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Table 421. Federal on-budget funds for education, by level/educational purpose, agency, and program: Selected fiscal years, 1970 through 2012
[In thousands of current dollars]
Level/educational purpose, agency, and program 1970 1980 19901 19951 20001 20051 20081 20091,2 20101,3 20111,3 20121,3
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Total $12,526,499 $34,493,502 $51,624,342 $71,639,520 $85,944,203 $146,206,999 $145,003,074 $260,734,860 $183,311,245 $185,209,772
                       
Elementary/secondary education 5,830,442 16,027,686 21,984,361 33,623,809 43,790,783 68,957,711 71,927,854 162,109,105 87,423,873 $76,902,332 $78,980,623
Department of Education4 2,719,204 6,629,095 9,681,313 14,029,000 20,039,563 37,477,594 38,330,372 126,464,063 49,621,475 38,652,240 38,601,561
Education for the disadvantaged 1,339,014 3,204,664 4,494,111 6,808,000 8,529,111 14,635,566 14,872,535 27,135,152 15,864,666 15,515,444 15,741,703
American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 20092                      
portion of education for the disadvantaged funding 11,254,622
Impact aid program5 656,372 690,170 816,366 808,000 877,101 1,262,174 1,247,691 1,405,966 1,276,183 1,273,631 1,291,186
American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 20092                      
portion of impact aid program funding 98,119
School improvement programs6 288,304 788,918 1,189,158 1,397,000 2,549,971 7,918,091 7,077,721 70,092,894 16,999,862 6,738,485 6,327,886
American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 20092                      
portion of school improvement programs funding 50,492,393
Indian education 93,365 69,451 71,000 65,285 121,911 115,780 118,241 127,282 127,027 130,779
English Language Acquisition 21,250 169,540 188,919 225,000 362,662 667,485 700,395 709,750 750,000 733,530 732,144
Special education 79,090 821,777 1,616,623 3,177,000 4,948,977 10,940,312 12,280,101 24,919,640 12,587,035 12,526,672 12,640,709
American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 20092                      
portion of special education funding 12,150,854
Vocational and adult education 335,174 860,661 1,306,685 1,482,000 1,462,977 1,967,086 1,894,706 2,034,226 2,016,447 1,737,451 1,737,154
Education Reform--Goals 20007 61,000 1,243,479 -35,031
Hurricane Education Recovery 141,443 48,193
                       
Department of Agriculture 760,477 4,064,497 5,528,950 8,201,294 10,051,278 12,577,265 15,296,812 15,273,387 17,875,561 18,843,607 20,849,143
Child nutrition programs8 299,131 3,377,056 4,977,075 7,644,789 9,554,028 11,901,943 13,932,120 13,714,903 16,383,421 17,290,601 19,504,343
McGovern-
dole International Food for Education and
                     
Child Nutrition Program9 86,000 89,000 133,000 210,000 343,500 196,400
Agricultural Marketing Service--commodities10 341,597 388,000 350,441 400,000 400,000 399,322 1,097,210 1,237,008 1,100,000 1,006,000 952,000
Special Milk Program 83,800 159,293 18,707 (8) (8) (8) (8) (8) (8) (8) (8)
Estimated education share of Forest Service                      
permanent appropriations 35,949 140,148 182,727 156,505 97,250 190,000 178,482 188,476 182,140 203,506 196,400
                       
Department of Commerce 54,816
Local public works program--school facilities11 54,816
                       
Department of Defense 143,100 370,846 1,097,876 1,295,547 1,485,611 1,786,253 1,863,835 1,887,223 1,981,321 2,047,825 2,132,046
Junior Reserve Officers Training Corps (JROTC) 12,100 32,000 39,300 155,600 210,432 315,122 352,821 358,256 359,689 377,526 391,682
Overseas dependents schools 131,000 338,846 864,958 855,772 904,829 1,060,920 1,110,108 1,110,476 1,186,560 1,193,636 1,235,707
Domestic schools5 193,618 284,175 370,350 410,211 400,906 418,491 435,072 476,663 504,657
                       
Department of Energy 200 77,633 15,563 12,646
Energy conservation for school buildings12 77,240 15,213 10,746
Pre-engineering program 200 393 350 1,900
                       
Department of Health and Human Services 167,333 1,077,000 2,396,793 5,116,559 6,011,036 8,003,348 8,003,300 9,738,023 8,547,000 8,871,364 9,307,410
Head Start13 735,000 1,447,758 3,534,000 5,267,000 6,842,348 6,877,000 8,499,123 7,234,000 7,559,164 7,969,210
Payments to states for Aid for Families with                      
Dependent Children (AFDC) work programs14 459,221 953,000 15,000
Social Security student benefits15 167,333 342,000 489,814 629,559 729,036 1,161,000 1,126,300 1,238,900 1,313,000 1,312,200 1,338,200
                       
