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Table 167. Average National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) mathematics scale scores of 4th- and 8th-grade public school students and percentage attaining achievement levels, by race/ethnicity and jurisdiction or specific urban district: 2007, 2009, and 2011
[Standard errors appear in parentheses]
Grade level and jurisdiction or specific urban district Average mathematics scale score1 Percent of students
2007 2009 2011 2011
All students All students White Black Hispanic All students White Black Hispanic Asian At or above Basic2 At or above Proficient3
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13
4th grade                                                
                                                 
United States 239 (0.2) 239 (0.2) 248 (0.2) 222 (0.3) 227 (0.4) 240 (0.2) 249 (0.2) 224 (0.4) 229 (0.3) 257 (1.1) 82 (0.2) 40 (0.3)
Large city 230 (0.5) 231 (0.5) 250 (1.0) 219 (0.6) 226 (0.5) 233 (0.6) 251 (0.8) 222 (0.5) 228 (0.6) 249 (2.1) 74 (0.7) 30 (0.8)
                                                 
Albuquerque (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) 235 (1.3) 254 (1.9) (†) 229 (1.3) (†) 76 (1.4) 34 (1.7)
Atlanta 224 (0.9) 225 (0.8) 266 (1.8) 218 (1.0) 222 (3.7) 228 (0.7) 269 (1.4) 219 (0.8) 230 (2.8) (†) 66 (1.2) 25 (0.9)
Austin 241 (1.2) 240 (1.0) 262 (1.5) 226 (2.7) 233 (1.1) 245 (1.1) 266 (1.5) 232 (2.7) 237 (1.5) (†) 87 (1.8) 46 (1.8)
Baltimore City (†) 222 (1.0) 240 (3.5) 220 (1.0) (†) 226 (1.1) 244 (2.6) 223 (1.2) (†) (†) 68 (1.7) 17 (1.6)
Boston 233 (1.1) 236 (0.7) 251 (2.2) 231 (1.2) 232 (1.1) 237 (0.6) 255 (1.8) 230 (1.1) 234 (1.2) 259 (2.5) 81 (1.1) 33 (1.8)
                                                 
Charlotte 244 (1.1) 245 (1.3) 263 (1.3) 231 (1.4) 235 (1.8) 247 (1.1) 264 (1.4) 232 (1.4) 240 (1.6) 259 (3.7) 88 (1.1) 48 (2.0)
Chicago 220 (1.0) 222 (1.2) 242 (3.2) 212 (1.8) 226 (1.3) 224 (0.9) 246 (2.5) 217 (1.9) 223 (1.3) 246 (3.2) 64 (1.7) 20 (1.1)
Cleveland 215 (1.6) 213 (1.0) 228 (2.3) 209 (1.3) 217 (2.3) 216 (0.7) 232 (2.0) 211 (0.9) 218 (1.8) (†) 53 (1.8) 11 (0.9)
Dallas (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) 233 (1.3) 258 (3.5) 225 (2.0) 234 (1.2) (†) 79 (1.7) 25 (2.2)
Detroit (†) 200 (1.7) (†) 199 (1.8) 206 (3.5) 203 (1.4) (†) 201 (1.5) 215 (2.4) (†) 34 (2.2) 3 (0.9)
                                                 
District of Columbia 214 (0.8) 220 (0.8) 270 (2.3) 212 (0.9) 227 (2.8) 222 (1.0) 272 (1.8) 212 (1.2) 223 (2.6) (†) 59 (1.3) 23 (0.9)
Fresno (†) 219 (1.4) 237 (2.5) 213 (3.1) 216 (1.7) 218 (0.9) 238 (2.2) 214 (2.3) 214 (1.0) 222 (2.0) 56 (1.5) 15 (0.9)
Hillsborough County (FL) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) 243 (1.1) 253 (1.7) 228 (1.9) 239 (1.2) (†) 86 (1.4) 43 (1.9)
Houston 234 (1.1) 236 (1.2) 260 (2.5) 227 (1.9) 235 (1.2) 237 (0.8) 259 (2.1) 229 (1.4) 236 (0.9) 265 (3.4) 82 (1.3) 32 (1.3)
Jefferson County (KY) (†) 233 (1.6) 243 (1.7) 216 (1.7) 226 (3.5) 235 (0.9) 243 (1.2) 221 (1.3) 238 (3.1) 256 (4.3) 78 (1.4) 32 (1.4)
                                                 
