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Table 426. Federal obligations for research, development, and R&D plant, by category of obligation, performers, and fields of science: Fiscal years 2003 through 2011
[In millions of current dollars]
Category of obligation, performers, and fields of science Actual Estimated
2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 Percent change,
2010 to 2011
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11
Total obligations for research, development, and                    
R&D plant $97,927.9 $105,370.7 $112,994.6 $112,270.6 $129,431.2 $129,049.5 $136,996.5 $140,496.5 $130,241.4 -7.3
                     
Research and development obligations 93,661.3 101,376.5 109,223.5 110,145.8 127,262.9 127,105.7 133,349.0 136,426.0 127,786.6 -6.3
Performers                    
Federal intramural1 22,861.6 22,423.2 24,125.4 25,563.2 29,932.5 29,637.9 30,442.3 32,278.3 32,223.7 -0.2
Industrial firms 33,852.7 39,214.6 44,112.5 44,152.9 55,342.3 56,337.6 53,303.8 54,158.3 49,948.9 -7.8
FFRDCs2  administered by industrial firms 1,507.6 1,543.1 1,612.1 1,421.9 2,691.6 4,119.9 4,054.5 4,225.9 4,060.6 -3.9
Universities and colleges 22,693.5 24,169.7 24,841.5 24,336.3 25,547.8 26,026.5 31,563.0 31,177.8 28,373.0 -9.0
FFRDCs2  administered by universities and colleges 4,754.2 5,400.9 5,686.1 5,439.1 4,171.2 1,988.6 3,362.8 3,547.3 3,455.6 -2.6
Other nonprofit institutions 5,706.7 5,623.7 5,910.0 6,000.1 5,984.4 5,965.0 7,047.8 7,388.7 6,391.8 -13.5
FFRDCs2  administered by nonprofit institutions 1,352.8 1,443.2 1,649.2 1,816.0 2,520.3 2,083.0 2,588.1 2,725.0 2,481.9 -8.9
State and local governments 400.0 880.1 660.8 619.6 362.0 389.0 389.8 394.6 366.3 -7.2
Foreign 532.4 677.9 625.8 796.7 710.6 558.1 597.1 530.1 484.9 -8.5
                     
Research obligations 51,071.8 53,357.8 53,738.2 53,535.7 54,093.6 53,893.7 63,708.8 65,250.1 60,372.4 -7.5
Performers                    
Federal intramural1 12,419.6 12,085.2 12,349.9 12,261.6 11,816.4 11,921.7 13,325.9 14,073.4 13,306.9 -5.4
Industrial firms 6,042.4 6,782.7 6,456.4 6,436.3 6,074.2 5,782.4 6,285.6 6,882.8 6,180.4 -10.2
FFRDCs2  administered by industrial firms 1,103.5 1,131.6 1,082.0 947.9 1,863.0 2,929.7 3,070.5 3,170.9 3,147.0 -0.8
Universities and colleges 21,676.5 22,699.1 23,156.0 22,809.4 23,966.9 24,323.2 30,172.5 29,765.9 27,239.8 -8.5
FFRDCs2  administered by universities and colleges 3,272.6 3,687.3 3,743.4 3,783.0 2,942.4 1,623.1 2,148.2 2,273.8 2,304.0 1.3
Other nonprofit institutions 5,196.3 5,216.4 5,295.8 5,448.9 5,416.7 5,397.5 6,501.0 6,728.9 5,962.8 -11.4
FFRDCs2  administered by nonprofit institutions 779.0 795.5 907.8 1,028.6 1,283.0 1,205.7 1,462.0 1,613.2 1,537.0 -4.7
State and local governments 305.8 532.9 376.8 417.9 297.6 338.8 343.6 343.2 326.0 -5.0
Foreign 276.1 427.0 370.2 402.1 433.3 371.5 399.4 397.9 368.3 -7.4
Fields of science                    
Life sciences 27,772.2 27,728.5 28,127.8 27,927.7 29,463.6 28,918.8 33,267.7 34,337.2 30,818.3 -10.2
Psychology 1,104.4 1,854.9 1,891.8 1,747.3 1,837.9 1,740.8 2,086.7 2,207.0 1,961.0 -11.1
Physical sciences 5,021.6 5,211.1 5,493.7 5,351.1 5,136.1 5,072.6 5,823.4 5,751.0 5,767.1 0.3
Environmental sciences 3,740.9 3,741.6 3,502.6 3,430.6 3,170.5 2,984.6 3,751.4 3,287.8 3,356.8 2.1
Mathematics and computer sciences 1,104.4 2,949.4 2,983.4 2,814.9 2,945.7 3,047.3 3,612.5 3,478.9 3,401.3 -2.2
Engineering 8,405.1 8,866.4 8,552.9 8,678.7 8,989.7 8,975.5 10,294.4 10,692.9 9,791.4 -8.4
Social sciences 1,025.8 1,089.6 1,097.1 1,123.9 1,147.1 977.0 1,159.3 1,301.7 1,285.6 -1.2
Other sciences 1,329.3 1,916.3 2,088.9 2,461.3 1,403.1 2,177.1 3,713.4 4,193.6 3,990.8 -4.8
                     
