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Table 205.40. Number and percentage distribution of private elementary and secondary students, teachers, and schools, by orientation of school and selected characteristics: Fall 1999, fall 2009, and fall 2011
[Standard errors appear in parentheses]
Selected characteristic Fall 1999,
total number
Fall 2009,
total number
Fall 2011
Total Catholic Other religious Nonsectarian
Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11
Students1                                        
Total 6,018,280 (30,179) 5,488,490 (35,857) 5,268,090 (24,908) 100.0 (†) 2,087,870 (14,426) 100.0 (†) 1,991,950 (21,814) 100.0 (†) 1,188,270 (5,376) 100.0 (†)
School level2                                        
Elementary 3,595,020 (11,516) 2,937,090 (26,807) 2,775,270 (9,594) 52.7 (0.23) 1,383,420 (3,829) 66.3 (0.47) 819,070 (7,697) 41.1 (0.37) 572,790 (3,263) 48.2 (0.22)
Secondary 806,640 (2,395) 785,810 (4,810) 757,620 (14,401) 14.4 (0.25) 560,280 (14,312) 26.8 (0.51) 106,970 (444) 5.4 (0.06) 90,370 (1,827) 7.6 (0.14)
Combined 1,616,620 (23,949) 1,765,590 (15,909) 1,735,200 (16,892) 32.9 (0.21) 144,170 (475) 6.9 (0.05) 1,065,910 (18,183) 53.5 (0.41) 525,120 (3,824) 44.2 (0.23)
                                         
School enrollment                                        
Less than 50 238,980 (5,691) 296,000 (22,889) 242,910 (7,660) 4.6 (0.14) 7,030 (473) 0.3 (0.02) 132,200 (7,447) 6.6 (0.35) 103,690 (1,771) 8.7 (0.14)
50 to 149 939,110 (10,717) 950,050 (12,053) 886,240 (7,898) 16.8 (0.15) 136,680 (498) 6.5 (0.05) 415,450 (10,139) 20.9 (0.43) 334,110 (4,582) 28.1 (0.29)
150 to 299 1,615,970 (7,315) 1,423,220 (9,951) 1,379,070 (3,193) 26.2 (0.15) 606,670 (1,318) 29.1 (0.19) 514,970 (1,773) 25.9 (0.34) 257,430 (2,046) 21.7 (0.16)
300 to 499 1,419,360 (13,203) 1,154,950 (10,730) 1,104,910 (4,050) 21.0 (0.11) 566,000 (2,400) 27.1 (0.19) 352,970 (2,234) 17.7 (0.21) 185,950 (†) 15.6 (0.07)
500 to 749 917,670 (2,330) 768,540 (†) 790,830 (14,312) 15.0 (0.25) 439,990 (14,312) 21.1 (0.55) 234,500 (†) 11.8 (0.13) 116,340 (†) 9.8 (0.04)
750 or more 887,190 (18,232) 895,720 (6,538) 864,120 (17,908) 16.4 (0.29) 331,500 (†) 15.9 (0.11) 341,860 (17,908) 17.2 (0.77) 190,760 (†) 16.1 (0.07)
                                         
Student race/ethnicity3                                        
White 4,061,870 (24,242) 3,410,360 (31,067) 3,208,730 (23,933) 71.4 (0.14) 1,342,980 (11,961) 69.6 (0.09) 1,266,580 (21,804) 75.5 (0.32) 599,160 (3,387) 67.3 (0.15)
Black 494,530 (5,079) 430,970 (2,579) 400,260 (1,601) 8.9 (0.06) 141,670 (239) 7.3 (0.04) 167,280 (472) 10.0 (0.13) 91,310 (1,532) 10.3 (0.15)
Hispanic 435,890 (1,592) 443,290 (4,113) 441,680 (2,016) 9.8 (0.05) 265,880 (1,805) 13.8 (0.02) 107,860 (925) 6.4 (0.10) 67,930 (379) 7.6 (0.02)
Asian 239,510 (877) 239,320 (1,894) 245,640 (281) 5.5 (0.03) 89,810 (297) 4.7 (0.02) 76,710 (89) 4.6 (0.06) 79,130 (203) 8.9 (0.04)
Pacific Islander [/4/] (†) 28,020 (884) 26,810 (117) 0.6 (#) 12,410 (108) 0.6 (#) 10,210 (39) 0.6 (0.01) 4,190 (94) 0.5 (0.01)
American Indian/Alaska
     Native
22,690 (164) 21,080 (162) 21,430 (91) 0.5 (#) 9,420 (5) 0.5 (#) 6,510 (90) 0.4 (0.01) 5,500 (5) 0.6 (#)
Two or more races (†) 127,090 (781) 150,300 (370) 3.3 (0.01) 66,220 (300) 3.4 (0.01) 41,490 (141) 2.5 (0.03) 42,590 (216) 4.8 (0.03)
                                         