Department of Homeland Security 500 2,600 2,600 1,900 1,100 1,200
Tuition assistance for educational accreditation--                      
Coast Guard personnel16 500 2,600 2,600 1,900 1,100 1,200
                       
Department of the Interior 140,705 318,170 445,267 493,124 725,423 938,506 822,106 782,543 783,075 815,877 786,401
Mineral Leasing Act and other funds                      
Payments to states--estimated education share 12,294 62,636 123,811 18,750 24,610 60,290 50,913 24,610 23,000 24,380 26,450
Payments to counties--estimated education share 16,359 48,953 102,522 37,490 53,500 79,686 72,743 53,500 50,000 53,000 58,000
Indian Education                      
Bureau of Indian Education schools 95,850 178,112 192,841 411,524 466,905 517,647 540,734 560,799 582,492 583,572 635,522
Johnson-O'Malley assistance17 16,080 28,081 25,556 24,359 17,387 16,510 13,782 13,797 13,589 13,415 13,325
Education construction 161,021 263,373 142,935 128,837 112,994 140,509 52,104
Education expenses for children of employees,                      
Yellowstone National Park 122 388 538 1,000 2,000 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000
                       
Department of Justice 8,237 23,890 65,997 128,850 224,800 554,500 769,825 821,065 876,200 911,800 965,800
Vocational training expenses for prisoners in                      
federal prisons 2,720 4,966 2,066 3,000 1,000 0 1,025 1,065 2,600 1,000 1,000
Inmate programs18 5,517 18,924 63,931 125,850 223,800 554,500 768,800 820,000 873,600 910,800 964,800
                       
Department of Labor 420,927 1,849,800 2,505,487 3,957,800 4,683,200 5,654,000 5,070,000 6,073,000 6,826,000 6,121,000 5,662,000
Job Corps 469,800 739,376 1,029,000 1,256,000 1,521,000 763,000 1,612,000 1,850,000 1,660,000 1,789,000
Training programs--estimated funds for                      
education programs19 420,927 1,380,000 1,766,111 2,928,800 3,427,200 4,133,000 4,307,000 4,461,000 4,976,000 4,461,000 3,873,000
                       
Department of Transportation 45 60 46 62 188
Tuition assistance for educational accreditation--                      
Coast Guard personnel16 45 60 46 62 188
                       
Department of the Treasury 935,903
Estimated education share of general revenue                      
sharing20                      
State21 525,019
Local 410,884
                       
Department of Veterans Affairs 338,910 545,786 155,351 311,768 445,052 1,815,000 1,628,100 919,139 760,500 472,000 516,000
Noncollegiate and job training programs22 281,640 439,993 12,848
Vocational rehabilitation for disabled veterans23 41,700 87,980 136,780 298,132 438,635 1,815,000 1,628,100 919,139 760,500 472,000 516,000
Dependents' education24 15,570 17,813 5,723 5,961 6,417
Service members occupational conversion training                      
act of 1992 7,675
                       
Other agencies                      
Appalachian Regional Commission 33,161 9,157 93 2,173 2,588 2,962 1,000 1,141 986 2,290 962
National Endowment for the Arts 4,989 4,641 7,117 6,002 8,470 9,606 9,916 11,530 10,504 10,000
Arts in education 4,989 4,641 7,117 6,002 8,470 9,606 9,916 11,530 10,504 10,000
National Endowment for the Humanities. 20 330 404 997 812 603 0 0 125 75 100
Office of Economic Opportunity. 1,072,375
Head Start25 325,700
Other elementary and secondary programs26 42,809
Job Corps27 144,000
Youth Corps and other training programs27 553,368
Volunteers in Service to America (VISTA)28 6,498
                       
Other programs                      
Estimated education share of federal aid to the                      
District of Columbia 25,748 65,714 86,579 66,871 115,230 138,710 130,298 137,006 138,200 152,650 148,000
                       
