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Table 211.10. Average salaries for full-time teachers in public and private elementary and secondary schools, by selected characteristics: 2011-12
[Amounts in current dollars. Standard errors appear in parentheses]
Selected characteristic Number of full-time teachers (in thousands) Total school-year and summer earned income from school and non-school sources1 Base salary School year supplemental contract2 School year income from merit pay bonus School year income from state supplements Job outside the school system during the school year Supplemental school system contract during summer3 Employed in a non-school job during the summer
Percent of teachers Average supplement Percent of teachers Average amount Percent of teachers Average amount Percent of teachers Average income Percent of teachers Average supplement Percent of teachers Average income
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16
Public schools                                                                                          
Total 3,139.2   (38.34) $56,410   (251) $53,070   (213) 41.8   (0.53) $2,530   (74) 4.4   (0.23) $1,400   (85) 7.9   (0.31) $2,070   (96) 16.1   (0.39) $4,820   (172) 17.8   (0.41) $2,510   (69) 15.0   (0.41) $3,430   (112)
Sex                                                                                          
Males 754.6   (20.70) 60,360   (464) 54,430   (385) 56.6   (0.92) 3,920   (134) 3.9   (0.35) 1,450   (101) 8.0   (0.54) 2,440   (189) 23.3   (0.76) 6,060   (309) 21.4   (0.90) 2,880   (86) 23.2   (0.75) 4,560   (201)
Females 2,384.6   (28.89) 55,160   (267) 52,640   (237) 37.1   (0.58) 1,860   (61) 4.6   (0.29) 1,390   (101) 7.9   (0.34) 1,950   (105) 13.9   (0.50) 4,150   (208) 16.6   (0.49) 2,360   (87) 12.4   (0.48) 2,770   (108)
                                                                                           
Race/ethnicity                                                                                          
White 2,556.2   (28.29) 56,400   (265) 53,020   (225) 42.8   (0.57) 2,560   (75) 4.1   (0.24) 1,390   (101) 7.9   (0.30) 2,130   (100) 17.0   (0.44) 4,740   (183) 16.7   (0.43) 2,410   (67) 16.1   (0.48) 3,310   (96)
Black 221.0   (10.15) 55,790   (985) 52,370   (901) 36.2   (2.58) 2,690   (371) 5.4   (1.28) 1,470   (263) 9.6   (1.52) 1,970   (339) 15.5   (2.23) 4,740   (775) 26.2   (2.58) 2,920   (274) 9.5   (1.40) 4,540   (727)
Hispanic 252.2   (12.62) 56,240   (891) 53,620   (872) 39.3   (2.29) 2,150   (219) 7.2   (1.29) 1,280   (202) 7.4   (1.23) 1,570   (367) 9.5   (1.13) 4,600   (456) 20.7   (1.85) 2,710   (233) 9.4   (1.19) 3,640   (509)
Asian 57.5   (7.30) 62,480   (2,702) 58,850   (2,253) 28.4   (5.19) 2,110   (477) 3.3 ! (1.42) 2,320 ! (725)   (†)   (†) 7.9   (1.89) 7,000   (1,520) 19.7   (3.75) 3,080   (743) 7.0   (1.68) 5,400 ! (2,166)
Pacific Islander 4.4   (1.24) 57,280   (3,301) 52,920   (2,692)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
American Indian/Alaska
    Native
15.4   (2.79) 53,000   (3,354) 46,630   (2,005) 43.9   (7.72) 2,360   (414)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†) 22.4   (5.49)   (†) 19.2   (3.74) 2,640   (639) 21.5   (6.15) 4,470 ! (1,464)
Two or more races 31.2   (3.64) 53,750   (1,306) 50,230   (1,195) 45.9   (6.50) 2,230   (293)   (†)   (†) 9.0 ! (3.13) 2,020   (537) 16.0   (3.39) 5,690 ! (1,977) 14.5   (2.76) 2,610   (268) 16.1   (3.24) 3,550 ! (1,648)
                                                                                           
