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Table 231. Fall enrollment and number of degree-granting institutions, by control and religious affiliation of institution: Selected years, 1980 through 2011
Control and religious affiliation of institution Total enrollment Enrollment, fall 2011 Number of institutions1
Fall 1980 Fall 1990 Fall 2000 Fall 2008 Fall 2009 Fall 2010 Total Full-time Part-time
Males Females Males Females Fall 1980 Fall 1990 Fall 2000 Fall 2010 Fall 2011
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17
All institutions 12,096,895 13,818,637 15,312,289 19,102,814 20,427,711 21,016,126 20,994,113 5,793,411 7,208,046 3,233,088 4,759,568 3,226 3,501 4,056 4,589 4,703
Public institutions 9,457,394 10,844,717 11,752,786 13,972,153 14,810,642 15,142,809 15,110,196 4,001,784 4,663,956 2,654,452 3,790,004 1,493 1,548 1,676 1,652 1,649
Federal 50,989 50,669 16,917 20,441 21,722 21,622 21,304 14,193 5,299 585 1,227 12 17 12 14 14
State (2) 7,181,380 9,548,090 11,452,186 12,104,170 12,366,422 12,346,172 3,469,703 4,057,293 1,978,849 2,840,327 (2) 978 1,355 1,331 1,331
Local (2) 3,508,941 2,078,090 2,302,730 2,478,076 2,541,036 2,526,884 462,549 535,721 637,567 891,047 (2) 523 277 261 261
Other public 9,406,405 103,727 109,689 196,796 206,674 213,729 215,836 55,339 65,643 37,451 57,403 1,481 30 32 46 43
                                 
Private institutions 2,639,501 2,973,920 3,559,503 5,130,661 5,617,069 5,873,317 5,883,917 1,791,627 2,544,090 578,636 969,564 1,733 1,953 2,380 2,937 3,054
Independent nonprofit 1,521,614 1,474,818 1,577,242 1,888,905 1,953,136 1,995,440 2,054,854 692,727 843,709 205,578 312,840 795 709 729 736 767
For-profit 111,714 213,693 450,084 1,469,142 1,851,986 2,018,397 1,956,731 504,325 893,573 200,788 358,045 164 322 724 1,310 1,403
                                 
Religiously affiliated3 1,006,173 1,285,409 1,532,177 1,772,614 1,811,947 1,859,480 1,872,332 594,575 806,808 172,270 298,679 774 922 927 891 884
                                 
Advent Christian Church 143 1
African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church 1,091 88 34 1,366 1,485 1,536 1,537 792 686 28 31 3 1 1 3 3
African Methodist Episcopal 4,541 3,220 5,980 2,880 2,677 2,674 2,355 1,037 1,192 57 69 6 5 6 5 5
American Baptist 6,131 10,800 15,410 14,441 14,716 15,120 15,027 3,836 5,631 1,693 3,867 11 15 17 18 19
American Evangelical Lutheran Church 743 1,432 1,387 1,340 1,415 656 653 48 58 1 1 1
                                 
American Lutheran and Lutheran Church
    in America
3,092 1,460 3 1
American Lutheran 21,608 13
Assemblies of God Church 7,814 8,307 14,272 15,080 15,137 15,806 15,451 5,383 6,528 1,649 1,891 10 11 14 16 15
Baptist 38,231 99,510 107,610 153,525 165,848 174,481 172,946 49,824 65,097 23,855 34,170 33 69 68 69 68
Brethren Church 3,925 958 2,088 7,954 8,191 8,449 7,766 2,278 2,883 1,226 1,379 3 3 3 3 3
                                 
Brethren in Christ Church 1,301 2,239 2,797 1 1 1
Christian and Missionary Alliance
    Church
1,705 2,519 5,278 6,316 6,331 6,465 6,536 2,066 2,901 623 946 3 4 4 4 4
Christian Church (Disciples of Christ) 14,913 30,397 35,984 47,693 50,064 52,839 54,401 15,279 23,300 6,059 9,763 12 18 16 18 18
Christian Churches and Churches of
    Christ
1,342 2,263 7,277 9,005 9,263 10,128 10,483 4,232 4,218 1,076 957 7 8 18 18 18
Christian Methodist Episcopal 2,486 2,174 1,502 4,503 4,901 4,817 4,514 2,213 2,124 82 95 4 4 1 3 3
                                 
