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Table 297. Full-time and part-time faculty and instructional staff in degree-granting institutions, by race/ethnicity, sex, and program area: Fall 1998 and fall 2003
[Standard errors appear in parentheses]
Program area Number (in thousands) Percentage distribution, fall 2003
Total White Black Hispanic Asian/Pacific Islander American Indian/ Alaska Native
Fall 1998 Fall 2003 Male Female Male Female Male Female Male Female Male Female
1 2 3 4 5 6 7     8 9 10 11 12 13 14
Full-time faculty and
   instructional staff
560 (4.8) 682   (#) 100.0 49.6   (0.39) 30.7   (0.36) 2.9   (0.15) 2.7   (0.13) 2.0   (0.09) 1.5   (0.08) 6.3   (0.15) 2.8   (0.15) 0.8   (0.08) 0.6   (0.07)
Agriculture and
   home economics
10 (0.4) 17   (0.8) 100.0 58.9   (3.03) 28.9   (2.72)   (†) 1.8 ! (0.73) 1.2 ! (0.46) 1.3 ! (0.52) 3.6 ! (1.13) 2.8 ! (0.86)   (†)   (†)
Business 39 (1.1) 43   (1.4) 100.0 53.2   (1.49) 26.2   (1.71) 2.5   (0.73) 2.0   (0.44) 1.8   (0.48) 0.5 ! (0.16) 9.7   (1.06) 2.5   (0.46) 1.3   (0.35) 0.4 ! (0.17)
Communications 10 (1.0) 16   (1.4) 100.0 48.1   (3.39) 38.7   (3.30) 2.0 ! (0.73) 3.3   (0.94) 1.9 ! (0.58) 1.5 ! (0.59) 1.9 ! (0.87)   (†)   (†)   (†)
Education 40 (1.4) 51   (1.9) 100.0 32.5   (1.49) 48.0   (1.64) 3.0   (0.60) 4.9   (0.64) 1.5   (0.34) 3.2   (0.52) 1.3 ! (0.43) 3.5   (0.59) 0.9   (0.25) 1.3   (0.34)
Teacher education 14 (0.6) 18   (1.0) 100.0 31.1   (2.31) 54.4   (2.54) 2.1 ! (0.86) 5.2   (1.10)   (†) 3.1   (0.89)   (†) 2.1 ! (0.87)   (†)   (†)
Other education 26 (1.3) 33   (1.5) 100.0 33.3   (2.09) 44.4   (2.46) 3.4   (0.84) 4.7   (0.75) 2.2   (0.51) 3.2   (0.57) 1.9 ! (0.64) 4.2   (0.81) 1.1 ! (0.40) 1.5 ! (0.45)
                                                                         
Engineering 25 (0.9) 33   (1.3) 100.0 65.6   (1.93) 5.3   (0.90) 4.9   (0.84)   (†) 2.2   (0.42) 0.4 ! (0.17) 17.9   (1.61) 2.2   (0.63)   (†)   (†)
Fine arts 33 (1.4) 43   (1.7) 100.0 52.8   (1.68) 33.6   (1.36) 4.4   (0.83) 1.6   (0.34) 2.0   (0.59) 1.3 ! (0.44) 1.5   (0.42) 1.4 ! (0.59) 1.2 ! (0.36)   (†)
Health sciences 84 (2.0) 94   (2.7) 100.0 36.2   (1.23) 43.5   (1.15) 1.6   (0.26) 3.4   (0.44) 1.6   (0.25) 1.4   (0.19) 6.6   (0.60) 4.1   (0.57) 0.7 ! (0.22) 1.0   (0.28)
First-professional 40 (1.6) 45   (1.7) 100.0 53.9   (1.58) 20.1   (1.42) 2.2   (0.49) 2.5   (0.58) 2.2   (0.40) 1.3   (0.30) 10.6   (1.08) 5.3   (0.89) 1.1 ! (0.37)   (†)
Nursing 20 (0.6) 20   (1.2) 100.0 3.5   (0.86) 84.6   (2.21)   (†) 5.3   (1.29)   (†) 0.7 ! (0.27)   (†) 3.4 ! (1.10)   (†) 1.8 ! (0.85)
Other health sciences 24 (1.0) 29   (1.4) 100.0 31.0   (1.98) 52.0   (2.05) 1.5 ! (0.50) 3.6   (0.84) 1.6   (0.44) 1.9   (0.48) 4.8   (1.02) 2.6   (0.71)   (†) 0.7 ! (0.31)
                                                                         
