Skip Navigation
small NCES header image
Table 449. Percentage, selected employment characteristics, and annual salaries of bachelor's degree recipients employed full time 1 year after graduation, by field of study: 1991, 2001, and 2009
[Standard errors appear in parentheses]
Selected employment characteristic and annual salary All fields of study1 Engineering Biological and physical sciences2 Mathematics and computer science2 Social sciences and history Humanities Health professions Business and management Education3 Psychology Public affairs and social services
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Employment characteristics                                            
                                             
Percent of recipients employed full time                                            
1989-90 recipients in June 1991 73.8 (0.36) 85.2 (0.95) 50.6 (1.72) 71.2 (1.30) 66.2 (0.94) 59.2 (1.32) 80.9 (1.35) 83.2 (0.57) 77.0 (0.74) 59.8 (1.64) 77.0 (2.06)
1999-2000 recipients in July 2001 76.5 (0.52) 86.0 (1.77) 58.6 (2.04) 83.7 (2.06) 68.3 (1.88) 67.5 (1.65) 74.8 (1.50) 85.5 (1.27) 84.0 (1.29) 64.0 (2.64) 85.1 (2.25)
2007-08 recipients in June 2009 65.0 (0.62) 76.1 (2.12) 49.0 (2.38) 75.1 (2.67) 58.0 (1.81) 50.4 (1.82) 68.5 (1.86) 77.2 (1.20) 70.6 (1.75) 46.6 (2.40) 69.8 (3.44)
                                             
Percent of full-time employees                                            
looking for a different job4                                            
1989-90 recipients in June 1991 21.5 (0.35) 12.9 (1.05) 21.0 (1.95) 16.6 (1.08) 24.5 (1.20) 25.8 (1.44) 9.2 (1.10) 20.7 (0.78) 25.5 (0.92) 21.8 (1.57) 26.8 (2.36)
1999-2000 recipients in July 2001 24.6 (0.66) 19.2 (2.30) 22.9 (2.64) 18.3 (2.36) 27.1 (2.06) 28.3 (2.13) 20.9 (1.93) 24.4 (1.51) 17.4 (1.45) 23.9 (2.54) 25.8 (2.80)
2007-08 recipients in June 2009 31.2 (0.74) 20.2 (2.53) 28.5 (3.47) 27.7 (3.37) 35.3 (2.47) 39.2 (2.56) 21.8 (2.40) 32.0 (1.61) 23.6 (1.78) 37.3 (2.99) 30.4 (4.86)
                                             
Percent of full-time employees in job                                            
closely related to field of study                                            
1989-90 recipients in June 1991 52.5 (0.55) 57.5 (1.24) 49.4 (2.31) 66.4 (1.34) 20.2 (1.12) 32.2 (2.07) 88.2 (2.10) 49.8 (0.79) 79.2 (0.89) 40.3 (2.13) 57.6 (2.56)
1999-2000 recipients in July 2001 56.1 (0.65) 70.0 (3.35) 48.6 (3.00) 72.7 (2.58) 28.7 (2.03) 41.5 (2.16) 77.5 (2.45) 58.7 (1.67) 84.3 (1.68) 40.1 (3.65) 61.2 (3.11)
2007-08 recipients in June 2009 49.7 (0.78) 61.3 (2.86) 49.0 (3.36) 61.9 (3.57) 21.6 (2.07) 27.6 (2.56) 81.7 (2.10) 49.3 (1.76) 82.0 (1.68) 26.6 (3.04) 57.2 (4.93)
                                             
Annual salaries of full-time employees5                                             
                                             
Average salary, in current dollars                                            
1989-90 recipients in June 1991 $23,600 (180) $30,900 (390) $21,100 (410) $27,200 (400) $22,100 (330) $19,100 (350) $31,500 (860) $24,700 (330) $19,100 (140) $19,200 (310) $20,900 (470)
1999-2000 recipients in July 2001 35,400 (300) 47,900 (840) 31,000 (710) 47,400 (1,080) 33,000 (700) 30,100 (690) 39,400 (1,110) 41,000 (860) 27,600 (370) 28,800 (990) 30,400 (1,030)
2007-08 recipients in June 2009 40,100 (340) 53,900 (1,080) 34,600 (1,220) 48,800 (1,570) 36,600 (980) 31,100 (780) 49,100 (1,290) 44,200 (890) 33,000 (490) 30,600 (910) 35,000 (1,700)
                                             
Average salary, in constant 2011 dollars                                            
1989-90 recipients in June 1991 $39,000 (300) $51,100 (650) $34,800 (680) $44,900 (660) $36,500 (550) $31,500 (590) $52,000 (1,420) $40,900 (540) $31,600 (230) $31,600 (520) $34,500 (770)
1999-2000 recipients in July 2001 45,000 (380) 60,900 (1,070) 39,400 (910) 60,200 (1,370) 41,900 (890) 38,200 (880) 50,100 (1,410) 52,100 (1,090) 35,100 (470) 36,600 (1,260) 38,600 (1,310)
2007-08 recipients in June 2009 42,000 (360) 56,500 (1,140) 36,300 (1,270) 51,200 (1,650) 38,400 (1,030) 32,600 (810) 51,500 (1,350) 46,300 (930) 34,600 (520) 32,100 (960) 36,700 (1,780)
                                             
