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Table 195. Percentage of 12- to 17-year-olds reporting use of illicit drugs, alcohol, and cigarettes during the past 30 days and the past year, by substance used, sex, and race/ethnicity: Selected years, 1985 through 2010
[Standard errors appear in parentheses]
Year, sex, and race/ethnicity Percent reporting use during past 30 days Percent reporting use during past year
Illicit drugs Alcohol Cigarettes Illicit drugs Alcohol Cigarettes
Any1 Marijuana Cocaine Any1 Marijuana Cocaine
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11
1985 13.2 (—) 10.2 (—) 1.5 (—) 41.2 (—) 29.4 (—) 20.7 (—) 16.7 (—) 3.4 (—) 52.7 (—) 29.9 (—)
1990 7.1 (—) 4.4 (—) 0.6 (—) 32.5 (—) 22.4 (—) 14.1 (—) 9.6 (—) 1.9 (—) 41.8 (—) 26.2 (—)
1993 5.7 (—) 4.0 (—) 0.4 (—) 23.9 (—) 18.5 (—) 11.9 (—) 8.5 (—) 0.7 (—) 35.9 (—) 22.5 (—)
1994 8.2 (—) 6.0 (—) 0.3 (—) 21.6 (—) 18.9 (—) 15.5 (—) 11.4 (—) 1.1 (—) 36.2 (—) 24.5 (—)
1995 10.9 (—) 8.2 (—) 0.8 (—) 21.1 (—) 20.2 (—) 18.0 (—) 14.2 (—) 1.7 (—) 35.1 (—) 26.6 (—)
                                         
1996 9.0 (—) 7.1 (—) 0.6 (—) 18.8 (—) 18.3 (—) 16.7 (—) 13.0 (—) 1.4 (—) 32.7 (—) 24.2 (—)
1997 11.4 (—) 9.4 (—) 1.0 (—) 20.5 (—) 19.9 (—) 18.8 (—) 15.8 (—) 2.2 (—) 34.0 (—) 26.4 (—)
1998 9.9 (—) 8.3 (—) 0.8 (—) 19.1 (—) 18.2 (—) 16.4 (—) 14.1 (—) 1.7 (—) 31.8 (—) 23.8 (—)
1999 9.8 (0.23) 7.2 (0.20) 0.5 (0.06) 16.5 (0.30) 14.9 (0.31) 19.8 (0.32) 14.2 (0.29) 1.6 (0.10) 34.1 (0.41) 23.4 (0.37)
2000 9.7 (0.24) 7.2 (0.21) 0.6 (0.07) 16.4 (0.29) 13.4 (0.28) 18.6 (0.31) 13.4 (0.27) 1.7 (0.12) 33.0 (0.39) 20.8 (0.34)
                                         
2001 10.8 (0.26) 8.0 (0.24) 0.4 (0.06) 17.3 (0.33) 13.0 (0.28) 20.8 (0.36) 15.2 (0.32) 1.5 (0.10) 33.9 (0.39) 20.0 (0.35)
2002 11.6 (0.29) 8.2 (0.24) 0.6 (0.07) 17.6 (0.32) 13.0 (0.30) 22.2 (0.38) 15.8 (0.32) 2.1 (0.13) 34.6 (0.42) 20.3 (0.35)
2003 11.2 (0.27) 7.9 (0.24) 0.6 (0.06) 17.7 (0.33) 12.2 (0.29) 21.8 (0.36) 15.0 (0.31) 1.8 (0.11) 34.3 (0.42) 19.0 (0.36)
2004 10.6 (0.27) 7.6 (0.23) 0.5 (0.06) 17.6 (0.32) 11.9 (0.30) 21.0 (0.34) 14.5 (0.31) 1.6 (0.11) 33.9 (0.41) 18.4 (0.35)
2005 9.9 (0.25) 6.8 (0.22) 0.6 (0.06) 16.5 (0.32) 10.8 (0.28) 19.9 (0.35) 13.3 (0.30) 1.7 (0.11) 33.3 (0.41) 17.3 (0.36)
                                         
2006 9.8 (0.27) 6.7 (0.21) 0.4 (0.05) 16.6 (0.32) 10.4 (0.26) 19.6 (0.37) 13.2 (0.31) 1.6 (0.11) 32.9 (0.42) 17.0 (0.35)
2007 9.5 (0.27) 6.7 (0.22) 0.4 (0.05) 15.9 (0.34) 9.8 (0.26) 18.7 (0.35) 12.5 (0.30) 1.5 (0.11) 31.8 (0.42) 15.7 (0.34)
2008 9.3 (0.24) 6.7 (0.22) 0.4 (0.05) 14.6 (0.31) 9.1 (0.24) 19.0 (0.35) 13.0 (0.29) 1.2 (0.10) 30.8 (0.40) 15.0 (0.31)
                                         
