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Table 222.80. Average National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) mathematics scale scores of 4th- and 8th-grade public school students and percentage attaining achievement levels, by race/ethnicity and jurisdiction or specific urban district: 2009, 2011, and 2013
[Standard errors appear in parentheses]
Grade level and jurisdiction or specific urban district Average mathematics scale score1 Percent of students
2009 2011 2013 2013
All students All students2 White Black Hispanic Asian All students2 White Black Hispanic Asian At or above Basic3 At or above Profi-cient4
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14
4th grade                                                    
                                                     
United States 239 (0.2) 240 (0.2) 249 (0.2) 224 (0.4) 229 (0.3) 257 (1.1) 241 (0.2) 250 (0.2) 224 (0.3) 230 (0.4) 260 (0.8) 82 (0.2) 41 (0.3)
All large cities 231 (0.5) 233 (0.6) 251 (0.8) 222 (0.5) 228 (0.6) 249 (2.1) 235 (0.7) 254 (0.9) 223 (0.6) 229 (0.8) 258 (2.1) 75 (0.7) 33 (0.8)
                                                     
Selected urban districts                                                    
Albuquerque --- (†) 235 (1.3) 254 (1.9) (†) 229 (1.3) (†) 235 (1.0) 253 (2.0) (†) 229 (1.2) (†) 75 (1.5) 34 (1.8)
Atlanta 225 (0.8) 228 (0.7) 269 (1.4) 219 (0.8) 230 (2.8) (†) 233 (0.7) 269 (1.4) 222 (0.9) 233 (2.7) (†) 72 (1.2) 31 (1.0)
Austin 240 (1.0) 245 (1.1) 266 (1.5) 232 (2.7) 237 (1.5) (†) 245 (0.9) 264 (1.7) 228 (3.4) 237 (1.2) (†) 85 (1.2) 46 (1.6)
Baltimore City 222 (1.0) 226 (1.1) 244 (2.6) 223 (1.2) (†) (†) 223 (1.2) 250 (4.0) 220 (1.2) 227 (3.9) (†) 62 (1.9) 19 (1.5)
Boston 236 (0.7) 237 (0.6) 255 (1.8) 230 (1.1) 234 (1.2) 259 (2.5) 237 (0.8) 255 (1.6) 228 (1.4) 233 (1.1) 259 (2.2) 80 (1.3) 34 (1.4)
                                                     
Charlotte 245 (1.3) 247 (1.1) 264 (1.4) 232 (1.4) 240 (1.6) 259 (3.7) 247 (1.6) 264 (2.0) 235 (2.2) 242 (2.0) 255 (4.1) 87 (1.4) 50 (2.4)
Chicago 222 (1.2) 224 (0.9) 246 (2.5) 217 (1.9) 223 (1.3) 246 (3.2) 231 (1.3) 261 (2.8) 221 (2.1) 230 (1.2) 256 (5.8) 70 (1.6) 28 (1.5)
Cleveland 213 (1.0) 216 (0.7) 232 (2.0) 211 (0.9) 218 (1.8) (†) 216 (0.9) 233 (2.2) 210 (1.1) 221 (2.6) (†) 54 (1.7) 13 (1.1)
Dallas --- (†) 233 (1.3) 258 (3.5) 225 (2.0) 234 (1.2) (†) 234 (1.0) (†) 226 (1.7) 235 (1.1) (†) 78 (1.7) 30 (1.8)
Detroit 200 (1.7) 203 (1.4) (†) 201 (1.5) 215 (2.4) (†) 204 (1.6) (†) 201 (1.6) 214 (2.9) (†) 35 (2.5) 4 (1.0)
                                                     
District of Columbia 220 (0.8) 222 (1.0) 272 (1.8) 212 (1.2) 223 (2.6) (†) 229 (0.8) 277 (2.2) 218 (1.0) 226 (2.3) (†) 64 (1.4) 30 (1.1)
Fresno 219 (1.4) 218 (0.9) 238 (2.2) 214 (2.3) 214 (1.0) 222 (2.0) 220 (1.2) 241 (2.2) 211 (2.5) 217 (1.5) 221 (2.7) 59 (2.2) 15 (1.2)
Hillsborough County (FL) --- (†) 243 (1.1) 253 (1.7) 228 (1.9) 239 (1.2) (†) 243 (0.9) 254 (1.4) 227 (1.9) 238 (1.3) 263 (3.2) 85 (1.3) 43 (1.6)
Houston 236 (1.2) 237 (0.8) 259 (2.1) 229 (1.4) 236 (0.9) 265 (3.4) 236 (1.1) 261 (1.9) 227 (2.3) 235 (1.0) (†) 80 (1.5) 32 (1.7)
Jefferson County (KY) 233 (1.6) 235 (0.9) 243 (1.2) 221 (1.3) 238 (3.1) 256 (4.3) 234 (1.0) 245 (1.2) 220 (1.4) 224 (3.0) (†) 75 (1.4) 33 (1.4)
                                                     
