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Table 478. Selected statistics on public school libraries/media centers, by level of school: 1999-2000, 2003-04, and 2007-08
[Standard errors appear in parentheses]
Selected statistic 1999-2000 2003-04 2007-08
Total Elementary Secondary Combined elementary/ secondary Total Elementary Secondary Combined elementary/ secondary
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
Number of schools with libraries/media centers 77,300 (421) 78,300 (548) 57,400 (440) 16,300 (313) 4,600   (201) 81,900 (634) 59,700 (492) 17,800 (414) 4,400 (239)
                                       
Average number of staff per library/media
   center
1.89 (0.018) 1.76 (0.014) 1.66 (0.018) 2.09 (0.025) 1.74   (0.116) 1.72 (0.017) 1.65 (0.019) 2.04 (0.039) 1.42 (0.057)
Certified library/media specialists 0.81 (0.007) 0.79 (0.009) 0.73 (0.012) 1.03 (0.018) 0.73   (0.023) 0.78 (0.011) 0.73 (0.013) 0.98 (0.019) 0.66 (0.033)
Full-time 0.65 (0.007) 0.65 (0.009) 0.58 (0.010) 0.92 (0.018) 0.55   (0.027) 0.66 (0.010) 0.61 (0.012) 0.88 (0.018) 0.49 (0.032)
Part-time 0.16 (0.006) 0.14 (0.007) 0.15 (0.009) 0.11 (0.009) 0.18   (0.020) 0.13 (0.007) 0.13 (0.010) 0.10 (0.009) 0.18 (0.020)
Other professional staff 0.17 (0.007) 0.19 (0.008) 0.19 (0.011) 0.14 (0.010) 0.28   (0.036) 0.22 (0.010) 0.22 (0.013) 0.21 (0.021) 0.24 (0.027)
Full-time 0.12 (0.005) 0.13 (0.007) 0.14 (0.009) 0.11 (0.009) 0.16   (0.022) 0.13 (0.008) 0.13 (0.010) 0.14 (0.017) 0.15 (0.022)
Part-time 0.06 (0.004) 0.05 (0.005) 0.05 (0.006) 0.03 (0.004) 0.11   (0.031) 0.08 (0.007) 0.08 (0.009) 0.07 (0.013) 0.08 (0.017)
Other paid employees 0.91 (0.014) 0.78 (0.011) 0.75 (0.013) 0.93 (0.017) 0.73   (0.085) 0.72 (0.013) 0.70 (0.016) 0.86 (0.027) 0.51 (0.036)
Full-time 0.49 (0.008) 0.46 (0.009) 0.41 (0.011) 0.65 (0.017) 0.35   (0.028) 0.43 (0.013) 0.39 (0.016) 0.60 (0.022) 0.27 (0.028)
Part-time 0.41 (0.014) 0.33 (0.012) 0.34 (0.014) 0.28 (0.014) 0.38   (0.085) 0.29 (0.011) 0.31 (0.014) 0.26 (0.018) 0.24 (0.028)
                                       
Percent of libraries/media centers with
   certain media equipment
                                     
Automated catalog 72.8 (0.69) 82.7 (0.66) 81.9 (0.89) 90.6 (0.76) 63.7   (2.59) 87.2 (0.71) 87.5 (0.94) 90.6 (1.08) 69.8 (2.88)
Automated circulation system 74.4 (0.65) 86.9 (0.61) 86.7 (0.82) 92.8 (0.80) 68.8   (2.45) 89.5 (0.68) 89.9 (0.87) 92.6 (0.98) 72.4 (3.15)
Media retrieval system1 (†) (†) (†) (†)   (†) 34.9 (1.05) 35.9 (1.33) 35.1 (1.66) 20.6 (2.32)
Connection to Internet 90.1 (0.57) 95.1 (0.35) 94.1 (0.48) 99.2 (0.22) 92.6   (1.40) 96.7 (0.40) 96.5 (0.51) 98.6 (0.51) 91.6 (1.90)
Digital video disc (DVD) player/video
    cassette recorder (VCR)
(†) 87.8 (0.60) 87.0 (0.70) 90.4 (1.19) 89.1   (1.53) 87.2 (0.77) 86.7 (1.02) 89.6 (1.00) 84.5 (2.20)
Disability assistance technologies,
    such as TDD
(†) 11.9 (0.50) 10.2 (0.61) 18.0 (0.79) 11.7   (1.34) 23.9 (1.05) 23.0 (1.33) 26.4 (1.34) 25.9 (2.76)
                                       
