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Table 200. States that use criterion-referenced tests (CRTs) aligned to state standards, by subject area and level: 2006-07
State Aligned to state standards Off-the-
shelf/norm-
referenced test
(NRT)1
CRTs,2 by subject area and level
CRT2 Augmented or hybrid test3 English/language arts Mathematics Science Social studies/history
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
Alabama X   X ES, MS, HS ES, MS, HS HS HS
Alaska X   X ES, MS, HS ES, MS, HS    
Arizona X X X ES, MS, HS ES, MS, HS    
Arkansas X   X ES, MS, HS ES, MS, HS ES, MS  
California X   X ES, MS, HS ES, MS, HS ES, MS, HS MS, HS
               
Colorado X   X ES, MS, HS ES, MS, HS ES, MS, HS  
Connecticut X     ES, MS, HS ES, MS, HS HS  
Delaware   X   ES, MS, HS ES, MS, HS ES, MS, HS ES, MS, HS
District of Columbia X     ES, MS, HS ES, MS, HS    
Florida X   X ES, MS, HS ES, MS, HS ES, MS, HS  
               
Georgia X   X ES, MS, HS ES, MS, HS ES, MS, HS ES, MS, HS
Hawaii   X   ES, MS, HS ES, MS, HS    
Idaho X     ES, MS, HS ES, MS, HS    
Illinois X X   ES, MS, HS ES, MS, HS HS  
Indiana X     ES, MS, HS ES, MS, HS ES, MS  
               
Iowa     X ES, MS, HS ES, MS, HS ES, MS, HS  
Kansas X     ES, MS, HS ES, MS, HS    
Kentucky X   X ES, MS, HS ES, MS, HS ES, MS, HS ES, MS, HS
Louisiana X X   ES, MS, HS ES, MS, HS ES, MS, HS ES, MS, HS
Maine X   X ES, MS, HS ES, MS, HS ES, MS  
               
Maryland X X   ES, MS, HS ES, MS, HS HS HS
Massachusetts X     ES, MS, HS ES, MS, HS ES, MS, HS  
Michigan X   X ES, MS, HS ES, MS, HS ES, MS, HS MS, HS
Minnesota X     ES, MS, HS ES, MS, HS    
Mississippi X   X ES, MS, HS ES, MS, HS ES, MS, HS HS
               
Missouri   X   ES, MS, HS ES, MS, HS    
Montana X   X ES, MS, HS ES, MS, HS    
Nebraska X     ES, MS, HS      
Nevada X   X ES, MS, HS ES, MS, HS    
New Hampshire X     ES, MS ES, MS    
               
New Jersey X     ES, MS, HS ES, MS, HS ES, MS  
New Mexico X   X ES, MS, HS ES, MS, HS ES, MS, HS  
New York X     ES, MS, HS ES, MS, HS ES, MS, HS ES, MS, HS
North Carolina X     ES, MS, HS ES, MS, HS HS HS
North Dakota X     ES, MS, HS ES, MS, HS ES, MS, HS  
               
Ohio X     ES, MS, HS ES, MS, HS ES, MS, HS ES, MS, HS
Oklahoma X     ES, MS, HS ES, MS, HS ES, MS, HS ES, MS, HS
Oregon X     ES, MS, HS ES, MS, HS MS, HS  
Pennsylvania X     ES, MS, HS ES, MS, HS    
Rhode Island X X   ES, MS, HS ES, MS, HS    
               
South Carolina X     ES, MS, HS ES, MS, HS ES, MS, HS ES, MS, HS
South Dakota   X X ES, MS, HS ES, MS, HS ES, MS, HS  
Tennessee X     ES, MS, HS ES, MS, HS ES, MS, HS ES, MS, HS
Texas X     ES, MS, HS ES, MS, HS ES, MS, HS MS, HS
Utah X   X ES, MS, HS ES, MS, HS ES, MS, HS  
               
Vermont X     ES, MS ES, MS    
Virginia X     ES, MS, HS ES, MS, HS ES, MS, HS ES, MS, HS
Washington X     ES, MS, HS ES, MS, HS ES, MS, HS  
West Virginia X   X ES, MS, HS ES, MS, HS ES, MS, HS ES, MS
Wisconsin   X   ES, MS, HS ES, MS, HS ES, MS, HS ES, MS, HS
Wyoming X     ES, MS, HS ES, MS, HS    
X State has a test.
1 Off-the-shelf/norm-referenced tests (NRTs) are commercially developed tests that have not been modified to reflect state content standards.
2 Criterion-referenced tests (CRTs) are custom-developed and explicitly designed to measure state content standards.
3 Augmented or hybrid tests incorporate elements of both NRTs and CRTs. These tests include NRTs that have been augmented or modified to reflect state standards.
NOTE: ES = elementary school, MS = middle school, and HS = high school.
SOURCE: Quality Counts 2007, Cradle to Career, Education Week, 2007. (This table was prepared September 2008.)
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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education