.3) 3 (1.3) 4 (1.7) # (†) 1 (1.4) -2 (1.4) -2 (1.4) -4 (1.4) -2 (1.3) -3 (1.5) 1 (1.4) 1 (1.3) # (†)
                                                     
Race/ethnicity                                                    
White 225 (1.0) 224 (0.9) 224 (1.1) 227 (1.1) 235 (0.8) 235 (0.8) 237 (1.0) 237 (1.0) 239 (0.9) 247 (0.9) 245 (0.8) 250 (0.8) 252 (1.1)
Black 190 (1.8) 192 (1.1) 195 (1.6) 202 (1.6) 208 (2.2) 208 (2.0) 212 (1.6) 212 (1.4) 211 (1.6) 224 (2.1) 221 (2.1) 224 (1.9) 226 (1.8)
Hispanic 202 (2.4) 203 (2.2) 204 (1.3) 205 (2.1) 214 (2.1) 212 (2.3) 210 (2.3) 215 (1.7) 213 (1.9) 230 (2.0) 229 (2.0) 234 (1.2) 234 (0.9)
                                                     
Gap between White and Black score 35 (2.1) 32 (1.5) 29 (2.0) 25 (2.0) 27 (2.4) 27 (2.2) 25 (1.8) 25 (1.8) 28 (1.8) 23 (2.2) 24 (2.2) 26 (2.1) 25 (2.1)
Gap between White and Hispanic score 23 (2.6) 21 (2.4) 20 (1.7) 21 (2.3) 21 (2.3) 23 (2.5) 27 (2.5) 22 (2.0) 26 (2.1) 18 (2.2) 16 (2.1) 16 (1.4) 17 (1.5)
                                                     
13-year-olds                                                    
All students 266 (1.1) 264 (1.1) 269 (1.1) 269 (1.2) 270 (0.9) 273 (0.9) 274 (1.0) 274 (0.8) 276 (0.8) 281 (1.0) 279 (1.0) 281 (0.9) 285 (1.1)
Sex                                                    
Male 265 (1.3) 264 (1.3) 269 (1.4) 270 (1.1) 271 (1.2) 274 (1.1) 276 (1.3) 276 (0.9) 277 (0.9) 283 (1.2) 279 (1.0) 284 (1.0) 286 (1.3)
Female 267 (1.1) 265 (1.1) 268 (1.1) 268 (1.5) 270 (0.9) 272 (1.0) 273 (1.0) 272 (1.0) 274 (1.1) 279 (1.0) 278 (1.2) 279 (1.0) 284 (1.1)
Gap between female and male score 2 (1.7) 1 (1.7) -1 (1.7) -2 (1.9) -2 (1.5) -2 (1.5) -3 (1.6) -4 (1.4) -3 (1.4) -3 (1.6) -1 (1.6) -4 (1.4) -2 (1.7)
                                                     
Race/ethnicity                                                    
White 274 (0.9) 272 (0.8) 274 (1.0) 274 (1.3) 276 (1.1) 279 (0.9) 281 (0.9) 281 (0.9) 283 (0.8) 288 (0.9) 287 (0.9) 290 (1.2) 293 (1.1)
Black 228 (1.9) 230 (1.9) 240 (1.6) 249 (2.3) 249 (2.3) 250 (1.9) 252 (3.5) 252 (1.3) 251 (2.6) 262 (1.6) 257 (1.8) 262 (1.2) 264 (1.9)
Hispanic 239 (2.2) 238 (2.0) 252 (1.7) 254 (2.9) 255 (1.8) 259 (1.8) 256 (1.9) 256 (1.6) 259 (1.7) 265 (2.0) 264 (1.5) 268 (1.2) 271 (1.4)
                                                     
Gap between White and Black score 46 (2.1) 42 (2.1) 34 (1.9) 24 (2.6) 27 (2.6) 29 (2.1) 29 (3.7) 29 (1.6) 32 (2.7) 27 (1.8) 30 (2.1) 28 (1.7) 28 (2.2)
Gap between White and Hispanic score 35 (2.4) 34 (2.1) 22 (1.9) 19 (3.2) 22 (2.1) 20 (2.0) 25 (2.1) 25 (1.9) 24 (1.9) 23 (2.2) 23 (1.8) 23 (1.7) 21 (1.8)
                                                     
Parents' highest level of education                                                    
Did not finish high school (†) 245 (1.2) 251 (1.4) 252 (2.3) 253 (1.8) 256 (1.0) 255 (2.1) 254 (2.4) 256 (2.8) 262 (2.2) 263 (1.9) 268 (1.3) 266 (2.5)
Graduated high school (†) 263 (1.0) 263 (0.8) 263 (1.2) 263 (1.2) 263 (1.2) 266 (1.1) 267 (1.1) 264 (1.1) 271 (1.7) 270 (1.3) 272 (1.1) 270 (1.1)
Some education after high school (†) 273 (1.2) 275 (0.9) 274 (0.8) 277 (1.0) 278 (1.0) 277 (1.6) 277 (1.4) 279 (0.9) 283 (1.0) 282 (1.4) 285 (1.1) 286 (1.4)
Graduated college (†) 284 (1.2) 282 (1.5) 280 (1.4) 280 (1.0) 283 (1.0) 285 (1.2) 283 (1.2) 286 (1.0) 292 (0.9) 289 (1.1) 291 (1.0) 296 (1.3)
                                                     
