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Table 221.80. Average National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) reading scale scores of 4th- and 8th-grade public school students and percentage attaining achievement levels, by race/ethnicity and jurisdiction or specific urban district: 2009, 2011, and 2013
[Standard errors appear in parentheses]
Grade level and jurisdiction or specific urban district Average reading scale score1 Percent of students
2009 2011 2013 2013
All students All students2 White Black Hispanic Asian All students2 White Black Hispanic Asian At or above Basic3 At or above Profi-
cient
4
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14
4th grade                                                    
                                                     
United States 220 (0.3) 220 (0.3) 230 (0.3) 205 (0.4) 205 (0.5) 236 (1.3) 221 (0.3) 231 (0.3) 205 (0.5) 207 (0.5) 237 (1.1) 67 (0.3) 34 (0.3)
All large cities 210 (0.7) 211 (0.7) 232 (0.9) 202 (0.7) 203 (0.8) 225 (2.5) 212 (0.7) 235 (1.0) 202 (0.8) 204 (0.8) 229 (2.5) 57 (0.8) 26 (0.7)
                                                     
Selected urban districts                                                    
Albuquerque --- (†) 209 (1.6) 231 (2.5) (†) 201 (1.7) (†) 207 (1.5) 232 (2.4) (†) 199 (1.7) (†) 54 (1.7) 24 (1.5)
Atlanta 209 (1.5) 212 (1.4) 251 (1.9) 203 (1.6) 215 (3.4) (†) 214 (1.3) 252 (1.9) 204 (1.4) 208 (3.5) (†) 57 (1.6) 27 (1.2)
Austin 220 (1.8) 224 (2.3) 249 (3.3) 215 (4.5) 210 (2.6) (†) 221 (1.6) 250 (2.2) 206 (5.4) 208 (2.1) (†) 65 (1.7) 36 (1.7)
Baltimore City 202 (1.7) 200 (1.7) 221 (3.3) 198 (1.7) (†) (†) 204 (1.6) 233 (5.2) 201 (1.7) (†) (†) 45 (2.2) 14 (1.4)
Boston 215 (1.2) 217 (0.8) 241 (2.5) 211 (1.7) 214 (1.1) 226 (3.8) 214 (1.1) 237 (2.2) 205 (1.9) 210 (1.7) 234 (3.3) 61 (1.4) 26 (1.3)
                                                     
Charlotte 225 (1.6) 224 (1.2) 244 (1.5) 211 (1.9) 212 (2.6) 233 (5.3) 226 (1.6) 245 (1.8) 215 (2.0) 212 (2.9) 238 (4.9) 72 (1.8) 40 (1.9)
Chicago 202 (1.5) 203 (1.3) 229 (2.4) 197 (1.9) 201 (1.5) 228 (4.2) 206 (1.6) 239 (4.1) 198 (2.5) 203 (1.6) 235 (4.7) 51 (1.6) 20 (1.6)
Cleveland 194 (2.0) 193 (0.9) 209 (2.6) 187 (1.1) 196 (3.3) (†) 190 (1.9) 206 (3.7) 185 (2.2) 191 (4.1) (†) 33 (2.2) 9 (1.2)
Dallas --- (†) 204 (1.6) 237 (6.9) 204 (2.0) 200 (1.4) (†) 205 (1.4) 231 (4.9) 201 (2.1) 204 (1.8) (†) 49 (2.1) 16 (1.5)
Detroit 187 (1.9) 191 (2.0) (†) 190 (2.5) 199 (5.5) (†) 190 (2.2) (†) 188 (2.6) 199 (3.4) (†) 30 (2.7) 7 (1.3)
                                                     
District of Columbia 203 (1.2) 201 (1.0) 255 (3.0) 191 (1.3) 204 (3.3) (†) 206 (1.2) 260 (2.6) 192 (1.4) 211 (2.6) (†) 49 (1.4) 25 (1.0)
Fresno 197 (1.7) 194 (2.4) 216 (3.9) 191 (4.3) 190 (2.5) 195 (3.0) 196 (1.7) 218 (2.9) 187 (3.0) 192 (1.9) 199 (3.0) 39 (1.9) 13 (1.0)
Hillsborough County (FL) --- (†) 231 (1.7) 242 (1.8) 218 (2.5) 223 (2.1) (†) 228 (1.3) 237 (1.8) 214 (3.1) 223 (1.6) 247 (4.0) 75 (1.4) 40 (2.0)
Houston 211 (1.7) 213 (1.6) 243 (3.0) 207 (1.7) 209 (1.6) 245 (6.3) 208 (1.3) 238 (3.3) 202 (2.7) 204 (1.3) 245 (4.7) 52 (1.6) 19 (1.3)
Jefferson County (KY) 219 (1.8) 223 (1.3) 230 (1.4) 208 (2.1) 221 (3.9) 256 (5.7) 221 (1.2) 233 (1.7) 203 (1.9) 221 (3.5) (†) 66 (1.6) 33 (1.6)
                                                     
