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Table 202.20. Percentage of 3-, 4-, and 5-year-old children enrolled in preprimary programs, by attendance status, level of program, and selected child and family characteristics: 2012
[Standard errors appear in parentheses]
Selected child and family characteristics Total 3- to 5-year-old population (in thousands) Total enrollment (in thousands) Percent of 3- to 5-year-old population enrolled Percentage distribution of enrollment
Total Full-day Part-day
Total Nursery school Kindergarten Total Nursery school Kindergarten Full-day Part-day
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Total 12,259 (114.8) 7,883 (101.5) 64.3   (0.85) 38.8   (0.82) 18.3   (0.66) 20.5   (0.59) 25.5   (0.68) 19.2   (0.60) 6.2   (0.36) 60.4   (0.95) 39.6   (0.95)
                                                               
Sex                                                              
  Male 6,224 (74.4) 3,965 (79.9) 63.7   (1.00) 38.3   (0.98) 17.8   (0.86) 20.6   (0.83) 25.4   (0.89) 19.7   (0.75) 5.7   (0.50) 60.2   (1.24) 39.8   (1.24)
  Female 6,036 (69.3) 3,918 (83.1) 64.9   (1.51) 39.3   (1.45) 18.8   (0.97) 20.5   (1.11) 25.6   (1.05) 18.8   (0.92) 6.8   (0.54) 60.6   (1.51) 39.4   (1.51)
                                                               
Age of child                                                              
3 years old 3,983 (218.7) 1,614 (97.2) 40.5   (1.52) 20.7   (1.16) 19.7   (1.20) 0.9 ! (0.33) 19.9   (1.08) 19.2   (1.08) 0.6 ! (0.20) 51.0   (2.04) 49.0   (2.04)
4 years old 4,031 (124.6) 2,675 (87.8) 66.4   (1.31) 33.5   (1.30) 28.9   (1.25) 4.6   (0.49) 32.8   (1.29) 31.3   (1.22) 1.6   (0.34) 50.5   (1.67) 49.5   (1.67)
5 years old 4,245 (77.0) 3,594 (71.1) 84.6   (0.94) 60.9   (1.37) 6.9   (0.69) 54.0   (1.46) 23.7   (1.14) 7.8   (0.79) 15.9   (0.90) 71.9   (1.34) 28.1   (1.34)
                                                               
Race/ethnicity of child                                                              
White 6,107 (122.8) 4,075 (95.4) 66.7   (0.97) 37.6   (0.97) 18.2   (0.88) 19.3   (0.73) 29.2   (0.97) 22.7   (0.89) 6.4   (0.43) 56.3   (1.26) 43.7   (1.26)
Black 1,701 (60.0) 1,119 (51.5) 65.8   (2.25) 51.3   (2.63) 27.2   (2.26) 24.1   (1.91) 14.5   (1.68) 11.0   (1.43) 3.5   (0.88) 78.0   (2.57) 22.0   (2.57)
Hispanic 3,177 (46.5) 1,829 (73.9) 57.6   (2.25) 34.1   (2.25) 13.9   (1.18) 20.2   (1.84) 23.5   (1.30) 17.1   (1.24) 6.3   (0.83) 59.2   (2.39) 40.8   (2.39)
Asian 553 (35.0) 379 (30.4) 68.6   (3.50) 37.5   (3.28) 14.8   (2.65) 22.6   (2.88) 31.1   (3.56) 20.9   (3.20) 10.3   (2.36) 54.6   (4.29) 45.4   (4.29)
Native Hawaiian/Pacific
    Islander
(†) (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
American Indian/Alaska
    Native
165 (27.2) 105 (20.4) 63.9   (5.51) 44.1   (7.30) 27.8 ! (8.65) 16.3 ! (5.33) 19.8   (5.53) 16.0 ! (4.98)   (†) 69.0   (8.78) 31.0   (8.78)
Two or more races 519 (36.2) 350 (30.5) 67.4   (3.64) 41.7   (3.79) 17.9   (3.32) 23.9   (3.07) 25.6   (3.54) 17.8   (3.24) 7.8   (2.16) 62.0   (4.75) 38.0   (4.75)
                                                               
Number of parents or
      guardians in household
                                                             
One parent or guardian 3,656 (103.7) 2,299 (79.9) 62.9   (1.38) 42.9   (1.64) 19.9   (1.26) 23.0   (1.29) 19.9   (1.25) 14.8   (1.10) 5.2   (0.67) 68.3   (1.95) 31.7   (1.95)
Two parents or guardians 8,603 (108.4) 5,584 (101.5) 64.9   (1.04) 37.1   (1.02) 17.6   (0.80) 19.5   (0.76) 27.8   (0.83) 21.1   (0.73) 6.7   (0.41) 57.1   (1.17) 42.9   (1.17)
                                                               
