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Table 428. Labor force participation, employment, and unemployment of persons 16 to 24 years old who are not enrolled in school, by age group, sex, race/ethnicity, and educational attainment: 2009, 2010, and 2011
[Standard errors appear in parentheses]
Age group, sex, race/ethnicity, and educational attainment Labor force participation Employment Unemployment
Labor force participation rate1 Number of participants (in thousands) Employment to population ratio2 Number employed (in thousands) Unemployment rate3 Number unemployed (in thousands)
2009 2010 2011 2011 2009 2010 2011 2011 2009 2010 2011 2011
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13
16 to 19 years old                                                                  
All persons, all education levels 63.9 (0.43) 62.7   (0.36) 62.7 (0.43) 1,608   (15.5) 43.2   (0.34) 41.7 (0.34) 41.7   (0.42) 1,069   (13.3) 32.4   (0.47) 33.4   (0.49) 33.5   (0.52) 538   (9.8)
Less than high school completion 50.3 (0.64) 48.6   (0.62) 47.2 (0.75) 414   (7.8) 29.3   (0.56) 29.1 (0.51) 26.6   (0.71) 234   (6.9) 41.8   (0.87) 40.2   (0.79) 43.6   (1.12) 181   (5.3)
High school completion4 71.9 (0.52) 70.2   (0.49) 70.0 (0.47) 987   (12.3) 50.3   (0.53) 47.5 (0.53) 47.9   (0.53) 676   (10.5) 30.1   (0.56) 32.4   (0.69) 31.6   (0.61) 312   (7.1)
At least some college 75.1 (1.02) 75.1   (0.99) 74.7 (1.13) 206   (5.9) 60.2   (1.08) 58.1 (1.12) 57.9   (1.22) 160   (5.2) 19.9   (1.04) 22.6   (1.08) 22.5   (1.35) 46   (3.2)
                                                                   
Male, all education levels 66.1 (0.52) 65.2   (0.49) 64.4 (0.58) 940   (10.3) 44.2   (0.47) 42.5 (0.48) 42.0   (0.55) 612   (9.1) 33.2   (0.60) 34.8   (0.62) 34.9   (0.60) 328   (6.4)
Less than high school completion 54.6 (0.80) 53.0   (0.86) 50.9 (1.04) 271   (6.5) 32.5   (0.83) 32.3 (0.82) 28.9   (0.97) 154   (5.7) 40.5   (1.18) 39.0   (1.12) 43.2   (1.36) 117   (4.2)
High school completion4 74.1 (0.67) 73.1   (0.65) 71.6 (0.59) 567   (8.0) 51.0   (0.70) 48.1 (0.61) 47.9   (0.71) 379   (7.5) 31.2   (0.81) 34.2   (0.80) 33.1   (0.78) 188   (4.8)
At least some college 73.0 (1.54) 74.3   (1.51) 75.9 (1.54) 101   (3.9) 59.0   (1.79) 55.9 (1.59) 59.0   (1.79) 79   (3.7) 19.1   (1.68) 24.8   (1.51) 22.3   (1.79) 23   (1.9)
                                                                   
Female, all education levels 61.1 (0.64) 59.5   (0.52) 60.4 (0.65) 668   (11.5) 41.9   (0.54) 40.8 (0.56) 41.3   (0.62) 457   (8.8) 31.5   (0.70) 31.4   (0.72) 31.6   (0.75) 211   (6.5)
Less than high school completion 44.3 (1.04) 41.8   (0.91) 41.4 (1.04) 144   (4.7) 24.7   (0.79) 24.0 (0.84) 23.1   (0.90) 80   (3.4) 44.2   (1.59) 42.4   (1.46) 44.3   (1.46) 64   (2.8)
High school completion4 69.2 (0.78) 66.7   (0.69) 68.0 (0.77) 420   (8.9) 49.5   (0.83) 46.7 (0.83) 48.0   (0.78) 296   (6.8) 28.5   (0.77) 29.9   (0.99) 29.4   (0.90) 124   (4.9)
At least some college 77.1 (1.41) 75.7   (1.25) 73.6 (1.59) 105   (4.6) 61.3   (1.52) 60.1 (1.52) 57.0   (1.91) 81   (4.1) 20.5   (1.48) 20.7   (1.56) 22.6   (1.78) 24   (2.1)
                                                                   
