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Table 398. Percentage of full-time, full-year postbaccalaureate students receiving financial aid, by type of aid, level of study, and control and level of institution: Selected years, 1992-93 through 2007-08
[Standard errors appear in parentheses]
Level of study,
control and level of institution
Number of students1 (in thousands) Percent receiving aid
Any aid2 Fellowship grants Tuition waivers Assistant- ships3 Employer (includes college staff) Loans
Any loans Stafford4 Perkins5
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
1992-93, all institutions 679 (42.6) 67.7 (1.19) [6 ]   (†) 12.3   (1.01) 14.1   (1.17) 3.3   (0.45) 43.0 (1.58) 40.8 (1.57) 9.0   (0.96)
Master's degree 286 (18.2) 61.9 (2.28) [6 ]   (†) 15.4   (1.31) 17.6   (1.85) 5.1   (0.73) 32.0 (2.12) 30.0 (2.09) 5.1   (0.80)
Public 165 (8.2) 64.8 (2.17) [6 ]   (†) 20.3   (1.77) 21.9   (1.78) 4.8   (0.85) 31.9 (2.05) 30.6 (1.94) 4.1   (0.73)
4-year doctoral 141 (6.7) 65.2 (2.27) [6 ]   (†) 23.0   (1.87) 23.0   (1.94) 4.7   (0.89) 30.5 (2.10) 29.3 (1.98) 3.4   (0.62)
Other 4-year 24 (2.5) 62.8 (4.36) [6 ]   (†) 4.3 ! (1.82) 15.6   (2.73) 5.2 ! (2.46) 40.0 (5.20) 38.0 (5.03) 8.2 ! (3.36)
Private 121 (15.1) 57.8 (4.32) [6 ]   (†) 8.7   (1.69) 11.7 ! (3.84) 5.5   (1.21) 32.0 (3.84) 29.3 (3.88) 6.5   (1.67)
4-year doctoral 105 (13.9) 60.2 (4.66) [6 ]   (†) 9.3   (1.89) 13.1 ! (4.33) 5.6   (1.39) 32.7 (4.50) 30.3 (4.59) 6.9   (1.66)
Other 4-year 16 (1.3) 42.4 (3.68) [6 ]   (†) 4.8   (0.53)   (†) 4.7   (0.38) 27.7 (3.32) 23.2 (3.15) 4.4   (1.23)
                                               
Doctor's degree 121 (5.9) 69.0 (2.00) [6 ]   (†) 19.2   (1.99) 26.6   (1.93) 2.4   (0.54) 25.6 (2.32) 23.8 (2.35) 3.5   (0.55)
Public 74 (4.3) 69.6 (2.61) [6 ]   (†) 23.3   (2.74) 31.6   (2.80) 3.4   (0.79) 20.4 (2.30) 18.7 (2.21) 2.9   (0.73)
Private 47 (4.3) 68.0 (3.17) [6 ]   (†) 12.7   (2.50) 18.8   (2.15)   (†) 33.9 (3.72) 31.7 (3.85) 4.4   (0.83)
                                               
First-professional 211 (23.3) 77.3 (1.18) [6 ]   (†) 5.6   (1.00) 4.4   (0.68) 1.2 ! (0.40) 68.0 (1.80) 65.8 (1.76) 19.4   (1.90)
Public 100 (23.1) 79.5 (1.29) [6 ]   (†) 5.4   (1.25) 4.3   (0.61) 1.3 ! (0.59) 72.0 (1.83) 70.1 (1.64) 23.2   (2.16)
Private 110 (7.1) 75.2 (1.76) [6 ]   (†) 5.9   (1.28) 4.5   (1.22) 1.2 ! (0.54) 64.4 (2.22) 61.9 (2.30) 15.9   (1.86)
                                               
Other graduate 62 (6.7) 59.9 (6.40) [6 ]   (†) 7.4   (1.78) 6.1 ! (1.87)   (†) 42.4 (4.68) 38.5 (4.50) 2.5   (0.62)
                                               