Postsecondary education $3,447,697 $11,115,882 $13,650,915 $17,618,137 $15,008,715 $38,587,287 $36,395,182 $53,074,373 $50,166,341 $64,517,811 $69,940,153
Department of Education4 1,187,962 5,682,242 11,175,978 14,234,000 10,727,315 31,420,023 28,838,752 44,144,713 36,539,655 49,260,330 54,470,178
Student financial assistance 3,682,789 5,920,328 7,047,000 9,060,317 15,209,515 17,751,084 39,522,409 25,959,478 43,753,247 43,324,872
American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 20092                      
portion of student financial assistance funding 16,482,256
Direct Loan Program29 840,000 -2,862,240 3,020,992 5,333,920 1,406,154 3,481,859 2,781,709 6,917,373
Federal Family Education Loan Program30 2,323 1,407,977 4,372,446 5,190,000 2,707,473 10,777,470 3,288,531 526,894 3,932,994 -91,796 1,498,353
Higher education 1,029,131 399,787 659,492 871,000 1,530,779 2,053,288 2,029,379 2,276,899 2,740,665 2,388,946 2,297,656
Facilities--loans and insurance 114,199 -19,031 19,219 -6,000 -2,174 -1,464 -1,688 -497 -8,360 -4,607 -8,513
College housing loans31 14,082 -57,167 -46,000 -41,886 -33,521 -17,529 -17,662 -16,725 -13,265 -16,725
Educational activities overseas 774 3,561 82
Historically Black Colleges and Universities                      
Capital Financing, Program Account 150 169 18,222 1,476 23,330 23,289 32,160
Gallaudet College and Howard University 38,559 176,829 230,327 292,000 291,060 339,823 343,164 353,310 357,977 357,261 359,580
National Technical Institute for the Deaf 2,976 16,248 31,251 46,000 43,836 53,751 58,308 63,682 68,437 65,546 65,422
Hurricane Katrina, aid to institutions 35,361 12,048
                       
Department of Agriculture 10,453 31,273 33,373 30,676 61,957 66,709 73,150 80,697 81,658 81,658
Agriculture Extension Service, Second Morrill Act                      
payments to agricultural and mechanical colleges                      
and Tuskegee Institute 10,453 31,273 33,373 30,676 61,957 66,709 73,150 80,697 81,658 81,658
                       
Department of Commerce 8,277 29,971 3,312 3,487 3,800
Sea Grant Program32 3,123 3,312 3,487 3,800
Merchant Marine Academy33 6,160 14,809
State marine schools33 2,117 12,039
                       
Department of Defense 322,100 545,000 635,769 729,500 1,147,759 1,858,301 1,975,323 2,262,772 2,550,667 2,297,234 2,407,629
Tuition assistance for military personnel 57,500 95,300 127,000 263,303 608,109 603,610 657,702 669,892 567,412 590,626
Service academies 78,700 106,100 120,613 163,300 212,678 300,760 359,127 371,156 402,640 348,836 375,250
Senior Reserve Officers Training Corps (SROTC) 108,100 193,056 219,400 363,461 537,525 549,633 653,591 885,500 851,910 844,498
Professional development education34 77,800 226,800 219,800 308,317 411,907 462,953 580,323 592,635 529,076 597,255
                       
Department of Energy 3,000 57,701 25,502 28,027
University laboratory cooperative program 3,000 2,800 9,402 8,552
Teacher development projects 1,400
Energy conservation for buildings--higher                      
education12 53,501 7,459 7,381
Minority honors vocational training
Honors research program 6,472 2,221
Students and teachers 2,169 9,873
                       
Department of Health and Human Services 981,483 2,412,058 578,542 796,035 954,190 1,433,516 1,184,856 1,235,850 1,297,671 1,358,889 1,306,007
Health professions training programs35 353,029 460,736 230,600 298,302 340,361 581,661 318,225 354,322 406,000 498,000 459,000
Indian health manpower 7,187 9,508 27,000 16,000 27,000 29,000 36,000 46,000 41,000 41,000
National Health Service Corps scholarships 70,667 4,759 78,206 33,300 45,000 40,000 40,000 41,000 25,000 10,000
National Institutes of Health training grants36 176,388 241,356 380,502 550,220 756,014 770,481 776,313 775,186 771,766 777,761
National Institute of Occupational Safety and                      
Health training grants 8,088 12,899 10,461 11,660 14,198 23,841 27,150 29,215 29,485 23,123 18,246
Alcohol, drug abuse, and mental health training                      
programs37 118,366 122,103 81,353
Health teaching facilities38 3,078 505 365 110
Social Security postsecondary students'                      
benefits39 502,000 1,559,000
                       
Department of Homeland Security 36,400 52,400 52,700 57,539 69,129 69,900
Coast Guard Academy16 16,400 21,500 21,500 24,239 32,129 32,000
Postgraduate training for Coast Guard officers40 8,700 17,000 18,300 16,800 19,500 20,300
Tuition assistance to Coast Guard military                      
personnel16 11,300 13,900 12,900 16,500 17,500 17,600
                       
Department of Housing and Urban Development31 114,199
College housing loans31 114,199
                       
