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Table 454. Population, school enrollment, and teachers, by major areas of the world and level of education: Selected years, 1980 through 2010
[In thousands]
Year and selected characteristic World total1 Major areas of the world
Africa Asia1,2 Europe2 Central and
South America3
Northern America3 Oceania
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
1980              
Population, all ages4 4,450,924 478,551 2,644,076 695,225 358,609 251,929 22,534
Enrollment, all levels 856,283 74,792 493,891 134,690 87,156 60,541 5,213
First (elementary) level5 524,493 59,154 333,944 49,038 56,814 22,893 2,649
Second level6 282,253 14,187 146,975 68,700 25,543 24,695 2,153
Third level7 49,537 1,450 12,972 16,952 4,799 12,954 411
Teachers, all levels 38,888 2,252 19,316 3,784 277
First (elementary) level5 18,509 1,606 10,708 2,575 1,873 134
Second level6 16,487 564 7,471 5,506 1,526 1,309 112
Third level7 3,892 82 1,138 385 815 31
               
1990              
Population, all ages4 5,287,167 630,148 3,189,546 722,638 440,889 277,533 26,412
Enrollment, all levels 975,281 104,938 561,819 132,629 108,556 61,543 5,797
First (elementary) level5 576,977 76,465 361,578 46,580 65,116 24,629 2,609
Second level6 331,212 25,764 177,809 67,339 36,195 21,534 2,571
Third level7 67,092 2,709 22,432 18,709 7,245 15,379 617
Teachers, all levels 47,373 3,604 24,527 9,879 5,110 3,938 315
First (elementary) level5 22,179 2,271 13,072 2,686 2,403 1,608 139
Second level6 20,208 1,194 9,776 5,658 2,106 1,340 135
Third level7 4,986 139 1,679 1,535 601 991 41
               
1995              
Population, all ages4 5,699,516 712,904 3,451,230 730,000 480,905 296,092 28,385
Enrollment, all levels 1,086,248 125,297 630,691 137,197 120,132 65,901 7,030
First (elementary) level5 619,120 90,412 386,981 44,849 67,627 26,243 3,008
Second level6 387,756 30,632 215,228 71,103 44,333 23,595 2,864
Third level7 79,373 4,254 28,482 21,245 8,172 16,063 1,158
Teachers, all levels 52,042 4,209 26,979 10,535 5,735 4,208
First (elementary) level5 23,775 2,560 14,045 2,769 2,629 1,622 149
Second level6 22,537 1,441 10,931 6,088 2,406 1,503
Third level7 5,730 207 2,003 1,677 700 1,083
               
2000              
Population, all ages4 6,089,811 803,587 3,693,908 730,598 517,908 313,388 30,421
Enrollment, all levels 1,205,402 152,280 704,364 137,707 136,545 66,967 7,538
First (elementary) level5 654,779 108,350 404,087 41,730 70,046 27,435 3,130
Second level6 450,724 37,566 259,201 70,407 55,070 25,117 3,363
Third level7 99,899 6,364 41,076 25,571 11,428 14,416 1,044
Teachers, all levels 56,362 4,934 29,100 10,682 6,591 4,651
First (elementary) level5 24,817 2,866 14,489 2,727 2,774 1,806 155
Second level6 24,853 1,783 12,162 6,083 2,947 1,684
Third level7 6,692 285 2,449 1,872 870 1,161
               
2005              
Population, all ages4 6,473,525 908,043 3,919,743 732,981 552,066 328,033 32,659
Enrollment, all levels 1,333,658 191,890 783,341 135,125 143,447 72,388 7,468
First (elementary) level5 685,284 135,526 412,500 38,468 68,868 26,780 3,141
Second level6 509,862 48,023 308,411 64,853 58,505 27,039 3,032
Third level7 138,512 8,341 62,430 31,804 16,073 18,569 1,294
Teachers, all levels 64,353 5,900 34,535 10,662 7,751 5,081
First (elementary) level5 27,024 3,454 15,930 2,651 2,965 1,865 160
Second level6 28,248 2,111 14,733 5,781 3,562 1,865
Third level7 9,081 335 3,872 2,231 1,225 1,351
               
2010              
Population, all ages4 6,863,771 1,024,360 4,138,778 738,421 584,050 343,222 34,940
Enrollment, all levels 1,412,489 228,693 824,858 127,212 148,515 75,134 8,078
First (elementary) level5 691,318 157,354 400,724 36,681 66,708 26,536 3,314
Second level6 543,487 60,967 334,672 57,485 60,360 26,813 3,191
Third level7 177,684 10,372 89,462 33,047 21,447 21,784 1,573
Teachers, all levels 71,519 7,228 39,388 10,412 8,399 5,635
First (elementary) level5 28,532 4,027 16,736 2,638 3,045 1,918
Second level6 32,003 2,793 17,880 5,336 3,660 2,128
Third level7 10,983 408 4,772 2,439 1,694 1,589
—Not available.
1 Enrollment and teacher data for Asia and the world total exclude Taiwan.
2 Europe includes all countries of the former Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (U.S.S.R.) except Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan, which are included in Asia. Turkey, the Arab states, and Israel are also included in Asia.
3 Central and South America includes Latin America and the Caribbean. Northern America includes Bermuda, Canada, and the United States of America; the population data for Northern America also include Greenland as well as St. Pierre and Miquelon.
4 Estimate of midyear population.
5 First-level enrollment generally consists of elementary school, grades 1-6.
6 Second-level enrollment includes general education, teacher training (at the second level), and technical and vocational education. This level generally corresponds to secondary education in the United States, grades 7-12.
7 Third-level enrollment includes college and university enrollment, and technical and vocational education beyond the secondary school level.
NOTE: Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding. Data include imputed values for nonrespondent countries. Enrollment and teacher data exclude several island countries or territories with small populations (less than 150,000). Some data have been revised from previously published figures.
SOURCE: United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), unpublished tabulations; and U.S. Department of Commerce, Census Bureau, International Data Base, retrieved August 23, 2012, from http://www.census.gov/ipc/www/idb/region.php. (This table was prepared August 2012.)
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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education