Mother's current
      employment status1
                                                             
Employed 6,798 (127.8) 4,643 (112.1) 68.3   (1.11) 43.7   (1.12) 22.0   (0.90) 21.7   (0.87) 24.6   (0.83) 18.4   (0.76) 6.2   (0.47) 64.0   (1.14) 36.0   (1.14)
Unemployed 728 (48.6) 424 (38.7) 58.2   (3.28) 36.4   (3.39) 17.0   (2.63) 19.4   (2.75) 21.8   (2.87) 18.6   (2.79) 3.1 ! (1.17) 62.6   (4.49) 37.4   (4.49)
Not in the labor force 4,257 (114.3) 2,499 (76.8) 58.7   (1.40) 30.7   (1.23) 12.5   (0.87) 18.2   (0.91) 28.0   (1.18) 21.0   (1.03) 6.9   (0.65) 52.4   (1.69) 47.6   (1.69)
No mother in household 476 (40.8) 317 (33.1) 66.6   (3.50) 45.0   (3.80) 18.3   (3.12) 26.6   (3.77) 21.6   (3.28) 15.9   (2.88) 5.7   (1.62) 67.6   (4.60) 32.4   (4.60)
                                                               
Father's current
      employment status1
                                                             
Employed 8,049 (107.0) 5,313 (98.0) 66.0   (1.09) 37.9   (1.03) 17.7   (0.83) 20.2   (0.76) 28.1   (0.85) 21.3   (0.73) 6.8   (0.43) 57.5   (1.15) 42.5   (1.15)
Unemployed 447 (37.5) 252 (27.8) 56.4   (3.75) 32.9   (4.17) 15.1   (2.94) 17.8   (3.41) 23.6   (3.43) 17.4   (3.12) 6.2 ! (1.87) 58.3   (5.81) 41.7   (5.81)
Not in the labor force 583 (49.5) 335 (36.0) 57.5   (3.78) 34.9   (3.95) 18.0   (2.88) 16.9   (2.69) 22.6   (3.03) 17.9   (2.87) 4.7 ! (1.58) 60.7   (5.12) 39.3   (5.12)
No father in household 3,180 (101.8) 1,982 (76.0) 62.3   (1.51) 42.6   (1.79) 20.2   (1.43) 22.4   (1.35) 19.7   (1.31) 14.6   (1.15) 5.1   (0.74) 68.4   (2.08) 31.6   (2.08)
                                                               
Every parent or guardian
      employed1
4,345 (100.1) 3,036 (94.3) 69.9   (1.42) 43.9   (1.40) 22.0   (1.17) 21.8   (1.08) 26.0   (1.04) 19.4   (0.94) 6.6   (0.58) 62.8   (1.39) 37.2   (1.39)
No parent or guardian
      employed1
1,757 (81.0) 962 (61.6) 54.8   (2.23) 36.5   (2.29) 15.6   (1.61) 20.8   (1.85) 18.3   (1.82) 13.4   (1.65) 4.9   (0.92) 66.6   (3.09) 33.4   (3.09)
                                                               
Highest educational
      attainment of parents
      or guardians1
                                                             
Less than high school 1,296 (68.6) 694 (49.4) 53.5   (2.53) 33.4   (2.40) 11.5   (1.51) 22.0   (2.13) 20.1   (2.04) 13.8   (1.74) 6.2   (1.09) 62.5   (3.39) 37.5   (3.39)
High school/GED 2,825 (97.8) 1,701 (76.1) 60.2   (2.04) 37.4   (1.73) 16.4   (1.35) 21.0   (1.30) 22.8   (1.49) 15.2   (1.27) 7.6   (0.97) 62.1   (2.07) 37.9   (2.07)
Vocational/technical or
    some college
2,132 (83.7) 1,290 (62.8) 60.5   (1.90) 38.3   (1.90) 17.8   (1.35) 20.5   (1.46) 22.2   (1.52) 17.4   (1.38) 4.7   (0.72) 63.4   (2.30) 36.6   (2.30)
Associate's degree 1,466 (67.9) 952 (48.5) 65.0   (2.21) 38.9   (2.65) 18.5   (1.93) 20.4   (1.95) 26.1   (2.10) 20.1   (1.94) 6.1   (1.04) 59.8   (3.21) 40.2   (3.21)
Bachelor's degree 2,708 (83.8) 1,880 (70.1) 69.4   (1.63) 40.3   (1.75) 21.1   (1.57) 19.3   (1.39) 29.1   (1.47) 23.0   (1.37) 6.1   (0.74) 58.1   (1.99) 41.9   (1.99)
Graduate or professional
    degree
1,832 (77.1) 1,367 (66.7) 74.6   (1.97) 43.2   (2.12) 22.3   (1.58) 20.9   (1.58) 31.4   (1.96) 25.3   (1.76) 6.1   (0.91) 57.9   (2.39) 42.1   (2.39)
†Not applicable.
!Interpret data with caution. The coefficient of variation (CV) for this estimate is between 30 and 50 percent.
‡Reporting standards not met. Either there are too few cases for a reliable estimate or the coefficient of variation (CV) is 50 percent or greater.
1 Data pertain only to parents or guardians who live in the household with the child.
NOTE: Preprimary programs provide educational experiences for children and include kindergarten, preschool, and nursery school programs. Enrollment data for 5-year-olds include only those students in preprimary programs and do not include those enrolled in primary programs. Race categories exclude persons of Hispanic ethnicity. Data are based on sample surveys of the civilian noninstitutional population. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Commerce, Census Bureau, Current Population Survey (CPS), October, 2012. (This table was prepared May 2013.)
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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
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