Los Angeles 197 (1.1) 201 (1.2) 225 (3.7) 196 (4.2) 196 (1.1) 226 (4.2) 205 (1.6) 237 (3.4) 204 (2.9) 199 (1.3) 222 (4.3) 50 (1.9) 19 (1.7)
Miami-Dade 221 (1.2) 221 (1.5) 240 (3.4) 210 (2.1) 222 (1.8) (†) 223 (1.5) 239 (2.8) 209 (2.2) 225 (1.7) (†) 70 (1.7) 35 (2.1)
Milwaukee 196 (2.0) 195 (1.7) 216 (3.9) 187 (2.0) 198 (2.7) 206 (3.3) 199 (1.9) 223 (3.8) 190 (2.3) 200 (2.6) 201 (8.2) 42 (2.1) 15 (1.8)
New York City 217 (1.4) 216 (1.2) 235 (3.3) 209 (1.7) 207 (1.5) 230 (3.6) 216 (1.4) 231 (3.1) 210 (1.8) 208 (1.6) 233 (3.2) 62 (1.6) 28 (1.7)
Philadelphia 195 (1.8) 199 (1.8) 217 (3.3) 195 (1.9) 191 (3.5) 212 (5.2) 200 (1.7) 214 (3.2) 196 (2.0) 193 (3.0) 215 (4.9) 44 (2.2) 14 (1.7)
San Diego 213 (2.1) 215 (1.7) 240 (2.3) 205 (3.0) 201 (2.2) 225 (3.3) 218 (1.6) 240 (2.2) 205 (4.0) 204 (2.4) 229 (3.9) 64 (2.0) 33 (1.8)
                                                     
8th grade                                                    
                                                     
United States 262 (0.3) 264 (0.2) 272 (0.3) 248 (0.5) 251 (0.5) 277 (1.1) 266 (0.2) 275 (0.2) 250 (0.4) 255 (0.4) 280 (1.0) 77 (0.3) 34 (0.3)
All large cities 252 (0.5) 255 (0.5) 273 (1.0) 245 (0.8) 249 (0.8) 271 (1.5) 258 (0.8) 276 (1.0) 246 (0.9) 253 (0.7) 273 (2.8) 68 (0.7) 26 (0.9)
                                                     
Selected urban districts                                                    
Albuquerque --- (†) 254 (1.2) 271 (2.2) (†) 248 (1.6) (†) 256 (1.0) 275 (2.6) (†) 250 (1.1) (†) 66 (1.5) 23 (1.4)
Atlanta 250 (1.5) 253 (1.0) 287 (3.2) 249 (1.2) (†) (†) 255 (1.0) 294 (2.8) 249 (1.2) 254 (4.5) (†) 63 (1.5) 22 (1.3)
Austin 261 (2.0) 261 (1.5) 285 (1.8) 246 (3.6) 251 (2.2) (†) 261 (1.4) 286 (2.9) 245 (3.5) 251 (1.6) (†) 70 (1.5) 31 (2.1)
Baltimore City 245 (1.7) 246 (1.6) 267 (3.7) 242 (1.7) (†) (†) 252 (1.5) 275 (5.6) 249 (1.5) (†) (†) 61 (2.7) 16 (1.8)
Boston 257 (1.5) 255 (1.2) 281 (4.3) 246 (2.0) 245 (2.3) 280 (3.4) 257 (1.0) 281 (2.8) 247 (1.8) 250 (1.5) 278 (3.5) 66 (1.5) 28 (1.3)
                                                     
