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Table 188. Percentage of schools with various security measures, by school control and selected characteristics: 2007-08
[Standard errors appear in parentheses]
School control and selected characteristic Total schools Percent of schools with security measures
Number Percentage distribution Controlled access to school buildings1 Controlled access to school grounds2 School uniforms Strict dress code Daily metal detector checks3 Random metal detector checks Closed lunch4 Random dog sniffs Random drug sweeps Daily pre- sence of police or security Security cameras Badges required
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15
Public total 90,500 (540) 100.0 (†) 88.8 (0.63) 44.9 (1.12) 16.5 (0.83) 54.0 (0.99) 2.3   (0.31) 5.9   (0.45) 60.8 (1.07) 25.0   (0.68) 14.8   (0.76) 27.2 (0.99) 51.8 (0.94) 7.5   (0.53)
                                                                   
School enrollment                                                                  
Under 300 26,400 (910) 29.2 (0.96) 86.0 (1.41) 38.2 (2.05) 15.9 (1.60) 49.0 (2.13) 5.1   (0.84) 6.5   (0.88) 58.8 (2.06) 24.0   (1.72) 19.3   (1.76) 17.6 (1.57) 43.3 (1.82) 4.9   (0.80)
300 to 499 25,900 (970) 28.6 (1.04) 90.6 (1.06) 42.7 (2.23) 16.0 (1.51) 50.9 (2.25) 0.8   (0.23) 3.6   (0.77) 57.2 (2.04) 18.0   (1.44) 10.3   (1.09) 15.5 (1.31) 50.1 (2.19) 3.7   (0.67)
500 to 999 29,100 (870) 32.1 (0.98) 90.5 (1.01) 49.7 (1.92) 18.2 (1.33) 57.2 (1.94) 0.8 ! (0.28) 5.4   (0.84) 61.1 (2.04) 23.5   (1.42) 11.0   (1.07) 30.7 (1.74) 53.8 (1.84) 8.5   (1.19)
1,000 to 1,499 5,400 (350) 6.0 (0.39) 88.5 (2.08) 50.1 (3.79) 16.4 (3.57) 66.6 (3.19) 2.3 ! (0.84) 9.8   (1.94) 75.5 (2.48) 48.7   (3.97) 27.5   (3.20) 66.4 (3.64) 69.5 (3.60) 18.2   (3.08)
1,500 or more 3,700 (240) 4.1 (0.26) 83.7 (2.78) 63.6 (3.16) 11.1 (3.02) 67.5 (3.34) 3.9 ! (1.49) 15.6   (2.39) 75.5 (3.17) 57.4   (3.28) 25.5   (2.91) 92.7 (1.80) 81.8 (3.89) 28.2   (3.28)
                                                                   
Percent of students approved
     for free or reduced-price
     school lunch
                                                                 
School does not participate 3,900 (420) 4.3 (0.46) 70.2 (5.54) 38.9 (4.76) 16.9 (3.97) 43.2 (5.52)   (†) 8.2 ! (3.37) 44.0 (5.66) 13.8   (3.02) 20.2   (4.48) 23.4 (3.94) 43.5 (4.86) 10.2   (2.33)
0 to 25 percent 25,000 (920) 27.6 (1.03) 89.7 (1.35) 36.9 (2.02) 4.7 (0.86) 44.7 (2.08) 0.5 ! (0.18) 1.8   (0.35) 60.0 (2.04) 25.0   (1.83) 10.1   (1.12) 25.2 (1.60) 53.1 (2.22) 5.5   (0.78)
26 to 50 percent 24,800 (920) 27.4 (0.98) 90.6 (0.94) 41.1 (1.88) 8.2 (1.00) 53.4 (2.03) 0.7   (0.22) 4.3   (0.65) 63.8 (1.59) 30.3   (1.51) 13.5   (1.11) 26.5 (1.85) 56.8 (2.00) 7.4   (0.80)
51 to 75 percent 19,600 (690) 21.6 (0.73) 88.9 (1.38) 48.7 (2.26) 19.3 (1.80) 57.7 (2.28) 2.7   (0.52) 7.4   (1.06) 61.0 (2.26) 27.7   (1.94) 17.5   (2.05) 26.2 (1.98) 52.6 (2.30) 7.7   (1.03)
76 to 100 percent 17,300 (660) 19.1 (0.74) 89.2 (1.63) 59.0 (2.42) 42.2 (3.04) 66.5 (2.40) 6.1   (1.17) 11.9   (1.65) 61.1 (2.56) 16.6   (1.78) 19.2   (1.91) 33.1 (2.74) 43.6 (2.59) 9.6   (1.57)
                                                                   