Age                                                                                          
Less than 30 487.4   (15.04) 45,160   (393) 41,720   (405) 49.0   (1.53) 2,340   (86) 5.2   (0.61) 1,150   (134) 8.3   (0.76) 1,560   (143) 18.7   (1.05) 3,360   (239) 21.5   (1.10) 2,430   (150) 24.5   (1.16) 2,980   (181)
30 to 39 921.9   (19.46) 53,120   (392) 50,020   (350) 43.8   (0.96) 2,810   (182) 4.3   (0.41) 1,240   (113) 7.6   (0.63) 1,870   (148) 15.7   (0.73) 4,380   (340) 18.4   (0.90) 2,420   (83) 14.8   (0.86) 3,320   (218)
40 to 49 783.7   (18.62) 58,660   (394) 55,420   (368) 41.9   (1.12) 2,490   (81) 4.2   (0.45) 1,410   (135) 7.7   (0.58) 2,210   (183) 16.8   (0.79) 5,070   (339) 17.4   (0.77) 2,490   (108) 14.6   (0.70) 3,720   (199)
50 or more 946.2   (25.68) 63,550   (410) 59,940   (351) 36.1   (1.06) 2,370   (100) 4.2   (0.43) 1,710   (206) 8.3   (0.56) 2,390   (181) 14.6   (0.72) 6,000   (413) 15.6   (0.80) 2,680   (140) 10.6   (0.62) 3,800   (211)
                                                                                           
Years of full-time
   teaching experience
                                                                                         
1 year or less 144.2   (7.55) 44,610   (519) 40,540   (512) 37.6   (2.48) 2,140   (137) 5.6   (1.29) 1,120   (271) 6.4   (1.10) 2,070   (420) 16.9   (1.67) 4,380   (668) 18.7   (2.01) 2,980   (390) 31.2   (1.90) 4,860   (524)
2 to 4 years 395.9   (12.54) 44,490   (305) 41,480   (244) 44.1   (1.42) 2,100   (85) 4.5   (0.52) 1,280   (127) 7.7   (0.76) 1,800   (179) 17.3   (1.02) 3,970   (275) 20.2   (0.86) 2,260   (116) 20.6   (0.89) 2,800   (181)
5 to 9 years 784.6   (18.32) 50,370   (360) 47,300   (312) 43.3   (1.10) 2,520   (96) 5.1   (0.59) 1,270   (129) 8.2   (0.70) 1,640   (137) 16.6   (0.94) 4,250   (321) 19.4   (0.97) 2,380   (113) 14.7   (1.00) 3,110   (238)
10 to 14 years 652.1   (16.57) 58,040   (412) 54,860   (369) 42.5   (1.28) 2,740   (178) 3.6   (0.38) 1,240   (135) 8.4   (0.68) 2,060   (166) 15.7   (0.81) 4,830   (318) 17.2   (0.83) 2,670   (152) 12.2   (0.76) 3,450   (213)
15 to 19 years 426.2   (14.56) 62,050   (623) 58,880   (596) 41.3   (1.51) 2,550   (179) 4.3   (0.76) 1,820   (332) 7.7   (1.05) 2,300   (239) 15.4   (1.13) 5,940   (861) 17.2   (1.34) 2,430   (124) 13.0   (0.84) 3,390   (277)
20 to 24 years 295.8   (10.26) 64,210   (602) 60,930   (593) 40.9   (1.51) 2,500   (146) 4.4   (0.85) 1,610   (365) 7.6   (0.94) 1,980   (230) 15.2   (1.07) 5,730   (612) 13.4   (1.09) 2,460   (158) 13.8   (1.29) 4,220   (498)
25 to 29 years 217.9   (11.00) 67,440   (1,044) 63,780   (838) 39.8   (2.37) 2,810   (278) 5.0   (0.90) 1,500   (274) 9.0   (1.30) 2,530   (304) 15.9   (1.49) 5,000   (781) 16.8   (1.62) 2,550   (214) 12.8   (1.42) 3,010   (316)
30 or more years 222.5   (11.58) 69,790   (763) 64,820   (646) 37.0   (1.98) 2,730   (186) 3.1   (0.58) 1,680   (270) 7.3   (1.14) 3,360   (558) 15.6   (1.35) 5,400   (433) 16.5   (1.57) 2,920   (376) 11.0   (1.12) 3,700   (401)
                                                                                           