Basic research obligations 24,751.4 26,120.7 27,140.3 26,584.6 26,865.8 27,154.0 32,877.9 32,051.6 30,083.4 -6.1
Performers                    
Federal intramural1 4,662.1 4,671.6 4,772.7 4,763.9 4,572.2 4,767.5 5,523.9 5,456.4 5,030.9 -7.8
Industrial firms 1,279.6 1,969.4 2,051.0 1,858.9 1,736.2 1,545.4 1,632.5 1,657.2 1,597.5 -3.6
FFRDCs2  administered by industrial firms 312.8 292.2 270.1 220.4 341.3 574.9 678.3 660.0 593.5 -10.1
Universities and colleges 13,151.8 13,398.5 13,989.9 13,657.6 14,220.3 14,645.7 18,232.6 17,323.4 16,153.8 -6.8
FFRDCs2  administered by universities and                    
colleges 1,827.8 2,005.8 2,021.2 2,096.8 1,982.8 1,484.3 1,964.3 2,004.1 2,086.8 4.1
Other nonprofit institutions 2,703.9 2,746.1 2,914.2 2,867.4 2,793.8 2,935.2 3,487.7 3,521.9 3,170.9 -10.0
FFRDCs2  administered by nonprofit institutions 582.1 606.8 670.7 755.8 889.5 915.8 1,059.1 1,127.5 1,171.9 3.9
State and local governments 85.4 197.9 235.9 152.7 101.3 75.9 94.4 94.3 87.5 -7.2
Foreign 146.1 232.3 214.6 211.2 228.4 209.1 204.9 206.8 190.6 -7.8
Fields of science                    
Life sciences 14,765.3 14,490.0 15,247.6 14,934.4 15,643.5 15,557.4 17,587.6 17,769.9 15,887.2 -10.6
Psychology 543.8 979.2 1,040.1 944.9 978.8 936.0 1,100.7 1,133.4 991.2 -12.6
Physical sciences 3,454.0 3,662.6 3,738.7 3,515.5 3,544.5 3,403.1 4,121.8 3,957.3 4,028.6 1.8
Environmental sciences 1,899.5 2,022.9 1,966.1 1,849.5 1,727.8 1,593.1 2,142.9 1,708.7 1,772.8 3.8
Mathematics and computer sciences 1,120.2 1,239.1 1,228.4 1,208.2 1,293.5 1,407.4 1,861.7 1,612.1 1,661.7 3.1
Engineering 1,913.1 2,271.7 2,300.5 2,364.6 2,629.9 2,736.0 3,408.8 3,370.7 3,367.8 -0.1
Social sciences 352.8 419.3 391.4 381.0 361.3 330.0 426.1 379.0 393.3 3.8
Other sciences 702.7 1,035.9 1,227.5 1,386.5 686.4 1,190.9 2,228.2 2,120.4 1,980.8 -6.6
                     
Applied research obligations 26,320.4 27,237.1 26,597.9 26,951.1 27,227.8 26,739.7 30,830.9 33,198.4 30,288.9 -8.8
Performers                    
Federal intramural1 7,757.5 7,413.6 7,577.2 7,498.0 7,244.2 7,154.2 7,802.0 8,617.0 8,276.0 -4.0
Industrial firms 4,762.8 4,813.3 4,405.4 4,577.4 4,338.0 4,237.0 4,653.1 5,225.6 4,583.0 -12.3
FFRDCs2  administered by industrial firms 790.7 839.3 811.9 727.5 1,521.6 2,354.8 2,392.2 2,510.9 2,553.5 1.7
Universities and colleges 8,524.7 9,300.6 9,166.1 9,151.8 9,746.6 9,677.5 11,939.9 12,442.5 11,086.0 -10.9
FFRDCs2  administered by universities and                    
colleges 1,444.8 1,681.6 1,722.2 1,686.2 959.6 138.5 183.8 269.7 217.2 -19.5
Other nonprofit institutions 2,492.5 2,470.3 2,381.6 2,581.5 2,622.9 2,462.3 3,013.3 3,207.0 2,791.9 -12.9
FFRDCs2  administered by nonprofit institutions 197.0 188.7 237.1 272.8 393.5 289.9 402.9 485.7 365.1 -24.8
State and local governments 220.4 335.0 140.9 265.1 196.3 262.9 249.2 248.9 238.5 -4.2
Foreign 130.0 194.7 155.6 190.9 205.0 162.4 194.5 191.1 177.7 -7.0
Fields of science                    
Life sciences 13,007.0 13,238.5 12,880.2 12,993.3 13,820.1 13,361.5 15,680.2 16,567.3 14,931.1 -9.9
Psychology 560.6 875.6 851.6 802.4 859.1 804.8 985.9 1,073.6 969.8 -9.7
Physical sciences 1,567.6 1,548.6 1,755.0 1,835.6 1,591.6 1,669.5 1,701.5 1,793.6 1,738.5 -3.1
Environmental sciences 1,841.4 1,718.7 1,536.5 1,581.1 1,442.7 1,391.5 1,608.5 1,579.1 1,584.0 0.3
Mathematics and computer sciences 1,552.2 1,710.3 1,754.9 1,606.7 1,652.1 1,639.8 1,750.8 1,866.8 1,739.5 -6.8
Engineering 6,492.0 6,594.7 6,252.5 6,314.2 6,359.8 6,239.5 6,885.7 7,322.2 6,423.6 -12.3
Social sciences 673.0 670.3 705.8 742.9 785.9 647.0 733.2 922.7 892.3 -3.3
Other sciences 626.6 880.5 861.4 1,074.9 716.7 986.2 1,485.1 2,073.2 2,010.1 -3.0
                     