Department of the Interior 31,749 80,202 135,480 159,054 187,179 249,227 180,497 147,873 160,805 99,677 109,818
Shared revenues, Mineral Leasing Act and other                      
receipts--estimated education share 6,949 35,403 69,980 82,810 98,740 146,235 52,743 15,749 16,250 20,430 29,900
Indian programs                      
Continuing education 9,380 16,909 34,911 43,907 57,576 76,271 101,795 106,029 113,504 48,310 50,486
Higher education scholarships 15,420 27,890 30,589 32,337 30,863 26,721 25,959 26,095 31,051 30,937 29,432
                       
Department of State 30,850 2,167 3,000 319,000 424,000 522,000 537,000 609,000 661,000 621,000
Educational exchange41 30,850 319,000 424,000 522,000 537,000 609,000 661,000 621,000
Mutual educational and cultural exchange                      
activities 30,454 303,000 402,000 503,000 517,000 585,000 636,000 603,000
International educational exchange activities 396 16,000 22,000 19,000 20,000 24,000 25,000 18,000
Russian, Eurasian, and East European Research and                      
Training 2,167 3,000
                       
Department of Transportation 11,197 12,530 46,025 59,257 60,300 73,000 72,000 69,000 95,000 77,000 123,000
Merchant Marine Academy33 20,926 30,850 34,000 61,000 59,000 54,000 79,000 61,000 105,000
State marine schools33 8,269 8,980 7,000 12,000 13,000 15,000 16,000 16,000 18,000
Coast Guard Academy16 9,342 10,000 12,074 13,500 15,500
Postgraduate training for Coast Guard officers40 1,655 2,230 4,173 5,513 2,500
Tuition assistance to Coast Guard military                      
personnel16 200 300 582 414 1,300
                       
Department of the Treasury 296,750
General revenue sharing--estimated state share to                      
higher education20,21 296,750
                       
Department of Veterans Affairs 693,490 1,803,847 599,825 1,010,114 1,132,322 2,478,624 2,899,132 3,844,340 8,042,444 9,861,062 9,978,100
Vietnam-
era veterans.
638,260 1,579,974 46,998
College student support 1,560,081 39,458
Work-study 19,893 7,540
Service persons college support 18,900 46,617 8,911
Post-Vietnam veterans 922 161,475 33,596 3,958 1,136 891 448 894 1,343 1,100
All-volunteer-force educational assistance 269,947 868,394 984,068 2,070,996 2,296,543 3,013,559 1,854,917 1,626,686 1,595,000
Veterans 183,765 760,390 876,434 1,887,239 2,145,475 2,669,960 1,659,694 1,425,253 1,390,000
Reservists 86,182 108,004 107,634 183,757 151,068 343,599 195,223 201,433 205,000
Post 9-11 GI Bill42 162,053 5,542,843 7,656,490 7,800,000
Veteran dependents' education 36,330 176,334 100,494 95,124 131,296 388,719 434,733 469,360 507,294 462,877 465,000
Payments to state education agencies 12,000 13,000 13,000 17,773 18,342 19,000
Reserve Education Assistance Program (REAP)43 166,965 198,920 136,496 95,324 98,000
                       
Other agencies                      
Appalachian Regional Commission 4,105 1,751 2,741 2,286 4,407 3,120 2,985 2,464 6,098 6,653
National Endowment for the Humanities 3,349 56,451 50,938 56,481 28,395 29,253 36,472 40,795 47,949 40,168 45,000
National Science Foundation 42,000 64,583 161,884 211,800 389,000 490,000 531,000 629,000 646,000 672,415 689,210
Science and engineering education programs 37,000 64,583 161,884 211,800 389,000 490,000 531,000 629,000 646,000 672,415 689,210
Sea Grant Program32 5,000
United States Information Agency44 8,423 51,095 181,172 260,800
Educational and cultural affairs41 49,546 35,862 13,600
Educational and cultural exchange programs45 145,307 247,200
Educational exchange activities, international 1,549 3
Information center and library activities 8,423
                       
Other programs                      
Barry Goldwater Scholarship and Excellence                      
in Education Foundation 1,033 3,000 3,000 3,000 3,000 3,000 4,000 3,000 4,000
Estimated education share of federal aid to the                      
District of Columbia 5,513 13,143 14,637 9,468 11,493 14,578 17,920 19,195 20,450 19,150 16,000
Harry S Truman Scholarship fund -1,895 2,883 3,000 3,000 3,000 3,000 2,000 2,000 1,000 1,000
Institute of American Indian and Alaska Native                      
Culture and Arts Development 4,305 13,000 2,000 6,000 7,000 8,000 8,000 8,000 9,000
James Madison Memorial Fellowship Foundation 191 2,000 7,000 2,000 2,000 2,000 2,000 2,000 2,000
                       