Humanities 81 (1.8) 90   (2.4) 100.0 47.3   (1.40) 35.0   (1.33) 2.4   (0.43) 2.6   (0.39) 2.2   (0.24) 2.9   (0.31) 2.9   (0.48) 2.9   (0.54) 0.9   (0.23) 0.9   (0.25)
English and literature 40 (1.2) 39   (1.5) 100.0 38.8   (1.90) 46.0   (2.10) 2.1   (0.45) 4.5   (0.70) 1.3   (0.27) 1.9   (0.50) 0.8 ! (0.34) 2.7 ! (0.87) 0.5 ! (0.18) 1.4   (0.39)
Foreign languages 15 (0.8) 20   (1.0) 100.0 36.2   (1.86) 36.7   (2.07) 2.7 ! (0.89) 0.9 ! (0.46) 5.1   (0.75) 8.3   (1.07) 4.0   (1.11) 4.5   (1.01)   (†)   (†)
History 14 (0.6) 18   (1.0) 100.0 59.4   (2.90) 23.0   (2.12) 2.7   (0.80) 2.4 ! (0.94) 1.9 ! (0.71) 1.2 ! (0.52) 5.0   (1.49) 3.2   (0.91) 1.0 ! (0.45)   (†)
Philosophy 12 (0.8) 13   (1.0) 100.0 72.3   (3.55) 16.6   (2.33) 2.3 ! (1.11)   (†) 1.0 ! (0.35)   (†) 4.0 ! (1.49)   (†)   (†)   (†)
                                                                         
Law 8 (0.6) 10   (1.0) 100.0 54.5   (3.56) 29.9   (3.63) 3.3 ! (1.10)   (†)   (†) 2.4 ! (1.15) 2.8 ! (1.36)   (†)   (†)   (†)
                                                                         
Natural sciences 111 (2.1) 151   (2.5) 100.0 57.3   (1.12) 20.3   (0.80) 2.5   (0.31) 1.5   (0.22) 2.0   (0.20) 0.9   (0.15) 11.2   (0.65) 3.3   (0.35) 0.6   (0.16) 0.3 ! (0.09)
Biological sciences 40 (1.3) 59   (1.7) 100.0 55.4   (1.69) 21.6   (1.30) 2.2   (0.48) 1.2   (0.28) 1.9   (0.39) 1.2   (0.31) 11.1   (1.13) 4.8   (0.67)   (†) 0.3 ! (0.12)
Physical sciences 27 (0.8) 36   (1.3) 100.0 68.9   (2.03) 12.8   (1.50) 2.6   (0.59) 0.7 ! (0.31) 1.4   (0.29) 0.6 ! (0.19) 9.4   (1.05) 3.0   (0.64)   (†)   (†)
Mathematics 26 (1.0) 32   (1.3) 100.0 52.2   (2.15) 22.7   (1.84) 3.8   (0.67) 2.6   (0.67) 2.8   (0.67) 0.7 ! (0.28) 11.7   (1.41) 1.8 ! (0.67) 1.2 ! (0.56)   (†)
Computer sciences 17 (0.9) 24   (1.2) 100.0 51.0   (2.74) 25.1   (2.15) 1.5 ! (0.59) 2.0   (0.58) 2.3   (0.52) 0.9 ! (0.31) 13.5   (1.69) 2.0 ! (0.66) 1.1 ! (0.48)   (†)
                                                                         
