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Table 204.50. Children 3 to 21 years old served under Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), Part B, by race/ethnicity and type of disability: 2010-11 and 2011-12
Type of disability 2010-11 2011-12
Total White Black Hispanic Asian Pacific Islander American
Indian/
Alaska
Native
Two or more races Total White Black Hispanic Asian Pacific Islander American
Indian/
Alaska
Native
Two or more races
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17
  Number of children served
All disabilities 6,437,297 3,518,029 1,214,830 1,311,765 145,912 19,581 91,823 135,357 6,404,630 3,436,115 1,196,695 1,355,780 147,704 19,203 88,675 160,458
Autism 417,576 256,646 56,150 67,967 22,473 1,194 3,162 9,984 455,349 274,355 61,628 77,714 24,592 1,151 3,418 12,491
Deaf-blindness 1,512 867 155 355 69 10 24 32 1,583 890 158 397 65 16 26 31
Developmental delay 381,575 216,587 70,905 63,804 10,489 1,866 8,068 9,856 393,138 215,164 73,250 68,045 10,578 1,806 7,830 16,465
Emotional disturbance 389,299 210,011 106,474 52,310 3,430 1,083 5,860 10,131 373,154 199,929 100,412 51,698 3,224 980 5,381 11,530
Hearing impairments 78,134 39,360 11,517 20,505 3,962 397 937 1,456 78,448 38,409 11,412 21,617 4,156 402 841 1,611
Intellectual disability 448,120 212,415 127,322 83,070 9,904 1,203 6,199 8,007 434,586 203,247 120,492 85,206 10,018 1,239 5,679 8,705
Multiple disabilities 130,158 76,727 25,553 20,251 3,549 420 1,577 2,081 132,986 76,726 24,901 22,483 3,681 471 1,952 2,772
Orthopedic impairments 63,266 35,123 7,776 16,112 2,248 182 563 1,262 61,716 33,919 7,430 15,875 2,289 180 534 1,489
Other health impairments1 716,116 457,138 128,143 94,004 9,563 2,285 8,743 16,240 742,866 465,223 134,232 102,785 10,083 2,032 8,771 19,740
Specific learning disabilities 2,361,044 1,172,937 478,072 584,252 34,786 8,072 38,736 44,189 2,302,961 1,118,435 464,337 591,664 34,192 8,064 36,988 49,281
Speech or language impairments 1,396,282 808,295 194,225 299,096 43,731 2,703 17,225 31,007 1,372,870 778,171 189,926 307,379 43,075 2,692 16,570 35,057
Traumatic brain injury 25,727 16,039 4,031 4,086 595 75 345 556 25,969 16,006 4,041 4,254 609 77 329 653
Visual impairments 28,488 15,884 4,507 5,953 1,113 91 384 556 29,004 15,641 4,476 6,663 1,142 93 356 633
  Percentage distribution of children served
All disabilities 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Autism 6.5 7.3 4.6 5.2 15.4 6.1 3.4 7.4 7.1 8.0 5.1 5.7 16.6 6.0 3.9 7.8
Deaf-blindness # # # # # 0.1 # # # # # # # 0.1 # #
Developmental delay 5.9 6.2 5.8 4.9 7.2 9.5 8.8 7.3 6.1 6.3 6.1 5.0 7.2 9.4 8.8 10.3
Emotional disturbance 6.0 6.0 8.8 4.0 2.4 5.5 6.4 7.5 5.8 5.8 8.4 3.8 2.2 5.1 6.1 7.2
Hearing impairments 1.2 1.1 0.9 1.6 2.7 2.0 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.1 1.0 1.6 2.8 2.1 0.9 1.0
Intellectual disability 7.0 6.0 10.5 6.3 6.8 6.1 6.8 5.9 6.8 5.9 10.1 6.3 6.8 6.5 6.4 5.4
Multiple disabilities 2.0 2.2 2.1 1.5 2.4 2.1 1.7 1.5 2.1 2.2 2.1 1.7 2.5 2.5 2.2 1.7
Orthopedic impairments 1.0 1.0 0.6 1.2 1.5 0.9 0.6 0.9 1.0 1.0 0.6 1.2 1.5 0.9 0.6 0.9
Other health impairments1 11.1 13.0 10.5 7.2 6.6 11.7 9.5 12.0 11.6 13.5 11.2 7.6 6.8 10.6 9.9 12.3
Specific learning disabilities 36.7 33.3 39.4 44.5 23.8 41.2 42.2 32.6 36.0 32.5 38.8 43.6 23.1 42.0 41.7 30.7
Speech or language impairments 21.7 23.0 16.0 22.8 30.0 13.8 18.8 22.9 21.4 22.6 15.9 22.7 29.2 14.0 18.7 21.8
Traumatic brain injury 0.4 0.5 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
Visual impairments 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.8 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.8 0.5 0.4 0.4
  Number served as a percent of total enrollment2
All disabilities 13.0 13.6 15.4 11.5 6.4 11.5 16.3 11.7 12.9 13.4 15.3 11.5 6.3 10.7 16.2 12.6
Autism 0.8 1.0 0.7 0.6 1.0 0.7 0.6 0.9 0.9 1.1 0.8 0.7 1.1 0.6 0.6 1.0
Deaf-blindness # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # #
Developmental delay 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.6 0.5 1.1 1.4 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.6 0.5 1.0 1.4 1.3
Emotional disturbance 0.8 0.8 1.3 0.5 0.1 0.6 1.0 0.9 0.8 0.8 1.3 0.4 0.1 0.5 1.0 0.9
Hearing impairments 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1
Intellectual disability 0.9 0.8 1.6 0.7 0.4 0.7 1.1 0.7 0.9 0.8 1.5 0.7 0.4 0.7 1.0 0.7
Multiple disabilities 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.2
Orthopedic impairments 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Other health impairments1 1.4 1.8 1.6 0.8 0.4 1.3 1.5 1.4 1.5 1.8 1.7 0.9 0.4 1.1 1.6 1.6
Specific learning disabilities 4.8 4.5 6.0 5.1 1.5 4.7 6.9 3.8 4.7 4.4 5.9 5.0 1.5 4.5 6.8 3.9
Speech or language impairments 2.8 3.1 2.5 2.6 1.9 1.6 3.0 2.7 2.8 3.0 2.4 2.6 1.8 1.5 3.0 2.8
Traumatic brain injury 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0 # # 0.1 # 0.1 0.1 0.1 # # # 0.1 0.1
Visual impairments 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 # 0.1 0.1 # 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 # 0.1 0.1 #
#Rounds to zero.
1 Other health impairments include having limited strength, vitality, or alertness due to chronic or acute health problems such as a heart condition, tuberculosis, rheumatic fever, nephritis, asthma, sickle cell anemia, hemophilia, epilepsy, lead poisoning, leukemia, or diabetes.
2 Based on the total enrollment in public schools, prekindergarten through 12th grade, by race/ethnicity. For total enrollment in public schools by race/ethnicity, see table 203.50.
NOTE: Data include only those children served for whom race/ethnicity and type of disability were reported. Although data are for the 50 states and the District of Columbia, data limitations result in inclusion of a small (but unknown) number of students from Bureau of Indian Education and Puerto Rican schools. For these reasons, totals may differ from those shown in other tables. Race categories exclude persons of Hispanic ethnicity. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, Office of Special Education Programs, Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) database, retrieved June 10, 2013, from http://tadnet.public.tadnet.org/pages/712; and National Center for Education Statistics, Common Core of Data (CCD), "State Nonfiscal Survey of Public Elementary/Secondary Education," 2010–11 and 2011–12. (This table was prepared June 2013.)
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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education