School locale                                        
City (†) 2,252,780 (12,708) 2,186,170 (14,689) 41.5 (0.27) 966,990 (14,322) 46.3 (0.39) 740,520 (1,602) 37.2 (0.46) 478,660 (2,558) 40.3 (0.21)
Suburban (†) 2,137,800 (20,891) 2,018,570 (6,493) 38.3 (0.20) 826,400 (3,857) 39.6 (0.30) 707,340 (2,728) 35.5 (0.39) 484,840 (3,400) 40.8 (0.22)
Town (†) 387,920 (9,565) 358,600 (3,130) 6.8 (0.05) 177,140 (113) 8.5 (0.06) 141,060 (3,128) 7.1 (0.13) 40,400 (31) 3.4 (0.02)
Rural (†) 709,990 (26,462) 704,750 (19,874) 13.4 (0.33) 117,350 (†) 5.6 (0.04) 403,030 (21,029) 20.2 (0.84) 184,370 (3,228) 15.5 (0.24)
                                         
Teachers5                                        
Total 408,400 (2,977) 437,410 (3,222) 420,880 (1,836) 100.0 (†) 138,070 (1,069) 100.0 (.00) 163,140 (1,568) 100.0 (†) 119,670 (567) 100.0 (†)
School level2                                        
Elementary 200,910 (735) 194,480 (1,878) 184,130 (855) 43.7 (0.16) 84,340 (224) 61.1 (0.47) 57,310 (731) 35.1 (0.26) 42,480 (373) 35.5 (0.23)
Secondary 62,740 (229) 67,530 (553) 65,180 (1,055) 15.5 (0.22) 41,290 (1,051) 29.9 (0.54) 10,850 (72) 6.7 (0.07) 13,030 (95) 10.9 (0.09)
Combined 144,750 (2,682) 175,410 (1,853) 171,570 (918) 40.8 (0.14) 12,440 (49) 9.0 (0.08) 94,980 (1,049) 58.2 (0.26) 64,160 (388) 53.6 (0.22)
                                         
School enrollment                                        
Less than 50 25,970 (488) 34,120 (1,642) 30,960 (1,104) 7.4 (0.24) 1,000 (72) 0.7 (0.05) 16,700 (1,080) 10.2 (0.59) 13,260 (241) 11.1 (0.18)
50 to 149 70,800 (983) 82,460 (1,102) 76,830 (766) 18.3 (0.16) 11,960 (48) 8.7 (0.07) 35,720 (918) 21.9 (0.45) 29,150 (415) 24.4 (0.27)
150 to 299 102,240 (486) 107,490 (1,873) 103,940 (376) 24.7 (0.14) 39,210 (69) 28.4 (0.22) 39,730 (285) 24.4 (0.32) 25,000 (221) 20.9 (0.15)
300 to 499 90,010 (1,316) 86,850 (751) 83,150 (295) 19.8 (0.10) 36,100 (124) 26.1 (0.20) 27,590 (244) 16.9 (0.20) 19,460 (†) 16.3 (0.08)
500 to 749 57,930 (79) 56,920 (†) 58,070 (1,051) 13.8 (0.22) 27,770 (1,051) 20.1 (0.61) 17,840 (†) 10.9 (0.11) 12,460 (†) 10.4 (0.05)
750 or more 61,440 (2,143) 69,570 (566) 67,930 (696) 16.1 (0.16) 22,030 (†) 16.0 (0.12) 25,570 (696) 15.7 (0.41) 20,330 (†) 17.0 (0.08)
                                         
School locale                                        
City (†) 176,740 (799) 173,390 (1,121) 41.2 (0.24) 62,980 (1,051) 45.6 (0.42) 60,890 (283) 37.3 (0.44) 49,530 (248) 41.4 (0.20)
Suburban (†) 166,170 (2,463) 155,630 (591) 37.0 (0.18) 53,660 (240) 38.9 (0.32) 55,960 (324) 34.3 (0.34) 46,010 (423) 38.4 (0.23)
Town (†) 30,390 (663) 28,270 (598) 6.7 (0.13) 12,620 (8) 9.1 (0.07) 11,730 (598) 7.2 (0.31) 3,920 (1) 3.3 (0.02)
Rural (†) 64,120 (1,960) 63,590 (1,123) 15.1 (0.23) 8,810 (†) 6.4 (0.05) 34,560 (1,203) 21.2 (0.56) 20,210 (241) 16.9 (0.18)
                                         