Social sciences 58 (1.3) 70   (1.8) 100.0 52.2   (1.46) 29.0   (1.23) 3.7   (0.45) 4.1   (0.81) 2.6   (0.36) 1.7   (0.35) 3.4   (0.58) 1.9   (0.48) 0.9   (0.25) 0.6   (0.15)
Economics 9 (0.6) 12   (0.7) 100.0 62.3   (3.46) 18.0   (3.09) 3.5   (0.92)   (†) 3.1 ! (1.13)   (†) 8.9   (2.18)   (†)   (†)   (†)
Political science 8 (0.5) 10   (0.7) 100.0 67.1   (3.74) 16.8   (2.59) 2.8 ! (1.19)   (†) 5.1 ! (1.57)   (†) 2.9 ! (1.31)   (†)   (†)   (†)
Psychology 20 (0.7) 25   (1.1) 100.0 46.3   (2.33) 37.8   (2.16) 3.4   (1.01) 5.0 ! (1.99) 1.6   (0.42) 2.7   (0.70) 1.1 ! (0.49) 1.2 ! (0.39)   (†)   (†)
Sociology 9 (0.4) 9   (0.6) 100.0 49.9   (3.72) 30.1   (3.42) 3.9 ! (1.69) 8.0 ! (2.43) 3.0 ! (0.97)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
Other social sciences 13 (0.6) 14   (0.9) 100.0 45.2   (3.59) 30.5   (3.09) 4.8   (1.33) 3.9 ! (1.28) 1.9 ! (0.80) 2.4   (0.71) 4.7 ! (1.50) 3.7 ! (1.22) 1.9 ! (0.75) 1.1 ! (0.54)
                                                                         
Occupationally specific
   programs
16 (0.8) 27   (1.1) 100.0 60.7   (2.47) 24.2   (2.16) 4.2   (1.16) 1.9   (0.55) 2.5   (0.63) 0.8 ! (0.26) 2.0 ! (0.92) 1.4 ! (0.46) 1.9 ! (0.62)   (†)
All other programs 44 (1.2) 29   (1.4) 100.0 42.0   (2.03) 37.4   (2.00) 4.7   (1.01) 6.0   (1.01) 1.7   (0.44) 1.7 ! (0.53) 3.2 ! (0.99) 2.0 ! (0.64) 0.7 ! (0.31) 0.6 ! (0.28)
Part-time faculty and
   instructional staff
416 (5.9) 530 # (#) 100.0 44.4   (0.46) 40.8   (0.54) 2.6   (0.17) 3.0   (0.14) 1.9   (0.12) 1.6   (0.10) 2.1   (0.15) 1.8   (0.18) 1.0   (0.15) 0.8   (0.15)
Agriculture and
   home economics
3 (0.2) 7   (1.0) 100.0 30.8   (6.24) 60.6   (6.30)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
Business 32 (1.8) 45   (3.0) 100.0 60.6   (1.96) 26.2   (1.73) 4.3   (0.70) 2.3   (0.54) 1.7 ! (0.77)   (†) 2.0 ! (0.69)   (†)   (†)   (†)
Communications 10 (1.0) 14   (1.2) 100.0 47.7   (3.71) 39.3   (3.89) 2.1 ! (0.97) 2.8 ! (0.95)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
Education 34 (1.6) 64   (2.6) 100.0 25.3   (1.65) 59.8   (2.11) 1.4   (0.41) 5.2   (0.90) 1.7   (0.37) 3.4   (0.49) 0.4 ! (0.19) 1.3 ! (0.38) 0.3 ! (0.15) 1.2 ! (0.36)
Teacher education 13 (1.0) 29   (1.8) 100.0 22.2   (2.41) 63.9   (2.84) 0.9 ! (0.35) 6.4   (1.17) 1.3 ! (0.41) 2.2   (0.52)   (†)   (†)   (†) 1.6 ! (0.69)
Other education 20 (1.2) 34   (1.8) 100.0 27.9   (2.53) 56.4   (2.98) 1.9 ! (0.66) 4.1   (1.17) 2.0   (0.57) 4.5   (0.77)   (†) 1.6 ! (0.60)   (†) 0.8 ! (0.37)
                                                                         