Percent change in average salary,                                            
in constant 2011 dollars                                            
1991 to 2009 7.6 (—) 10.6 (—) 4.4 (—) 14.1 (—) 5.1 (—) 3.5 (—) -0.8 (—) 13.2 (—) 9.5 (—) 1.5 (—) 6.6 (—)
1991 to 2001 15.2 (—) 19.2 (—) 13.2 (—) 34.3 (—) 14.7 (—) 21.4 (—) -3.6 (—) 27.4 (—) 11.2 (—) 15.8 (—) 12.1 (—)
2001 to 2009 -6.6 (—) -7.2 (—) -7.7 (—) -15.0 (—) -8.4 (—) -14.7 (—) 2.8 (—) -11.1 (—) -1.5 (—) -12.4 (—) -4.9 (—)
                                             
Median salary, in current dollars                                            
1989-90 recipients in June 1991 $21,800 (210) $31,900 (470) $20,000 (430) $27,000 (510) $20,300 (250) $18,500 (360) $30,400 (760) $23,000 (300) $19,500 (220) $18,100 (320) $18,600 (410)
1999-2000 recipients in July 2001 32,000 (90) 47,800 (880) 29,800 (470) 46,100 (1,990) 29,900 (360) 28,600 (700) 35,500 (770) 36,800 (700) 27,900 (410) 27,700 (1,180) 27,900 (710)
2007-08 recipients in June 2009 36,000 (220) 54,000 (900) 32,500 (1,570) 45,000 (1,830) 34,600 (920) 29,000 (1,060) 45,900 (920) 40,000 (300) 33,800 (570) 29,300 (1,040) 32,000 (1,430)
                                             
Median salary, in constant 2011 dollars                                            
1989-90 recipients in June 1991 $36,000 (340) $52,600 (780) $33,000 (710) $44,500 (850) $33,500 (410) $30,500 (590) $50,200 (1,260) $37,900 (490) $32,200 (360) $29,900 (530) $30,700 (680)
1999-2000 recipients in July 2001 40,600 (110) 60,700 (1,120) 37,900 (600) 58,600 (2,520) 38,000 (450) 36,300 (890) 45,100 (980) 46,800 (890) 35,500 (530) 35,300 (1,500) 35,500 (900)
2007-08 recipients in June 2009 37,700 (230) 56,600 (940) 34,000 (1,650) 47,200 (1,920) 36,300 (960) 30,400 (1,110) 48,200 (970) 41,900 (310) 35,500 (600) 30,800 (1,090) 33,500 (1,500)
                                             
Percent change in median salary,                                            
in constant 2011 dollars                                            
1991 to 2009 4.9 (—) 7.5 (—) 3.2 (—) 6.0 (—) 8.5 (—) -0.3 (—) -4.1 (—) 10.5 (—) 10.0 (—) 2.8 (—) 9.2 (—)
1991 to 2001 12.8 (—) 15.4 (—) 14.9 (—) 31.5 (—) 13.5 (—) 19.1 (—) -10.2 (—) 23.2 (—) 10.1 (—) 17.9 (—) 15.4 (—)
2001 to 2009 -7.0 (—) -6.8 (—) -10.1 (—) -19.4 (—) -4.5 (—) -16.3 (—) 6.9 (—) -10.3 (—) -0.1 (—) -12.7 (—) -5.4 (—)
—Not available.
1 Includes graduates in other fields not separately shown.
2 For 1991, physical sciences are not included in column 4 with biological sciences; instead, they are included in column 5 with mathematics and computer science.
3 Most educators work 9- to 10-month contracts.
4 In 1991, respondents were asked whether they were "looking for a different principal job." In 2001 and 2009, they were asked whether they were "looking for a different job" (instead of "a different principal job").
5 In all years, reported salaries of full-time workers under $1,000 were excluded from the tabulations. In addition, salaries reported as above $500,000 were set to $500,000 in 2001, and salaries reported as above $250,000 were set to $250,000 in 2009. In all years, only a tiny fraction of reported full-time salaries were either below $1,000 or above $250,000.
NOTE: Data exclude bachelor's degree recipients from U.S. Service Academies, deceased graduates, and graduates living at foreign addresses at the time of the survey. Constant dollars based on the Consumer Price Index, prepared by the Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor. Data have been revised from previously published figures.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, "Recent College Graduates" survey, 1991; and 2000/01 and 2008/09 Baccalaureate and Beyond Longitudinal Study (B&B:2000/01 and B&B:08/09). (This table was prepared April 2013.)
Would you like to help us improve our products and website by taking a short survey?

YES, I would like to take the survey

or

No Thanks

The survey consists of a few short questions and takes less than one minute to complete.
National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education