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Table 455. Selected population and enrollment statistics for countries with populations over 10 million in 2010, by continent and country: Selected years, 1990 through 2010
Continent and country1 Midyear population (in millions) Persons per square kilo-
meter, 2010
First level2 Second level3 Third level4
Enrollment (in thousands) Gross enrollment ratio5 Enrollment (in thousands) Gross enrollment ratio5 Enrollment (in thousands) Gross enrollment ratio5
1991 2000 2010 1999-
2000
2009-
10
1990-
91
1999-
2000
2009-
10
1999-
2000
2009-
10
1990-
91
1999-
2000
2009-
10
1999-
2000
2009-
10
1990-
91
1999-
2000
2009-
10
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
World total6  5,370 6,090 6,864 52 654,779   691,318   99   99   106   450,724   543,487   52   60   70   99,899   177,684   14   19   29  
Africa                                                                    
Algeria7 26 31 36 15 4,843   3,312   100   108   110       61         1,144   11     31  
Angola 10 13 17 14   4,273   92     124   355   850   12   15   31     66   1     4  
Burkina Faso 9 12 16 59 852   2,048   33   42   76   190   538   7   10   21   11 8 51   1   1 8 3  
Cameroon 12 15 19 41 2,237 9 3,510   101   87 9 120   700   1,283 8 28   28   42 8 66 8 220   3   4 8 11  
Chad 6 8 11 8 914   1,727   54   68   93   137   430   8 10 11   25   6   22 8 1 11,12 1   2 8
Cote d'Ivoire 13 17 21 66 1,944     67   74     620 8   22   24 8   104 8     7 8  
Democratic Rep. of the Congo 41 52 70 31   10,572   70     94     3,484   21 13   38       2      
Egypt7 56 65 80 81 7,947 8 10,004   94   98 8 101   8,028 8 6,846   76   83 8 72     2,646   16 14,15   32  
Ethiopia 49 64 86 86 5,847   13,635   33   55   102   1,195   4,207   14   14   36   68   435   1   1   5  
Ghana7 16 19 24 104 2,561     75   85     1,057     36   41         1 11    
Guinea. 7 8 10 42 790   1,453   37   60   94       10           1      
Kenya7 24 31 41 72 5,035     95   95     1,909     24 10 39     89     2 11 3    
Madagascar 12 16 21 36 2,208   4,242   103   103   149       18 10     32   74   3   2   4  
Malawi 10 12 15 164 2,695   3,417   68   139   135   487   692   8   32   32   4   10   1   #   1  
Mali 9 11 15 12 1,017   2,019   26   55   80   258 8 758   7   17 8 38   20   81   1   2   6  
Morocco7 24 28 32 71 3,670   3,945   67   92   111   1,541     35   38     276     11   9    
Mozambique7 13 18 22 29 2,544   5,278   67   75   115   124   672   8   6   25   12     # 12 1    
Niger 8 11 15 12 579   1,726   29   33   66   106 8 303   7   7 8 13     17   1     1  
Nigeria7 99 124 162 177 19,151   20,682   91   98   83   4,104   9,057   25   24   44       4 11,16    
Rwanda 7 8 11 448 1,432   2,299   70   104   143   130   426   8   11   32   9   63   # 17 1   5  
Senegal 8 9 12 64 1,108   1,695   59   71   87   250   725   16   16   37     92 18 3     8 18
South Africa 39 45 49 40 7,445     122   106     4,142     74   85         13 19    
Sudan7 22 27 33 18 2,567     53   48     980     24   25     204 8   3 11 6 8  
Tunisia 8 10 11 68 1,414     113   115     1,104 8   45   76 8   180     9   19    
Uganda 17 23 32 160 6,559   8,375   74 20,21 131   121   547   1,306 8 13 10,21 16   28 8 56     1   3    
United Republic of Tanzania 26 33 44 50 4,382   8,419   70   68   102       5         85   # 13   2  
Zambia 8 10 13 18 1,590   2,899   99   84   115       24       25 8   2   2 8  
Zimbabwe 10 12 12 30     116           50         95   5     6  
                                                                     