Other education $964,719 $1,548,730 $3,383,031 $4,719,655 $5,484,571 $6,908,504 $7,882,220 $8,853,694 $9,326,725 $11,020,225 $9,561,853
Department of Education4 630,235 747,706 2,251,801 2,861,000 3,223,355 3,538,862 4,544,966 5,194,060 5,073,063 5,255,939 5,464,708
Administration 47,456 187,317 328,293 404,000 458,054 548,842 1,252,527 1,339,034 1,531,232 1,755,384 1,928,821
Libraries46 108,284 129,127 137,264 117,000
Rehabilitative services and disability research 473,091 426,886 1,780,360 2,333,000 2,755,468 2,973,346 3,242,297 3,828,390 3,506,861 3,474,718 3,511,281
American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 20092                      
portion of rehabilitative services and disability                      
research funding 642,671
American Printing House for the Blind 1,404 4,349 5,736 7,000 9,368 16,538 19,522 26,627 24,600 24,551 24,505
Trust funds and contributions 0 27 148 0 465 136 30,620 9 10,370 1,286 101
                       
Department of Agriculture 135,637 271,112 352,511 422,878 444,477 468,631 517,208 542,754 567,423 552,030 547,081
Extension Service 131,734 263,584 337,907 405,371 424,174 445,631 494,208 519,754 543,423 530,030 526,081
National Agricultural Library 3,903 7,528 14,604 17,507 20,303 23,000 23,000 23,000 24,000 22,000 21,000
                       
Department of Commerce 1,226 2,479
Maritime Administration                      
Training for private sector employees33 1,226 2,479
                       
Department of Health and Human Services 24,273 37,819 77,962 138,000 214,000 313,000 323,000 331,000 340,000 337,000 338,000
National Library of Medicine 24,273 37,819 77,962 138,000 214,000 313,000 323,000 331,000 340,000 337,000 338,000
                       
Department of Homeland Security 278,243 264,523 351,120 341,100 1,892,000 282,471
Federal Law Enforcement Training Center47 159,000 245,000 331,000 323,000 311,000 338,000
Estimated disaster relief48 119,243 19,523 20,120 18,100 1,581,000 -55,529
                       
Department of Justice 5,546 27,642 26,920 36,296 34,727 26,148 28,425 28,993 33,563 33,563 33,563
Federal Bureau of Investigation National Academy 2,066 7,234 6,028 12,831 22,479 15,619 17,062 17,403 19,443 19,443 19,443
Federal Bureau of Investigation Field Police                      
Academy 2,500 7,715 10,548 11,140 11,962 10,456 11,343 11,570 14,120 14,120 14,120
Narcotics and dangerous drug training 980 2,416 850 325 286 73 20 20
National Institute of Corrections 10,277 9,494 12,000
                       
Department of State 20,672 25,000 47,539 51,648 69,349 109,309 116,280 118,520 120,520 121,620 123,452
Foreign Service Institute 15,857 25,000 47,539 51,648 69,349 109,309 116,280 118,520 120,520 121,620 123,452
Center for Cultural and Technical Interchange41 4,815
                       
Department of Transportation 3,964 10,212 1,507 650 700 1,100 178 133 146 135 120
Highways training and education grants 2,418 3,412
Maritime Administration                      
Training for private sector employees31 1,507 650 700 1,100 178 133 146 135 120
Urban mass transportation--managerial                      
training grants 1,546 500
Federal Aviation Administration                      
Air traffic controllers second career program. 6,300
                       
Department of the Treasury 18 14,584 41,488 48,000 83,000
Federal Law Enforcement Training Center47 18 14,584 41,488 48,000 83,000
                       
Other agencies                      
                       
ACTION49 2,833 8,472
Estimated education funds 2,833 8,472
                       
Agency for International Development 88,034 99,707 170,371 260,408 299,000 574,000 608,420 612,025 542,700 486,900 651,600
Education and human resources 61,570 80,518 142,801 248,408 299,000 574,000 608,420 612,025 542,700 486,900 651,600
American schools and hospitals abroad 26,464 19,189 27,570 12,000
                       
Appalachian Regional Commission 572 8,124 5,709 2,369 1,173 3,056 1,980 1,620 3,514 3,510
                       
Corporation for National and Community Service49 214,600 386,000 472,000 333,000 401,000 965,000 983,000 757,000
Estimated education funds 214,600 386,000 472,000 333,000 401,000 965,000 983,000 757,000
                       
Federal Emergency Management Agency50 290 281 215 170,400 14,894
Estimated architect/engineer student                      
development program 40 31 200
Estimated other training programs51 250 250 15
Estimated disaster relief48 170,400 14,894
                       