1999-2000, all institutions 918 (14.6) 82.2 (0.68) 20.0   (0.72) 11.5   (0.49) 23.2   (0.60) 5.8   (0.29) 53.7 (0.99) 52.0 (1.00) 8.7   (0.71)
Master's degree 415 (10.5) 79.2 (0.81) 16.5   (0.74) 11.4   (0.66) 21.8   (1.23) 9.0   (1.04) 50.2 (1.78) 48.6 (1.90) 5.7   (0.87)
Public 228 (9.4) 78.1 (1.16) 15.5   (1.12) 18.1   (1.21) 30.3   (1.99) 6.8   (0.57) 44.0 (1.82) 42.8 (1.76) 2.9   (0.68)
4-year doctoral 184 (6.0) 80.2 (0.98) 16.6   (1.09) 19.4   (1.26) 34.0   (1.60) 7.1   (0.82) 42.2 (1.78) 41.6 (1.71) 3.1   (0.77)
Other 4-year 44 (5.3) 69.1 (4.98) 11.2   (2.61) 12.3 ! (3.74) 15.0 ! (5.31) 5.7   (1.60) 51.4 (6.34) 48.0 (7.03) 1.9   (0.50)
Private 187 (7.1) 57.8 (2.96) 17.7   (0.97) 3.3   (0.62) 11.5   (0.82) 11.6   (2.03) 57.8 (2.96) 55.5 (3.78) 9.1   (1.42)
4-year doctoral 127 (11.5) 82.5 (1.92) 23.4   (1.31) 4.1   (0.67) 14.0   (1.91) 8.3   (1.50) 60.1 (1.66) 56.7 (2.39) 11.5   (1.69)
Other 4-year 61 (8.5) 76.6 (3.91) 5.8 ! (1.77) 1.4 ! (0.64)   (†) 18.6   (5.21) 53.0 (8.54) 53.0 (8.54)   (†)
                                               
Doctor's degree 187 (8.3) 88.0 (0.74) 37.4   (2.14) 23.0   (1.57) 54.3   (2.24) 5.3   (0.87) 29.3 (3.58) 27.7 (3.33)   (†)
Public 113 (1.9) 88.6 (1.58) 29.8   (1.32) 34.8   (1.95) 62.5   (2.19) 7.3   (1.25) 26.0 (2.27) 24.2 (1.71) 1.1 ! (0.46)
Private 73 (7.8) 87.1 (2.48) 49.2   (4.37) 4.9   (0.73) 41.7   (4.41) 2.3   (0.64) 34.4 (6.95) 33.2 (6.99)   (†)
                                               
First-professional 254 (10.6) 88.1 (0.87) 16.3   (1.85) 4.0   (0.80) 6.5   (0.72) 1.5   (0.41) 80.4 (0.78) 78.3 (0.69) 17.9   (1.25)
Public 114 (7.0) 87.8 (1.18) 12.2   (1.33) 7.2   (1.75) 6.5   (1.28) 1.6   (0.46) 81.0 (1.51) 79.8 (1.57) 19.9   (1.83)
Private 140 (5.7) 88.4 (1.14) 19.8   (2.27)   (†) 6.5   (0.81) 1.5 ! (0.71) 79.9 (1.73) 77.1 (1.59) 16.3   (1.33)
                                               
Other graduate 62 (12.1) 59.8 (5.00) 5.6 ! (2.02) 8.4 ! (3.32) 7.2   (2.08) 3.1 ! (1.49) 41.0 (4.99) 40.4 (4.89) 3.8 ! (1.67)
                                               