Asia                                                                    
Afghanistan7 14 22 29 45 749   5,279   27   19   97     2,044   9     46       2      
Bangladesh 114 132 156 1,199   16,987   72       10,329   11,395   19   48   51   727     4   6    
Cambodia 10 12 14 82 2,248   2,273   121   106   127   351   949 8 32   17   46 8 22     1   3    
China 1,164 1,264 1,330 139   101,019   125     111   81,488   99,218   49   62   81   7,364   31,047   3   8   26  
India 854 1,006 1,173 395 113,613     97   94     71,031   107,687   44 10 45   63   9,404   20,741   6   9   18  
Indonesia 185 214 243 134 28,202 8 30,342   115   106 8 118   14,264 8 19,976   44   53 8 77   3,126   5,001   9 13 15   23  
Iran, Islamic Republic of 60 69 77 50 8,288   5,974   112   101   114   9,955   8,120   55   80   91   1,405   3,791   10 14 19   43  
Iraq 17 23 30 68 3,639     111   95     1,224     47 10 38     289     12 17 12    
Japan 124 127 128 350 7,529   7,099   100   101   103   8,782   7,296   97   102   102   3,982   3,836   30 13 49   60  
Kazakhstan 17 16 17 6 1,208   958   87   96   111   2,003   1,714   98   94   97     610   40   28   38  
Korea, North (DPR) 21 23 24 202                              
Korea, South (Republic of) 43 47 49 502 4,030   3,306   105   102   106   3,959   3,951   90   99   97   3,003   3,270   39   79   103  
Malaysia 18 23 28 86 3,026     94   98     2,205     56   66     549     7   26    
Myanmar 41 47 53 82 4,858   5,126   106   105   126   2,268   2,852   23   40   54       4 13    
Nepal7 19 25 29 202 3,780 9 4,901   108   118 9   1,348     33   35     94   377   5   4    
Pakistan 122 152 184 239 13,987 18 18,756   61 22 70 18 95     9,685   23     34       3      
Philippines 67 81 100 335 12,708     111   110         73           28      
Saudi Arabia 16 21 26 12   3,321   73     106     3,036   44     101   404   904   12   23   37  
Sri Lanka7 17 19 21 326   1,721   106     99       74         253   5 13,23   15  
Syrian Arab Republic 13 16 22 121 2,775   2,429   108   109   118   1,069   2,732   52   45   72       18      
Taiwan 20 22 23 717                              
Thailand 56 62 66 130 6,101     99   97       4,807   30     77   1,900   2,427   19 12 35   46  
Turkey 58 67 78 101 6,562     99   101     5,658     47   71     1,588 8   13   25 8  
Uzbekistan . 21 25 28 66 2,602   1,971   81   99   94   3,566   4,449   99   88   105   305     30   13    
Vietnam 69 79 90 289 10,063   6,923   103   108   106   7,926   8,800   32   64   77   732   2,020   2   10   22  
Yemen 13 17 23 45 2,464 8 3,427   79 16 75 8 87   1,151 8 1,562 8 23 16 43 8 44 8 173 8   4 13 10 8  
                                                                     
Europe                                                                    
Belgium 10 10 10 344 774     101   109     1,058     103   145     356     40   57    
Czech Republic 10 10 10 132 645     96   103     958     91   87     254     16 24 29    
France 59 61 65 101 3,885   4,159   108   105   110   5,929   5,873   99   108   113   2,015     40   54    
Germany25 80 82 82 234 3,656   3,068   101   105   102   8,307   7,664   98   98   103       34      
Greece 10 11 11 82 645     98   96     739     93   89     422     36   51    
Italy7 57 58 61 207 2,836   2,822   103   103   102   4,404   4,626   83   93   100   1,770     32   49    
Netherlands7 15 16 17 489 1,279   1,294   102   109   108   1,379   1,475   120   123   121   488     40   53    
Poland7 38 39 38 126 3,319     98   99     3,988     81   101     1,580     22   51    
Portugal 10 10 11 117 811     123   122     831     67   105     374     23   47    
Romania7 23 22 22 96 1,189   842   91   97   96   2,226   1,822   92   82   97   453   1,000   10   24   59  
Russian Federation 148 147 143 9 6,138     109   103         93       6,331     52   55    
Spain7 39 41 47 93 2,540   2,721   109   106   106   3,246   3,185   104   111   125   1,829     37   59    
Ukraine7 52 49 45 78 2,079   1,540   89   108   99   5,204   3,133   93   99   96   1,812   2,635   47   49   79  
United Kingdom7 58 59 62 258 4,632     104   101     5,315     85   102     2,024     30   58    
                                                                     