General Services Administration                      
Libraries and other archival activities52 14,775 34,800
                       
Institute of Museum and Library Services46 166,000 250,000 253,000 265,000 265,000 274,000 276,000
                       
Japanese-United States Friendship Commission. 2,294 2,299 2,000 3,000 3,000 2,000 2,000 2,000 2,000 3,000
                       
Library of Congress 29,478 151,871 189,827 241,000 299,000 430,000 434,000 468,000 516,000 521,000 521,000
Salaries and expenses 20,700 102,364 148,985 198,000 247,000 383,000 395,000 420,000 439,000 446,000 442,000
Books for the blind and the physically                      
handicapped 6,195 31,436 37,473 39,000 46,000 47,000 39,000 48,000 77,000 75,000 79,000
Special foreign currency program 2,273 3,492 10
Furniture and furnishings 310 14,579 3,359 4,000 6,000
                       
National Aeronautics and Space Administration                      
Aerospace education services project 350 882 3,300 5,923 6,800
                       
National Archives and Records Administration                      
Libraries and other archival activities52 77,397 105,172 121,879 276,000 279,000 329,000 339,000 349,000 356,000
                       
National Commission on Libraries and                      
Information Science53 2,090 3,281 1,000 2,000 1,000 1,000
                       
National Endowment for the Arts 340 231 936 2,304 4,046 2,506 3,202 3,002 2,883 2,509 2,200
                       
National Endowment for the Humanities 5,090 85,805 89,706 94,249 70,807 87,969 87,690 93,738 94,580 90,891 91,000
                       
Smithsonian Institution 2,461 5,153 5,779 9,961 25,764 45,890 64,768 61,104 63,107 67,149 66,167
Museum programs and related research 2,261 3,254 690 3,190 18,000 32,000 55,600 51,000 52,000 56,000 54,000
National Gallery of Art extension service 200 426 474 771 764 890 168 104 107 149 167
Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars 1,473 4,615 6,000 7,000 13,000 9,000 10,000 11,000 11,000 12,000
                       
U.S. Information Agency--Center for                      
Cultural and Technical Interchange41 15,115 20,375 34,000
                       
U.S. Institute of Peace 7,621 12,000 13,000 28,000 17,000 49,000 58,000 47,000 44,000
                       
Other programs                      
Estimated education share of federal aid for the                      
District of Columbia 1,758 2,990 3,724 2,457 404 1,674 1,504 1,264 1,020 975 980
                       
Research programs at universities and related                      
institutions54  $2,283,641 $5,801,204 $12,606,035 $15,677,919 $21,660,134 $31,753,498 $28,797,817 $36,697,689 $36,394,306 $32,769,405
Department of Education55 87,823 78,742 89,483 279,000 116,464 456,822 463,729 675,789 659,006 608,786 593,664
American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 20092                      
portion of Department of Education funding for                      
research programs at universities and related                      
institutions 97,187
Department of Agriculture 64,796 216,405 348,109 434,544 553,600 709,700 707,800 714,500 1,021,600 893,900
Department of Commerce 4,487 48,295 50,523 85,442 110,775 243,948 193,612 263,000 222,200 261,617
Department of Defense 356,188 644,455 1,871,864 1,853,955 1,891,710 2,675,900 2,739,258 2,744,900 2,870,700 2,444,800
Department of Energy 548,327 1,470,224 2,520,885 2,651,641 3,577,004 4,339,879 2,469,637 3,747,800 3,238,000 3,064,475
Department of Health and Human Services 623,765 2,087,053 4,902,714 6,418,969 10,491,641 16,357,996 16,976,434 20,575,200 21,380,100 18,693,076
Department of Homeland Security 309,717 91,057 102,500 194,300 169,489
Department of Housing and Urban Development 510 5,314 118 1,613 1,400 1,100 400 200 400 1,300
Department of the Interior 18,521 42,175 49,790 50,618 47,200 66,800 53,900 70,900 50,400 48,800
Department of Justice 1,945 9,189 6,858 7,204 19,400 27,500 25,800 39,100 6,700 6,000
Department of Labor 3,567 12,938 5,893 10,114 12,900 110,500 500 300 1,100 300
Department of State 8,220 188 1,519 23
Department of Transportation 12,328 31,910 28,608 75,847 55,866 52,800 71,200 69,300 55,900 61,200
Department of the Treasury 226 227 1,496 100 400 400
Department of Veterans Affairs 518 1,600 2,300 2,500
                       