White, all education levels 69.3 (0.51) 67.5   (0.45) 67.4 (0.55) 826   (11.0) 48.6   (0.45) 46.2 (0.51) 47.4   (0.55) 581   (9.2) 29.8   (0.55) 31.5   (0.62) 29.7   (0.66) 245   (6.5)
Less than high school completion 53.0 (0.73) 49.4   (0.88) 47.5 (1.24) 173   (5.3) 30.2   (0.81) 29.1 (0.72) 28.3   (1.00) 103   (4.2) 43.0   (1.42) 41.0   (1.16) 40.5   (1.52) 70   (3.3)
High school completion4 76.8 (0.58) 74.8   (0.52) 74.9 (0.63) 534   (8.6) 56.1   (0.59) 52.2 (0.73) 53.4   (0.67) 381   (6.8) 27.0   (0.64) 30.3   (0.86) 28.7   (0.73) 153   (4.9)
At least some college 79.9 (1.25) 81.2   (1.06) 79.8 (1.30) 120   (4.5) 66.0   (1.32) 64.7 (1.56) 65.0   (1.50) 98   (4.1) 17.4   (1.18) 20.4   (1.51) 18.6   (1.66) 22   (2.2)
                                                                   
Black, all education levels 52.7 (1.02) 52.6   (0.97) 51.4 (1.03) 240   (6.1) 28.6   (0.88) 26.6 (0.88) 26.1   (0.90) 122   (4.4) 45.8   (1.32) 49.5   (1.32) 49.3   (1.31) 118   (4.3)
Less than high school completion 38.4 (1.47) 37.1   (1.48) 35.4 (1.56) 62   (3.4) 16.1   (1.21) 14.1 (1.04) 12.0   (1.16) 21   (2.0) 58.1   (2.74) 62.1   (2.27) 66.2   (2.75) 41   (2.8)
High school completion4 61.2 (1.38) 62.6   (1.39) 60.5 (1.34) 151   (5.3) 35.1   (1.18) 33.3 (1.23) 33.0   (1.26) 82   (3.8) 42.7   (1.63) 46.7   (1.68) 45.5   (1.63) 69   (3.4)
At least some college 68.2 (2.81) 65.9   (2.86) 63.3 (3.03) 27   (2.1) 47.2   (2.93) 44.0 (2.99) 42.9   (3.34) 18   (1.8) 30.8   (3.58) 33.2   (3.64) 32.2   (3.71) 9   (1.2)
                                                                   
Hispanic, all education levels 63.2 (0.79) 61.8   (0.76) 63.4 (0.71) 456   (9.2) 44.1   (0.68) 44.2 (0.80) 43.9   (0.87) 316   (7.8) 30.1   (0.88) 28.6   (0.97) 30.8   (1.10) 141   (6.0)
Less than high school completion 55.8 (1.32) 55.2   (1.19) 54.4 (1.09) 159   (5.5) 37.1   (1.09) 38.3 (1.12) 34.7   (1.23) 101   (4.5) 33.5   (1.39) 30.7   (1.48) 36.2   (1.86) 58   (3.6)
High school completion4 69.7 (1.06) 66.9   (1.21) 68.9 (1.11) 250   (6.7) 49.2   (1.20) 48.0 (1.13) 49.4   (1.43) 179   (6.5) 29.4   (1.34) 28.2   (1.27) 28.3   (1.58) 71   (4.2)
At least some college 70.8 (2.37) 70.2   (2.49) 73.6 (2.12) 47   (3.0) 58.6   (2.75) 55.6 (2.79) 54.7   (2.58) 35   (2.4) 17.2   (2.41) 20.7   (2.56) 25.6   (2.85) 12   (1.6)
                                                                   
Asian, all education levels 50.8 (2.61) 55.3   (2.92) 55.1 (3.11) 24   (2.0) 35.5   (2.65) 39.5 (2.70) 38.2   (2.84) 17   (1.5) 30.1   (3.49) 28.5   (3.03) 30.6   (3.20) 7   (1.0)
Less than high school completion 38.9 (3.88) 38.5   (5.13) 36.7 (5.19) 4   (0.7) 26.3   (3.74) 26.2 (4.81) 21.3   (4.16)   (†) 32.4   (6.77) 31.8   (7.67) 41.9   (9.67)   (†)
High school completion4 57.3 (4.36) 60.2   (3.81) 61.0 (3.85) 15   (1.7) 39.2   (4.28) 40.6 (3.52) 42.0   (3.76) 11   (1.3) 31.6   (4.47) 32.5   (4.35) 31.1   (4.27) 5   (0.9)
At least some college 61.7 (6.28) 64.5   (5.61) 61.7 (8.02) 5   (0.9) 48.1   (6.72) 53.9 (6.16) 49.9   (6.86) 4   (0.7) 22.0 ! (7.08) 16.5 ! (5.23) 19.1 ! (6.74)   (†)
                                                                   