Highest degree earned                                                                                          
Less than bachelor's                                                                                          
degree 118.9   (8.32) 55,430   (960) 51,330   (794) 41.5   (2.79) 2,460   (199) 6.1   (1.29) 1,190   (353) 9.4   (2.00) 2,030   (420) 20.1   (1.76) 7,340   (1,356) 16.6   (2.16) 2,360   (200) 20.9   (2.38) 3,750   (468)
Bachelor's degree 1,278.2   (20.53) 49,410   (262) 46,340   (225) 42.4   (.85) 2,370   (66) 5.2   (0.39) 1,350   (100) 8.6   (0.56) 1,790   (99) 14.5   (0.62) 4,600   (295) 16.8   (0.61) 2,360   (97) 16.2   (0.68) 3,400   (191)
Master's degree 1,479.3   (27.00) 61,230   (408) 57,830   (352) 41.5   (.71) 2,650   (125) 3.6   (0.26) 1,500   (148) 7.1   (0.38) 2,250   (178) 16.6   (0.61) 4,570   (160) 18.1   (0.67) 2,600   (104) 13.8   (0.58) 3,380   (145)
Education specialist4 228.7   (9.17) 63,420   (727) 59,680   (642) 39.4   (1.97) 2,640   (184) 3.6   (0.83) 1,450   (270) 9.0   (1.05) 2,480   (297) 17.7   (1.62) 5,330   (536) 20.4   (1.67) 2,650   (198) 12.2   (1.45) 3,620   (361)
Doctor's degree 34.2   (3.97) 66,140   (1,718) 60,230   (1,775) 49.2   (4.70) 3,110   (748)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†) 30.8   (3.99) 6,610   (1,139) 26.9   (3.97) 2,810   (397) 18.8   (3.00) 3,940   (825)
                                                                                           
Instructional level5                                                                                          
Elementary 1,572.3   (22.63) 54,820   (349) 52,620   (303) 30.9   (0.87) 1,530   (104) 4.2   (0.37) 1,310   (157) 7.4   (0.41) 1,720   (127) 12.8   (0.62) 4,350   (313) 16.6   (0.68) 2,270   (113) 12.6   (0.67) 2,930   (178)
Secondary 1,566.9   (35.32) 58,000   (280) 53,520   (261) 52.8   (0.57) 3,110   (77) 4.6   (0.26) 1,480   (82) 8.5   (0.41) 2,370   (109) 19.5   (0.48) 5,130   (186) 19.0   (0.48) 2,720   (87) 17.4   (0.49) 3,790   (129)
                                                                                           
School locale                                                                                          
City   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
Suburban 1,016.9   (30.46) 61,610   (476) 58,470   (427) 42.4   (1.09) 2,750   (136) 4.0   (0.43) 1,450   (140) 6.6   (0.53) 1,870   (148) 15.6   (0.65) 4,300   (188) 17.4   (0.75) 2,450   (94) 13.8   (0.63) 3,350   (161)
Town 382.9   (13.34) 51,050   (475) 47,780   (431) 43.6   (1.43) 2,580   (101) 3.0   (0.55) 1,110   (194) 7.4   (0.72) 1,940   (169) 16.3   (0.93) 4,910   (474) 15.6   (1.21) 2,030   (127) 16.0   (0.85) 3,520   (240)
Rural 853.0   (21.06) 50,670   (275) 47,130   (237) 44.3   (1.07) 2,520   (81) 3.7   (0.42) 1,390   (151) 10.0   (0.71) 2,070   (138) 16.3   (0.61) 5,340   (393) 15.1   (0.63) 2,290   (129) 16.9   (0.69) 3,600   (193)
                                                                                           
Private schools                                                                                          
Total 368.4   (10.95) $44,130   (803) $40,200   (732) 28.9   (1.30) $2,730   (168)   (†)   (†) 1.8   (0.48) $1,960 ! (615) 19.6   (1.08) $5,440   (373) 20.8   (1.15) $3,370   (361) 17.1   (1.01) $3,780   (484)
Sex                                                                                          
Males 92.9   (6.50) 51,150   (1,829) 44,470   (1,264) 42.7   (2.52) 3,850   (254)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†) 26.9   (2.86) 6,550   (661) 29.3   (2.61) 3,600   (471) 23.3   (3.12) 4,650   (508)
Females 275.5   (9.40) 41,760   (887) 38,760   (864) 24.3   (1.54) 2,070   (201)   (†)   (†) 1.8   (0.52) 2,200 ! (806) 17.1   (1.14) 4,850   (431) 17.9   (1.27) 3,240   (483) 15.0   (1.03) 3,320   (665)
                                                                                           