Christian Reformed Church 5,408 4,488 5,999 5,808 5,665 5,625 5,647 2,675 2,674 151 147 3 2 3 3 3
Church of Christ (Scientist) 2,773 2,557 6 8
Church of God of Prophecy 249 1
Church of God 6,082 5,627 12,540 15,977 15,117 16,731 17,093 4,947 7,727 1,881 2,538 9 9 7 7 7
Church of New Jerusalem 170 1
                                 
Church of the Brethren 8,482 4,463 4,187 5,620 5,861 6,154 6,028 2,314 3,096 235 383 6 5 4 5 5
Church of the Nazarene 11,716 10,779 16,661 20,863 21,389 21,144 20,866 6,440 9,976 1,761 2,689 10 9 12 10 10
Churches of Christ 9,343 14,611 30,140 34,368 34,996 35,538 36,450 11,931 14,894 3,418 6,207 9 19 19 17 17
Cumberland Presbyterian 594 746 1,112 2,688 3,247 4,652 5,744 2,309 2,650 303 482 2 2 2 2 2
Evangelical Congregational Church 80 88 148 158 159 153 125 28 14 50 33 1 1 1 1 1
                                 
Evangelical Covenant Church of America 1,401 1,035 2,387 3,244 3,186 3,233 3,220 774 1,174 400 872 1 1 1 1 1
Evangelical Free Church of America 833 2,355 4,022 3,021 3,106 2,926 3,215 847 667 951 750 1 2 3 2 2
Evangelical Lutheran Church 743 49,210 49,085 55,251 56,088 56,162 55,889 22,137 28,329 2,140 3,283 3 33 34 33 33
Free Methodist 5,543 5,902 7,323 11,774 12,090 12,270 12,412 3,323 6,132 859 2,098 5 3 4 5 5
Free Will Baptist Church 1,132 1,177 2,378 3,989 4,143 4,383 4,359 823 1,270 716 1,550 4 3 4 4 4
                                 
Friends United Meeting 1,109 1
Friends 5,157 5,844 10,898 13,285 13,786 13,876 13,570 4,722 5,852 1,162 1,834 5 6 8 7 7
General Conference Mennonite Church 820 1,243 1,059 2 2 1
Greek Orthodox 204 148 132 190 203 220 222 168 51 3 0 1 1 1 1 1
Interdenominational 1,254 11,103 9,788 23,161 23,060 30,162 34,475 11,598 13,710 4,363 4,804 4 17 14 30 31
                                 
Jewish 5,738 12,217 14,182 8,861 8,468 12,755 14,716 9,052 3,356 694 1,614 24 63 62 36 35
Latter-Day Saints 39,172 42,274 44,680 52,321 53,249 53,514 57,150 23,527 24,387 4,322 4,914 4 4 4 4 4
Lutheran Church--Missouri Synod 11,727 13,827 18,866 24,280 26,384 28,255 29,288 7,071 10,479 3,623 8,115 15 14 13 12 12
Lutheran Church in America 23,877 5,796 4,322 8,245 8,264 8,240 8,111 3,165 4,118 275 553 20 5 2 3 3
Mennonite Brethren Church 1,344 1,864 2,390 3,192 3,426 4,136 4,302 1,222 2,016 327 737 3 3 3 3 2
                                 
Mennonite Church 4,008 2,859 3,553 4,126 4,325 4,263 4,366 1,512 1,963 310 581 6 5 5 6 6
Missionary Church Inc 487 699 1,647 2,075 2,165 2,152 2,074 560 946 174 394 1 1 1 1 1
Moravian Church 2,434 2,511 2,939 2,979 3,042 3,095 3,132 677 1,688 146 621 2 2 2 2 2
Multiple Protestant denominations 5,526 211 4,690 5,014 5,341 5,350 5,400 1,310 1,526 1,621 943 8 1 7 6 6
North American Baptist 155 124 117 125 120 141 42 28 39 32 1 1 1 1
                                 