Los Angeles 221 (0.9) 222 (1.2) 245 (3.3) 209 (3.0) 218 (1.1) 223 (0.8) 243 (1.6) 215 (3.0) 220 (0.8) 251 (2.6) 63 (1.4) 20 (0.9)
Miami-Dade (†) 236 (1.3) 253 (2.0) 222 (1.6) 239 (1.1) 236 (1.0) 255 (2.0) 225 (1.5) 237 (1.0) (†) 79 (1.1) 33 (1.5)
Milwaukee (†) 220 (1.5) 242 (3.0) 211 (2.0) 226 (1.5) 220 (1.0) 239 (1.9) 211 (1.4) 221 (1.8) 230 (3.2) 58 (1.8) 14 (1.2)
New York City 236 (1.3) 237 (1.0) 254 (1.9) 227 (1.2) 230 (1.2) 234 (1.2) 248 (3.2) 226 (1.1) 227 (1.7) 252 (2.0) 76 (1.2) 32 (1.7)
Philadelphia (†) 222 (1.4) 239 (2.6) 216 (1.7) 221 (2.1) 225 (1.2) 243 (3.0) 220 (0.9) 223 (2.4) 251 (2.8) 66 (1.5) 20 (1.8)
San Diego 234 (1.4) 236 (1.6) 255 (2.3) 222 (2.8) 224 (1.7) 239 (1.3) 258 (2.1) 222 (2.7) 229 (1.4) 248 (2.5) 80 (1.3) 39 (1.8)
                                                 
8th grade                                                
                                                 
United States 280 (0.3) 282 (0.3) 292 (0.2) 260 (0.4) 266 (0.6) 283 (0.2) 293 (0.2) 262 (0.5) 269 (0.5) 305 (1.1) 72 (0.3) 34 (0.2)
Large city 269 (0.7) 271 (0.7) 294 (1.1) 256 (0.8) 264 (1.2) 274 (0.7) 295 (1.1) 261 (0.9) 267 (1.0) 298 (2.3) 63 (0.7) 26 (0.7)
                                                 
Albuquerque (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) 275 (1.0) 291 (2.3) (†) 269 (1.2) (†) 63 (1.3) 26 (1.9)
Atlanta 256 (1.5) 259 (1.6) (†) 255 (1.5) (†) 266 (1.3) 309 (2.8) 262 (1.4) 264 (3.5) (†) 54 (1.9) 16 (1.2)
Austin 283 (1.1) 287 (0.9) 312 (1.8) 274 (3.4) 274 (1.2) 287 (1.2) 313 (1.8) 265 (5.3) 276 (1.7) (†) 74 (1.4) 38 (1.5)
Baltimore City (†) 257 (1.9) (†) 255 (1.6) (†) 261 (1.3) 280 (4.0) 259 (1.5) (†) (†) 48 (2.1) 13 (1.3)
Boston 276 (1.0) 279 (1.3) 311 (2.5) 268 (2.0) 269 (1.9) 282 (0.9) 305 (3.1) 272 (1.6) 271 (1.6) 319 (3.6) 69 (1.4) 34 (1.2)
                                                 
Charlotte 283 (1.2) 283 (0.9) 304 (1.4) 270 (1.4) 272 (2.5) 285 (0.8) 311 (1.3) 268 (1.2) 272 (2.6) 304 (6.4) 72 (1.2) 37 (1.2)
Chicago 260 (1.9) 264 (1.4) 289 (3.8) 252 (1.9) 268 (1.6) 270 (1.0) 296 (4.3) 260 (1.4) 271 (1.4) 296 (3.3) 60 (1.5) 20 (1.1)
Cleveland 257 (1.7) 256 (1.0) 275 (2.7) 252 (1.1) 250 (5.4) 256 (2.1) 277 (3.4) 249 (2.1) 258 (4.4) (†) 41 (2.5) 10 (1.4)
Dallas (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) 274 (0.9) 306 (4.5) 264 (2.2) 276 (1.1) (†) 64 (1.6) 22 (1.6)
Detroit (†) 238 (2.7) (†) 237 (2.9) 255 (5.8) 246 (1.2) (†) 244 (1.4) 258 (2.8) (†) 29 (1.5) 4 (0.6)
                                                 