American Indian/Alaska Native, all                                                                  
education levels 56.5 (3.17) 44.0   (3.34) 47.8 (3.08) 15   (1.5) 33.6   (2.79) 28.5 (2.87) 23.3   (2.78) 7   (1.1) 40.5   (4.04) 35.3   (4.18) 51.1   (4.89) 8   (1.0)
Less than high school completion 45.2 (4.78) 30.4   (4.50) 37.8 (4.83) 5   (0.7) 21.5   (3.68) 15.7 (3.21) 17.3   (3.90) 2   (0.5) 52.4   (7.26) 48.3   (7.43) 54.3   (8.63) 3   (0.6)
High school completion4 66.9 (4.43) 55.6   (4.89) 55.3 (4.38) 9   (1.2) 47.1   (4.70) 38.4 (4.64) 27.3   (4.55) 4   (0.8) 29.6   (4.29) 30.9   (5.48) 50.6   (6.87) 5   (0.8)
At least some college 67.7 (10.57)   (†) 49.3 (9.42)   (†) 30.8 ! (9.73) 44.8 (10.11) 27.6 ! (8.42)   (†) 54.5   (12.25)   (†)   (†)   (†)
                                                                   
20 to 24 years old                                                                  
All persons, all education levels 81.0 (0.15) 80.2   (0.14) 79.9 (0.13) 9,853   (35.9) 66.6   (0.17) 65.3 (0.18) 65.1   (0.17) 8,025   (33.3) 17.8   (0.15) 18.6   (0.17) 18.6   (0.18) 1,828   (19.7)
Less than high school completion 65.9 (0.34) 65.5   (0.38) 64.5 (0.42) 1,395   (17.5) 47.3   (0.39) 46.3 (0.41) 45.5   (0.46) 983   (13.9) 28.2   (0.48) 29.3   (0.53) 29.5   (0.57) 412   (9.9)
High school completion4 79.7 (0.26) 78.8   (0.20) 77.9 (0.23) 3,946   (24.3) 63.1   (0.28) 61.6 (0.28) 61.0   (0.28) 3,087   (20.9) 20.8   (0.26) 21.8   (0.30) 21.8   (0.30) 859   (13.8)
Some college, no degree 86.3 (0.30) 85.0   (0.30) 85.1 (0.30) 2,450   (21.4) 73.8   (0.41) 72.1 (0.39) 71.6   (0.44) 2,061   (22.2) 14.5   (0.31) 15.2   (0.31) 15.8   (0.38) 388   (9.1)
Associate's degree 92.1 (0.43) 90.6   (0.47) 90.1 (0.54) 521   (10.5) 83.5   (0.56) 82.3 (0.60) 81.6   (0.79) 472   (10.0) 9.3   (0.46) 9.2   (0.55) 9.4   (0.71) 49   (3.9)
Bachelor's or higher degree 93.5 (0.26) 93.3   (0.26) 93.4 (0.25) 1,541   (17.1) 86.5   (0.34) 86.0 (0.34) 86.2   (0.40) 1,421   (16.2) 7.5   (0.23) 7.9   (0.28) 7.8   (0.31) 120   (5.1)
                                                                   