Agency for International Development 77,063 79,415 30,172 33,500 28,100 26,900 30,200 16,300 16,600
Environmental Protection Agency 19,446 41,083 87,481 125,721 98,900 83,400 44,500 52,900 48,200 48,900
Federal Emergency Management Agency 1,665
National Aeronautics and Space Administration 258,016 254,629 1,090,003 1,751,977 2,071,030 2,763,120 1,154,900 1,754,100 1,752,800 1,771,100
National Science Foundation 253,628 743,809 1,427,007 1,874,395 2,566,244 3,503,216 3,767,290 5,835,300 4,852,400 4,657,862
Nuclear Regulatory Commission 32,590 42,328 22,188 12,200 15,100 2,200 8,200 10,000 8,400
Office of Economic Opportunity 20,035
U.S. Arms Control and Disarmament Agency 100 661 25
                       
Other agencies 1,421 990 885 500 300 7,900 8,600 13,500 13,800 12,400
—Not available.
†Not applicable.
1 Excludes federal support for medical education benefits under Medicare in the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Benefits excluded from total because data before fiscal year (FY) 1990 are not available. This program existed since Medicare began, but was not available as a separate budget item until FY 1990. Excluded amounts are as follows: $4,440,000,000 in FY 1990, $7,510,000,000 in FY 1995, $8,020,000,000 in FY 2000, $8,300,000,000 in FY 2005, $8,600,000,000 in FY 2008, $8,800,000,000 in FY 2009, $9,000,000,000 in FY 2010, $9,410,000,000 in FY 2011, and an estimated $9,700,000,000 in FY 2012.
2 In this table, all funds from the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (ARRA) are included in FY 2009. Most ARRA funds had a 2-year availability, meaning that they were available for the Department of Education to obligate during FY 2009 and FY 2010.
3 Data for research programs at universities and related institutions are estimated.
4 The U.S. Department of Education was created in May 1980. It formerly was the Office of Education in the U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare.
5 Arranges for the education of children who reside on federal property when no suitable local school district can or will provide for the education of these children.
6 Includes many programs, such as No Child Left Behind, 21st Century Community Learning Centers, Class Size Reduction, Charter Schools, Safe and Drug-Free Schools, and Innovative programs.
7 Included the School-To-Work Opportunities program, which initiated a national system to be administered jointly by the U.S. Departments of Education and Labor. Programs in the Education Reform program were transferred to the school improvement programs or discontinued in FY 2002. Amounts after FY 2002 reflect balances that are spending out from prior-year appropriations.
8 Starting in FY 1994, the Special Milk Program has been included in the child nutrition programs.
9 The Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002 (Public Law 107-171) carries out preschool and school feeding programs in foreign countries to help reduce the incidence of hunger and malnutrition, and improve literacy and primary education.
10 These commodities are purchased under Section 32 of the Act of August 24, 1935, for use in the child nutrition programs.
11 Assisted in the construction of public facilities, such as vocational schools, through grants or loans. No funds have been appropriated for this program since FY 1977, and it was completely phased out in FY 1984.
12 Established in 1979, with funds first appropriated in FY 1980.
13 Formerly in the Office of Economic Opportunity. In FY 1972, funds were transferred to the U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, Office of Child Development.
14 Created by the Family Support Act of 1988 to provide funds for the Job Opportunities and Basic Skills Training program. Later incorporated into Temporary Assistance for Needy Families program.
15 After age 18, benefits terminate at the end of the school term or in 3 months, whichever comes first.
16 Transferred from the U.S. Department of Transportation to the U.S. Department of Homeland Security in March of 2003.
17 Provides funding for supplemental programs for eligible American Indian students in public schools.
18 Finances the cost of academic, social, and occupational education courses for inmates in federal prisons.
19 Some of the work and training programs were in the Office of Economic Opportunity and were transferred to the U.S. Department of Labor in FYs 1971 and 1972. From FY 1994 through FY 2001, included the School-to-Work Opportunities program, which was administered jointly by the U.S. Departments of Education and Labor.
20 Established in FY 1972 and closed in FY 1986.
21 The states' share of revenue-sharing funds could not be spent on education in FYs 1981 through 1986.
22 Provided educational assistance allowances in order to restore lost educational opportunities to those individuals whose careers were interrupted or impeded by reason of active military service between January 31, 1955, and January 1, 1977.
23 This program is in "Readjustment Benefits" program, Chapter 31, and covers the costs of subsistence, tuition, books, supplies, and equipment for disabled veterans requiring vocational rehabilitation.
24 This program is in "Readjustment Benefits" program, Chapter 35, and provides benefits to children and spouses of veterans.
25 Head Start program funds were transferred to the U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, Office of Child Development, in FY 1972.
26 Most of these programs were transferred to the U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, Office of Education, in FY 1972.
27 Transferred to the U.S. Department of Labor in FYs 1971 and 1972.