School locale                                                                  
City 21,600 (730) 23.8 (0.81) 89.4 (1.45) 55.6 (2.31) 36.5 (2.33) 63.2 (2.33) 4.1   (0.76) 9.7   (1.14) 61.3 (2.57) 14.5   (1.50) 13.2   (1.51) 37.1 (1.97) 45.3 (1.96) 11.5   (1.43)
Suburban 25,900 (920) 28.6 (1.01) 89.7 (1.19) 44.9 (2.32) 13.5 (1.33) 50.4 (2.17) 2.2 ! (0.70) 5.3   (0.97) 57.9 (2.06) 17.3   (1.56) 10.5   (1.37) 29.3 (1.76) 55.9 (1.77) 8.9   (0.93)
Town 13,900 (670) 15.3 (0.74) 90.2 (1.35) 41.2 (2.55) 10.0 (1.56) 51.9 (2.43) 2.3   (0.60) 5.3   (1.01) 63.6 (2.48) 30.1   (2.14) 16.2   (1.73) 22.5 (1.86) 53.7 (2.79) 5.0   (1.03)
Rural 29,200 (1,010) 32.2 (1.07) 87.0 (1.13) 38.8 (1.78) 7.4 (0.85) 51.3 (1.87) 1.0 ! (0.31) 3.8   (0.67) 61.6 (1.86) 37.0   (1.48) 19.2   (1.32) 20.2 (1.60) 51.9 (1.78) 4.4   (0.71)
                                                                   
Level5                                                                  
Elementary 62,300 (580) 68.9 (0.54) 92.1 (0.71) 45.7 (1.61) 17.5 (1.05) 50.0 (1.38) 0.3 ! (0.14) 3.0   (0.48) 57.5 (1.47) 13.2   (0.83) 7.6   (0.84) 16.2 (1.14) 46.1 (1.29) 4.1   (0.57)
Secondary 21,600 (460) 23.8 (0.46) 82.1 (1.42) 43.3 (1.53) 12.1 (1.19) 64.4 (1.87) 5.2   (1.03) 11.9   (1.05) 68.5 (1.68) 54.6   (1.59) 30.5   (1.59) 58.3 (1.93) 68.7 (1.77) 16.8   (1.15)
Combined 6,600 (360) 7.3 (0.40) 79.8 (2.50) 42.6 (3.33) 21.4 (2.51) 57.3 (3.13) 11.3   (1.84) 13.4   (1.80) 66.0 (2.96) 39.1   (2.91) 31.7   (3.22) 29.0 (2.90) 50.1 (2.70) 9.2   (1.95)
                                                                   
Private total 28,000 (330) 100.0 (†) 81.5 (1.15) 42.4 (1.22) 55.4 (1.19) 76.3 (1.08) 0.6 ! (0.19) 1.1   (0.24) 44.0 (1.06) 3.9   (0.43) 8.8   (0.69) 6.4 (0.54) 32.9 (1.21) 2.9   (0.42)
                                                                   