Male, all education levels 84.2 (0.21) 83.0   (0.19) 82.6 (0.19) 5,489   (27.8) 67.7   (0.29) 66.3 (0.23) 66.6   (0.25) 4,423   (26.0) 19.6   (0.23) 20.1   (0.22) 19.4   (0.23) 1,066   (13.9)
Less than high school completion 73.5 (0.43) 71.8   (0.47) 71.0 (0.47) 924   (13.7) 53.3   (0.51) 51.8 (0.55) 52.1   (0.53) 678   (10.9) 27.5   (0.57) 27.8   (0.63) 26.6   (0.62) 246   (7.2)
High school completion4 83.9 (0.31) 82.6   (0.30) 81.9 (0.27) 2,406   (19.8) 65.4   (0.44) 63.9 (0.36) 63.6   (0.36) 1,870   (17.4) 22.0   (0.39) 22.7   (0.35) 22.3   (0.39) 536   (10.7)
Some college, no degree 89.1 (0.45) 87.4   (0.41) 87.6 (0.42) 1,279   (14.2) 75.3   (0.60) 73.4 (0.54) 73.4   (0.60) 1,071   (14.6) 15.5   (0.44) 16.1   (0.43) 16.2   (0.52) 208   (6.7)
Associate's degree 94.8 (0.61) 92.9   (0.66) 92.3 (0.68) 241   (7.4) 84.8   (0.92) 83.4 (0.83) 83.9   (0.95) 219   (6.7) 10.6   (0.74) 10.3   (0.83) 9.1   (0.81) 22   (2.2)
Bachelor's or higher degree 94.3 (0.36) 95.3   (0.34) 93.8 (0.44) 639   (10.9) 85.9   (0.51) 86.5 (0.56) 85.7   (0.62) 584   (10.7) 8.9   (0.38) 9.3   (0.50) 8.6   (0.48) 55   (3.1)
                                                                   
Female, all education levels 77.1 (0.22) 76.9   (0.23) 76.7 (0.21) 4,364   (22.5) 65.2   (0.23) 64.0 (0.29) 63.3   (0.26) 3,602   (21.3) 15.5   (0.24) 16.7   (0.25) 17.5   (0.26) 762   (12.4)
Less than high school completion 54.1 (0.56) 55.5   (0.73) 54.8 (0.71) 472   (8.9) 38.0   (0.59) 37.6 (0.79) 35.5   (0.73) 305   (7.3) 29.7   (0.89) 32.3   (0.96) 35.2   (1.06) 166   (6.1)
High school completion4 73.9 (0.40) 73.6   (0.33) 72.5 (0.46) 1,540   (17.8) 60.0   (0.43) 58.5 (0.43) 57.3   (0.48) 1,216   (15.6) 18.8   (0.44) 20.6   (0.50) 21.0   (0.44) 324   (7.7)
Some college, no degree 83.6 (0.43) 82.7   (0.44) 82.6 (0.43) 1,171   (13.3) 72.4   (0.53) 70.9 (0.52) 69.8   (0.53) 990   (13.0) 13.4   (0.41) 14.2   (0.39) 15.4   (0.48) 180   (5.8)
Associate's degree 89.5 (0.65) 88.6   (0.73) 88.4 (0.78) 280   (6.8) 82.3   (0.84) 81.3 (0.92) 79.7   (1.11) 253   (7.1) 8.1   (0.73) 8.3   (0.72) 9.7   (1.02) 27   (2.8)
Bachelor's or higher degree 93.0 (0.38) 92.0   (0.35) 93.1 (0.34) 902   (12.3) 86.9   (0.43) 85.6 (0.44) 86.5   (0.47) 837   (11.9) 6.6   (0.30) 6.9   (0.32) 7.2   (0.38) 64   (3.6)
                                                                   
White, all education levels 84.9 (0.18) 84.0   (0.19) 83.4 (0.22) 5,572   (29.2) 71.9   (0.24) 70.9 (0.22) 70.5   (0.26) 4,716   (27.9) 15.2   (0.19) 15.6   (0.17) 15.4   (0.21) 856   (12.1)
Less than high school completion 67.1 (0.59) 65.2   (0.67) 63.6 (0.83) 486   (10.0) 46.8   (0.69) 44.9 (0.70) 42.4   (0.67) 324   (7.1) 30.2   (0.80) 31.1   (0.88) 33.4   (0.77) 163   (5.4)
High school completion4 82.6 (0.34) 81.5   (0.27) 80.4 (0.36) 2,147   (18.8) 66.9   (0.42) 65.3 (0.38) 65.1   (0.37) 1,738   (16.1) 19.0   (0.36) 19.8   (0.38) 19.0   (0.35) 408   (8.8)
Some college, no degree 88.1 (0.35) 86.8   (0.36) 86.9 (0.33) 1,423   (16.0) 77.3   (0.46) 75.5 (0.48) 75.7   (0.49) 1,240   (16.0) 12.2   (0.34) 13.0   (0.37) 12.9   (0.40) 183   (5.6)
Associate's degree 93.6 (0.45) 92.5   (0.49) 91.7 (0.59) 363   (8.4) 86.7   (0.57) 86.2 (0.59) 84.9   (0.79) 335   (8.1) 7.4   (0.48) 6.9   (0.52) 7.5   (0.70) 27   (2.7)
Bachelor's or higher degree 95.0 (0.29) 95.4   (0.23) 94.9 (0.30) 1,153   (15.6) 88.5   (0.37) 89.1 (0.33) 88.7   (0.48) 1,078   (15.3) 6.8   (0.26) 6.6   (0.26) 6.6   (0.36) 76   (4.3)
                                                                   