Development obligations 42,589.5 48,018.7 55,485.3 56,610.2 73,169.3 73,212.0 69,640.2 71,176.0 67,414.3 -5.3
Performers                    
Federal intramural1 10,442.0 10,338.0 11,775.5 13,301.6 18,116.1 17,716.1 17,118.5 18,204.8 18,916.8 3.9
Industrial firms 27,810.3 32,431.8 37,656.1 37,716.6 49,268.1 50,555.2 47,016.0 47,275.5 43,768.4 -7.4
FFRDCs2  administered by industrial firms 404.1 411.6 530.1 474.0 828.6 1,190.2 983.9 1,055.0 913.6 -13.4
Universities and colleges 1,017.0 1,470.6 1,685.6 1,526.9 1,580.9 1,703.3 1,390.5 1,411.9 1,133.2 -19.7
FFRDCs2  administered by universities and colleges 1,481.6 1,713.5 1,942.8 1,656.1 1,228.8 365.5 1,214.4 1,273.4 1,151.5 -9.6
Other nonprofit institutions 510.3 407.4 614.1 551.2 567.7 567.5 546.7 659.8 429.1 -35.0
FFRDCs2  administered by nonprofit institutions 573.7 647.7 741.5 787.4 1,237.3 877.3 1,126.1 1,111.8 944.9 -15.0
State and local governments 94.1 347.2 284.1 201.7 64.4 50.2 46.2 51.4 40.3 -21.6
Foreign 256.3 250.9 255.6 394.6 277.3 186.6 197.7 132.2 116.6 -11.8
                     
R&D plant obligations 4,266.5 3,994.2 3,771.1 2,124.8 2,168.4 1,943.9 3,647.5 4,070.5 2,454.8 -39.7
Performers                    
Federal intramural1 609.7 961.3 859.3 662.8 593.4 494.0 804.7 1,456.4 694.9 -52.3
Industrial firms 1,817.0 1,442.0 1,381.4 265.8 401.4 449.0 375.8 422.0 404.7 -4.1
FFRDCs2  administered by industrial firms 145.7 188.3 125.7 82.7 27.6 175.6 127.7 261.9 238.4 -9.0
Universities and colleges 686.9 354.3 423.0 262.5 265.6 210.2 607.0 846.0 339.6 -59.9
FFRDCs2  administered by universities and colleges 578.4 603.9 558.3 519.3 498.4 334.4 706.5 418.7 275.1 -34.3
Other nonprofit institutions 70.7 164.5 134.6 127.3 79.7 23.7 154.4 142.1 45.6 -67.9
FFRDCs2  administered by nonprofit institutions 333.9 252.4 218.0 201.6 296.2 253.8 868.2 518.2 453.3 -12.5
State and local governments 0.8 15.8 55.2 2.6 # # 1.2 3.1 1.3 -58.1
Foreign 23.4 11.7 15.6 0.3 6.1 3.1 2.0 2.1 2.1 -1.3
#Rounds to zero.
1 Includes costs associated with the administration of intramural and extramural programs by federal personnel as well as actual intramural performance.
2 Federally funded research and development centers.
NOTE: Some data have been revised from previously published figures. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding. Totals do not include the U.S. Department of Homeland Security.
SOURCE: National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics, Survey of Federal Funds for Research and Development, 2003 through 2011. (This table was prepared September 2012.)
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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education