North America                                                                    
Canada 28 31 34 4 2,456     103   100     2,519     101   102     1,212     95   59    
Cuba 11 11 11 101 1,046   853   98   101   103   790   809   89   83   89   159   801   21   22   95  
Guatemala 9 11 14 127 1,909   2,660   78   104   116   504   983   23 13 38   59       8 12    
Mexico 86 100 112 58 14,766   14,906   114   110   114   9,094   11,682   53   73   89   1,963   2,847   15   20   28  
United States 253 282 309 34 24,973   24,393   102   102   102   22,594   24,193   93   93   96   13,203   20,428   75   69   95  
                                                                     
South America                                                                    
Argentina 34 37 41 15 4,728     106   114     3,428     71   87     1,767 8   38 13 53 8  
Brazil 152 174 196 23 20,212   16,893   106   151     26,097   23,539   38   104     2,781   6,553   11 26 16    
Chile 13 15 17 23 1,799     100   100     1,391     73   83     452     21 13 37    
Colombia 34 39 44 43 5,221   5,085   102   119   115   3,569   5,080   50 13 72   96   934   1,674   13   24   39  
Ecuador 10 12 15 53 1,925     116   116     917     55 27 57         20      
Peru 22 26 29 23 4,338   3,763   118   123   108   2,374   2,651   67   86   91     1,207   30     43  
Venezuela 20 23 27 31 3,328   3,458   96   101   103   1,543   2,255   35   60   83   668     29   28    
                                                                     
Oceania                                                                    
Australia7 17 19 22 3 1,906   2,015   108   101   105   2,589   2,282   82   162   131   845   1,276   35 28 65   80  
—Not available.                                    
#Rounds to zero.                                    
1 Selection based on total population for midyear 2010.
2 First-level enrollment consists of elementary school, typically corresponding to grades 1–6 in the United States.
3 Second-level enrollment includes general education, teacher training (at the second level), and technical and vocational education. This level generally corresponds to secondary education in the United States, grades 7-12.
4 Third-level enrollment includes college and university enrollment and technical and vocational education beyond the secondary school level.
5 Data represent the total enrollment of all ages in the school level divided by the population of the specific age groups that correspond to the school level. Adjustments have been made for the varying lengths of first- and second-level programs. Ratios may exceed 100 because some countries have many students from outside the normal age range.
6 Enrollment totals and ratios exclude Democratic People's Republic of Korea.
7 Classification or data coverage of levels has been revised. Data by level may not be comparable over time.
8 Estimated by the UNESCO Institute for Statistics.
9 Policy change in 1999-2000: introduction of free universal primary education.
10 General education enrollment only. Excludes teacher training and vocational education enrollments.
11 Excludes nonuniversity institutions (such as teacher training colleges and technical colleges) and excludes distance-learning universities.
12 Data for 1992-93.
13 Data for 1991-92.
14 Excludes private institutions.
15 Data refer to universities and exclude Al Azhar.
16 Data for 1993-94.
17 Data for 1985-86.
18 National estimation.
19 Not including the former Independent States of Transke, Bophuthatswana, Venda, and Ciskei.
20 Estimated.
21 Data refer to government aided and maintained schools only.
22 Includes preprimary education.
23 Excludes some nonuniversity institutions.
24 Includes full-time students only.
25 Data include both former East and West Germany.
26 Excludes enrollments in programs formerly classified as doctoral.
27 Including vocational education.
28 Data do not include Vocational Education and Training Institutes (VETS).
NOTE: Data do not include adult education or special education provided outside regular schools. Some data have been revised from previously published figures.
SOURCE: United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), Statistical Yearbook, 1999; unpublished tabulations; and tables 3B, 5, and 14, retrieved September 10, 2012, from http://stats.uis.unesco.org/unesco/ReportFolders/ReportFolders.aspx. U.S. Department of Commerce, Census Bureau, International Data Base, retrieved August 24, 2012, from http://www.census.gov/ipc/www/idb/region.php. (This table was prepared September 2012.)
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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education