2003-04, all institutions 914 (30.5) 85.9 (1.06) 21.6   (0.94) 13.2   (0.63) 22.5   (0.92) 8.6   (0.85) 61.0 (1.25) 56.4 (1.24) 10.8   (1.35)
Master's degree 381 (28.4) 80.5 (1.95) 17.1   (1.44) 11.7   (1.04) 21.6   (1.65) 10.5   (1.36) 57.3 (2.15) 52.4 (2.25) 5.4   (0.80)
Public 190 (12.0) 78.3 (2.11) 15.0   (1.86) 19.0   (1.69) 33.7   (2.50) 7.0   (1.06) 46.1 (2.54) 42.5 (2.45) 4.1   (0.87)
4-year doctoral 168 (10.4) 81.3 (1.75) 15.4   (2.06) 19.7   (1.71) 36.4   (2.52) 7.7   (1.17) 47.6 (2.55) 43.6 (2.39) 4.7   (0.99)
Other 4-year 22 (5.0) 55.4 (10.59)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†) 34.7 (10.36) 34.2 (10.25)   (†)
Private 191 (23.0) 82.6 (3.45) 19.3   (2.44) 4.6   (1.01) 9.5   (2.19) 14.0   (2.47) 68.4 (3.34) 62.3 (3.45) 6.6   (1.38)
4-year doctoral 116 (10.0) 85.8 (2.53) 27.9   (2.90) 7.0   (1.51) 12.4   (2.32) 10.3   (2.13) 67.8 (3.26) 60.0 (3.60) 9.8   (1.96)
Other 4-year 76 (19.4) 77.7 (6.94) 6.1 ! (2.94)   (†)   (†) 19.7   (5.43) 69.3 (6.36) 65.8 (6.36)   (†)
                                               
Doctor's degree 190 (9.0) 92.3 (0.86) 37.1   (1.71) 32.3   (1.71) 52.1   (1.82) 7.9   (0.79) 34.6 (1.86) 31.3 (1.67) 6.9   (1.50)
Public 111 (5.5) 93.4 (0.85) 33.2   (2.03) 43.5   (2.20) 59.1   (1.94) 8.5   (0.94) 30.8 (1.80) 27.9 (1.71) 4.7   (0.87)
Private 78 (6.3) 90.7 (1.63) 42.7   (3.12) 16.4   (1.73) 42.2   (3.30) 7.1   (1.26) 39.8 (3.53) 36.0 (3.27) 10.1 ! (3.30)
                                               
First-professional 273 (7.2) 90.3 (1.23) 21.2   (1.87) 3.8   (0.67) 7.5   (0.89) 5.0   (0.76) 81.2 (1.60) 75.3 (2.08) 23.1   (3.31)
Public 126 (7.3) 90.6 (1.45) 21.0   (2.51) 5.6   (0.90) 9.7   (1.35) 5.0   (0.93) 80.7 (2.11) 74.9 (2.44) 22.8   (2.01)
Private 147 (10.5) 90.1 (1.71) 21.3   (2.51) 2.2 ! (0.91) 5.6   (1.12) 5.0   (1.05) 81.6 (2.07) 75.8 (2.89) 23.3   (5.81)
                                               
Other graduate 71 (11.7) 80.9 (4.80) 6.2   (1.59) 5.6 ! (2.04) 6.6 ! (2.49) 14.1 ! (5.74) 73.4 (5.67) 72.5 (5.77) 2.7 ! (1.20)
                                               
2007-08,7 all institutions 1,143 (---) 86.9 (0.80) 23.5   (0.87) 12.3   (0.61) 25.2   (0.87) 11.6   (0.92) 58.3 (1.20) 55.1 (1.17) 6.1   (0.38)
Master's degree 594 (---) 84.4 (1.33) 17.7   (1.03) 10.8   (0.89) 19.4   (1.01) 16.3   (1.75) 59.4 (2.02) 54.8 (1.92) 4.4   (0.50)
Public 243 (---) 86.7 (1.27) 19.9   (1.82) 21.3   (1.96) 35.7   (1.77) 13.5   (1.50) 53.1 (1.85) 49.9 (1.86) 4.7   (0.96)
4-year doctoral 215 (---) 88.0 (1.33) 21.8   (2.01) 23.4   (2.15) 37.8   (1.97) 14.6   (1.68) 52.1 (2.00) 49.2 (2.02) 4.5   (1.00)
Other 4-year 28 (---) 77.3 (3.92) 5.2 ! (2.19) 6.0 ! (2.38) 19.8   (4.57) 5.1 ! (1.92) 61.1 (5.94) 55.6 (5.96) 6.2 ! (2.87)
Private 351 (---) 82.8 (1.96) 16.2   (1.32) 3.5   (0.61) 8.2   (0.74) 18.3   (2.78) 63.7 (2.88) 58.2 (2.79) 4.2   (0.54)
4-year doctoral 198 (---) 80.9 (1.46) 25.5   (2.18) 3.8   (0.63) 12.9   (1.17) 14.4   (1.17) 58.1 (1.51) 54.1 (1.50) 7.1   (0.95)
Other8 153 (---) 85.1 (3.91) 4.1   (0.85) 3.2 ! (1.14) 2.0   (0.51) 23.3   (6.22) 71.0 (6.08) 63.4 (5.95)   (†)
                                               
