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Table 214. Total and current expenditures per pupil in fall enrollment in public elementary and secondary schools, by function and subfunction: Selected years, 1990-91 through 2009-10
Function and subfunction Expenditures per pupil in current dollars Expenditures per pupil in constant 2011-12 dollars1
1990-91 1995-96 1999-2000 2000-01 2005-06 2007-08 2008-092 2009-10 1990-91 1995-96 1999-2000 2000-01 2005-06 2007-08 2008-092 2009-10
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17
Total expenditures $5,484   $6,441 $8,030 $8,572 $10,603 $11,965 $12,222 $12,136 $9,318   $9,487 $10,794 $11,140 $12,126 $12,861 $12,957 $12,743
Current expenditures for                                    
public schools 4,902   5,689 6,912 7,380 9,145 10,298 10,540 10,652 8,330   8,380 9,292 9,592 10,458 11,070 11,173 11,184
                                     
Salaries 3,220 3 3,698 4,485 4,752 5,561 6,177 6,348 6,365 5,472 3 5,446 6,029 6,176 6,360 6,640 6,730 6,683
Employee benefits 824 3 999 1,138 1,228 1,790 2,093 2,146 2,215 1,400 3 1,471 1,530 1,596 2,046 2,250 2,275 2,326
Purchased services 397 3 481 620 673 880 1,000 1,030 1,052 675 3 709 833 875 1,006 1,075 1,092 1,105
Tuition 29 3 35 48 52 78 93 91 96 49 3 52 64 68 89 100 97 101
Supplies 359 3 418 553 599 746 840 825 818 610 3 616 743 778 853 903 875 859
Other 72 3 58 69 76 90 96 99 105 123 3 85 92 99 103 103 105 110
                                     
Instruction 2,965   3,512 4,268 4,541 5,574 6,262 6,420 6,526 5,039   5,173 5,737 5,901 6,374 6,732 6,806 6,852
Salaries 2,202   2,555 3,096 3,273 3,806 4,199 4,325 4,347 3,741   3,764 4,162 4,254 4,352 4,514 4,585 4,564
Employee benefits 542   676 773 837 1,202 1,407 1,443 1,495 921   995 1,038 1,088 1,375 1,513 1,529 1,569
Purchased services 66   85 125 136 205 249 260 280 112   126 168 177 235 267 275 294
Tuition 29   35 48 52 78 93 91 96 49   52 64 68 89 100 97 101
Supplies 111   145 208 220 259 287 273 279 189   214 280 286 296 309 289 293
Textbooks   52 55 60 52   59 59 63 54
Other 15   15 19 22 24 27 28 29 26   22 25 28 27 29 30 31
                                     
Student support4 217   274 342 366 475 559 580 592 368   403 460 476 543 600 614 622
Salaries 159   198 245 262 322 372 388 393 271   292 330 340 369 400 411 413
Employee benefits 40   51 61 64 99 120 125 130 68   76 82 84 113 129 132 136
Purchased services 11   15 25 28 40 48 49 51 19   23 34 37 46 52 52 53
Supplies 5   6 8 9 10 11 11 11 8   8 11 12 12 12 11 12
Other 1   3 3 3 4 7 7 7 2   5 4 4 4 7 7 8
                                     
Instructional staff                                    
services5 205   225 312 337 446 515 508 510 349   331 420 439 510 554 539 536
Salaries 135   143 191 207 265 309 304 301 229   211 257 270 303 332 322 316
Employee benefits 34   38 46 50 79 95 96 99 58   56 62 65 91 102 102 104
Purchased services 15   21 38 42 60 67 66 69 26   30 51 55 69 72 70 72
Supplies 19   20 32 33 38 40 37 37 32   30 43 43 43 43 40 39
Other 2   2 5 4 4 4 4 5 4   3 7 6 5 5 5 5
                                     
General administration 141   131 143 151 182 200 207 211 239   193 192 196 208 215 220 222
Salaries 63   65 68 71 79 87 90 90 107   95 91 92 90 94 95 95
Employee benefits 19   18 20 21 30 34 35 37 32   27 27 28 34 37 38 38
Purchased services 36   36 41 44 56 60 64 64 61   53 56 58 64 65 68 67
Supplies 4   4 4 4 5 5 5 5 7   6 6 6 5 5 5 5
Other 18   8 9 10 13 14 13 16 31   11 13 12 14 15 14 17
                                     