Pentecostal Holiness Church 767 566 976 1,057 1,124 1,272 1,504 573 629 129 173 3 3 2 3 3
Presbyterian U.S.A. and United
    Presbyterian
47,144 77,700 78,950 82,508 84,691 85,692 86,441 31,747 43,928 3,410 7,356 57 70 64 58 59
Presbyterian Church in America 1,877 4,499 2,166 2,174 2,071 1,792 747 632 273 140 1 5 2 2
Protestant Episcopal 5,396 4,559 5,479 4,921 5,036 5,006 4,604 2,087 2,211 136 170 12 9 12 11 9
Protestant, other 4,072 38,136 30,116 15,803 16,207 13,361 14,628 4,803 5,536 2,072 2,217 11 44 34 22 23
                                 
Reformed Church in America 2,713 5,525 6,002 6,472 6,514 6,555 6,501 2,530 3,529 215 227 4 4 5 5 5
Reformed Episcopal Church 67 1
Reformed Presbyterian Church 2,014 1,556 2,355 2,901 2,949 2,982 2,866 1,172 1,214 266 214 4 2 2 3 3
Reorganized Latter-Day Saints Church 4,274 4,793 3,390 2 1 2
Roman Catholic 422,842 530,585 636,336 727,894 735,713 751,089 749,877 219,410 323,311 68,330 138,826 229 239 239 237 234
                                 
Russian Orthodox 47 38 106 88 79 60 53 39 3 8 3 1 1 1 1 1
Seventh-Day Adventists 19,168 15,771 19,223 23,880 24,818 25,430 25,751 8,146 11,104 2,306 4,195 11 11 13 14 13
Southern Baptist 85,281 49,493 54,275 45,026 46,689 49,882 51,832 14,275 20,011 7,127 10,419 54 29 32 22 22
Nondenominational 6,758 23,573 27,872 27,071 27,745 29,650 8,482 11,167 4,705 5,296 14 16 16 19
Unitarian Universalist 87 82 132 138 171 166 190 38 58 37 57 2 2 2 2 2
                                 
United Brethren Church 545 601 938 1,230 1,270 1,260 1,260 449 613 99 99 1 1 1 1 1
United Church of Christ 14,169 20,175 23,709 26,878 27,507 20,528 17,724 5,198 6,877 1,825 3,824 16 18 18 17 15
United Methodist 127,099 148,851 171,109 198,669 202,913 206,744 206,268 74,383 95,570 13,294 23,021 91 96 100 96 95
Wesleyan Church 3,583 5,311 11,128 20,568 20,492 20,670 20,577 6,499 11,621 907 1,550 5 4 4 6 6
Wisconsin Evangelical Lutheran Synod 808 931 1,660 1,595 1,603 1,677 1,799 743 862 112 82 1 3 2 2 2
                                 
Other religiously affiliated 462 5,743 2,534 8,146 8,041 8,526 8,589 2,484 3,996 699 1,410 1 9 4 13 12
—Not available.
1 Counts of institutions in this table may be lower than reported in other tables, because counts in this table include only institutions reporting separate enrollment data.
2 Included under "Other public."
3 Religious affiliation as reported by institution.
NOTE: Data through 1995 are for institutions of higher education, while later data are for degree-granting institutions. Degree-granting institutions grant associate’s or higher degrees and participate in Title IV federal financial aid programs. The degree-granting classification is very similar to the earlier higher education classification, but it includes more 2-year colleges and excludes a few higher education institutions that did not grant degrees. Some data have been revised from previously published figures.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Higher Education General Information Survey (HEGIS), "Fall Enrollment in Institutions of Higher Education" and "Institutional Characteristics" surveys, 1980; Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS), "Fall Enrollment Survey" (IPEDS-EF:90) and "Institutional Characteristics Survey" (IPEDS-IC:90); and IPEDS Spring 2001 through Spring 2012, Enrollment component. (This table was prepared September 2012.)
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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education