Black, all education levels 72.3 (0.46) 71.4   (0.44) 71.9 (0.43) 1,350   (16.1) 50.7   (0.47) 48.5 (0.48) 48.8   (0.51) 917   (14.5) 29.9   (0.47) 32.2   (0.57) 32.1   (0.56) 433   (8.2)
Less than high school completion 52.5 (1.07) 50.2   (1.14) 51.3 (1.08) 197   (5.9) 26.9   (0.83) 24.0 (0.82) 23.7   (0.94) 91   (4.0) 48.7   (1.28) 52.1   (1.24) 53.8   (1.54) 106   (4.4)
High school completion4 71.8 (0.67) 71.8   (0.63) 71.4 (0.64) 606   (10.1) 48.9   (0.78) 47.1 (0.75) 46.1   (0.86) 392   (9.6) 31.9   (0.87) 34.5   (0.86) 35.4   (0.90) 215   (5.6)
Some college, no degree 84.3 (0.87) 83.4   (0.71) 81.8 (0.81) 385   (9.2) 64.6   (1.05) 63.7 (0.90) 62.8   (0.96) 295   (8.4) 23.4   (0.87) 23.6   (0.94) 23.3   (1.02) 90   (4.3)
Associate's degree 88.2 (2.37) 85.5   (2.18) 88.9 (1.79) 50   (3.7) 73.3   (3.32) 68.9 (2.68) 74.1   (2.46) 42   (3.3) 16.9   (2.69) 19.3   (2.66) 16.6   (2.59) 8   (1.5)
Bachelor's or higher degree 92.1 (1.23) 91.1   (1.30) 94.7 (0.93) 112   (4.9) 83.7   (1.56) 77.1 (1.72) 82.1   (1.38) 97   (4.5) 9.1   (1.18) 15.4   (1.43) 13.3   (1.41) 15   (1.7)
                                                                   
Hispanic, all education levels 78.1 (0.29) 77.8   (0.28) 77.9 (0.26) 2,302   (18.7) 65.0   (0.33) 64.1 (0.34) 63.9   (0.37) 1,887   (17.7) 16.7   (0.33) 17.6   (0.38) 18.0   (0.35) 415   (8.6)
Less than high school completion 71.3 (0.52) 72.2   (0.53) 71.6 (0.65) 641   (12.4) 57.7   (0.58) 57.1 (0.60) 58.2   (0.74) 521   (11.6) 19.0   (0.64) 20.9   (0.71) 18.7   (0.69) 120   (4.7)
High school completion4 79.2 (0.50) 78.4   (0.46) 77.8 (0.48) 985   (13.4) 65.3   (0.56) 64.4 (0.53) 63.0   (0.59) 798   (12.4) 17.5   (0.54) 17.8   (0.53) 19.0   (0.55) 187   (5.8)
Some college, no degree 84.4 (0.76) 82.7   (0.77) 84.1 (0.68) 476   (9.0) 72.7   (0.99) 70.6 (0.82) 68.9   (0.93) 390   (9.0) 13.9   (0.76) 14.6   (0.59) 18.0   (0.79) 86   (3.8)
Associate's degree 88.7 (1.18) 87.7   (1.44) 84.9 (1.69) 75   (4.3) 77.6   (1.82) 76.0 (1.81) 73.7   (2.36) 65   (4.2) 12.5   (1.99) 13.4   (1.63) 13.2   (1.91) 10   (1.5)
Bachelor's or higher degree 89.4 (1.23) 87.7   (1.03) 90.3 (1.06) 125   (5.0) 81.2   (1.58) 79.8 (1.34) 81.4   (1.51) 113   (4.8) 9.1   (1.10) 9.0   (0.98) 9.8   (1.07) 12   (1.4)
                                                                   