Charlotte 259 (1.0) 265 (0.9) 283 (1.8) 253 (1.6) 256 (2.5) 264 (5.3) 266 (1.2) 286 (2.0) 253 (1.8) 259 (3.1) (†) 76 (1.3) 36 (1.7)
Chicago 249 (1.6) 253 (1.1) 271 (3.5) 245 (1.9) 255 (1.3) 262 (13.1) 253 (1.0) 279 (2.6) 244 (1.6) 255 (1.6) 278 (4.3) 64 (1.5) 21 (1.3)
Cleveland 242 (1.6) 240 (1.7) 260 (3.1) 234 (2.2) 241 (3.8) (†) 239 (1.6) 250 (3.2) 235 (1.8) 241 (3.6) (†) 49 (2.0) 11 (1.5)
Dallas --- (†) 248 (1.0) 276 (4.1) 244 (2.8) 246 (1.1) (†) 251 (1.3) (†) 244 (2.4) 253 (1.6) (†) 63 (2.0) 15 (1.4)
Detroit 232 (2.4) 237 (1.0) (†) 235 (1.1) 244 (4.2) (†) 239 (1.6) (†) 239 (1.6) 242 (4.7) (†) 46 (2.1) 9 (1.6)
                                                     
District of Columbia 240 (1.5) 237 (1.2) 290 (3.4) 231 (1.2) 232 (3.8) (†) 245 (1.3) 301 (4.0) 237 (1.4) 247 (3.6) (†) 53 (1.8) 18 (1.1)
Fresno 240 (2.4) 238 (1.8) 257 (3.2) 230 (3.5) 234 (2.2) 241 (3.4) 245 (1.4) 265 (3.4) 236 (3.3) 241 (1.6) 247 (3.1) 54 (2.3) 13 (1.5)
Hillsborough County (FL) --- (†) 264 (1.5) 276 (1.5) 247 (2.4) 258 (2.3) (†) 267 (1.2) 277 (1.6) 252 (2.3) 263 (1.8) (†) 77 (1.6) 35 (1.6)
Houston 252 (1.2) 252 (0.9) 283 (2.2) 247 (2.4) 249 (1.3) (†) 252 (1.2) 284 (3.2) 245 (2.2) 250 (1.4) 284 (5.6) 63 (1.7) 19 (1.3)
Jefferson County (KY) 259 (1.0) 260 (1.1) 269 (1.7) 245 (1.7) (†) (†) 261 (1.0) 271 (1.6) 243 (1.4) 258 (4.5) (†) 69 (1.3) 29 (1.5)
                                                     
Los Angeles 244 (1.1) 246 (1.1) 273 (3.6) 242 (3.3) 241 (1.2) 269 (4.5) 250 (1.4) 276 (3.2) 240 (3.8) 245 (1.1) 272 (3.1) 60 (1.6) 19 (1.5)
Miami-Dade 261 (1.4) 260 (1.4) 275 (2.4) 246 (1.8) 262 (1.5) (†) 259 (1.0) 278 (2.8) 245 (2.0) 261 (1.1) (†) 71 (1.3) 27 (1.5)
Milwaukee 241 (2.0) 238 (1.6) 255 (3.0) 232 (2.0) 243 (2.9) 248 (5.5) 242 (1.4) 262 (3.3) 232 (1.7) 253 (2.5) (†) 51 (2.0) 13 (1.4)
New York City 252 (1.4) 254 (1.8) 271 (3.6) 248 (2.3) 246 (2.4) 273 (3.3) 256 (1.2) 274 (4.0) 253 (2.0) 249 (2.0) 271 (3.1) 67 (1.2) 25 (1.6)
Philadelphia 247 (2.5) 247 (1.5) 264 (3.8) 244 (1.9) 239 (3.0) 258 (4.7) 249 (1.8) 261 (3.1) 244 (2.4) 243 (3.3) 265 (5.4) 58 (2.2) 16 (2.0)
San Diego 254 (2.8) 256 (2.1) 275 (2.6) 238 (4.8) 245 (3.2) 268 (4.2) 260 (1.5) 281 (2.4) 244 (3.7) 247 (2.1) 266 (3.6) 70 (1.8) 29 (2.3)
---Not available.
†Not applicable.
‡Reporting standards not met (too few cases for a reliable estimate).
1 Scale ranges from 0 to 500.
2 Includes data for students of two or more races, which are not separately shown.
3 Basic denotes partial mastery of prerequisite knowledge and skills that are fundamental for proficient work at a given grade.
4 Proficient represents solid academic performance. Students reaching this level have demonstrated competency over challenging subject matter.
NOTE: Race categories exclude persons of Hispanic ethnicity. Totals include racial/ethnic groups not shown separately.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP), 2009, 2011, and 2013 Reading Assessments, retrieved December 30, 2013, from the Main NAEP Data Explorer (http://nces.ed.gov/nationsreportcard/naepdata/). (This table was prepared December 2013.)
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