Doctor's degree 280 (---) 92.9 (0.87) 35.1   (1.90) 25.5   (1.69) 53.1   (2.55) 7.9   (0.80) 37.3 (2.31) 35.4 (2.23) 2.6   (0.46)
Public 144 (---) 92.1 (1.48) 30.7   (2.39) 39.4   (2.32) 66.5   (2.70) 7.9   (0.94) 29.0 (1.70) 27.7 (1.70) 2.5   (0.60)
Private 136 (---) 93.8 (1.08) 39.8   (3.41) 10.8   (1.90) 39.1   (3.41) 8.0   (1.35) 46.1 (3.84) 43.5 (3.73) 2.8   (0.69)
                                               
First-professional 236 (---) 88.4 (1.15) 26.1   (1.78) 1.7   (0.41) 7.9   (0.78) 4.6   (0.75) 81.7 (1.40) 80.3 (1.43) 14.5   (1.26)
Public 105 (---) 88.3 (1.69) 22.0   (2.15) 3.2   (0.89) 9.4   (1.38) 4.9   (1.43) 81.4 (2.25) 80.4 (2.25) 14.5   (2.03)
Private 131 (---) 88.5 (1.46) 29.4   (2.56) 0.5 ! (0.18) 6.7   (0.92) 4.4   (0.71) 82.0 (1.62) 80.2 (1.70) 14.5   (1.66)
                                               
Other graduate 33 (---) 69.2 (6.54) 10.4 ! (3.70) 3.2 ! (1.26) 16.0 ! (5.07) 6.2 ! (2.33) 49.3 (6.72) 47.4 (6.58) 4.7 ! (2.12)
---Not available.
†Not applicable.
!Interpret data with caution. The coefficient of variation (CV) for this estimate is between 30 and 50 percent.
‡Reporting standards not met. Either there are too few cases for a reliable estimate or the coefficient of variation (CV) is 50 percent or greater.
1 Numbers of full-time, full-year postbaccalaureate students may not equal figures reported in other tables, since these data are based on a sample survey of all postbaccalaureate students who enrolled at any time during the school year.
2 Includes students who reported they were awarded aid but did not specify the source of aid.
3 Includes students who received teaching or research assistantships and/or participated in work-study programs.
4 Formerly Guaranteed Student Loans (GSL).
5 Formerly National Direct Student Loans (NDSL). Includes subsidized amounts only.
6 Fellowship estimates for 1992-93 were based primarily on information provided by institutions and are not comparable to data for 1999-2000 and later years, which were based on information provided by both students and institutions.
7 Data have been revised from previously published figures.
8 Includes nonprofit 4-year nondoctoral institutions and for-profit 2-year-and-above institutions.
NOTE: Excludes students whose attendance status was not reported. Total includes some students whose level of study or control of institution was unknown. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding and because some students receive aid from multiple sources. Data include Puerto Rico.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, 1992-93, 1999-2000, 2003-04, and 2007-08 National Postsecondary Student Aid Study (NPSAS:93, NPSAS:2000, NPSAS:04, and NPSAS:08). (This table was prepared July 2013.)
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