2009 10.0 (0.27) 7.3 (0.24) 0.3 (0.05) 14.7 (0.32) 8.9 (0.26) 19.5 (0.36) 13.6 (0.31) 1.0 (0.09) 30.3 (0.42) 15.0 (0.33)
Sex                                        
Male 10.6 (0.38) 8.3 (0.35) 0.3 (0.08) 15.1 (0.46) 9.2 (0.35) 20.2 (0.51) 15.0 (0.47) 1.2 (0.14) 30.6 (0.58) 15.8 (0.46)
Female 9.4 (0.38) 6.3 (0.30) 0.2 (0.06) 14.3 (0.43) 8.6 (0.36) 18.9 (0.50) 12.1 (0.40) 0.8 (0.11) 30.1 (0.56) 14.1 (0.43)
Race/ethnicity                                        
White 9.6 (0.32) 7.2 (0.28) 0.3 (0.05) 16.1 (0.41) 10.6 (0.35) 19.2 (0.46) 13.7 (0.39) 1.1 (0.12) 32.0 (0.52) 16.7 (0.42)
Black 10.8 (0.72) 7.3 (0.63) (†) 10.6 (0.71) 5.1 (0.49) 20.1 (0.96) 12.3 (0.78) 0.1 (0.07) 24.2 (0.96) 9.3 (0.69)
Hispanic 11.4 (0.74) 8.1 (0.62) 0.7 (0.21) 15.2 (0.82) 7.5 (0.60) 20.9 (0.91) 15.2 (0.87) 1.5 (0.27) 32.4 (1.04) 15.9 (0.87)
Asian 5.5 (1.13) 2.9 (0.83) # (†) 6.5 (1.34) 2.5 (0.71) 11.2 (1.50) 4.9 (1.00) 0.4 (0.27) 17.3 (2.01) 4.7 (1.02)
Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†)
American Indian/Alaska Native 14.6 (2.77) 11.5 (2.41) (†) 11.9 (2.13) 11.6 (2.12) 29.5 (4.16) 19.8 (3.23) 2.2 (1.28) 31.3 (3.88) 21.0 (3.09)
Two or more races 11.7 (1.85) 9.6 (1.71) # (†) 16.7 (2.22) 12.9 (1.99) 24.0 (2.58) 17.3 (2.20) 1.1 (0.43) 30.6 (2.73) 16.9 (2.19)
                                         
2010 10.1 (0.29) 7.4 (0.25) 0.2 (0.05) 13.6 (0.33) 8.3 (0.26) 19.4 (0.38) 14.0 (0.34) 1.0 (0.09) 28.5 (0.42) 14.1 (0.34)
Sex                                        
Male 10.4 (0.41) 8.3 (0.37) 0.3 (0.07) 13.7 (0.46) 8.6 (0.36) 19.4 (0.53) 14.9 (0.48) 0.9 (0.12) 27.7 (0.57) 14.3 (0.46)
Female 9.8 (0.41) 6.4 (0.34) 0.2 (0.05) 13.5 (0.45) 8.1 (0.34) 19.4 (0.54) 13.0 (0.44) 1.0 (0.14) 29.4 (0.60) 13.9 (0.46)
Race/ethnicity                                        
White 9.7 (0.35) 7.5 (0.31) 0.2 (0.06) 14.9 (0.44) 9.8 (0.35) 19.0 (0.46) 14.0 (0.41) 1.1 (0.12) 29.9 (0.54) 16.1 (0.44)
Black 10.8 (0.66) 7.5 (0.57) (†) 10.8 (0.75) 4.5 (0.48) 19.5 (0.90) 13.6 (0.77) 0.1 (0.04) 23.8 (0.94) 8.3 (0.66)
Hispanic 11.8 (0.76) 8.0 (0.63) 0.5 (0.16) 13.9 (0.76) 8.0 (0.58) 22.3 (0.98) 15.8 (0.88) 1.4 (0.26) 30.3 (1.07) 14.0 (0.78)
Asian 4.1 (1.00) 2.6 (0.81) # (†) 4.8 (1.08) 3.6 (1.04) 9.4 (1.51) 5.9 (1.28) 0.5 (0.45) 17.5 (1.90) 6.8 (1.40)
Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander 4.6 (1.54) 1.8 (0.64) (†) (†) 3.1 (1.26) 8.2 (2.79) 5.0 (2.22) (†) (†) 6.1 (1.87)
American Indian/Alaska Native 12.7 (2.54) 9.1 (2.13) (†) 11.1 (2.18) 14.9 (2.88) 28.3 (3.58) 19.7 (3.20) (†) 27.1 (3.36) 22.7 (3.44)
Two or more races 13.4 (1.91) 8.2 (1.35) 0.2 (0.18) 13.0 (1.52) 9.1 (1.47) 22.9 (2.31) 15.4 (1.82) 0.8 (0.30) 32.0 (2.49) 16.1 (1.93)
—Not available.
†Not applicable.
#Rounds to zero.
‡Reporting standards not met (too few cases for a reliable estimate).
1 Includes other illegal drug use not shown separately--specifically, the use of heroin, hallucinogens, and inhalants, as well as the nonmedical use of prescription-type pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, and sedatives.
NOTE: Marijuana includes hashish usage. Data for 1999 and later years were gathered using Computer Assisted Interviewing (CAI) and may not be directly comparable to previous years. Because of survey improvements in 2002, the 2002 data constitute a new baseline for tracking trends. Valid trend comparisons can be made for 1985 through 1998, 1999 through 2001, and 2002 through 2010. Race categories exclude persons of Hispanic ethnicity.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse: Main Findings, selected years, 1985 through 2001, and National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 through 2010. Retrieved April 19, 2012, from http://www.oas.samhsa.gov/WebOnly.htm#NSDUHtabs. (This table was prepared April 2012.)
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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
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