Engineering 9 (0.8) 14   (1.5) 100.0 78.6   (3.70) 6.8 ! (2.77)   (†)   (†) 1.7   (0.46)   (†) 8.0   (2.13)   (†)   (†)   (†)
Fine arts 38 (1.5) 48   (3.6) 100.0 44.8   (2.06) 43.9   (2.44) 1.7 ! (0.54) 1.3   (0.34) 1.8   (0.49) 0.9   (0.25) 1.0 ! (0.36) 1.9 ! (0.58) 2.1 ! (0.84) 0.7 ! (0.30)
Health sciences 49 (2.2) 58   (3.1) 100.0 27.9   (1.65) 57.1   (1.74) 1.2 ! (0.41) 4.0   (0.52) 0.8 ! (0.26) 1.4   (0.38) 4.0   (0.87) 2.4   (0.72)   (†) 0.5 ! (0.23)
First-professional 15 (1.3) 17   (1.2) 100.0 47.2   (3.33) 34.7   (3.64)   (†) 2.1 ! (0.92)   (†)   (†) 6.4 ! (2.10) 5.1 ! (2.41)   (†)   (†)
Nursing 12 (0.8) 13   (1.3) 100.0   (†) 86.3   (2.04)   (†) 8.0   (1.30)   (†) 1.4 ! (0.56)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
Other health sciences 21 (1.7) 28   (2.0) 100.0 29.4   (2.86) 56.4   (3.07)   (†) 3.2   (0.76) 0.8 ! (0.32) 1.7 ! (0.70) 4.3   (1.23) 1.4 ! (0.56)   (†)   (†)
                                                                         
Humanities 74 (2.1) 80   (2.5) 100.0 35.9   (1.52) 49.2   (1.61) 1.6   (0.35) 2.9   (0.45) 2.3   (0.35) 2.9   (0.44) 0.9 ! (0.30) 2.7   (0.55) 1.0 ! (0.33) 0.6 ! (0.22)
English and literature 43 (1.4) 44   (1.9) 100.0 29.5   (2.31) 58.5   (2.47) 1.2   (0.33) 4.3   (0.78) 1.0 ! (0.35) 1.3   (0.37) 1.0 ! (0.41) 1.6   (0.46) 0.8 ! (0.34) 0.8 ! (0.29)
Foreign languages 12 (1.2) 15   (1.2) 100.0 16.6   (3.57) 52.0   (3.38)   (†) 2.0 ! (0.80) 7.2   (1.50) 11.4   (1.97)   (†) 7.9   (2.18)   (†)   (†)
History 11 (0.7) 11   (1.0) 100.0 61.1   (4.58) 28.9   (4.15)   (†)   (†) 2.5 ! (1.05)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
Philosophy 9 (0.6) 10   (1.2) 100.0 65.7   (4.20) 26.0   (4.60) 3.5 ! (1.71)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
                                                                         
Law 11 (0.8) 11   (1.2) 100.0 52.6   (4.43) 32.8   (4.18) 4.4 ! (1.41) 2.0 ! (0.82) 2.2 ! (1.05)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
                                                                         