28 Transferred to the ACTION Agency in FY 1972.
29 Under the William D. Ford Federal Direct Loan Program (commonly referred to as the Direct Loan Program ), the federal government uses Treasury funds to provide loan capital directly to schools, which then disburse loan funds to students.
30 The Federal Family Education Loan (FFEL) Program eliminated the authorization to originate new FFEL loans after June 30, 2010; all new loans are originated through the Direct Loan Program. The FFEL Program made loan capital available to students and their families through private lenders. State and private nonprofit guaranty agencies administer the federal guarantee protecting FFEL lenders against losses related to borrower default. These agencies also collect on defaulted loans and provide other services to lenders.
31 Transferred from the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development to the U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, Office of Education, in FY 1979.
32 Transferred from the National Science Foundation to the U.S. Department of Commerce in October 1970.
33 Transferred from the U.S. Department of Commerce to the U.S. Department of Transportation in FY 1981.
34 Includes special education programs (military and civilian); legal education program; flight training; advanced degree program; college degree program (officers); and "Armed Forces Health Professions Scholarship" program.
35 Does not include higher education assistance loans.
36 Alcohol, drug abuse, and mental health training programs are included starting in FY 1992.
37 Beginning in FY 1992, data were included in the National Institutes of Health training grants program.
38 This program closed in FY 2004.
39 Postsecondary student benefits were ended by the Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1981 (Public Law 97-35) and were completely phased out by August 1985.
40 Includes flight training. Transferred to the U.S. Department of Homeland Security in March of 2003.
41 Transferred from the U.S. Department of State to the United States Information Agency in 1977, then transferred back to the U.S. Department of State in FY 1998.
42 Chapter 33 was enacted in the "Post 9-11 Veterans Educational Assistance Act of 2008" (PL 110-252).
43 Part of the Ronald W. Reagan National Defense Authorization Act for FY 2005 (Public Law 108-375), enacted October 28, 2004. The Reserve Education Assistance Program (REAP) provides educational assistance to members of the National Guard and Reserves who serve on active duty in support of a contingency operation under federal authority on or after September 11, 2001.
44 Abolished in FY 1998, with functions transferred to the U.S. Department of State and the newly created Broadcasting Board of Governors.
45 Included in the "Educational and Cultural Affairs" program in FYs 1980 through 1983, and became an independent program in FY 1984.
46 Transferred from U.S. Department of Education to the Institute of Museum and Library Services in FY 1997.
47 Transferred to the U.S. Department of Homeland Security in FY 2003.
48 The disaster relief program repairs and replaces damaged and destroyed school buildings. This program was transferred from the Federal Emergency Management Agency to the U.S. Department of Homeland Security in FY 2003.
49 The National Service Trust Act of 1993 established the Corporation for National and Community Service. In 1993, ACTION became part of this agency.
50 The Federal Emergency Management Agency was created in 1979, representing a combination of five existing agencies. The funds for the Federal Emergency Management Agency in FY 1970 to FY 1975 were in other agencies. This agency was transferred to the U.S. Department of Homeland Security in March of 2003.
51 These programs include the Fall-Out Shelter Analysis, Blast Protection Design through FY 1992. Starting in FY 1993, earthquake training and safety for teachers and administrators for grades 1 through 12 are included.
52 Transferred from the General Services Administration to the National Archives and Records Administration in April 1985.
53 Public Law 110-161 transferred the National Commission on Libraries and Information Science to the Institute of Museum and Library Services starting in FY 2008.
54 Includes federal obligations for research and development centers and R & D plant administered by colleges and universities. FY 2010 and FY 2011 data are estimated, except the U.S Department of Education data, which are actual numbers.
55 FY 1970 includes outlays for the "Research and Training" program. FY 1980 includes outlays for the "National Institute of Education" program. FY 1990 through FY 2000 amounts are outlays for the Office of Educational Research and Improvement. FY 2005 through FY 2012 amounts are for the Institute of Education Sciences; these amounts are outlays for years prior to FY 2010 and appropriations for later years.
NOTE: To the extent possible, amounts reported represent outlays rather than obligations. Negative amounts occur when program receipts exceed outlays. Starting in FY 2010, amounts for the U.S. Department of Education are appropriations, not outlays. Some data have been revised from previously published figures. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, Budget Service, unpublished tabulations. U.S. Office of Management and Budget, Budget of the U.S. Government, Appendix, fiscal years 1972 through 2013, National Science Foundation, Federal Funds for Research and Development, fiscal years 1970 through 2011. (This table was prepared October 2012.)
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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education