Race/ethnicity                                                                                          
White 326.0   (11.07) 44,390   (826) 40,450   (778) 29.1   (1.43) 2,750   (174)   (†)   (†) 1.6   (0.47) 1,690   (252) 19.4   (1.21) 5,350   (378) 20.2   (1.25) 3,410   (408) 17.5   (1.06) 3,710   (519)
Black 13.0   (1.83) 41,790   (2,813) 37,080   (2,201) 23.0   (5.65) 2,360   (414)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†) 29.6   (4.67) 3,560 ! (1,145)   (†)   (†)
Hispanic 19.8   (2.35) 42,550   (2,307) 39,530   (2,271) 27.2   (4.96) 2,180   (397)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†) 15.3   (3.28) 6,090   (1,617) 18.0   (3.33) 2,590   (464)   (†) 3,070   (765)
Asian 6.3   (1.25) 40,170   (3,767) 36,720   (3,796)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
Pacific Islander   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
American Indian/Alaska
    Native
  (†) 42,860   (7,642)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†) 19,000   ()   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
Two or more races 2.8 ! (0.86) 46,660   (4,580) 39,640   (2,908)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
                                                                                           
Age                                                                                          
Less than 30 63.2   (5.13) 34,340   (710) 31,010   (680) 34.1   (2.76) 1,980   (298)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†) 23.6   (2.55) 4,170   (575) 24.0   (2.23) 2,050   (141) 32.7   (2.70) 3,460   (454)
30 to 39 94.3   (5.59) 42,110   (1,051) 38,420   (922) 34.6   (3.07) 3,080   (258)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†) 19.4   (2.08) 4,950   (522) 23.9   (2.44) 4,270 ! (1,293) 15.4   (2.05) 3,590   (548)
40 to 49 87.9   (5.74) 45,740   (1,316) 42,860   (1,282) 26.2   (2.96) 2,940   (486)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†) 18.2   (2.19) 4,980   (966) 20.2   (2.75) 3,460   (451) 12.3   (1.91) 2,690   (403)
50 or more 123.0   (6.67) 49,580   (1,439) 44,420   (1,203) 23.8   (1.87) 2,750   (263)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†) 18.5   (2.14) 7,000   (712) 17.1   (1.56) 3,280   (644) 13.9   (1.88) 5,000   (1,398)
                                                                                           
Years of full-time
   teaching experience
                                                                                         
1 year or less 30.9   (4.65) 33,980   (1,386) 29,940   (1,139) 29.6   (5.24) 2,440 ! (768)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†) 24.5   (4.12) 5,100   (1,103) 21.4   (5.20) 2,330   (511) 30.9   (4.68) 4,390   (1,170)
2 to 4 years 61.5   (4.73) 36,760   (1,024) 33,540   (948) 31.6   (2.89) 2,760   (347)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†) 22.0   (2.63) 4,250   (550) 23.9   (2.96) 2,540   (196) 23.5   (2.80) 2,820   (400)
5 to 9 years 85.0   (4.67) 40,990   (1,036) 37,220   (830) 30.8   (2.80) 2,560   (299)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†) 19.3   (2.34) 5,760   (734) 24.8   (3.29) 4,170 ! (1,277) 16.1   (1.92) 4,080   (637)
10 to 14 years 58.6   (4.57) 43,570   (1,203) 40,440   (1,095) 27.4   (3.19) 3,050   (563)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†) 19.3   (3.11) 5,310   (915) 18.6   (2.26) 3,740   (607) 14.2   (2.73) 3,340   (615)
15 to 19 years 43.9   (3.38) 47,190   (2,185) 44,820   (2,218) 23.2   (4.60) 2,560   (478)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†) 15.1   (3.05) 5,110 ! (2,128) 20.5   (3.62) 3,180   (768) 10.6   (2.21) 2,400   (528)
20 to 24 years 27.7   (2.85) 52,380   (2,991) 48,170   (2,386) 30.8   (4.37) 1,900   (214)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†) 20.3   (4.78) 6,230   (1,740) 16.0   (3.19) 1,790   (370) 15.4   (4.00) 3,860 ! (1,393)
25 to 29 years 24.3   (2.53) 52,040   (2,524) 47,070   (2,091) 25.3   (4.04) 3,660   (999)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†) 17.6   (4.16) 5,340   (1,069) 17.6   (4.29) 3,230   (628)   (†)   (†)
30 or more years 36.5   (4.19) 57,950   (3,772) 50,390   (2,739) 29.4   (3.83) 3,200   (460)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†) 18.4   (3.58) 7,420   (1,820) 15.1   (3.03) 4,700 ! (1,783) 14.8   (3.29) 2,410   (474)
                                                                                           