Natural sciences 65 (2.2) 90   (2.9) 100.0 50.5   (1.72) 32.4   (1.73) 3.8   (0.44) 2.7   (0.36) 1.9   (0.41) 0.7   (0.16) 4.2   (0.61) 2.3   (0.46) 1.0 ! (0.34) 0.5 ! (0.26)
Biological sciences 11 (0.9) 16   (1.0) 100.0 41.7   (3.76) 40.1   (3.78) 2.2 ! (0.67) 2.1 ! (0.90) 1.0 ! (0.39) 1.0 ! (0.40) 5.6 ! (2.32) 5.3 ! (1.63)   (†)   (†)
Physical sciences 11 (0.8) 16   (1.1) 100.0 57.8   (3.30) 28.7   (3.42) 3.9 ! (1.37)   (†)   (†) 0.9 ! (0.41) 3.1 ! (1.06) 2.6 ! (0.99)   (†)   (†)
Mathematics 24 (1.4) 32   (2.3) 100.0 46.6   (3.20) 36.0   (3.04) 4.4   (0.78) 3.1   (0.83) 1.4 ! (0.48) 0.5 ! (0.24) 3.9   (0.85) 1.8 ! (0.64)   (†)   (†)
Computer sciences 19 (1.2) 26   (1.7) 100.0 56.4   (2.98) 25.3   (2.64) 4.1   (1.03) 3.7   (0.60) 3.0 ! (0.93)   (†) 4.2   (1.10)   (†) 1.4 ! (0.63)   (†)
                                                                         
Social sciences 41 (2.4) 42   (2.0) 100.0 49.8   (1.85) 32.9   (2.09) 3.7   (0.68) 3.0   (0.66) 2.5   (0.65) 1.5   (0.31)   (†)   (†) 1.5 ! (0.65) 2.0 ! (0.62)
Economics 4 (0.5) 5   (0.8) 100.0 68.6   (7.36) 9.3 ! (4.08) 7.2 ! (3.52)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
Political science 4 (0.4) 5   (0.8) 100.0 71.1   (5.32) 11.9 ! (3.93) 5.7 ! (2.79)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
Psychology 18 (2.1) 18   (1.2) 100.0 42.2   (3.36) 44.4   (3.12) 2.0 ! (0.76) 3.0 ! (0.91) 1.4 ! (0.64) 1.7 ! (0.58)   (†)   (†)   (†) 2.2 ! (0.93)
Sociology 6 (0.5) 7   (0.9) 100.0 44.6   (6.09) 30.7   (6.03) 4.0 ! (1.61) 4.1 ! (1.54)   (†) 1.6 ! (0.76)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
Other social sciences 10 (0.9) 8   (0.8) 100.0 46.2   (4.24) 36.4   (4.19)   (†) 4.5 ! (1.85)   (†) 1.9 ! (0.83)   (†) 2.8 ! (1.29)   (†)   (†)
                                                                         
Occupationally specific
   programs
17 (1.1) 37   (2.4) 100.0 68.2   (2.51) 18.6   (2.19) 4.5   (1.03) 1.8 ! (0.63) 4.0   (0.92) 0.6 ! (0.23)   (†)   (†) 1.1 ! (0.50)   (†)
All other programs 35 (1.6) 19   (1.2) 100.0 41.8   (3.30) 42.6   (2.95) 2.5 ! (0.81) 5.5   (1.46) 1.9 ! (0.58) 2.6 ! (0.90)   (†) 1.2 ! (0.63)   (†)   (†)
†Not applicable.
#Rounds to zero.
!Interpret data with caution. The coefficient of variation (CV) for this estimate is between 30 and 50 percent.
‡Reporting standards not met. Either there are too few cases for a reliable estimate or the coefficient of variation (CV) is 50 percent or greater.
NOTE: Degree-granting institutions grant associate’s or higher degrees and participate in Title IV federal financial aid programs. Totals may differ from figures reported in other tables because of varying survey methodologies. Race categories exclude persons of Hispanic ethnicity. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding and nonresponse to program area question.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, 1999 and 2004 National Study of Postsecondary Faculty (NSOPF:99;04). (This table was prepared December 2008.)
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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education