Los Angeles 222 (1.2) 223 (0.8) 243 (1.6) 215 (3.0) 220 (0.8) 251 (2.6) 228 (1.3) 254 (3.4) 223 (2.3) 224 (0.9) 252 (2.4) 69 (1.5) 25 (2.0)
Miami-Dade 236 (1.3) 236 (1.0) 255 (2.0) 225 (1.5) 237 (1.0) (†) 237 (1.1) 251 (2.2) 227 (1.9) 238 (1.2) (†) 81 (1.3) 34 (1.8)
Milwaukee 220 (1.5) 220 (1.0) 239 (1.9) 211 (1.4) 221 (1.8) 230 (3.2) 221 (1.6) 246 (2.8) 209 (1.8) 227 (2.2) 234 (7.5) 61 (2.3) 18 (1.6)
New York City 237 (1.0) 234 (1.2) 248 (3.2) 226 (1.1) 227 (1.7) 252 (2.0) 236 (1.1) 251 (2.7) 225 (1.5) 228 (1.5) 257 (2.6) 77 (1.4) 34 (1.5)
Philadelphia 222 (1.4) 225 (1.2) 243 (3.0) 220 (0.9) 223 (2.4) 251 (2.8) 223 (1.5) 237 (3.3) 218 (1.3) 217 (2.2) 246 (3.9) 62 (2.2) 19 (1.9)
San Diego 236 (1.6) 239 (1.3) 258 (2.1) 222 (2.7) 229 (1.4) 248 (2.5) 241 (1.2) 260 (1.9) 228 (3.1) 228 (1.6) 253 (2.8) 81 (1.5) 42 (1.6)
                                                     
8th grade                                                    
                                                     
United States 282 (0.3) 283 (0.2) 293 (0.2) 262 (0.5) 269 (0.5) 305 (1.1) 284 (0.2) 293 (0.3) 263 (0.4) 271 (0.4) 308 (1.1) 73 (0.3) 34 (0.3)
All large cities 271 (0.7) 274 (0.7) 295 (1.1) 261 (0.9) 267 (1.0) 298 (2.3) 276 (0.8) 295 (1.2) 261 (0.8) 269 (0.8) 301 (2.2) 65 (0.9) 27 (0.9)
                                                     
Selected urban districts                                                    
Albuquerque --- (†) 275 (1.0) 291 (2.3) (†) 269 (1.2) (†) 274 (1.2) 295 (2.6) (†) 267 (1.5) (†) 62 (1.6) 26 (1.6)
Atlanta 259 (1.6) 266 (1.3) 309 (2.8) 262 (1.4) 264 (3.5) (†) 267 (1.2) 311 (3.0) 261 (1.3) 262 (3.7) (†) 54 (1.6) 17 (1.1)
Austin 287 (0.9) 287 (1.2) 313 (1.8) 265 (5.3) 276 (1.7) (†) 285 (1.0) 312 (1.9) 267 (2.5) 273 (1.3) (†) 73 (1.3) 35 (1.5)
Baltimore City 257 (1.9) 261 (1.3) 280 (4.0) 259 (1.5) (†) (†) 260 (2.0) 286 (6.0) 257 (2.0) (†) (†) 46 (2.3) 13 (1.6)
Boston 279 (1.3) 282 (0.9) 305 (3.1) 272 (1.6) 271 (1.6) 319 (3.6) 283 (1.2) 309 (2.4) 271 (1.8) 275 (1.8) 318 (3.7) 70 (1.6) 36 (1.2)
                                                     