School administration 284   331 392 415 515 576 581 579 482   487 527 539 589 619 616 608
Salaries 217   249 297 314 370 410 417 412 368   366 399 408 423 441 442 433
Employee benefits 55   66 74 78 114 133 134 137 93   97 99 102 131 143 142 144
Purchased services 6   9 12 13 18 20 19 19 10   13 16 17 20 21 20 20
Supplies 5   6 7 8 10 10 9 9 8   8 10 10 11 11 9 9
Other 2   2 2 2 3 3 2 3 3   2 3 3 3 3 3 3
                                     
Operation and maintenance 517   574 666 721 902 1,003 1,027 1,012 878   845 895 937 1,032 1,078 1,089 1,063
Salaries 215   233 272 285 326 359 367 364 365   343 366 371 373 386 389 382
Employee benefits 64   70 75 80 119 136 140 143 109   103 101 104 136 146 148 150
Purchased services 139   172 189 204 243 265 267 264 236   253 254 265 277 285 283 278
Supplies 91   94 124 146 207 234 245 232 155   138 166 189 236 251 259 244
Other 8   5 5 6 8 9 9 9 13   7 7 8 9 10 9 10
                                     
Student transportation 211   232 278 298 384 438 440 443 358   342 373 387 439 470 467 465
Salaries 80   88 108 115 136 153 154 155 135   129 145 149 156 164 163 162
Employee benefits 22   27 31 34 52 58 60 62 37   40 42 44 59 63 63 65
Purchased services 81   95 114 122 154 174 183 182 138   140 153 159 176 187 194 192
Supplies 23   19 22 25 38 49 40 40 40   27 30 32 43 53 43 42
Other 5   4 2 3 4 4 3 4 8   5 3 4 5 4 4 4
                                     
Other support services6 136   157 217 242 294 331 349 349 230   231 292 315 337 356 370 366
Salaries 70   77 105 117 134 153 164 165 120   113 141 152 153 164 174 174
Employee benefits 24   26 31 34 51 61 64 64 40   39 41 44 58 65 68 67
Purchased services 19   30 53 59 70 77 80 79 33   45 71 77 80 83 85 83
Supplies 7   9 12 13 16 20 18 17 12   13 16 17 18 22 19 18
Other 15   14 17 19 23 21 23 23 25   21 23 25 27 23 24 24
                                     
Food services 205   237 276 293 352 390 402 405 348   350 371 380 402 419 426 425
Salaries   86 98 105 119 129 132 131   126 132 137 136 138 140 138
Employee benefits   25 27 29 42 46 48 49   36 36 38 48 49 50 51
Purchased services   14 19 20 30 35 37 39   21 26 25 34 37 39 41
Supplies   110 129 136 157 177 181 181   161 173 177 180 191 192 190
Other   3 3 3 3 3 4 5   5 4 3 4 4 5 5
                                     
Enterprise operations7 23   17 17 16 21 24 26 25 39   26 23 21 24 26 27 27
Salaries   4 4 3 4 6 7 7   6 5 3 5 7 7 7
Employee benefits   1 1 1 2 2 2 2   1 1 1 2 2 2 2
Purchased services   4 4 4 5 5 5 5   6 5 5 5 5 6 5
Supplies   6 6 5 6 7 7 7   9 8 7 7 8 8 8
Other   2 3 4 4 4 4 4   3 4 5 5 5 4 4
                                     
Capital outlay8 477   612 923 976 1,166 1,348 1,336 1,126 810   902 1,240 1,269 1,334 1,449 1,417 1,182
                                     
Interest on school debt 105   140 195 215 292 319 346 358 178   206 262 280 334 343 367 376
—Not available.
1 Constant dollars based on the Consumer Price Index, prepared by the Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, adjusted to a school-year basis.
2 Data have been revised from previously published figures.
3 Includes estimated data for subfunctions of food services and enterprise operations.
4 Includes expenditures for guidance, health, attendance, and speech pathology services.
5 Includes expenditures for curriculum development, staff training, libraries, and media and computer centers.
6 Includes business support services concerned with paying, transporting, exchanging, and maintaining goods and services for local education agencies; central support services, including planning, research, evaluation, information, staff, and data processing services; and other support services.
7 Includes expenditures for operations funded by sales of products or services (e.g., school bookstore or computer time). Includes very small amounts for direct program support made by state education agencies for local school districts.
8 Includes expenditures for property and for buildings and alterations completed by school district staff or contractors.
NOTE: Excludes expenditures for state education agencies. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Common Core of Data (CCD), "National Public Education Financial Survey," 1990-91 through 2009-10. (This table was prepared January 2013.)
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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education