Asian, all education levels 78.2 (0.94) 79.1   (1.00) 80.3 (0.87) 295   (7.6) 67.2   (1.07) 67.4 (1.06) 68.9   (1.12) 253   (7.1) 14.1   (0.88) 14.8   (0.80) 14.2   (1.03) 42   (3.2)
Less than high school completion 64.8 (2.83) 66.5   (3.14) 72.1 (2.63) 29   (2.1) 50.3   (3.45) 48.8 (3.41) 54.6   (2.95) 22   (1.7) 22.4   (4.02) 26.6   (3.69) 24.3   (3.30) 7   (1.2)
High school completion4 76.3 (2.20) 78.2   (1.93) 78.1 (2.03) 68   (4.3) 63.6   (2.37) 64.6 (2.19) 65.0   (2.36) 56   (3.7) 16.7   (1.63) 17.4   (2.01) 16.7   (1.99) 11   (1.6)
Some college, no degree 77.7 (2.16) 79.2   (1.87) 80.3 (1.68) 66   (3.1) 67.7   (2.13) 70.4 (2.03) 69.6   (2.23) 57   (3.3) 12.9   (2.06) 11.2   (1.20) 13.4   (2.02) 9   (1.3)
Associate's degree 83.2 (3.41) 84.7   (3.31) 86.3 (3.13) 19   (1.9) 72.4   (4.34) 70.4 (3.70) 80.4   (3.48) 17   (1.8) 12.9 ! (3.90) 16.8   (3.26) 6.8 ! (2.38)   (†)
Bachelor's or higher degree 83.5 (1.28) 82.6   (1.28) 83.3 (1.50) 114   (4.5) 74.1   (1.67) 72.7 (1.49) 73.4   (1.85) 101   (4.3) 11.2   (1.08) 12.0   (0.99) 11.9   (1.30) 14   (1.5)
                                                                   
American Indian/Alaska Native, all                                                                  
education levels 66.8 (1.90) 67.7   (1.96) 65.9 (1.51) 79   (3.3) 48.1   (1.83) 45.1 (1.71) 48.2   (1.93) 58   (3.0) 27.9   (2.11) 33.4   (2.12) 26.9   (2.17) 21   (1.9)
Less than high school completion 48.5 (4.12) 54.0   (4.60) 51.6 (3.44) 15   (1.4) 26.1   (3.70) 24.0 (3.00) 30.6   (3.27) 9   (1.2) 46.2   (5.02) 55.7   (5.32) 40.7   (4.85) 6   (0.9)
High school completion4 71.9 (2.61) 69.6   (2.20) 68.3 (2.13) 40   (2.6) 52.2   (2.75) 47.4 (2.57) 51.4   (3.02) 30   (2.4) 27.4   (2.94) 32.0   (3.00) 24.7   (3.23) 10   (1.4)
Some college, no degree 69.0 (3.80) 74.4   (4.82) 71.9 (3.25) 18   (1.5) 55.0   (4.08) 56.0 (3.63) 52.8   (4.15) 13   (1.4) 20.2   (3.88) 24.7   (4.22) 26.6   (3.94) 5   (0.8)
Associate's degree 86.8 (5.30) 80.3   (8.90) 84.0 (6.15) 2   (0.7) 68.6   (8.53) 70.4 (9.36) 72.5   (8.45)   (†) 20.9 ! (8.39)   (†)   (†)   (†)
Bachelor's or higher degree 90.7 (4.95) 99.5   (0.53) 82.0 (8.14) 4   (0.9) 83.1   (6.26) 96.2 (3.64) 77.9   (8.00)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
†Not applicable.
!Interpret data with caution. The coefficient of variation (CV) for this estimate is between 30 and 50 percent.
‡Reporting standards not met. Either there are too few cases for a reliable estimate or the coefficient of variation (CV) is 50 percent or greater.
1 Percentage of the civilian population who are employed or seeking employment.
2 Number of persons employed as a percentage of the civilian population.
3 The percentage of persons in the civilian labor force who are not working and who made specific efforts to find employment sometime during the prior 4 weeks.
4 Includes equivalency credentials, such as the General Educational Development (GED) credential.
NOTE: Table excludes persons enrolled in school. Race categories exclude persons of Hispanic ethnicity. Totals include racial/ethnic groups not separately shown. Standard errors were computed using replicate weights.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Commerce, Census Bureau, American Community Survey, 2009, 2010, and 2011, unpublished tabulations. (This table was prepared November 2012.)      
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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education