Schools                                        
Total 33,000 (301) 33,370 (834) 30,860 (542) 100.0 (†) 6,870 (31) 100.0 (.00) 14,210 (551) 100.0 (†) 9,770 (87) 100.0 (†)
School level2                                        
Elementary 22,300 (242) 21,420 (745) 19,700 (414) 63.8 (0.43) 5,420 (23) 78.9 (0.35) 7,930 (407) 55.8 (1.04) 6,350 (66) 64.9 (0.42)
Secondary 2,540 (62) 2,780 (39) 2,680 (30) 8.7 (0.18) 1,050 (27) 15.2 (0.36) 760 (13) 5.3 (0.22) 870 (10) 8.9 (0.12)
Combined 8,150 (160) 9,160 (153) 8,490 (188) 27.5 (0.38) 410 (9) 5.9 (0.11) 5,530 (204) 38.9 (0.95) 2,560 (53) 26.1 (0.43)
                                         
School enrollment                                        
Less than 50 9,160 (210) 11,070 (801) 9,660 (520) 31.3 (1.15) 250 (20) 3.7 (0.28) 5,600 (517) 39.4 (2.21) 3,810 (54) 39.0 (0.41)
50 to 149 10,260 (134) 10,470 (154) 9,720 (120) 31.5 (0.58) 1,310 (7) 19.0 (0.12) 4,540 (151) 32.0 (1.32) 3,860 (64) 39.5 (0.46)
150 to 299 7,440 (34) 6,690 (46) 6,460 (16) 20.9 (0.37) 2,770 (6) 40.3 (0.14) 2,440 (9) 17.2 (0.67) 1,240 (10) 12.7 (0.13)
300 to 499 3,730 (41) 3,010 (30) 2,900 (10) 9.4 (0.17) 1,470 (5) 21.4 (0.07) 940 (6) 6.6 (0.26) 490 (†) 5.0 (0.04)
500 to 749 1,530 (3) 1,280 (†) 1,320 (27) 4.3 (0.12) 740 (27) 10.8 (0.37) 390 (†) 2.7 (0.11) 190 (†) 2.0 (0.02)
750 or more 870 (20) 850 (7) 800 (10) 2.6 (0.06) 330 (†) 4.7 (0.02) 300 (10) 2.1 (0.11) 180 (†) 1.8 (0.02)
                                         
School locale                                        
City (†) 10,810 (171) 10,000 (52) 32.4 (0.59) 2,830 (27) 41.2 (0.33) 3,830 (9) 26.9 (1.05) 3,350 (41) 34.2 (0.37)
Suburban (†) 11,610 (176) 10,910 (70) 35.4 (0.63) 2,490 (27) 36.3 (0.33) 3,960 (24) 27.8 (1.08) 4,460 (56) 45.6 (0.41)
Town (†) 3,340 (154) 2,900 (104) 9.4 (0.22) 930 (1) 13.6 (0.06) 1,530 (104) 10.8 (0.43) 430 (1) 4.4 (0.04)
Rural (†) 7,610 (799) 7,050 (453) 22.8 (1.07) 610 (†) 8.9 (0.04) 4,900 (463) 34.4 (1.94) 1,540 (46) 15.7 (0.41)
—Not available.
†Not applicable.
#Rounds to zero.
1 Includes students in prekindergarten through grade 12 in schools that offer kindergarten or higher grade.
2 Elementary schools have grade 6 or lower and no grade higher than 8. Secondary schools have no grade lower than 7. Combined schools include those that have grades lower than 7 and higher than 8, as well as those that do not classify students by grade level.
3 Race/ethnicity was not collected for prekindergarten students (773,000 in fall 2011). Percentage distribution is based on the students for whom race/ethnicity was reported.
4 For 1999, Pacific Islander students are included under Asian. Prior to 2009, data were not collected on Pacific Islander students as a separate category.
5 Reported in full-time equivalents (FTE). Excludes teachers who teach only prekindergarten students.
NOTE: Tabulation includes schools that offer kindergarten or higher grade. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Private School Universe Survey (PSS), 1999-2000, 2009-10, and 2011–12. (This table was prepared April 2013.)
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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education