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Table 220. Historical summary of faculty, enrollment, degrees, and finances in degree-granting institutions: Selected years, 1869-70 through 2010-11
Selected characteristic 1869-70 1879-80 1889-90 1899-1900 1909-10 1919-20 1929-30 1939-40 1949-50 1959-60 1969-70 1979-80 1989-90 1999-2000 2005-06 2009-10 2010-11
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18
Total institutions1 563   811   998   977   951   1,041   1,409   1,708   1,851   2,004   2,525   3,152   3,535   4,084   4,276   4,495   4,599  
                                                                     
Total faculty2 5,553 3 11,522 3 15,809   23,868   36,480   48,615   82,386   146,929   246,722   380,554   450,000 4 675,000 4 824,220 5 1,027,830 5 1,290,426 5 1,439,144 5  
Males 4,887 3 7,328 3 12,704 3 19,151   29,132   35,807   60,017   106,328   186,189   296,773   346,000 4 479,000 4 534,254 5 602,469 5 714,453 5 761,035 5  
Females 666 3 4,194 3 3,105 3 4,717   7,348   12,808   22,369   40,601   60,533   83,781   104,000 4 196,000 4 289,966 5 425,361 5 575,973 5 678,109 5  
                                                                     
Total fall enrollment6 52,286   115,817   156,756   237,592   355,213   597,880   1,100,737   1,494,203   2,444,900   3,639,847   8,004,660   11,569,899   13,538,560   14,791,224   17,487,475   20,427,711   21,016,126  
Males 41,160 3 77,972 3 100,453 3 152,254   214,648 3 314,938   619,935   893,250   1,721,572   2,332,617   4,746,201   5,682,877   6,190,015   6,490,646   7,455,925   8,769,504   9,044,811  
Females 11,126 3 37,845 3 56,303 3 85,338   140,565 3 282,942   480,802   600,953   723,328   1,307,230   3,258,459   5,887,022   7,348,545   8,300,578   10,031,550   11,658,207   11,971,315  
                                                                     
Degrees conferred                                                                    
                                                                     
Associate's, total                     206,023   400,910   455,102   564,933   713,066   849,452   942,327  
Males                     117,432   183,737   191,195   224,721   270,095   322,916   361,309  
Females                     88,591   217,173   263,907   340,212   442,971   526,536   581,018  
                                                                     
Bachelor's, total7 9,371   12,896   15,539   27,410   37,199   48,622   122,484   186,500   432,058   392,440   792,316   929,417   1,051,344   1,237,875   1,485,242   1,650,014   1,715,913  
Males 7,993   10,411   12,857   22,173   28,762   31,980   73,615   109,546   328,841   254,063   451,097   473,611   491,696   530,367   630,600   706,633   734,133  
Females 1,378   2,485   2,682   5,237   8,437   16,642   48,869   76,954   103,217   138,377   341,219   455,806   559,648   707,508   854,642   943,381   981,780  
                                                                     
Master's, total8 0   879   1,015   1,583   2,113   4,279   14,969   26,731   58,183   74,435   213,589   305,196   330,152   463,185   599,731   693,025   730,635  
Males 0   868   821   1,280   1,555   2,985   8,925   16,508   41,220   50,898   130,799   156,882   158,052   196,129   241,656   275,197   291,551  
Females 0   11   194   303   558   1,294   6,044   10,223   16,963   23,537   82,790   148,314   172,100   267,056   358,075   417,828   439,084  
                                                                     
Doctor's, total9 1   54   149   382   443   615   2,299   3,290   6,420   9,829   59,486   95,631   103,508   118,736   138,056   158,558   163,765  
Males 1   51   147   359   399   522   1,946   2,861   5,804   8,801   53,792   69,526   63,963   64,930   68,912   76,605   79,654  
Females 0   3   2   23   44   93   353   429   616   1,028   5,694   26,105   39,545   53,806   69,144   81,953   84,111  
  In thousands of current dollars
Finances                                                                    
                                                                     
Current-fund revenue         $76,883   $199,922   $554,511   $715,211   $2,374,645   $5,785,537   $21,515,242   $58,519,982   $139,635,477          
Educational and general                                                                    
income     $21,464   $35,084   67,917   172,929   483,065   571,288   1,833,845   4,688,352   16,486,177              
Current-fund expenditures             507,142   674,688   2,245,661   5,601,376   21,043,113   56,913,588   134,655,571          
Educational and general                                                                    
expenditures             377,903   521,990   1,706,444   4,685,258   16,845,212   44,542,843   105,585,076          
Value of physical property     95,426   253,599   457,594   747,333   2,065,049   2,753,780 10 4,799,964   13,548,548   42,093,580   83,733,387   164,635,000          
Market value of endowment                                                                    
funds     78,788 11 194,998 11 323,661 11 569,071 11 1,372,068 11 1,686,283 11 2,601,223 11 5,322,080 11 11,206,632   20,743,045   67,978,726     $336,908,009   $355,790,614   $415,656,829  
—Not available.
1 Prior to 1979-80, excludes branch campuses.
2 Total number of different individuals (not reduced to full-time equivalent). Beginning in 1959-60, data are for the first term of the academic year.
3 Estimated.
4 Estimated number of senior instructional staff based on actual enrollment data for the designated year and enrollment/staff ratios for the prior staff survey. Excludes graduate assistants.
5 Because of revised survey procedures, data may not be directly comparable with figures prior to 1989-90. Excludes graduate assistants.
6 Data for 1869-70 to 1939-40 are for resident degree-credit students who enrolled at any time during the academic year.
7 From 1869-70 to 1959-60, bachelor's degrees include degrees formerly classified as first-professional, such as M.D., D.D.S., and law degrees.
8 Figures for years prior to 1969-70 are not precisely comparable with later data.
9 Includes Ph.D., Ed.D., and comparable degrees at the doctoral level. Includes most degrees formerly classified as first-professional, such as M.D., D.D.S., and law degrees.
10 Includes unexpended plant funds.
11 Book value. Includes other nonexpendable funds.
NOTE: Data through 1989-90 are for institutions of higher education, while later data are for degree-granting institutions. Degree-granting institutions grant associate’s or higher degrees and participate in Title IV federal financial aid programs. The degree-granting classification is very similar to the earlier higher education classification, but it includes more 2-year colleges and excludes a few higher education institutions that did not grant degrees. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Biennial Survey of Education in the United States; Education Directory, Colleges and Universities; Faculty and Other Professional Staff in Institutions of Higher Education; Fall Enrollment in Colleges and Universities; Earned Degrees Conferred; Financial Statistics of Institutions of Higher Education; Higher Education General Information Survey (HEGIS), "Fall Enrollment in Institutions of Higher Education," "Degrees and Other Formal Awards Conferred," and "Financial Statistics of Institutions of Higher Education" surveys; Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS), "Fall Enrollment Survey" (IPEDS-EF:89-99), "Fall Staff Survey" (IPEDS-S:89-99), "Finance Survey" (IPEDS-F:FY90-00), "Completions Survey" (IPEDS-C:90-00), and "Institutional Characteristics Survey" (IPEDS-IC:89-99); IPEDS Winter 2005-06 and Winter 2009-10, Human Resources component, Fall Staff section; IPEDS Spring 2006, Spring 2010, and Spring 2011, Enrollment component; and IPEDS Fall 2006, Fall 2010, and Fall 2011, Completions component. (This table was prepared December 2012.)
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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education