Percent of libraries/media centers with                                      
certain services                                      
Students permitted to check out laptops (†) (†) (†) (†)   (†) 27.5 (1.02) 26.9 (1.27) 29.8 (1.34) 26.1 (2.57)
Staff permitted to check out laptops (†) (†) (†) (†)   (†) 45.9 (1.07) 45.2 (1.35) 50.1 (1.50) 38.5 (2.85)
                                       
Number of library computer workstations per
   100 students
(†) 2.3 (0.04) 2.2 (0.05) 2.5 (0.05) 2.7   (0.17) 2.6 (0.05) 2.5 (0.07) 2.9 (0.06) 3.0 (0.17)
                                       
Average holdings per 100 students at the
   end of the school year2
                                     
Books (number of volumes) 1,803 (19.7) 1,891 (45.1) 2,127 (70.2) 1,376 (20.0) 2,407   (117.7) 2,015 (30.5) 2,316 (40.2) 1,432 (36.6) 2,439 (132.3)
Audio and video materials 59 (0.9) 80 (3.7) 86 (5.7) 65 (2.2) 97   (13.6) 90 (3.8) 93 (5.6) 81 (5.2) 107 (13.3)
                                       
Average additions per 100 students during
   the school year2
                                     
Books (number of volumes) (†) 99.3 (2.08) 118.4 (3.13) 61.2 (1.75) 109.2   (8.40) 95.3 (2.21) 113.3 (3.26) 62.1 (2.67) 103.4 (7.41)
Audio and video materials (†) 5.1 (0.19) 5.3 (0.28) 4.4 (0.20) 6.9   (0.83) 5.4 (0.49) 5.9 (0.77) 4.5 (0.41) 5.7 (0.84)
                                       
Total expenditures for library/media
   materials per pupil2,3
$23.37 (0.438) $16.24 (0.322) $16.00 (0.469) $16.11 (0.320) $21.24   (2.498) $16.11 (0.461) $16.18 (0.591) $15.90 (0.647) $17.00 (1.216)
Books 9.97 (0.153) 10.99 (0.299) 11.72 (0.452) 9.68 (0.275) 10.19   (0.631) 11.40 (0.291) 11.99 (0.389) 10.26 (0.504) 12.10 (1.094)
Audio and video materials 1.66 (0.032) 1.14 (0.045) 1.11 (0.053) 1.11 (0.062) 1.96 ! (0.619) 1.08 (0.055) 1.06 (0.088) 1.11 (0.054) 1.16 (0.152)
Current serial subscriptions 1.26 (0.016) 1.38 (0.025) 1.06 (0.031) 1.87 (0.049) 2.50   (0.148) (†) (†) (†) (†)
Electronic subscriptions 0.81 (0.018) 0.88 (0.033) 0.39 (0.042) 1.79 (0.061) 1.25   (0.249) (†) (†) (†) (†)
—Not available.
†Not applicable.
!Interpret data with caution. The coefficient of variation (CV) for this estimate is between 30 percent and 50 percent.
1 Centralized video distribution equipment with a scheduling and control server that telecasts video to classrooms.
2 Average holdings, acquisitions, and expenditures are from the prior school year, while enrollment counts are from the current school year.
3 Includes other expenditures not separately shown.
NOTE: Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Schools and Staffing Survey (SASS), "Public School Library Media Center Questionnaire," 1999-2000, 2003-04, and 2007-08; and "Charter School Questionnaire," 1999-2000. (This table was prepared November 2009.)
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