School enrollment                                                                  
Under 300 22,800 (390) 81.7 (0.85) 80.6 (1.39) 41.7 (1.40) 51.9 (1.46) 73.7 (1.30) 0.6 ! (0.21) 1.3   (0.28) 41.3 (1.30) 2.5   (0.44) 9.0   (0.83) 4.3 (0.58) 27.9 (1.36) 1.7   (0.44)
300 to 499 3,000 (190) 10.6 (0.70) 88.6 (1.95) 45.7 (3.07) 73.4 (3.13) 85.8 (2.14)   (†)   (†) 55.4 (2.90) 6.5   (1.32) 7.5   (1.50) 10.1 (1.70) 49.5 (3.22) 7.8   (1.61)
500 to 999 1,800 (120) 6.3 (0.44) 83.0 (2.44) 43.4 (3.43) 69.4 (3.39) 89.4 (2.29) #   (†)   (†) 59.3 (3.58) 17.1   (2.42) 8.2   (1.96) 17.3 (2.21) 61.0 (3.32) 7.8   (1.90)
1,000 or more 400 (50) 1.4 (0.19) 77.4 (5.07) 52.7 (7.16) 61.2 (6.89) 94.6 (2.34) #   (†) #   (†) 49.9 (7.21) 9.7 ! (3.78) 13.2 ! (4.95) 50.5 (6.78) 67.1 (5.69) 11.6 ! (4.08)
                                                                   
Percent of students approved
     for free or reduced-price
     school lunch
                                                                 
School does not participate 19,700 (400) 70.3 (1.05) 78.9 (1.43) 41.6 (1.45) 52.2 (1.48) 74.7 (1.34) 0.4 ! (0.14) 0.6 ! (0.20) 41.3 (1.48) 3.8   (0.48) 8.6   (0.80) 6.6 (0.58) 28.8 (1.32) 2.9   (0.52)
0 to 25 percent 4,600 (230) 16.3 (0.81) 89.7 (2.03) 40.5 (3.06) 67.6 (2.83) 85.6 (2.08) #   (†)   (†) 53.2 (3.04) 6.0   (1.42) 6.5   (1.44) 5.1 (1.47) 42.9 (3.21) 3.5 ! (1.17)
26 to 100 percent 3,700 (230) 13.3 (0.84) 85.5 (2.44) 48.8 (3.14) 57.3 (3.35) 72.8 (3.11)   (†) 4.7 ! (1.61) 47.0 (3.86) 2.3 ! (1.09) 12.7   (2.11) 7.0 (1.76) 42.1 (3.52)   (†)
                                                                   
Level5                                                                  
Elementary 16,100 (300) 57.6 (0.81) 84.1 (1.35) 45.6 (1.50) 62.2 (1.68) 75.9 (1.48) #   (†)   (†) 42.0 (1.39) 0.4 ! (0.20) 2.1   (0.42) 4.3 (0.61) 31.4 (1.65) 1.6   (0.38)
Secondary 2,900 (170) 10.5 (0.59) 76.9 (2.83) 34.7 (3.37) 42.8 (3.22) 75.3 (3.36)   (†)   (†) 56.7 (3.25) 17.0   (2.32) 26.0   (3.64) 11.8 (2.46) 43.1 (3.64) 6.2   (1.27)
Combined 8,900 (270) 31.9 (0.88) 78.4 (2.11) 39.2 (2.27) 47.2 (2.23) 77.3 (1.72) 1.7 ! (0.59) 2.9   (0.70) 43.5 (2.46) 6.0   (1.00) 15.4   (1.54) 8.3 (1.13) 32.1 (1.99) 4.2   (1.00)
†Not applicable.
#Rounds to zero.
!Interpret data with caution. The coefficient of variation (CV) for this estimate is between 30 and 50 percent.
‡Reporting standards not met. Either there are too few cases for a reliable estimate or the coefficient of variation (CV) is 50 percent or greater.
1 Access to buildings is controlled during school hours (e.g., by locked or monitored doors).
2 Access to grounds is controlled during school hours (e.g., by locked or monitored gates).
3 All students must pass through a metal detector each day.
4 All or most students are required to stay on school grounds during lunch.
5 Elementary schools have grade 6 or below, with no grade higher than 8; secondary schools have no grade lower than 7; and combined schools have grades lower than 7 and higher than 8.
NOTE: Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Schools and Staffing Survey (SASS), "Public School Principal Questionnaire" and "Private School Principal Questionnaire," 2007-08. (This table was prepared October 2009.)
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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education