Highest degree earned                                                                                          
Less than bachelor's                                                                                          
degree 27.9   (4.18) 30,160   (1,733) 27,690   (1,749) 21.3   (5.09) 3,210   (653)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†) 15.3   (4.03) 3,820 ! (1,216) 19.5   (3.96) 2,760   (363) 15.5   (4.10) 3,750 ! (1,158)
Bachelor's degree 180.9   (5.98) 39,450   (887) 36,270   (830) 27.2   (1.73) 2,490   (251)   (†)   (†) 1.3   (0.36) 1,970   (540) 18.2   (1.32) 5,420   (549) 19.6   (1.36) 2,880   (333) 18.7   (1.16) 4,000   (840)
Master's degree 134.3   (7.12) 50,670   (1,074) 46,400   (1,045) 32.9   (2.25) 2,850   (228)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†) 20.7   (1.77) 5,070   (584) 21.8   (2.35) 4,160   (807) 16.3   (1.60) 3,470   (357)
Education specialist4 17.7   (1.95) 55,230   (3,542) 47,450   (2,839) 22.5   (5.57) 3,230 ! (1,570)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†) 25.2   (4.61) 7,280   (1,580) 24.6   (4.78) 2,820   (598)   (†)   (†)
Doctor's degree 7.7   (1.84) 64,890   (11,118) 52,590   (6,259)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
                                                                                           
Instructional level5                                                                                          
Elementary 196.8   (8.15) 39,310   (794) 36,260   (632) 19.2   (1.39) 2,130   (251)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†) 16.0   (1.21) 5,190   (720) 17.1   (1.23) 2,770   (349) 15.8   (1.37) 3,730   (853)
Secondary 171.6   (8.24) 49,640   (1,319) 44,720   (1,174) 40.0   (2.23) 3,070   (224)   (†)   (†) 2.6 (0.85) 1,600   (308) 23.7   (1.70) 5,640   (499) 25.0   (2.03) 3,840   (602) 18.7   (1.39) 3,820   (439)
                                                                                           
School locale                                                                                          
City 157.9   (9.51) 48,980   (1,569) 44,770   (1,436) 29.3   (1.75) 30,100   (314)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†) 19.2   (1.59) 59,700   (555) 21.1   (1.68) 39,400   (722) 16.3   (1.58) 3,750   (991)
Suburban   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
Town 20.7   (2.54) 33,080   (1,479) 29,980   (1,134) 20.8   (3.66) 12,500   (257)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†) 18.4   (3.49) 55,600   (1,535) 16.0   (2.82) 35,900   (1,418) 19.5   (3.41) 3,010   (670)
Rural   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
†Not applicable.
!Interpret data with caution. The coefficient of variation (CV) for this estimate is between 30 and 50 percent.
‡Reporting standards not met. Data may be suppressed because the response rate is under 50 percent, there are too few cases for a reliable estimate, or the coefficient of variation (CV) is 50 percent or greater.
1 Includes retirement pension funds paid during the school year.
2 Includes compensation for extracurricular or additional activities such as coaching, student activity sponsorship, or teaching evening classes.
3 Includes teaching summer sessions and other non-teaching jobs at any school.
4 Education specialist degrees or certificates are generally awarded for 1 year's work beyond the master's level. Includes certificate of advanced graduate studies.
5 Teachers were classified as elementary or secondary on the basis of the grades they taught, rather than on the level of the school in which they taught. In general, elementary teachers include those teaching prekindergarten through grade 5 and those teaching multiple grades, with a preponderance of grades taught being kindergarten through grade 6. In general, secondary teachers include those teaching any of grades 7 through 12 and those teaching multiple grades, with a preponderance of grades taught being grades 7 through 12 and usually with no grade taught being lower than grade 5.
NOTE: This table includes regular full-time teachers only; it excludes other staff even when they have full-time teaching duties (regular part-time teachers, itinerant teachers, long-term substitutes, administrators, library media specialists, other professional staff, and support staff). Race categories exclude persons of Hispanic ethnicity. Standard errors appear in parentheses. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding, missing values in cells with too few cases to report, and survey item nonresponse.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Schools and Staffing Survey (SASS), "Public School Teacher Data File" and "Private School Teacher Data File," 2011-12. (This table was prepared May 2013.)
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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education