Charlotte 283 (0.9) 285 (0.8) 311 (1.3) 268 (1.2) 272 (2.6) 304 (6.4) 289 (1.2) 313 (1.9) 271 (1.8) 279 (3.4) 314 (6.1) 75 (1.4) 40 (1.6)
Chicago 264 (1.4) 270 (1.0) 296 (4.3) 260 (1.4) 271 (1.4) 296 (3.3) 269 (1.0) 294 (2.4) 259 (1.5) 270 (1.4) 306 (5.4) 57 (1.6) 20 (1.1)
Cleveland 256 (1.0) 256 (2.1) 277 (3.4) 249 (2.1) 258 (4.4) (†) 253 (1.3) 265 (2.9) 249 (1.5) 252 (3.4) (†) 39 (1.7) 9 (0.9)
Dallas --- (†) 274 (0.9) 306 (4.5) 264 (2.2) 276 (1.1) (†) 275 (1.0) 304 (4.7) 263 (2.0) 277 (1.1) (†) 67 (1.4) 23 (1.4)
Detroit 238 (2.7) 246 (1.2) (†) 244 (1.4) 258 (2.8) (†) 240 (1.7) (†) 239 (1.7) 243 (4.0) (†) 24 (2.1) 3 (0.7)
                                                     
District of Columbia 251 (1.3) 255 (0.9) 322 (3.0) 249 (1.2) 253 (2.8) (†) 260 (1.3) 315 (4.1) 253 (1.4) 262 (3.6) (†) 47 (1.8) 17 (1.2)
Fresno 258 (1.2) 256 (0.9) 281 (2.6) 243 (2.6) 251 (1.2) 265 (2.9) 260 (1.4) 279 (3.0) 247 (4.0) 256 (1.6) 270 (2.8) 48 (2.2) 12 (1.1)
Hillsborough County (FL) --- (†) 282 (1.5) 293 (2.1) 263 (1.9) 274 (2.4) (†) 284 (1.1) 296 (1.8) 264 (2.5) 278 (1.9) (†) 73 (1.3) 34 (1.7)
Houston 277 (1.2) 279 (1.0) 309 (3.0) 271 (1.9) 278 (1.1) 310 (5.2) 280 (1.1) 312 (3.3) 271 (1.7) 279 (1.2) 314 (7.2) 72 (1.4) 28 (1.4)
Jefferson County (KY) 271 (0.9) 274 (1.0) 285 (1.5) 257 (1.4) 270 (4.5) (†) 273 (1.0) 285 (1.5) 257 (1.7) 265 (3.7) (†) 61 (1.3) 25 (1.3)
                                                     
Los Angeles 258 (1.0) 261 (1.3) 291 (4.6) 246 (3.9) 255 (1.3) 297 (3.9) 264 (1.5) 293 (3.2) 256 (3.4) 258 (1.3) 298 (3.3) 54 (1.8) 18 (1.5)
Miami-Dade 273 (1.1) 272 (1.1) 288 (3.1) 256 (2.2) 274 (1.0) (†) 274 (1.5) 295 (3.4) 259 (2.9) 275 (1.3) (†) 63 (1.8) 24 (1.5)
Milwaukee 251 (1.5) 254 (1.7) 274 (4.2) 246 (1.8) 259 (3.3) 271 (5.6) 257 (1.4) 282 (3.5) 247 (1.8) 266 (2.2) (†) 44 (2.1) 11 (1.3)
New York City 273 (1.5) 272 (1.6) 292 (3.2) 262 (2.1) 261 (1.6) 304 (3.2) 274 (1.1) 301 (3.8) 263 (1.9) 263 (1.7) 304 (3.1) 61 (1.3) 25 (1.4)
Philadelphia 265 (2.0) 265 (2.0) 281 (3.9) 260 (2.3) 256 (3.1) 295 (5.4) 266 (1.7) 287 (2.8) 258 (2.2) 261 (4.1) 297 (4.9) 54 (2.0) 19 (1.5)
San Diego 280 (2.0) 278 (1.7) 302 (2.3) 256 (4.0) 263 (2.6) 293 (3.3) 277 (1.4) 300 (2.3) 260 (4.5) 260 (2.2) 294 (2.9) 65 (1.7) 31 (1.6)
---Not available.
†Not applicable.
‡Reporting standards not met (too few cases for a reliable estimate).
1 Scale ranges from 0 to 500.
2 Includes data for students of two or more races, which are not separately shown.
3 Basic denotes partial mastery of the knowledge and skills that are fundamental for proficient work at a given grade.
4 Proficient represents solid academic performance. Students reaching this level have demonstrated competency over challenging subject matter.
NOTE: Race categories exclude persons of Hispanic ethnicity. Totals include racial/ethnic groups not shown separately.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP), 2009, 2011, and 2013 Mathematics Assessments, retrieved December 30, 2013, from the Main NAEP Data Explorer (http://nces.ed.gov/nationsreportcard/naepdata/). (This table was prepared December 2013.)
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