District of Columbia 248 (0.9) 251 (1.3) (†) 244 (1.3) 263 (5.2) 255 (0.9) 322 (3.0) 249 (1.2) 253 (2.8) (†) 42 (1.3) 15 (1.0)
Fresno (†) 258 (1.2) 282 (3.8) 246 (3.6) 253 (1.4) 256 (0.9) 281 (2.6) 243 (2.6) 251 (1.2) 265 (2.9) 43 (1.3) 13 (1.0)
Hillsborough County (FL) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) 282 (1.5) 293 (2.1) 263 (1.9) 274 (2.4) (†) 72 (1.8) 32 (1.9)
Houston 273 (1.2) 277 (1.2) 311 (2.8) 266 (1.9) 275 (1.0) 279 (1.0) 309 (3.0) 271 (1.9) 278 (1.1) 310 (5.2) 72 (1.2) 27 (1.2)
Jefferson County (KY) (†) 271 (0.9) 284 (1.1) 252 (1.4) (†) 274 (1.0) 285 (1.5) 257 (1.4) 270 (4.5) (†) 62 (1.8) 25 (1.5)
                                                 
Los Angeles 257 (1.1) 258 (1.0) 287 (3.4) 247 (3.2) 254 (0.9) 261 (1.3) 291 (4.6) 246 (3.9) 255 (1.3) 297 (3.9) 49 (1.7) 16 (1.2)
Miami-Dade (†) 273 (1.1) 291 (2.5) 260 (2.7) 274 (1.2) 272 (1.1) 288 (3.1) 256 (2.2) 274 (1.0) (†) 61 (1.3) 22 (1.2)
Milwaukee (†) 251 (1.5) 271 (4.6) 244 (1.6) 256 (3.5) 254 (1.7) 274 (4.2) 246 (1.8) 259 (3.3) 271 (5.6) 41 (2.0) 10 (1.4)
New York City 270 (1.8) 273 (1.5) 295 (3.0) 261 (1.9) 261 (2.1) 272 (1.6) 292 (3.2) 262 (2.1) 261 (1.6) 304 (3.2) 59 (1.7) 24 (1.6)
Philadelphia (†) 265 (2.0) 284 (3.9) 256 (1.7) 258 (3.1) 265 (2.0) 281 (3.9) 260 (2.3) 256 (3.1) 295 (5.4) 52 (2.7) 18 (1.8)
San Diego 272 (1.4) 280 (2.0) 301 (2.6) 263 (4.3) 265 (2.0) 278 (1.7) 302 (2.3) 256 (4.0) 263 (2.6) 293 (3.3) 66 (3.0) 31 (1.6)
—Not available.
†Not applicable.
‡Reporting standards not met (too few cases for a reliable estimate).
1 Scale ranges from 0 to 500.
2 Basic denotes partial mastery of the knowledge and skills that are fundamental for proficient work at a given grade.
3 Proficient represents solid academic performance. Students reaching this level have demonstrated competency over challenging subject matter.
NOTE: Beginning in 2009, if the results for charter schools are not included in a school district's Adequate Yearly Progress (AYP) report to the U.S. Department of Education under the Elementary and Secondary Education Act, they are excluded from that district's results. This change had little or no impact on differences between any participating district’s 2007 and 2009 average mathematics scores except those of the District of Columbia at grade 8. For details, see the Technical Notes in The Nation’s Report Card: Mathematics 2009 Trial Urban District Assessment (NCES 2010-452). Race categories exclude persons of Hispanic ethnicity. Totals include racial/ethnic groups not shown separately.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP), 2007, 2009, and 2011 Mathematics Assessments, retrieved April 14 and 26 and June 7, 2010, and December 7, 2011, from the Main NAEP Data Explorer (http://nces.ed.gov/nationsreportcard/naepdata/). (This table was prepared December 2011.)
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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education