17-year-olds                                                    
All students 304 (1.1) 300 (1.0) 298 (0.9) 302 (0.9) 305 (0.9) 307 (0.9) 306 (1.0) 307 (1.2) 308 (1.0) 307 (0.8) 305 (0.7) 306 (0.6) 306 (0.8)
Sex                                                    
Male 309 (1.2) 304 (1.0) 301 (1.0) 305 (1.2) 306 (1.1) 309 (1.1) 309 (1.4) 310 (1.3) 310 (1.4) 308 (1.0) 307 (0.9) 309 (0.7) 308 (1.0)
Female 301 (1.1) 297 (1.0) 296 (1.0) 299 (1.0) 303 (1.1) 305 (1.1) 304 (1.1) 305 (1.4) 307 (1.0) 305 (0.9) 304 (0.8) 303 (0.8) 304 (0.8)
Gap between female and male score -8 (1.6) -7 (1.4) -6 (1.4) -5 (1.5) -3 (1.5) -4 (1.5) -4 (1.8) -5 (1.9) -3 (1.7) -3 (1.4) -3 (1.2) -5 (1.1) -4 (1.3)
                                                     
Race/ethnicity                                                    
White 310 (1.1) 306 (0.9) 304 (0.9) 308 (1.0) 309 (1.0) 312 (0.8) 312 (1.1) 313 (1.4) 315 (1.1) 313 (0.7) 311 (0.7) 314 (0.7) 314 (1.0)
Black 270 (1.3) 268 (1.3) 272 (1.2) 279 (2.1) 289 (2.8) 286 (2.2) 286 (1.8) 286 (1.7) 283 (1.5) 285 (1.6) 284 (1.4) 287 (1.2) 288 (1.3)
Hispanic 277 (2.2) 276 (2.3) 277 (1.8) 283 (2.9) 284 (2.9) 292 (2.6) 291 (3.7) 292 (2.1) 293 (2.5) 289 (1.8) 292 (1.2) 293 (1.1) 294 (1.1)
                                                     
Gap between White and Black score 40 (1.7) 38 (1.6) 32 (1.5) 29 (2.3) 21 (3.0) 26 (2.4) 27 (2.1) 27 (2.2) 31 (1.9) 28 (1.8) 27 (1.6) 26 (1.4) 26 (1.6)
Gap between White and Hispanic score 33 (2.5) 30 (2.4) 27 (2.0) 24 (3.0) 26 (3.1) 20 (2.8) 22 (3.9) 21 (2.5) 22 (2.7) 24 (1.9) 19 (1.4) 21 (1.3) 19 (1.5)
                                                     
Parents' highest level of education                                                    
Did not finish high school (†) 280 (1.2) 279 (1.0) 279 (2.3) 285 (2.2) 285 (2.3) 284 (2.4) 281 (2.4) 289 (1.8) 287 (2.4) 287 (1.2) 292 (1.3) 290 (1.4)
Graduated high school (†) 294 (0.8) 293 (0.8) 293 (1.0) 294 (0.9) 298 (1.7) 295 (1.1) 297 (2.4) 299 (1.6) 295 (1.1) 294 (0.9) 296 (1.2) 291 (1.1)
Some education after high school (†) 305 (0.9) 304 (0.9) 305 (1.2) 308 (1.0) 308 (1.1) 305 (1.3) 307 (1.5) 308 (1.6) 306 (1.1) 305 (0.9) 306 (0.8) 306 (0.9)
Graduated college (†) 317 (1.0) 312 (1.0) 314 (1.4) 316 (1.3) 316 (1.0) 318 (1.4) 317 (1.3) 317 (1.2) 317 (0.9) 315 (0.9) 316 (0.7) 317 (0.8)
—Not available.
†Not applicable.
#Rounds to zero.
1 In 2004, two assessments were conducted--one using the same format that was used in previous assessments, and one using a revised assessment format that provides accommodations for students with disabilities and for English language learners. The 2004 data in column 11 are for the format that was used in previous assessment years, while the 2004 data in column 12 are for the revised format. In subsequent years, only the revised format was used.
NOTE: Scale ranges from 0 to 500. Students scoring 150 (or higher) know some basic addition and subtraction facts. Students scoring 200 have a considerable understanding of two-digit numbers and know some basic multiplication and division facts. Students scoring 250 have an initial understanding of the four basic operations and are developing an ability to analyze simple logical relations. Students scoring 300 can perform reasoning and problem solving involving fractions, decimals, percents, elementary geometry, and simple algebra. Students scoring 350 can perform reasoning and problem solving involving geometry, algebra, and beginning statistics and probability. Includes public and private schools. For assessment years prior to 2004, accommodations were not permitted. For 2004 (revised format) and later years, includes students tested with accommodations; excludes only those students with disabilities and English language learners who were unable to be tested even with accommodations (1 to 4 percent of all students, depending on age and assessment year). Race categories exclude persons of Hispanic ethnicity. Totals include other racial/ethnic groups not shown separately.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP), NAEP 2012 Trends in Academic Progress; and 2012 NAEP Long-Term Trend Mathematics Assessment, retrieved August 29, 2013, from Long-Term Trend NAEP Data Explorer (http://nces.ed.gov/nationsreportcard/naepdata/). (This table was prepared August 2013.)
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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education